Mamilla Mall

Mamilla Mall called Alrov Mamilla Avenue, is an upscale shopping street and the only open-air mall in Jerusalem, Israel. Located northwest of Jaffa Gate, the mall consists of a 2,000-foot pedestrian promenade called Alrov Mamilla Avenue lined by 140 stores and cafes, office space on upper floors, it sits atop a multi-story parking garage for 1,600 cars and buses, a bus terminal. Designed by Moshe Safdie and developed by Alrov Properties and Lodgings Ltd. of Tel Aviv, the mall incorporates the facades of 19th-century buildings from the original Mamilla Street, as well as the original structures of the Convent of St. Vincent de Paul, the Stern House, the Clark House. Mamilla Mall has a variety of international shops such as: Zara, Tommy Hilfiger, H.stern, Swarovski, Timberland, The North Face, GAP, Nike, Replay, Diesel, American Eagle, Nautica and more. The mall is part of the Alrov Mamilla Quarter, a $400 million mixed-use development that includes the 28-acre David's Village luxury condominium project, the David Citadel Hotel, the Alrov Mamilla Hotel, the Karta parking lot.

While the overall project was approved by the municipality in the early 1970s, most of the condominiums and the David Citadel Hotel were completed in the 1990s, construction of the mall was delayed time and again – first due to opposition by preservationist and religious groups, due to bureaucratic disputes and arbitration. The mall was completed and opened in stages from 2007 to 2008, thirty-seven years after its initial proposal. Mamilla Mall runs perpendicular to the Old City Walls between Yitzhak Kariv Street, it opens onto the intersection of King Solomon, King David, Agron Streets at its northern end, Jaffa Gate at its southern end. The original Mamilla Street extended from the Mamilla Pool to Jaffa Gate. Along this street, wealthy Arabs constructed homes and stores in the 1800s. Toward the end of the 19th century, during the British Mandate era, the street became a fashionable commercial district. Both Arab and Jewish businessmen operated high-end shops for furniture, housewares, art and automobile showrooms.

In response to the announcement of the United Nations Partition Plan, Arab mobs stormed Mamilla Street on December 2, 1947, ransacking and setting fire to 40 Jewish-owned stores. Jewish merchants fled the area, which came under heavy bombardment during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. With the cessation of hostilities, the area became a no man's land dividing the Jordanian-occupied Old City from Jewish West Jerusalem, until a truce was signed in 1952. In the 1950s, poor Sephardic immigrant families and tradesmen took up occupancy in the derelict buildings, workshops and auto-repair garages replaced the former stores. In 1970 the Jerusalem municipality proposed to overhaul the slum-like area and replace it with a mixed-use development of luxury housing and shops. Mayor Teddy Kollek asked architects Moshe Gilbert Weil to draw up a plan; the two submitted a "grandiose" scheme that called for the construction of a subterranean traffic system, over-ground buildings, a pedestrian promenade, parking for 1,000 cars, a bus terminal.

All of Mamilla's historic buildings except for the Convent of St. Vincent de Paul would be demolished under the plan; the stated goal was to create a "living bridge" connecting the Old City with the New City of Jerusalem. While the plan was approved by the city in 1972, it aroused keen opposition from preservationist and religious groups. In response to the outcry, the city department of town planning submitted a scaled-back design calling for an above-ground traffic system, a pedestrian plaza fronting Jaffa Gate, the retention of facades along Mamilla and King Solomon Streets, the demolition of historic buildings only in the heart of the Mamilla valley. Though Safdie incorporated these suggestions into a new plan submitted in 1976, opposition continued unabated by such bodies as the Jerusalem District Planning Commission, the Jerusalem Merchants Association, the Council for a Beautiful Israel. In the 1970s, the city spent NIS 130 million to move over 700 families out of Mamilla to the Neve Yaakov, Pisgat Ze'ev, Baka neighborhoods.

Workshops and garages were relocated to Talpiot, where they formed the core of the nascent Talpiot industrial zone. The Ladbroke Group of London, which won the original tender to develop the Mamilla project in 1989, pulled out in the early 1990s and development was handed over to Alfred Akirov of the Alrov Group of Tel Aviv. In the 1990s, Akirov completed 120 out of a planned 200 units in the David's Village condominium complex, the David Citadel Hotel, but construction of the mall was delayed again and again due to bureaucratic disputes, litigation and political intervention by Israeli government ministers as Akirov and the government-owned development firm, went head-to-head on building rights and compensation. In the 1990s Akirov changed the approved plan for covered arcades on the pedestrian promenade to open-air arches, adding 2,000 square metres of retail space; when the government refused to approve Akirov’s zoning changes, Akirov sued Karta and froze construction on the mall for several years, leaving a swath of half-finished buildings and construction cranes in clear view of Jaffa Gate and the Old City Walls.

In August 2006 the Jerusalem D

Humphrey Paget

Thomas Humphrey Paget OBE was an English medal and coin designer and modeller. Paget's designs are indicated by the initials'HP'. Paget was first approached by the Royal Mint in 1936 after the accession of King Edward VIII. Paget's recommendation had come via his earlier design for the obverse of a medal featuring the then-Prince of Wales. After some controversy regarding the direction the monarch was to face on the coinage, Paget's work was approved in two differing designs: one for silver and another for non-silver; however Edward's abdication meant that, apart from a few trial pieces, Paget's designs never reached the minting stage. Some did find their way out of the Mint for testing purposes, as such have become amongst the rarest and most collectable pieces of all sterling coinage. A measure of the success of the Edward portrait can be seen in the fact that Paget alone was commissioned to design George VI's effigy in 1937, he is the only artist to have a second obverse design approved for use in sterling coinage in the 20th century.

The portrait of George VI has since been described as "the classic coinage head of the 20th century". Although principally known as an obverse designer, Paget carried out some work for reverses, including most famously a design featuring the Elizabethan galleon the Golden Hind. Intended for the halfcrown, it was adopted for the halfpenny in 1937 where it remained until it was withdrawn in 1969, he was awarded the O. B. E. in the King's Birthday Honours of 1948. His O. B. E. was gazetted in the Supplement to The London Gazette, Number 38311, Page 3377, published on 4 June 1948. Paget designed a wide variety of issues for both Commonwealth and non-Commonwealth countries. Notable amongst his work included an effigy of King Faisal II of Iraq in 1955 and the 1970 Commonwealth Games medal which featured the Duke of Edinburgh, he produced an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II for a commemorative Isle of Man issue in 1965. Paget's work remains part of current sterling circulation: his 1970 portrait of the Duke of Edinburgh appears on the reverse of a 2017 commemorative five pound coin.

1951 Australian 2 Shilling piece "struck" with Paget's initials at the Museum of Victoria History of Paget and his work at the Royal Mint Museum Thomas Humphrey Paget in: World of coins


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