SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Manaslu

Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world at 8,163 metres above sea level. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal, its name, which means "mountain of the spirit", comes from the Sanskrit word manasa, meaning "intellect" or "soul". Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition, it is said that "just as the British consider Everest their mountain, Manaslu has always been a Japanese mountain". Manaslu is located about 64 km east of Annapurna; the mountain's long ridges and valley glaciers offer feasible approaches from all directions, culminate in a peak that towers steeply above its surrounding landscape, is a dominant feature when viewed from afar. The Manaslu region offers a variety of trekking options; the popular Manaslu trekking route of 177 kilometres skirts the Manaslu massif over the pass down to Annapurna. The Nepalese Government only permitted trekking of this circuit in 1991.

The trekking trail follows an ancient salt-trading route along the Burhi Gandak River. En route, 10 peaks over 6,500 metres are visible, including a few over 7,000 metres; the highest point reached along the trek route is the Larkya La at an elevation of 5,106 metres. As of May 2008, the mountain has been climbed 297 times with 53 fatalities; the Manaslu Conservation Area Project was established in 1997 with the primary objective of achieving conservation and sustainable management of the delimited area, which includes Manaslu. Set in the northern Himalayan range in the Gorkha District of Nepal, Manaslu is a serrated "wall of snow and ice hanging in the sky"; the three sides of the mountain fall in steps to terraces down below, which are sparsely inhabited with agricultural operations practiced on the land. Apart from climbing Manaslu, trekking is popular in this mountain region, as part of the Manaslu Circuit, a notable path by trekkers in Nepal; the Manaslu Conservation Area, declared as such in December 1998 under the National Parks and Wild Life Conservation Act, subsumes Manaslu within it.

The area covered under the conservation zone is 1,663 square kilometres and is managed by the National Trust for Nature Conservation of Nepal. The status of "conservation area" applied to the Manaslu area or region was with the basic objective "To conserve and sustainable management of the natural resources and rich cultural heritage and to promote ecotourism to improve livelihood of the local people in the MCA region."Manaslu Himal, as it is popularly known among trekkers, provides views of the snow-covered mountains of the Himalayas and allows close interaction with the different ethnic groups who live in hill villages scattered along the trek route. The trekking route is through mountainous terrain prone to the consequences of monsoon rainfall, land slides and land falls. Hypothermia and altitude sickness, as well as encounters with passing yaks, are common. Trekking to Manaslu is thus a test of endurance; the region, termed the Manaslu Conservation Area, comprises sub-tropical Himalayan foothills to arid Trans-Himalayan high pastures bordering Tibet.

Starting from Arughat and extending into the Larkhe La pass, the area covers six climatic zones: the tropical and sub-tropical zone, elevation varies from 1,000–2,000 metres. The zones coalesce with the variation of the altitude from about 600 metres in the tropical zone to the 8,156 metres summit of Manaslu in the arctic zone. Manaslu is known in the Tibetan language as "Kutan l", in which "tang" means the Tibetan word for a flat place, it is a large peak with an elevation of 8,156 metres. In view of its favourable topography of long ridges and glacial valleys, Manaslu offers several routes to mountaineers. Important peaks surrounding Manaslu include Ngadi Chuli and Baudha. A glacial saddle known as Larkya La, with an elevation of 5,106 metres, lies north of Manaslu; the peak is bounded on the east by the Ganesh Himal and the Buri Gandaki River gorge, on the west by the deep fissures of the Marysyangdi Khola with its Annapurna range of hills, to the south is the Gorkha town at the foot of the hill, an aerial distance of 48 kilometres to the peak.

There are six established trek routes to the peak, on the mountain the south face is the most difficult for climbing. The permanent snow line is reckoned above 5,000 metres elevation. Precipitation in the area is both from snowfall and rainfall; the temperatures in the area vary with the climatic zone: in the subtropical zone, the average summer and winter temperatures vary in the range of 31–34 °C and 8–13 °C respectively. The arctic zone falls within the permanent snow line.

Hteiktin Ma Lat

H. R. H. Princess Hteiktin Ma Lat Tin Tin Ma Lat was a royal princess of Burma and one of the senior members of the Royal House of Konbaung. Hteiktin Ma Lat was born on 13 October 1894 in Calcutta, British India, she was the second daughter of Limbin Mintha, a prince of the Konbaung dynasty and Kin Me, the princess of Limbin. She was granddaughter of Prince Kanaung, she studied at Girl's High School in India. Maurice Collis, a colonial judge and author, wrote in his 1938 book Trials in Burma of receiving a call from Ma Lat in 1928. ‘She sat on the sofa, a beautiful woman, in a blue silk skirt and a jacket of white lawn, her complexion corn-coloured, her eyes large and brilliant, with exquisite hands.’ Ma Lat met the German crown prince Wilhelm II, who thought her the most striking woman he encountered on his Asian tour. Ma Lat was engaged to Himalayan Prince Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal of Sikkim. In 1912, Prince chose to set the wedding for 24 January 1915 in Rangoon, but Prince Sidkeong has passed away, died of heart failure on 5 December 1914, aged 35, in most suspicious circumstances.

On 19 October 1921, she was married to Herbert Bellamy, a horse breeder and bookmaker of Bombay, Calcutta and Singapore manager at Maymyo Horse racing Racecourse, orchid collector. She gave birth to their only daughter Yadana Nat-Mei, born in 1932; the British Library Board: A Royal Proposal of Marriage

Provincetown International Film Festival

The Provincetown International Film Festival is an annual film festival founded in 1999 and held in Provincetown, Massachusetts. The festival presents an array of American and international narrative features and short films for five days in June of each year. With panel discussions and special programs such as Youth and Diversity and Portuguese film sidebars, the festival makes a special effort to honor and incorporate the unique cultural and artistic character of Provincetown with its thriving art colony, its large gay and lesbian population, its original Native American and Portuguese heritage, its congenial scenic setting. In keeping with its edgy mission, the festival presents films about countercultural figures, such as John Lennon, Beat poet Allen Ginsberg, writer William S. Burroughs; the festival is a program of the Provincetown Film Society, the non-profit parent organization which operates the year-round Waters Edge Cinema, a year-round Provincetown movie theater presenting what it considers the best in current independent and international cinema.

In its ongoing mission to honor the work of both established and emerging directors, the Provincetown International Film Festival has established a number of awards. In addition to the usual "best film" types of awards, each year PIFF presents a unique and prestigious award, the Filmmaker on the Edge Award, to honor visionary filmmakers who have expanded the boundaries of the art. Since 2007 PIFF has presented an Excellence in Acting Award; this award is sponsored by Cape Air. 2007: Kathleen Turner 2008: Michael Childers 2009: Strand Releasing 2011: Albert Maysles 2003: Mira Nair 2008: Jane Lynch 2010: Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman 2012: Kirby Dick 2013: Edward Lachman 2014: Debra Winger 2015: Jennifer Coolidge 2017: Aubrey Plaza 2018: Chloe Grace Moretz 2019: Jillian Bell Official website