Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island is an 8,095-acre military installation located within Port Royal, South Carolina 5 miles south of Beaufort, the community, associated with the installation. MCRD Parris Island is used for United States Marine Corps Recruit Training of enlisted Marines. Male recruits living east of the Mississippi River and female recruits from all over the United States report here to receive their initial training. Male recruits living west of the Mississippi River receive their training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot San Diego, but may train at Marine Corps Recruit Depot Parris Island by special request. A French Huguenot expedition, led by Jean Ribault in 1562, was the first European group to attempt to colonize Parris Island. Earlier Spanish expeditions had sighted the area, named it "Punta de Santa Elena", which now remains one of the oldest continuously used European place names in the United States; the French expedition built an outpost named Charlesfort, Ribault left a small garrison as he returned to France for colonists and supplies.
After a long absence because of Ribault's delay from wars in Europe, Charlesfort was abandoned after the garrison mutinied, built a ship on the island and sailed back to France in April 1563. In 1566, the Spanish, led by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded a settlement named Santa Elena which became the capital of La Florida for the next decade. Spain abandoned Santa Elena in 1587. After coming under English control, the island was granted to Robert Daniell in 1706 and became known as Port Royal Island, it came into the hands of Colonel Alexander Parris, some time Public Treasurer of South Carolina. After his death 1736, it became known as Parris Island. From the 1720s to the Civil War, the island was divided into a number of plantations growing indigo later cotton. During and after the Civil War, the island became home to freed slaves, was a site of freedmen schools taught by abolitionists such as Frances Gage and Clara Barton. Union forces captured Port Royal Sound in 1861, Parris Island became a coaling station for the Navy.
Thay function was taken up again after the war in large part because of the freedman-turned-Representative Robert Smalls, who fought for the creation of a new federal military installation on the island. Marines were first assigned to Parris Island on June 26, 1891, in the form of a small security detachment headed by First Sergeant Richard Donovan, two corporals and 10 privates; this unit was attached to the Port Royal, the forerunner of Parris Island. Donovan's unit was commended for preserving life and property during hurricanes and storm surges that swept over the island in 1891 and 1893. Military buildings and homes constructed between 1891 and World War I form the nucleus of the Parris Island Historic District. At the district center are the commanding general's home, a 19th-century wooden dry dock, an early 20th-century gazebo, all of which are on the National Register of Historic Places. On November 1, 1915, Parris Island was designated a Recruit Depot, United States Marine Corps Recruit Training has continued since then.
In the early years of the Marine Corps presence is was referred to as Paris Island. Prior to 1929, a ferry provided all transportation to and from the island from Port Royal docks to the Recruit Depot docks; that year, a causeway and a bridge over Archer's Creek were completed, thus ending the water transportation era. The causeway was dedicated as the General E. A. Pollock Memorial Causeway in April 1984. During the fateful December 1941, 5,272 recruits arrived there with 9,206 arriving the following month, making it necessary to add the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Recruit Training Battalions; as the war influx continued, five battalions were sent to New River, North Carolina, to train, the Depot expanded to 13 battalions. From 1941 to 1945, the Marines trained 204,509 recruits here and at the time of the Japanese surrender, the Depot contained more than 20,000 recruits. On February 15, 1949, the Marines activated a separate "command" for the sole purpose of training female recruits; the command was designated the 4th Recruit Training Battalion, it now serves as the only battalion in the Corps for training female recruits, is the only all-female unit in the Department of Defense.
The Korean War began in 1950. From until the 1st Marine Division withdrew from Korea, Parris Island drill instructors trained more than 138,000 recruits. In March 1952, the training load peaked at 24,424 recruits; the recruit tide again flooded during the years of the Vietnam War, reaching a peak training load of 10,979 during March 1966. On the night of April 8, 1956, the Ribbon Creek incident resulted in the drowning of six recruits, led to widespread changes in recruit training policies. Supervision of drill instructors was expanded, such as the introduction of the Series Commander. On October 11, 2002, the Town of Port Royal annexed the entire island, but most visitors still associate the installation with Beaufort, a larger community five miles to the north. On June 17, 2011, Brigadier General Lori Reynolds became the first female commander of the base. At the next change of command on June 20, 2014, Brigadier General Terry Williams became the first African-American commander of the base.
