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Maplewood, Minnesota

Maplewood, incorporated in 1957, is a city in Ramsey County, United States. The population was 38,018 at the 2010 census. Maplewood is ten minutes' drive from downtown Saint Paul, it stretches along the eastern borders of Saint Paul. Maplewood is home to the corporate headquarters and main campus of 3M Corporation; the city is home to the Maplewood Mall and St. John's Hospital. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.99 square miles, of which 16.98 square miles is land and 1.01 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 61, Minnesota Highway 36, Interstate Highways 35E, 94, 694, 494 are six of the main routes in the city; as of the census of 2010, there were 38,018 people, 14,882 households, 9,620 families living in the city. The population density was 2,239.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 15,561 housing units at an average density of 916.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 75.5% White, 8.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 10.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population. There were 14,882 households of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08. The median age in the city was 39.3 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 52.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 34,947 people, 13,758 households, 9,190 families living in the city; the population density was 2,017.5 people per square mile. There were 14,004 housing units at an average density of 808.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.6% White, 8.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 10.4% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.2% of the population. There were 13,758 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males. The median income for a household in the city was $51,596, the median income for a family was $63,049. Males had a median income of $43,033 versus $30,557 for females; the per capita income for the city was $24,387. About 3.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

The current city council includes the following five members: According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are


A picantería, is a traditional lunchtime restaurant in Peru, predominantly in and around the cities of Arequipa and Cuzco. Typical offerings of Arequipan cuisine include chicha de soups. Picanteria refers to a place serving a one-plate dish of various stews, it is usual for the restaurant to offer a lunch menu of soup and a small main dish according to the following weekly scheme: Monday: Claque, Tuesday: Chairo, Wednesday: Chochoca, Thursday: red stew or black potato flour soup, Friday: Sopa de Viernes, "Friday soup" made with fish, Saturday: Timpusca, Sunday: white broth, pebre loins and adobo. Picanterias were born in the countryside. A house with a post hung with a red cloth was the place where field workers knew there was food offered. Clients would enter via the kitchen so they could see what was being cooked and could place their order; the dining room was rustic, with benches ranged along large tables. The atmosphere was conducive to lively conversation among strangers. Picanterias supplied the social space.

After eating, following the conversation, liquor was served. In order to satisfy guests' hunger, owners created the "Picante", served only late afternoon and before closing. There are still original picanterias in the rural area and in Arequipa city, but many picanterias have disappeared or are at risk of disappearing; some have turned into modern restaurants serving traditional food but with modern settings. There are still some with the kitchen open to traditional tables and furnishings. Among the most traditional food served in Picanterias are: Chupe de Camarones, Ocopa Arequipeña, Rocoto Relleno, Solterito de Queso, Potato Cake, Costillar Frito, Cuy Chactado, Cauche de Queso, Chaque de Pecho, etc. Common items for dessert include: Queso Helado, Spanish style convent candy and Chicha de Jora. Tapas

Starbucks Workers Union

The Starbucks Workers Union is a union formed by the Industrial Workers of the World to organize retail employees of Starbucks. The union has members at Starbucks locations in New York City. On May 17, 2004, Starbucks's workers at the 36th and Madison store in midtown Manhattan organized the first Starbucks barista union in the United States; the union drive had its origins in barista's complaints that a starting wage of $7.75 an hour was not a living wage in New York City and that Starbucks refused to guarantee regularity of hours per week. The union has joined with Global Exchange in calling on Starbucks to purchase at least 5% of the store's coffee from fair trade certified sources; the 12 workers submitted union cards to the National Labor Relations Board for a certification election. Prior to the election, Starbucks filed an appeal with the NLRB, asking that the election be extended to several stores, not the single store that filed for an election; the NLRB agreed to impound the ballots at the Madison Avenue store.

The IWW subsequently withdrew the election petition because the appeal could cause a several-year delay in the validation of the election. Starbucks claims; the IWW does not get involved in the NLRB election process, but rather focuses on winning incremental demands on the shop-floor through the practice of "Solidarity Unionism." On this basis, the organizing drive continues at Starbucks locations across the world. On April 9, 2009, the IWW Starbucks Workers Union announced the formation of the first union of Starbucks workers in Latin America, Sindicato de Trabajadores de Starbucks Coffee Chile S. A. Starbucks baristas and shift supervisors in Santiago, have organized for respect on the job, a dependable work schedule, a living wage, among other issues. Starbucks Coffee has about 30 stores in Chile, with plans to open six more stores."Starbucks has been in Chile for six years now, since they opened, management's communication with the workers has been getting worse and worse," said organizer Andrés Giordano.

