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Mario Kempes

Mario Alberto Kempes Chiodi is a retired Argentine footballer who played as a striker. His father, Mario a footballer, inspired him to play from a young age. At the age of seven he began playing with a junior team and at fourteen, he joined the Talleres reserves. A prolific goalscorer, at club level he is best known for playing for Valencia, finishing as La Liga's top goalscorer twice, amassing 116 goals in 184 league games for the club. At international level, Kempes was the focal point of Argentina's 1978 World Cup win where he scored twice in the final, received the Golden Boot as top goalscorer, he won the Golden Ball for the player of the tournament, making him one of only three players to have won all three awards at a single World Cup, along with Garrincha in 1962, Paolo Rossi in 1982. Kempes won South American Footballer of the Year, Onze d'Or European footballer of the Year, World Cup Golden Ball in 1978. In 2004, he was named as one of the Top 125 greatest living footballers as part of FIFA's 100th anniversary celebration.

Kempes was nicknamed El Matador. His career started at local club Instituto, where he played alongside Osvaldo Ardiles before moving on to Rosario Central, where he scored 85 goals in 105 matches and established himself as a remarkable goalscorer, which prompted a move to Valencia CF. At Mestalla he would go on to win the Copa del Rey, the European Cup Winners' Cup and the UEFA Super Cup as well as two consecutive Pichichis, scoring 24 and 28 goals in 1976–77 and 1977–78 seasons. Famous as a hard-working forward, he used to strike from outside the penalty area with his surging runs towards goal and was not the traditional center-forward operating inside the box. Many defenders found difficulty handling his attacking style. Before the 1978 World Cup, Kempes was the only foreign based player on the list of coach César Luis Menotti's national team in Argentina, he was at the time playing for Spanish giants Valencia while the other squad members all played in Argentina; the coach described him when announcing the squad he had selected for the 1978 tournament, "He's strong, he's got skill, he creates spaces and he shoots hard.

He's a player who can make a difference, he can play in a centre-forward position." Kempes had been the top scorer in La Liga the previous two seasons and was determined to show on home soil that he could deliver against the best on the sport's greatest stage. However, in 1974, at the age of 20, he failed to get on the score-sheet in West Germany and after the first round group stage in 1978, his name was still missing among goal scorers in the tournament. During his club career he scored 20 times, he represented his country in three World Cups in 1974, 1978 and 1982, winning the competition in 1978. He was the leading goalscorer in the 1978 tournament, scoring six goals in three braces: The first two in Argentina's first semifinal group stage match against Poland, another two against Peru, the last two of these goals in the final against the Netherlands, which Argentina won 3–1, his second goal, in the 105th minute, was the game winner in extra time. However, in the same tournament, he notoriously stopped a goal with his hand in a second round match against Poland.

This resulted in a penalty kick, promptly saved by Ubaldo Fillol. In 1978, he was named South American Football Player of the Year, he was named by Pelé as one of the top 125 greatest living footballers in March 2004. Kempes made his full-time managing debut in Albania, his brief spell with Lushnja was groundbreaking, as he became the first foreign manager who signed a foreign player for the first time in Albanian football history. His career in Albania came to a quick end in 1997; the following year, he landed a job with Venezuelan side Mineros de Guayana. In 1999, Kempes moved to Bolivia and managed The Strongest, before taking charge of Blooming in 2000, he worked as assistant coach for Uruguayan manager Héctor Núñez in Valencia, as a player-manager of Indonesian League champions Pelita Jaya. He works as a football analyst and commentator in Spanish for ESPN Deportes. Moreover, he as well as Fernando Palomo and Ciro Procuna provide the commentary in the Latin American version of the videogames FIFA 13, FIFA 14, FIFA 15, FIFA 16, FIFA 17, FIFA 18, FIFA 19 and FIFA 20.

