Margaret J. Winkler was a key figure in silent animation history, having a crucial role to play in the histories of Max and Dave Fleischer, Pat Sullivan, Otto Messmer, Walt Disney, she was the first woman to produce and distribute animated films.. Winkler was the subject of a feature film Walt Before Mickey. Hungarian-born of German descent, Winkler began her career as personal secretary of Harry Warner, one of the founders of Warner Brothers. Through most of the silent era, Warner Brothers was a film distributor, Harry Warner was the man who made the deals. In 1917, Warner Brothers began distributing cartoons of Mutt and Jeff in New Jersey. Warner was impressed with Winkler's talents, when Max and Dave Fleischer, owners of Fleischer Studios, came to him with their series Out of the Inkwell, he gave it to Winkler and encouraged her to form her own distribution company, Winkler Productions, on a state's rights basis. In 1922, she signed a contract with Pat Sullivan Productions to produce Felix the Cat cartoons.
This established her reputation as the top distributor in the cartoon world. It was a good thing, because at the end of the same year the Fleischer brothers, flush with success as a result of Winkler's work, left her to form their own distribution company, Red Seal Pictures; however much Sullivan helped Winkler's business, he and Winkler were fighting. In September 1923, the renewal of his contract came up, his unrealistic demands meant Winkler Pictures might have to survive for a while without its biggest star. Winkler viewed a pilot reel, called "Alice's Wonderland", submitted by neophyte animator Walt Disney, the first entry in the "Alice Comedies" series. Winkler was intrigued with the idea of a live-action girl in a cartoon world, signed Disney to a year-long contract despite the fact that the studio that made the cartoon was now bankrupt. Disney subsequently formed a new studio, Disney Brothers, the first cartoon studio in Hollywood and soon changed its name to The Walt Disney Company.
Disney was helped by the tutelage of Winkler, who insisted on editing all of the "Alice Comedies" episodes herself. One of her suggestions was the addition of a suspiciously Felix-like character called Julius; this was the "straw that broke the camel's back" for Sullivan, who signed with rival distributor E. W. Hammons of Educational Pictures in 1925. Winkler was the first female member of the Motion Picture Producer's Guild. To disguise her gender, she would sign letters "M. J. Winkler." In 1924, she married Charles B. Mintz, a film distributor, working for her since 1922. Soon after she had her first child and retired from the business, turning her company over to her husband; the couple had two children and William. Margaret Winkler died on June 1990 in Mamaroneck, New York, she was 95 years old. John Canemaker.
The Marsh Engineering Company was a company that designed many significant bridges in the United States, including a number that survive and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was located in Iowa; the firm's principal engineer was James Barney Marsh, an engineer and bridge designer born in North Lake, Wisconsin. Works include: Dunkerton Bridge, Town street over Crane Creek, Iowa Marsh Concrete Rainbow Arch Bridge, Minnesota, is a reinforced concrete through arch bridge, built in 1911 the same year that Marsh obtained a patent for his design. Rainbow Arch Bridge at Valley City, North Dakota, Squaw Creek Bridge, 120th St. and V Ave. over Squaw Creek, Iowa Mederville Bridge, County road over Volga River, Iowa First Avenue Bridge, US 151 over Cedar River, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Rainbow Arch Bridge, CO 52, Fort Morgan, Colorado River Street Bridge, Iowa Falls, Iowa Cotter Bridge, constructed in 1930, is the only bridge built by Marsh Engineering Company of Des Moines, Iowa in the state of Arkansas.
It brings U. S. Route 62, over the White River, opened up a large area of the Ozarks for recreation. Henley Street Bridge, in Knoxville, designed in 1930The Wilson River Bridge, near Tillamook and others like it in Washington were designed by notable architect Conde McCullough, employed at Marsh Engineering Company during the 1910s
Nuh ibn Nasr, or Nuh I, was the amir of the Samanids in 943–954. He was the son of Nasr II, it is rumoured. Nuh came to power after preventing a revolt against his father in 943. Several army officers, unhappy over Nasr's support of Ismaili missionaries, planned to assassinate him. Nuh, given notice of the plot, arrived at a banquet held to organize the assassination, seized and killed the leader of the plotters. To placate the others, he promised to put an end to the activities of the Ismailis, convinced his father to abdicate in his favor. Shortly after Nuh's ascension, he was forced to put down a revolt in Khwarazm. Another revolt, launched by Abu'Ali Chaghani, proved to be much more serious, was supported by several Samanid officers such as Abu Mansur Muhammad, who served as the governor of Tus. Abu'Ali, in addition to being the ruler of the Samanid vassal state of Chaghaniyan, had been the governor of Khurasan since 939. In 945 he was removed from the latter post by Nuh, who desired to replace him with a Turk named Ibrahim ibn Simjur.