"We have seen some reprisals against those who have voiced constructive criticism to management about such issues as dismissals and a lack of promotions for baristas," he added. Baristas and shift supervisors only make $2 to $3 per hour, while they continue to sell over-priced specialty drinks for twice that amount. Meanwhile, the cost of living has increased by 26 percent in the last five years, according to Giordano."Around the world, Starbucks jobs must work for hard-working baristas, not just senior executives", said Chrissy Cogswell, a Starbucks employee in Chicago and a member of the IWW Starbucks Workers Union. "The Chilean baristas have created a voice at work to make sure their contribution to the company is respected.""As a union, we are making reasonable demands, such as a wage increase, decent working conditions, for Starbucks to adhere to their values of Corporate Social Responsibility.’ The company isn't following these principles, which are the base of our daily work and behavior in the stores," said Giordano.

He said the union workers in Chile are "glad and proud" to announce their union, they look forward to more international solidarity with the IWW. "We believe our purpose will be stronger, as we strive together," he added. The Chilean Union has denounced several Union busting actions -or Anti-Union practices- undertaken by Starbucks in their country; the union filed an unfair labor practice charge against Starbucks in which it alleged the company prohibited workers from distributing union leaflets or wearing union buttons while they were at work. The company settled the charge with the National Labor Relations Board in March 2006; the company did not admit it had broken the law, but did agree to post notices explaining workers' rights under the National Labor Relations Act at three of its stores. In addition, it was forced to allow two employees to return to work and compensate three workers for lost wages in an amount less than $2,000; the union claims that four of its members have been fired for union activities, a charge the company denies.

On January 14, 2005, charges stemming from a march during the 2004 Republican National Convention were dropped against union co-founder Daniel Gross. Witnesses allege Starbucks's managers coordinated with the NYPD to single out Daniel Gross and another union activist from a crowd of 200 protesters. In June and August 2006, several organizers were fired by Starbucks, including union co-founder Daniel Gross who Starbucks claims made a threatening remark to a district manager at a union rally. Gross denies the charge; the NLRB is reviewing the circumstances of the dismissals. On May 17, 2007 union baristas in Grand Rapids, Michigan announced they were filing Unfair Labor Practice charges with the NLRB based on Starbucks reaction to the union drive there. On July 11, 2008 union baristas in Minneapolis, Minnesota filed an unfair labor practice over the firing of IWW barista Erik Forman. After an escalating campaign of direct action, including a petition and a work stoppage at the Mall of America location, Starbucks offered Forman his job back and settled with the NLRB.

On Friday, June 16, 2006 the Starbucks employees working at the 135 E. 57th Street store in Manhattan made public their IWW membership and presented a list of demands to management to improve working conditions. This was the fifth Starbucks store in New York to establish a public organizing committee and make collective demands from the company. Baristas at Chicago's Logan Square Starbucks store announced on August 29, 2006 their membership in the IWW Starbucks Workers Union, beco

Florida State Road 590

State Road 590 is a moderate east–west commercial and commuter highway serving central Pinellas County, within Clearwater and Safety Harbor. It runs from running from Alt US 19 in Clearwater east to State Road 580 in Safety Harbor, is a scenic route in much of Safety Harbor. State Road 590 begins at US Alternate Route 19 in Clearwater, just as it did before US Alternate 19 was realigned during the early 21st Century. Throughout most of Clearwater, SR 590 runs along Drew Street, a four-lane undivided highway with few if any provisions for left-turns. Between North Berry Lane and North Hillcrest Avenue, it runs along the south edge of the Clearwater Country Club The few intersections where the road divides is at CR 1, a major north-south county road that spans from St. Petersburg to Palm Harbor. After this the road runs Just south of the Clearwater Air Park; the road divides once again at the intersection with Hercules Avenue, after this SR 590 shifts onto Northeast Coachman Road, while the rest of Drew Street continues east becoming an undivided highway as it heads toward Bright House Field.

Along Northeast Coachman Road, SR 590 runs northeast as it intersects another major county road known as CR 501, which runs from Gulfport to Tarpon Springs. A less important but unique intersection within some preserved land along Alligator Creek is with Old Coachman Road, since it includes a railroad crossing for the CSX Clearwater Subdivision, the Ream Wilson Trail. Leaving the preserved land, the road is surrounded by residential development once again and becomes a divided highway as it approaches a power-line right-of-way and the U. S. Route 19 in Florida interchange, it turns straight west and east again, passing by neighborhoods such as Orange Blossom Estates and Mission Hills until it divides again as it approaches County Road 611, a county road that's as traveled as US 19. From there the road enters Safety Harbor, Florida as Tenth Street South and narrows down to two lanes. Tenth Street makes a sharp left turn before reaching the Clearwater Subdivision again and becomes South 14th Street curves to the right again and becomes Fourth Street South.