Scores and results list Argentina's goal tally first. ValenciaCopa del Rey: 1978–79 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1979–80 UEFA Super Cup: 1980River PlatePrimera División: 1981 NacionalPelita JayaGalatama: 1993–94 ArgentinaFIFA World Cup: 1978 Argentine Primera División top scorers: 1974 Nacional, 1976 Metropolitan Pichichi Trophy: 1977, 1978 FIFA World Cup Golden Boot: 1978 FIFA World Cup Golden Ball: 1978 FIFA World Cup All-Star Team: 1978 Ballon d'Or: 1978 - Le nouveau palmarès Onze d'Or: 1978 Olimpia de Plata: 1978 South American Footballer of the Year: 1978 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup top scorers: 1979–80 FIFA 100: 2004 South American Player of the Century: Ranking Nº 23: 2006 Golden Foot: 2007, as football legend AFA Team of All Time Mario Kempes – FIFA competition record Mario Kempes at Mario Kempes at ESPN FC Mario Kempes at Mario Kempes at Mario Kempes at L'Équipe Football Observer Sport biography Futbol Factory profile at the Wayback Machine Mario Kempes at BDFutbol

Clearstream affair

The Clearstream affair was a political scandal in France in the run-up to the 2007 presidential election. The name refers to the Luxembourg bank Clearstream Banking S. A. now wholly owned by Deutsche Börse, alleged to have aided many prominent French politicians and companies in evading taxes. It was suggested that Clearstream might have helped French individuals and companies to launder money arising from bribes surrounding the 1991 sale of six La Fayette class frigates to the Republic of China. Clearstream denied the allegations. A list of accounts held by French individuals at Clearstream was sent anonymously to investigating magistrate Renaud van Ruymbeke on four occasions between May and October 2004. At that time, van Ruymbeke was investigating possible bribes in the 1991 frigate sale; the lists proved to be false, several of the people named on them pressed charges for "false denunciation". Among those pressing charges was prominent French politician Nicolas Sarkozy, preparing his campaign for the presidency.

Sarkozy's main political rival on the right-wing of French politics at the time was Interior Minister Dominique de Villepin, who became Prime Minister of France in 2005. It transpired that De Villepin had known about the existence of the lists since at least January 2004; as Interior Minister, he would have known that French secret services considered the lists to be forgeries. He did. De Villepin was indicted on charges of complicity to false denunciation on 18 November 2008, tried at the Paris Correctional Court in September and October 2009, he was acquitted of the charges on 28 January 2010. Three co-defendants were convicted for their roles in the affair, while a fifth person was acquitted. In 2014 Vincent Garenq directed a film about the event, The Clearstream Affair

Green bean casserole

Green bean casserole is a casserole consisting of green beans, cream of mushroom soup, french fried onions. The recipe was created in 1955 by Dorcas Reilly at the Campbell Soup Company, it is a popular side dish for Thanksgiving dinners in the U. S. Campbell's estimated it was served in 20 million households in 2018. Dorcas Reilly led the team that created the recipe while working as a Campbell's staff member in the home economics department; the inspiration for the dish was "to create a quick and easy recipe around two things most Americans always had on hand in the 1950s: green beans and Campbell’s Cream of Mushroom Soup."It was called "Green Bean Bake" when the recipe began being printed on soup cans. The dish did not test well within the company but, in part because of Reilly's persistence earned a reputation for being "the ultimate comfort food."Campbell’s Cream of Mushroom flavored soup variety was created circa 1934, it had been so used as casserole filler in the Midwest that it was sometimes referred to as "Lutheran binder."

Dorcas Reilly's recipe popularized the combination of the soup with green beans. Campbell's Soup now estimates that 40 percent of the Cream of Mushroom soup sold in the United States goes into making green bean casserole. In the 1972 version of the Good Housekeeping Cookbook the recipe replaced the cream of mushroom soup with sour cream. In 2002, Reilly presented the original recipe card to the National Inventors Hall of Fame in Akron, Ohio, she died October 2018, at the age of 92 in her hometown of Camden, New Jersey. Comfort food Hotdish List of casserole dishes Marketing Thanksgiving dinner Tuna casserole Classic recipe at Recipe at Green Bean Casserole Recipe without Canned Soup

Kremmen Railway

The Kremmen Railway is a line in northern Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany. It branches off the Prussian Northern Railway in the Berlin district of Reinickendorf, north of Schönholz station and passes through Tegel and Velten to Kremmen. There it connects with the Kremmen–Meyenburg line opened in 1898 to Neuruppin. In contrast to the main line railways, built to that time, the Kremmen Railway was the first branch line opened in Berlin. Moreover, it did not have its own terminal station but from the beginning it terminated at the Stettiner Bahnhof; the southern end of the line is now served by Berlin S-Bahn line S25. The campaign for a connection between Berlin and the Ruppin district was led from Velten, the population of which had grown to have over 5,000 as a result of industrialisation. Since the original plan for a private railway could not be implemented, the Prussian state railways took over the project itself; the first section was opened after about two years of construction on 1 October 1893 between Schönholz-Reinickendorf on the Northern Railway and Velten.