Abu'Ali rebelled. In 947 Ibrahim gained control of Bukhara and crowned himself as ruler of the Samanid Empire, forcing Nuh to flee to Samarkand. Ibrahim, proved to be unpopular in the city, enabling Nuh to capture and blind his uncle as well as two of his brothers. Abu'Ali's capital in Chaghaniyan was sacked, but in 948 peace was made between the two, Abu'Ali was confirmed as ruler of Chaghaniyan. Following the death of the governor of Khurasan, Mansur ibn Qara-Tegin, in 952, Abu'Ali regained that post as well. Nuh removed him Abu'Ali from the governorship of Khurasan a second time after receiving a complaint from Vushmgir, the Ziyarid ruler of Tabaristan. Nuh had supported Vushmgir; the Ziyarids, along with the Samanids, the Buyids subsequently fought over the region for the next few years, each side gaining temporary control of the area several times. Vushmgir, an ally of the Samanids, had been pleased when Abu'Ali had gone to war against the Buyids, but was angered when Abu'Ali made peace with the Buyids of Ray.
His complaint, which consisted of accusations that Abu'Ali was conspiring with the Buyids, resulted in Nuh's decision to remove him. Abu'Ali fled to the Buyids, received a grant from the Caliph Al-Muti for control of Khurasan. Nuh's death in 954 prevented him from solving this problem, he was succeeded by his son'Abd al-Malik I. Frye, R. N.. "The Sāmānids". In Frye, R. N.. The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 4: From the Arab Invasion to the Saljuqs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Pp. 136–161. ISBN 0-521-20093-8
We Are the Flesh is a 2016 Mexican-French horror film, written and directed by Emiliano Rocha Minter. The film premiered on 2 February 2016 at the International Film Festival Rotterdam and had a limited release in the United States in January 2017. An unknown apocalypse has devastated the globe, forcing siblings Lucio and Fauna to forage for food and shelter in a hostile environment, they happen to come across Mariano, a man who offers them both of these things, but at a cost: they must help him turn an abandoned building into a cave/cocoon-esque structure. He demands that the siblings have sex with one another while he watches. With few other options the two comply, only for this act to be the start of many strange and horrific things they must do in order to survive. Noé Hernández as Mariano María Evoli as Fauna Diego Gamaliel as Lucio Gabino Rodríguez as Soldado mexicano Critical reception for We Are the Flesh has been positive and the film holds a rating of 75% on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 40 reviews with an average rating of 6.16/10.
Reviewers for The Guardian rated the movie at two and three stars, with one reviewer noting that it was "a bit like Jorge Michel Grau’s movie We Are What We Are, only without the satirical purpose." Variety noted that reactions to We Are the Flesh would differ depending on the viewer and that it was an "extreme Mexican fiesta of incest and explicit sex that should earn detractors and fans in equal measure."Horror outlets Fangoria and Bloody Disgusting both gave the movie favorable reviews, with the latter praising the movie's camerawork, use of colour and acting while commenting that some viewers "will be offended, others frustrated." Dread Central was mixed in their review, writing that "This is the kind of visceral, boundary-pushing cinema that will never be accepted by mainstream filmgoers – and will be hard going for those accustomed to transgressive filmmaking." We Are the Flesh on IMDb We Are the Flesh at Rotten Tomatoes
Doctor Eugène Ricklin was a popular Alsatian politician known for his fiery opposition both to German and French assimilationist policies in Alsace. Eugène Ricklin was born in Dannemarie from a sundgauvian hotelier father and an Alsatian mother, Catherine Kayser. After his secondary education in Belfort, he attended the gymnasia of Colmar, he went to Germany east of the Rhine, to Regensburg, Freiburg im Breisgau and Erlangen where he studied medicine. From a young age, he showed a great interest in justice and defence of the common man, was noticed at 29 years old when it was suggested to him he might join the municipal council of his home town. At the age of 34, he succeeded Flury, became mayor of Dannemarie in 1898, he was relieved of his duties as mayor in 1902 following a complaint about an insult to the Kaiser and as a sanction for having claimed the status of Bundesstaat for Alsace-Lorraine. He was disliked by the German authorities and was replaced by the notary Centlivre, a supporter of the Germans.
Ricklin remained a member of the municipal council until 1908. In 1896, as Flury's successor, he joined the Bezirkstag of Upper Alsace of which he became president during World War I. In 1900, the Bezirkstag delegated him to the Landesausschuss - Alsace-Lorraine's quasi-parliament - in Strasbourg, in place of deselected Anton Cassal of Ferrette. In 1903, he was elected to the Reichstag in Berlin, having been elected deputy for the constituency of Thann-Altkirch, his rise continued. His authority and competence earned him respect and acknowledgement within his party, the Catholic Zentrum, so that he was elected with some of his colleagues of the Zentrum in the first election by universal suffrage for the Landtag in 1911, he subsequently became its first president. The Landtag of Alsace-Lorraine has been the only parliamentary institution in Alsatian history, elected by universal suffrage and representing the region as a whole, succeeded the only indirectly-elected appointed Landesausschuss. However, his relations with the Germans were problematic.