At the intersection with Tenth Avenue, SR 590 turns north again, three blocks intersects Main Street, where it turns right, thus serving as the terminus of CR 576. SR 590 crosses the Clearwater Subdivision again, the same railroad line it tried to avoid as Tenth Street and Fourth Street. At the end of Main Street, SR 590 turns north onto Philippe Parkway, a road that begins a block south at South Bayshore Boulevard and the City Marina runs close to the west shore of Old Tampa Bay. North of the blinker-light intersections with Washington Drive and Grand Central Avenue, the road becomes a two-lane divided highway, except at the intersections of Marshall and Salem Streets, Irwin Street, where the divider is interrupted to provide left-turn lanes; the divider is interrupted again between Parkside Lane and Avon Drive, ends permanently shortly after the mentioned intersection. It is revived again after Pinellas Avenue, but does not extend to CR 102. Just north of here is the entrance to Philippe Park, the park for which this section of 590 is named.

It turns to the northwest at the broken alignment of Philippe Park Drive running much closer to the coast of Safety Harbor itself. After passing by a few more developments, SR 590 enters the Bridgeport section of Safety Harbor, it moves west off of Philippe Parkway as it crosses the Clearwater Subdivision for the last time as it divides the Bridgeport and La Playa Estates sections of Safety Harbor and turns north to terminate at State Road 580 just west of the bridges over the Tarpon Canal and Moccasin Creek leading to Oldsmar, Florida. The entire route is in Pinellas County. State Road 590A was a former suffixed alternate route of SR 590 along Bayshore Boulevard and part of Philippe Parkway; the route ran from Gulf-To-Bay Boulevard at the foot of the west end of the Courtney Campbell Causeway along the west shore of Cooper Bayou and Old Tampa Bay to SR 590 in downtown Safety Harbor. FDOT Map of Pinellas County, Florida

George Hemming Mason

George Heming Mason was an English landscape painter of rural scenes in Italy England itself. He was known as "George Mason" or "George Hemming Mason". Mason was born at Fenton Park in the parish of Stoke-upon-Trent, the eldest son of George Miles Mason and Eliza Heming, his grandfather, Miles Mason, was a potter, the pottery was afterwards carried on by his father and uncle who invented Mason's iron-stone china. His father, who graduated from Brasenose College, was a cultivated man, who retiring from his business in 1829, became a country gentleman, devoting himself to literature and painting. In 1832 the family moved to Wetley Abbey, a mansion situated in the midst of a park, near Wetley Rocks in Staffordshire, five miles from the Potteries. Mason was educated at King Edward's School and from 1834 trained to be a doctor under William Royden Watts, a surgeon, of Birmingham, but abandoned medicine in 1844 in order to pursue a career as an artist; as a youth he was passionately fond of literature and athletics, he inherited his father's taste for painting.

An early oil sketch of his exists entitled "Dummy's Turn to Play" in which he tried to embody a ghastly incident of the time of the plague. He was art critic to a local newspaper. In the autumn of 1843, Mason left England with his brother Miles on a trip through France and Italy - the journey was done on foot, they reached Rome in the autumn of 1845, George took a studio there. Financial difficulties at home soon compelled him and his brother to fend for themselves, he made a living painting portraits of the English in Rome, more of their horses and dogs, for which he had a natural talent. Despite a serious illness and severe poverty, Mason's spirits never sank, when the Italian war broke out in 1848, he helped to tend the wounded, his brother Miles entered Garibaldi's army as a volunteer, became a captain. During the 1849 Siege of Rome and two fellow-artists, George Thomas, an accomplished illustrator who worked for the Illustrated London News, Murray, were arrested as suspected spies, narrowly escaped death.

In 1851, Mason made a tour of the Sabine and Ciociara regions and subsequently spent much time painting cattle as the guest of a gentleman grazier of the Campagna. Mason delighted in the Campagna, produced a number of pictures there including "Ploughing in the Campagna", "In the Salt Marshes", "A Fountain with Figures"; when thinking out a composition, which originated in some literary subject, he strolled the neighbouring country in search of particular forms and colours for the accessories. Sometimes a new subject would be thus suggested, as in the case of his "Ploughing in the Campagna" for which he deserted another work begun. Mason had many associates amongst the painters and architects who visited Rome, when Frederic Leighton made the city his winter headquarters, he and Mason became firm friends. Giovanni Costa was for many years Mason's constant companion in Italy. Costa, who in the early days of their intimacy thought Mason's execution childish, recognised from the first the beauty of the sentiment which characterised all his work.