The second section opened on 20 December 1893 between Kremmen. In 1927, the line from Berlin to Velten was electrified on the third-rail DC system of the lines that were branded as the Berlin S-Bahn. After the establishment of S-Bahn operations, trains from Kremmen reversed at Velten, although a few trains ran through to Berlin or to Hennigsdorf. Continuous electrical operations ran between Berlin and Velten until the construction of the Berlin Wall on 13 August 1961 interrupted the track between Heiligensee and Hennigsdorf. Subsequently, S-Bahn operations were maintained between Velten and Hennigsdorf as a shuttle operation. In 1958 with the completion of the Berlin outer ring, Hennigsdorf Nord station was established at the rail crossing as a two-level transfer station. In 1983, the north-western sector of the Berlin outer ring was electrified with the standard German AC system; the section between Hennigsdorf and Velten was re-electrified with the AC system. In West Berlin the S-Bahn operations to Hennigsdorf continued to be run by East German Railways after 1961 until the handover of operations in West Berlin to the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe on 9 January 1984.

On that date, S-Bahn operations on the line to Hennigsdorf were shut down. In 1995 S-Bahn lines were re-established on the line as far as Tegel. North of Tegel part of the railway embankment had been removed to build the Hamburg Autobahn; this gap was not closed until 1998. The reopening of the S-Bahn to Velten is under discussion; the Kremmen railway is now a single-track railway line. In Alt-Reinickendorf and Heiligensee there are crossing loops, allowing a 20-minute interval S-Bahn service. In addition, between Hennigsdorf and Velten there are two tracks, with one track used as a test track for the Hennigsdorf locomotive and rollingstock plant of Bombardier Transportation, it is equipped with both third rail and overhead electrification, but it is not used for public transport. The only place for trains to pass each other between Hennigsdorf and Kremmen is in Velten station. In Berlin area S-Bahn line S25 runs on the line to Hennigsdorf station, where there is a connection to Kremmen via Regionalbahn services and Regional-Express line RE6.

This line runs from Berlin-Spandau via the western sector of the Berlin outer ring to Hennigsdorf, where it reverses on to the Kremmen line to Neuruppin and Wittenberge. In order to operate both AC and DC trains into Hennigsdorf it was decided to avoid electrifying the line there with both systems on the same piece of track. Instead an easier solution was adopted of extending the platform to the south; the southern end is used by the Berlin S-Bahn. The northern end of the platform is used by regional trains with the tracks in between blocked. Bley, Peter. Die Kremmener Bahn, Berlin-Schönholz–Hennigsdorf–Velten–Kremmen. Berlin: Neddermeyer. ISBN 3-933254-52-3. Strowitzki, Bernhard. S-Bahn Berlin. Geschichte für unterwegs. Berlin: GVE. ISBN 3-89218-073-3. Kuhlman, Bernd. Bahnknoten Berlin—Die Entwicklung des Berliner Eisenbahnnetzes seit 1838. Berlin: Verlag GVE. ISBN 3-89218-099-7. "Kremmener Bahn". Axel Mauruszat. Retrieved 31 May 2010. "Kremmener Bahn". Beefland. Retrieved 31 May 2010

Simone Barone

Simone Barone is an Italian football manager and former player, who played as a midfielder. He works as a manager for Serie A club U. S. Sassuolo Calcio's youth team, he played for several Italian clubs before coming to prominence with Palermo. At international level, he was part of the Italian side that won the 2006 FIFA World Cup, represented the national side on 16 occasions between 2004 and 2006, scoring once. Barone started his career making his first team debut on 4 May 1997 against Atalanta, he played for Padova of Serie C1 in 1998, Alzano Virescit of Serie B in 1999. In summer 2000, he joined Chievo in a co-ownership deal, he was loaned back to Parma in 2002–03 season bought back permanently in 2003, with Amauri moved to Chievo. On 16 July 2004, he transferred to Palermo for €5M, he signed a 4-year contract. He was the regular of the team, the team qualified for 2006–07 UEFA Cup. On 5 August 2006, Simone moved to Serie A newcomer Torino after the club signed Mark Bresciano and Fábio Simplício from Parma.

