Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.369 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres with a varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States; the province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, Northwest Territories to the northwest, the U. S. states of North Minnesota to the south. Indigenous peoples have inhabited. In the late 17th century, fur traders arrived on two major river systems, what is now called the Nelson in northern Manitoba and in the southeast along the Winnipeg River system. A Royal Charter in 1670 granted all the lands draining into Hudson's Bay to the British company and they administered trade in what was called Rupert's Land. During the next 200 years, communities continued to grow and evolve, with a significant settlement of Michif in what is now Winnipeg.
The assertion of Métis identity and self-rule culminated in negotiations for the creation of the province of Manitoba. There are many factors that led to an armed uprising of the Métis people against the Government of Canada, a conflict known as the Red River Rebellion; the resolution of the assertion of the right to representation led to the Parliament of Canada passing the Manitoba Act in 1870 that created the province. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Other census agglomerations in the province are Brandon, Portage la Prairie and Thompson; the name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. The name derives from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit", a place referring to what are now called The Narrows in the centre of Lake Manitoba, it may be from the Assiniboine for "Lake of the Prairie". Which is rendered in the language as minnetoba.
The lake was known to French explorers as Lac des Prairies. Thomas Spence chose the name to refer to a new republic he proposed for the area south of the lake. Métis leader Louis Riel chose the name, it was accepted in Ottawa under the Manitoba Act of 1870. Manitoba is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south; the province meets the Northwest Territories at the four corners quadripoint to the extreme northwest, though surveys have not been completed and laws are unclear about the exact location of the Nunavut–NWT boundary. Manitoba adjoins Hudson Bay to the northeast, is the only prairie province to have a saltwater coastline; the Port of Churchill is Canada's only Arctic deep-water port. Lake Winnipeg is the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world. Hudson Bay is the world's second-largest bay by area. Manitoba is at the heart of the giant Hudson Bay watershed, once known as Rupert's Land.
It was a vital area of the Hudson's Bay Company, with many rivers and lakes that provided excellent opportunities for the lucrative fur trade. The province has a saltwater coastline bordering Hudson Bay and more than 110,000 lakes, covering 15.6 percent or 101,593 square kilometres of its surface area. Manitoba's major lakes are Lake Manitoba, Lake Winnipegosis, Lake Winnipeg, the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world; some traditional Native lands and boreal forest on Lake Winnipeg's east side are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site. Manitoba is at the center of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, with a high volume of the water draining into Lake Winnipeg and north down the Nelson River into Hudson Bay; this basin's rivers reach far west to the mountains, far south into the United States, east into Ontario. Major watercourses include the Red, Nelson, Hayes and Churchill rivers. Most of Manitoba's inhabited south has developed in the prehistoric bed of Glacial Lake Agassiz; this region the Red River Valley, is flat and fertile.
Baldy Mountain is the province's highest point at 832 metres above sea level, the Hudson Bay coast is the lowest at sea level. Riding Mountain, the Pembina Hills, Sandilands Provincial Forest, the Canadian Shield are upland regions. Much of the province's sparsely inhabited north and east lie on the irregular granite Canadian Shield, including Whiteshell and Nopiming Provincial Parks. Extensive agriculture is found only in the province's southern areas, although there is grain farming in the Carrot Valley Region; the most common agricultural activity is cattle husbandry, followed by assorted grains and oilseed. Around 12 percent of Canada's farmland is in Manitoba. Manitoba has an extreme continental climate. Temperatures and precipitation decrease from south to north and increase from east to west. Manitoba is far from the moderating large bodies of water; because of the flat landscape, it is exposed to cold Arctic high-pressure air masses from the northwest during January and February. In the summer, air masses sometimes come out of the Southern United States, as warm humid air is drawn northward from the Gulf of Mexico.
Temperatures exceed 30 °C numerous times each summer, the combination of heat and humidity can bring the humidex value to the mid-40s. Carman, Manitoba recorded the second-
Clearfield Area Junior/Senior High School is a public high school located near the village of Hyde, Pennsylvania. Clearfield Area Junior/Senior High School serves students from most of central and north central Clearfield County; the school's mascot is the bison, modeled after the American Bison. Clearfield Area High School is part of the Clearfield Area School District. In 2010, the Clearfield Area High School had 891 pupils enrolled in grades 9th through 12th, with 390 qualified for a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to family poverty; the school employed 64 teachers, yielding a student teacher ratio of 13:1. The school is a federal Title 1 school; as of the 2014-15 school season, the high school was made into a larger campus, now serving students from 7th through 12th grades. In 2012, Clearfield Area School District's graduation rate was 78%. In 2011, Clearfield Area School District's graduation rate declined further to 80%. In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate.