They adopted together a system, which they christened "the Etruscan", of preparing their pictures in monochrome before laying on their final colours. Mason visited the Paris exhibition in 1855, although he admired the work of Decamps and Hébert, his confidence that he could excel most contemporary painters was confirmed. In 1857 he is said to have made an income of 600 guineas. In 1858, Mason married Mary Emma Wood on the 5 August, they settled back at the old family mansion Wetley Abbey, went on to have two sons and five daughters. The exchange of the blue skies of Italy for the grey and misty atmosphere of England at first depressed Mason, his friend Sir Frederick Leighton stimulated him, however, to exertion, Mason's produced his first painting in England - "Wind on the Wold". Thenceforward he found inspiration in the exquisite though subdued colours of the Staffordshire country, there followed from his brush a series of idylls which stamp him as the greatest of the idyllic painters of England.

In 1863 Costa visited him at Wetley while Mason was painting "The End of the Day" and "Wetley Rocks". Afterwards they visited Paris together, in 1864 Mason shifted his quarters to Westbourne House, Shaftesbury Road, Hammersmith, so as to enjoy the society of his fellow artists, but he still passed much of his time at Wetley. At Shaftesbury Road he painted "The Gander", "The Geese", "The Cast Shoe", "Yarrow", "The Young Anglers", "The Unwilling Playmate" and "The Evening Hymn". A fastidiousness, which increased with his years, was always characteristic of him, he altered the composition of "The Evening Hymn" after it was finished, the exhibition of it was thus delayed for a year. "The Blackberry Gatherers" was twice repainted - first it was winter, with a hag gathering enchanted herbs, a fiery-eyed raven on a bare branch overhead, he painted it as summer, before completing it as it now stands. A little landscape in Staffordshire was begun as an effect of early spring altered to summer, finished as a late autumn effect, when only the last few leaves were clinging to the trees.

In 1869 Mason was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy and moved to 7 Theresa Terrace, where he painted "Only a Shower", "Girls Dancing", "Blackberry Gathering", "The Milk Maid", "The Harvest M

HMS Truculent (P315)

HMS Truculent was a British submarine of the third group of the T class. She was built as P315 by Vickers Armstrong and launched on 12 September 1942. Truculent was lost following a post-war accident with a Swedish oil tanker in the Thames Estuary in January 1950. Truculent spent much of her World War II wartime service in the Pacific Far East, except for a period in early 1943, operating in home waters. Here, she sank the German submarine U-308, on her first war patrol, with all hands, she took part in Operation Source, towing the X-class midget submarine X-6 to Norway to attack the heavy Kriegsmarine warships Tirpitz, Scharnhorst and Lützow. On her transfer to the Pacific, she sank the Japanese army cargo ship Yasushima Maru, she laid mines, one of which damaged the Japanese minelayer Hatsutaka. She returned to the United Kingdom to continue in service with the Royal Navy. On 12 January 1950, Truculent was returning to Sheerness, having completed trials after a refit at Chatham. In addition to her normal complement, she was carrying an additional 18 dockyard workers.

She was travelling through the Thames Estuary at night. At 19:00, a ship showing three lights appeared ahead in the channel, it was decided that the ship must be stationary, because Truculent could not pass to the starboard side without running aground, the order was given to turn to port. At once, the situation became clear; the extra light indicated. The two vessels collided, the Divina's bow striking Trucluent by the starboard bow hydroplane, remained locked together for a few seconds before the submarine sank. Fifty-seven of her crew were swept away in the current after a premature escape attempt, 15 survivors were picked up by a boat from the Divina and five by the Dutch ship Almdijk. Most of the crew survived the initial collision and managed to escape, but perished in the freezing cold mid-winter conditions on the mud islands that litter the Thames Estuary. Sixty-four men died as a result of the collision. Truculent was beached at Cheney Spit; the wreck was moved inshore the following day.

She was towed into Sheerness Dockyard. An inquiry attributed 75 % of the blame to 25 % to Divina. Truculent was sold to be broken up for scrap on 8 May 1950, her loss led Peter de Neumann of the Port of London Authority to develop plans for a port control system, the introduction of the'Truculent light', an extra steaming all-round white light on the bow, on British submarines, to ensure they remained visible to other ships. On 21 February 1950, the film "Morning Departure" was released; the story, of a British submarine on a training cruise that sinks after encountering a loose mine, is told from the perspective of the small group of survivors trapped under the sea. Filming finished shortly before HMS Truculent sank, the film was withdrawn; the decision was made to release the film as planned, to add the following message that appears in the opening credits: This film was completed before the tragic loss of HMS Truculent, earnest consideration has been given as to the desirability of presenting it so soon after this grievous disaster.

The Producers have decided to offer the film in the spirit in which it was made, as a tribute to the officers and men of H. M. Submarines, to the Royal Navy of which they form a part. HMS Affray HMS Thetis List of United Kingdom disasters by death toll Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Hutchinson, Robert. Jane's Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Day. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-710558-8. OCLC 53783010. Johnson-Allen, John, they Were Just The Naval Career of Fred Henley, Last Survivor of HM Submarine Truculent. Whittles Publishing. ISBN 978-184995-404-4