SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Man-of-war

The man-of-war was a British Royal Navy expression for a powerful warship or frigate from the 16th to the 19th century. Although the term never acquired a specific meaning, it was reserved for a ship armed with cannon and propelled by sails, as opposed to a galley, propelled by oars; the man-of-war was developed in Portugal in the early 15th century from earlier roundships with the addition of a second mast to form the carrack. The 16th century saw the carrack evolve into the galleon and the ship of the line; the evolution of the term has been given thus: Man-of-war. "A phrase applied to a line of battle ship, contrary to the usual rule in the English language by which all ships are feminine. It arose in the following manner:'Men of war' were armed soldiers. A ship full of them would be called a'man-of-war ship.' In process of time the word'ship' was discarded as unnecessary and there remained the phrase'a man-of-war.'" The man-of-war design developed by Sir John Hawkins, had three masts, each with three to four sails.

The ship could be up to 60 metres long and could have up to 124 guns: four at the bow, eight at the stern, 56 in each broadside. All these cannons required three gun decks to hold them, one more than any earlier ship, it had a maximum sailing speed of nine knots. Portuguese man o' war, a jellyfish-like cnidarian so named because of its resemblance to a man-of-war ship at full sail Rating system of the Royal Navy, which classified warships into six "rates", a "first-rate" having the most armament, a "sixth-rate" the least Merchantman, a merchant ship East Indiaman, a ship of any of the East India Companies Man o' War, an American Thoroughbred Nautical References Project Gutenberg: The World of Waters Gallery of photos of men-of-war

Aurora State Airport

Aurora State Airport is a public airport located one mile northwest of the central business district of Aurora, a city in Marion County, United States. It is owned by the Oregon Department of Aviation. Although most U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, Aurora State Airport is assigned UAO by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA. A general aviation airport, Aurora has significant business aviation based at the field. In addition the airport serves as the home to two major aviation companies Van's Aircraft and Columbia Helicopters. On May 26, 2009, the Oregon State Legislature passed a resolution identifying the airport as Wes Lematta Field at Aurora State Airport; the late Wes Lematta was the founder of Columbia Helicopters located on the northeastern corner of the field. Aurora State Airport covers an area of 144 acres which contains one asphalt paved runway measuring 5,004 x 100 ft. For the 12-month period ending June 30, 2000, the airport had 73,895 aircraft operations, an average of 202 per day: 91% general aviation, 8% air taxi and <1% military.

There are 432 aircraft based at this airport: 84% single engine, 7% multi-engine, 1% jet aircraft and 8% helicopters. Three fixed-base operators operate at the field: Aurora Aviation, Aurora Jet Center, Willamette Aviation. Aurora Aviation and Willamette Aviation provide aircraft fuel services, flight instruction, aircraft rentals, aircraft sales, while the Aurora Jet Center provides aircraft refuelling services, hangars for corporate aircraft, an executive lounge for private and corporate jet operations. Due to increased flight activity and its location in the busy airspace corridor between Salem McNary Field and Portland International Airport, an Air Traffic Control tower was constructed at the Aurora State Airport; as of late 2015 construction of the control tower was complete and the tower became operational. In addition to the new ATC Tower the Airspace class designation at UAO was changed to "Class D" Airspace; the airport was built by the United States Army Air Forces in 1943, was known as Aurora Flight Strip.

It was an outlying airfield to Portland Army Air Base for military aircraft on training flights. It was closed after World War II, was turned over for state government use by the War Assets Administration. Columbia Aviation Heliport – located on east border of airport Columbia Helicopters Heliport – located on northeast corner of airport Oregon World War II Army Airfields This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Shaw, Frederick J. Locating Air Force Base Sites History's Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004. Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for UAO AirNav airport information for KUAO FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures Airport Master Plan Aurora Jet Center website Aurora Aviation website Willamette Aviation website Southend Airpark website

Blanca Lake

Blanca Lake is located in the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area in the Cascade Mountains of the U. S. state of Washington. Blanca Lake sits in a basin surrounded by the peaks of Monte Cristo and Columbia; the lake is fed by the Columbia Glacier to the northwest and is drained by Troublesome Creek, a tributary of the North Fork Skykomish River. The glacier's cold, silt-filled melt water is what makes the lake a spectacular turquoise green color making this a prime example of a Rock flour lake. ***** Update about the washout.. The trail was hiked on Nov 20, not sure when the wash out was fixed, but as of Nov 20th, FS63 is drivable; the parking lot is accessible. ***** Blanca Lake is accessible only along the Blanca Lake Trail. The trail begins at 1,900 ft but due to washout the access road to the trailhead is closed adding an extra 4 miles total to the normal trail length of 9 miles; the trail climbs from switchback to switchback, gaining 2,700 ft elevation over 3 mi arriving at the top of a ridge.

From the ridge-top, the trail continues through sub-alpine meadows until you reach Virgin Lake at 4,600 ft. From Virgin Lake, the trail gets rocky, steeply descends 600 ft over 0.5 mi to Blanca Lake. Due to its elevation, the heavy snow snowpack of the Pacific Northwest, Blanca Lake is only accessible from July until the snows of October or November, its beauty makes it a popular destination for hikers, despite the difficult climb up the mountain trail. To get to the trailhead, take US Forest Road 65/Beckler Road 13.7 mi near Skykomish, WA to the intersection with US Forest Road 63. Forest Road 63 is closed due to washout. Northwest Forest Pass is still required to park and a US Forest Service Daily Fee of $5 per vehicle US Forest Service