Within his own family he spoke French. He stayed faithful to his fellow Alsatians for whom he did not cease to defend energetically their interests against the imperial administration. At this time he earned the nickname the Sundgau Lion, he refused the Roter Adlerorden from the imperial government. Before war broke out, he tirelessly worked for the preservation of peace and, in 1913 and 1914, went with Abbot Haegy to the interparliamentary peace conferences of Berne and Basel where he met again other active pacifists like Jean Jaurès. During the war, he was charged and transferred to northern France because he strenuously defended his friend Médard Brogly, accused of being francophile by a German military court. At the end of the war, he saw that the full autonomy granted by the Germans in 1918 had arrived too late and, on the abdication of the Kaiser, formed the Nationalrat to try to save Alsatian political gains by means of negotiation with the French, he took the initiative and convened the council on 12 November 1918.
Elected president of the Nationalrat, he proposed to the French authorities that they accept an agreement guaranteeing those Alsatian rights he knew were threatened by French Jacobinism. But the winds had changed and, with it, many coats within the veterans of the Landtag, he found himself in a minority, a major part of the Zentrum parliamentarians, with the Social Democrats, didn't want to provoke France and opted to rely on the promises of the French generals such as Joffre. The Nationalrat became the National Council for Alsace-Lorraine shortly before its abolition. For the rest of his life, Ricklin reproached the other Nationalrat members for having acted too late to preserve Alsatian autonomy. With the arrival of the French on November 22, 1918, Ricklin knew, it was certain. So, they tried by all means to eliminate him from the political scene so as to give themselves a free hand in their policy of francization, prepared in Paris during the war years, they tried to prevent him playing a role in the reconstruction of the Zentrumspartei Elsass-Lothringen for which debates began in February 1919.
As a result, he was dragged in front of the Commissions de Triage and, during March, this latter president of the Landtag of Alsace-Lorraine was sent into forced residence in the occupied zone near Kehl. In spite of the protest of every mayor and priest of Dannemarie and the French-speaking communes which he always defended during the German period, he was only permitted to return in November 1919, after the parliamentary elections in which he was prevented from standing; when he returned from exile to his native town, ruined, he had moreover to face a plot meant to bring him down professionally. But Ricklin didn't give up the political struggle. Disappointed, like many, in December 1925 by the behaviour of the French towards Alsace, he returned to public life, first by joining the editorial committee of the Zukunft by joining the team that initiated the manifest of the Heimatbund on 7 June 1926. Under his management, the committee of the Heimatbund went into relations with the Breton and Corse autonomists and developed the strategy of the Einheitsfront.
With parliamentary elections of May 1928 approaching, Poincaré tried to prevent the autonomists participating. Six autonomists newspapers were banned and the leaders arrested: among them
Alfonso Sastre is a Spanish playwright and critic associated with the Generation of'36 movement. He was an outspoken critic of censorship during the reign of General Francisco Franco, his most noteworthy plays include Death Squad, The Gag, Death Thrust, Tragicomedy of the Gypsy Celestina. Alfonso Sastre was born into a typical middle-class family, he had three siblings, received a Catholic upbringing. He survived hunger and bombing during the Spanish Civil War and received a degree from the Institute Cardinal Cisneros of Madrid. In 1943 he began a career as an aeronautical engineer. By the end of the 1940s, he began producing existentialist works, either alone or with others in the "New Art" movement. In 1950 he signed, along with Jose M. de Quinto, the Theater of Social Agitation Manifesto, vehemently defended, through books and newspapers, the use of theater as a means of social agitation. In 1953 he completed his studies and had his first success in the theater, Escuadra Hacia la Muerte translated as Death Squad.
It premiered on March 18, 1953, was performed by the University Popular Theater. The play took place during the Third World War and dealt with a squad of five soldiers and their corporal, sent on a suicide mission as punishment for past transgressions. Only one performance was scheduled, but it found success and its run was extended; the play was censored by Franco's regime after its third performance and was never performed again. On 17 September 1954 the play La Mordaza premiered, dealing with themes of dictatorship and repression; that same year he wrote the revolutionary drama Tierra Roja, never allowed to be presented as it dealt with the subject of exploitation. Sastre continued to write plays such as La Sangre de Dios, Ana Kleiber and Guillermo Tell tiene los ojos tristes in 1955. In 1959 he wrote En la La Cornada. In 1990 he wrote ¿Dónde estás, Ulalume, dónde estás?. Sastre married writer and revolutionary Eva Forest in 1955. "Otegi hace un llamamiento a sus votantes para que Sastre esté en Europa".
Elmundo.es. Retrieved 24 July 2010. "Alfonso Sastre - Página principal". Cervantesvirtual.com. Retrieved 24 July 2010. Register of the Alfonso Sastre Papers. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, California. Alfonso Sastre on IMDb