The Marines train about 17,000 recruits at Parris Island each year. Recruit training for those enlisted in the United States Marine Corps includes a thirteen-week process during which the recruit becomes cut off from the civilian world and must adapt to a Marine Corps lifestyle. During train
The Indian Distinguished Service Medal was a military decoration awarded by the British Empire to Indian citizens serving in the Indian armed forces and police. When it was instituted in 1907 it was the second highest award available to Indians, behind the Indian Order of Merit, when eligibility for the Victoria Cross was extended to cover all Commonwealth subjects in 1911, the IDSM became third highest in the order of precedence, it was instituted in order to recognise acts of gallantry that did not meet the standards required of the IOM. Following the Partition and subsequent independence of India in 1947, it was decided to discontinue the award. Upon being instituted the medal was only available to members of the British Indian Army, Indian State Forces and levies, after 1917 it was extended to'non-combatant' followers, such as carriers and grooms. In 1929 eligibility was extended to the Royal Indian Marine and to the Indian Air Force in 1940. There were four versions of the medal, the only difference being the monarch depicted on the obverse.
The medals were issued either with the engraved or impressed details of the recipient, including service number and regiment. The medal is considered reasonably rare and only about 6,000 were awarded, including bars. About 3,200 were awarded during the First World War, 1,200 from the start of the Second World War to 1947; the remaining 1,600 were awarded between the wars during frontier fighting and other inter-war campaigns such as the Iraq campaign of 1919–20. Honorary Captain and Subedar MajorU. M. Rai,IDSM,1944,3/10 Gorkha RiflesRisaldar Amir Singh Sudan, IDSM & Bar. 6th King Edward’s Own Cavalry. Havildar Puran Singh, MM, IDSM, 3/14th Punjab Regiment, British Indian Army Dafadar Mirza Muhammad Ali Beg, IDSM - France Hon. Captain and Subedar, Sardar Bahadur, Sant Singh Mangat, IOM, IDSM, OBI, British Indian Army. Jemadar Abdul Latif Khan Tarin, IDSM, 82nd Punjabis, British Indian Army. Khan Saheb Subedar Allauddin, IDSM, 1915/16, served in 99 Hyderabad Regiment Subedar Mir Afzal Khan, IDSM, 25th Punjabis, British Indian Army.
Subedar Ahmed Khan, OBI, IDSM, Queen Victoria's Own Corps of Guides, British Indian Army. Jemadar Ram Singh, IDSM, 25th Mountain Battery, British Indian Army. Subedar Shah Zaman Khan, IDSM, QVO Corps of Guides, British Indian Army. Naik Balwant Singh, IDSM, The Sikh Regiment, British Indian Army. Risaldar Rawat Singh Mertiya, IDSM Sindarli Sardar Bahadur Risaldar Major Chander Singh Rathore, IDSM, of Dhingsara&Bajekan 1921 served as A. D. C to King George Vth. Subedar Kifayat Ullah, IDSM 1918 Risaldar-Major Muhammad Ashraf Khan, IOM, IDSM, RIASC, Force K6. Received the IDSM in the Tribal Areas of NWFP in 1935 and the IOM for the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940. Subadar Major Attar Singh, OBI, IDSM, Bahadur, 1920, British Indian Army Duckers, Peter. British Gallantry Awards, 1855–2000. London: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7478-0516-8. "Indian Distinguished Service Medal, 1943, awarded to Naik Shamsher Singh, 2nd Battalion, 1st Punjab Regiment". National Army Museum. Retrieved 10 November 2016. "No. 28034".
The London Gazette. 25 June 1907. P. 4429
Developing Minds Software is a Denver-based company that produces software to assist families, non-profits and education institutions that serve developmentally disabled children. Developing Minds Software flagship product is DDtrac, which allows practitioners to systematically collect data, assess student progress, adapt student programs to changing needs. In June 2008 Developing Minds Software won first place in the University of Colorado Denver Bard Center for Entrepreneurship's seventh Annual Business Plan Competition, an accompanying ten thousand dollar prize. In 2007 Developing Minds Software won the University of Colorado Denver "Chancellor's Award for Excellence for Outstanding Entrepreneurial Activity" during the 10th Annual Research and Creative Activities Symposium; the research performed by Developing Minds Software demonstrated that when educators perform systematic data collection and analysis to monitor progress, teachers are better able to identify students in need of additional or different forms of instruction.
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