Mansur Shah of Malacca

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Mansur Shah
6th Sultan of Malacca
Reign Malacca Sultanate: 1459–1477
Predecessor Muzaffar Shah
Successor Alauddin Riayat Shah
Died 1477
Spouse Hang Li Po and others
Issue Alauddin Riayat Shah
Ahmad Shah I
Muhammad Shah
Father Muzaffar Shah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Mansur Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah (died 1477) was the sixth Sultan of Malacca. He ruled Malacca from 1459 to 1477, he ascended the throne after the death of his father, Muzaffar Shah.[1]:246

Expansions of Malaccan Empire[edit]

Mansur Shah implemented a policy of expansionism during his rule. Many territories in Peninsular Malaysia and eastern Sumatra and the surrounding islands were under the control of Malacca during his rule such as Selangor, Bernam, Kampar, Siak, Manjung, Rupat, Singapore, and Bintan.[citation needed] Mansur Shah also ordered the attack of Pahang by Tun Perak, the Bendahara of Malacca, to secure the defense of Malacca on the east coast. Siantan and Inderagiri in Sumatra were also given to Malacca as dowry for his marriage to the princess of Majapahit.[citation needed]

Marriage alliances[edit]

Mansur Shah also used marriage alliances between princesses of Malacca and the rulers of conquered states to strengthen Malacca’s control over those states, such as marriage between the king of Siak to Mansur Shah's daughter, Princess Mahadewi,Princes Hanbaoli, daughter of Ming Dynesty Emperor Yongle (1403-1424).[citation needed] Such alliances was a factor in Islam's expansion in maritime Southeast Asia.

Princesses of conquered states were also married to sons of Malaccan ministers, such as Princess Wanang Seri of Pahang and Raden Galoh Candra Kirana, were married to sons of ministers like Tun Putih Nur Pualam.[citation needed]

According to historian Tomé Pires, Mansur Shah also married concubines who were foreign princesses such as Hang Li Po and daughters of merchants from India and Pasai to strengthen trade relationships. These princesses were also converted to Islam. Following the lead of the sultan, others married foreigners as well making foreign marriage customs a not uncommon sight in Malacca.[citation needed]

Economic policy[edit]

Mansur Shah reduced taxes on trade items during his reign, which increased the interest of merchants in trading through Malacca. A preferential tariff system was introduced whereby a 6% tax was levied on the trade of merchants from west of Malacca, such as Arabia and India, and a 3% tax was levied on the trade of merchants’ from Maritime Southeast Asia. Merchants from China, Japan and Java were not taxed at all.[citation needed] Another economic advantage of Malacca was the easy access to labourers.[citation needed]

Relations with Ottoman Empire[edit]

After the conquest of Constantinople 1453, Sultan Muhammad Al Fateh sent the Ottoman delegations to Malacca and recognized the Sultanate of Malacca as the region power of Nusantara and Sultan Mansur Shah recognized as the Ottoman representative ruler in Nusantara. Sultan Mansur Shah also known as "Mansur Pasha" as the Sultan Malacca was Caliph's representative in South East Asia

Spread of Islam[edit]

Mansur Shah, who had an interest in Islam, encouraged scholarship in Islamic theological studies, and studied tasawuf himself, he studied under Maulana Abu Bakar, who brought the Ab Darul Manzum scriptures to Malacca. He ordered the translation of the scripture to Malay by Makhdum Patakan. Mansur Shah referred to scholars from Pasai on religious issues due to their expertise.[citation needed]


Mansur Shah of Malacca
House of Malacca
 Died: 1477
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Muzaffar Shah
Sultan of Malacca
Succeeded by
Alauddin Riayat Shah