Clearfield Area School District's rate was 74% for 2010. 2010 - 84% 2009 - 85% 2008 - 89% 2007 - 87% In 2012, Clearfield Area High School declined further to Corrective Action II 2nd Year AYP status. 2011 - declined to Corrective Action II 1st Year status due to chronic low student academic achievement and a failure to meet the state's minimum graduation rate. 2010 - declined to Corrective Action I due to chronic, low student academic achievement. 2009 - Making Progress: in School Improvement II level. The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the school's administration to develop a plan to improve student achievement; the plan had to be submitted to the state for approval. Additionally, under the federal No Child Left Behind Act, the school administration was required to notify parents of the school's poor achievement outcomes and to offer the parent the opportunity to transfer to a successful school within the district. PSSA Results: 11th Grade Reading:2012 - 76% on grade level. State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level.
2011 - 61%. State - 69.1% 2010 - 64% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 66% of 11th were graders on grade level. 2009 - 65%. State - 65%. 2008 - 59%. State - 65%. 2007 - 61%. State - 65%.11th Grade Math:2012 - 56% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level. 2011 - 54%. State - 60.3% 2010 - 49%. State - 59% 2009 - 55%. State - 56%. 2008 - 48%. State - 56%. 2007 - 47%. State - 53%.11th Grade Science::2012 - 37% on grade level. State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level. 2011 - 35%. State - 40% 2010 - 39%. State - 40%. 2009 - 32%. State - 40%. 2008 - 31%. State - 39%. In 2012, 101 Clearfield Area School District students took the SAT exams; the district's Verbal Average Score was 463. The Math average score was 481; the Writing average score was 453. The statewide Verbal SAT exams results were: Verbal 491, Math 501, Writing 480. In the USA, 1.65 million students took the exams achieving scores: Verbal 496, Math 514, Writing 488. According to the College Board the maximum score on each section was 800, 360 students nationwide scored a perfect 2,400.
From January to June 2011, 103 Clearfield Area School District students took the SAT exams. The district's Verbal Average Score was 457; the Math average score was 475. The Writing average score was 431. Pennsylvania ranked 40th among state with SAT scores: Verbal - 493, Math - 501, Writing - 479. In the United States 1.65 million students took the exam in 2011. They averaged 514 math and 489 in writing. According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 9% of Clearfield Area School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges. Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduates in three years. Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.
The high school offers a Dual Enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school; the courses count towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities at their high school; the college credits are offered at a discounted rate. Mount Aloysius College and Penn Highlands Community College are open to the students; the state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition and books. Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions. For the 2009-10 funding year, Clearfield Area School District received a state grant of $5,510 for the program. 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 "'2017- 2018"' The Clearfield Area School Board has determined that a high school student must earn 24.50 credits in order to graduate, including: English 4 credits, Social Studies 3.5 credits, Mathematics 4 credits, Science 3 credits, Driver Ed.
Theory 0.25 credits, Physical Education 2 credits, Life 101 0.25, Health 0.5 credit, Computer 0.50 credit and
Maria Schrader is a German actress and director. She directed the award winning 2007 film Love Life, based on a novel by Zeruya Shalev, she starred in the German international hit TV series Deutschland 83, known for being the first German-language series broadcast on US television. Maria Schrader was studied at the Max Reinhardt Seminar in Vienna, she is well known from the film Aimée & Jaguar, as well as the acclaimed Liebesleben, in which she wrote and produced. She has written other films: RobbyKallePaul, she co-directed I was on Mars with Dani Levy, whom she dated until 1999. Schrader was part of the jury at the Berlin International Film Festival in 2000. Schrader played the part of Martin Rauch's aunt in Deutschland 83, an 8 episode TV series, the first German-language TV series to be broadcast on US television, it became popular in the UK, airing in early 2016 on Channel 4. Maria Schrader has one child with director Rainer Kaufmann, a daughter named Felice, whose name was inspired by Schrader's character in the film Aimée & Jaguar.
1992 Max Ophüls Festival, Best Young Actress for I Was on Mars 1995 Mystfest, Best Actress for Burning Life 1995 Bavarian Film Awards, Best Actress for Nobody Loves Me, Burning Life 1995 German Film Awards, Best Leading Actress for Nobody Loves Me, Burning Life, Einer meiner altesten Freunde 1999 49th Berlin International Film Festival, Silver Bear for Best Actress for Aimée & Jaguar 1999 German Film Awards, Best Leading Actress for Aimée & Jaguar, The Giraffe 1999 Bavarian Film Awards, Best Actress for Aimée & Jaguar Maria Schrader on IMDb