He played 3 seasons for the Serie A struggler and left the club after relegated in 2009. On 6 August 2009, he was signed by Serie A side Cagliari, he was used as a substitute, only playing 5 times as a starter, as a right midfielder on each occasion. Barone debuted for the Italy national football team on 18 February 2004, in a 2–2 friendly tie against Czech Republic in Palermo. Stefano Bettarini and Sergio Volpi received their first call-up and made their debut under manager Giovanni Trapattoni during the match, he was part of Italy's 2006 FIFA World Cup squad, under Marcello Lippi, appearing two times as a substitute as Italy went on to win the tournament. In Italy's final group match of the competition, a 2–0 win against the Czech Republic on 22 June, Barone helped to win back possession in midfield before laying the ball off to Simone Perrotta, who subsequently set up Filippo Inzaghi with a one on one opportunity with a throughball after the striker had managed to beat the offiside trap, he also appeared in Italy's 3–0 win over Ukraine in the quarter-finals of the tournament.

In total, Barone made 16 appearances for Italy between 2004 and 2006, scoring his only international goal on 9 February 2005, in a 2–0 friendly home win over Russia, in Cagliari, at the stadio Sant'Elia. A versatile, consistent and hard-working player, Barone was deployed as a central or right sided midfielder, although he was capable of playing in any midfield position, was deployed as a defensive midfielder, due to his stamina, tactical intelligence, positional sense, decision-making, as well as his ability to break down opposition plays and subsequently start attacking moves with his passing. In late June 2016, Barone was appointed assistant manager for Indian Super League club Delhi Dynamos, under his former international teammate Gianluca Zambrotta. In the 2017–18 season he was appointed manager for the Juventus F. C. academy. He took over the U. S. Sassuolo Calcio Primavera team for the 2018–19 season. Italy FIFA World Cup: 2006 CONI: Golden Collar of Sports Merit: Collare d'Oro al Merito Sportivo: 4th Class / Officer: Ufficiale Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana: FIGC Profile at La Gazzetta dello Sport Profile at La Gazzetta dello Sport Profile at La Gazzetta dello Sport Profile at AIC. Simone Barone at

European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages is a European treaty adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe. The preparation for the charter was undertaken by the predecessor to the current Congress of Local and Regional Authorities, the Standing Conference of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe because involvement of local and regional government was essential; the actual charter was written in the Parliamentary Assembly based on the Congress' Recommendations. It only applies to languages traditionally used by the nationals of the State Parties, which differ from the majority or official language and that either have a territorial basis or are used by linguistic minorities within the State as a whole; some states, such as Ukraine and Sweden, have tied the status of minority language to the recognized national minorities, which are defined by ethnic, cultural and/or religious criteria, thereby circumventing the Charter's notion of linguistic minority.

Languages that are official within regions, provinces or federal units within a State are not classified as official languages of the State and may therefore benefit from the Charter. On the other hand, Ireland has not been able to sign the Charter on behalf of the Irish language as it is defined as the first official language of the state; the United Kingdom has ratified the Charter in respect to Welsh in Wales, Scots in Scotland, Irish in Northern Ireland. France, although a signatory, has been constitutionally blocked from ratifying the Charter in respect to the languages of France; the charter provides a large number of different actions state parties can take to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages. There are two levels of protection—all signatories must apply the lower level of protection to qualifying languages. Signatories may further declare that a qualifying language or languages will benefit from the higher level of protection, which lists a range of actions from which states must agree to undertake at least 35.

Countries can ratify the charter in respect of its minority languages based on Part II or Part III of the charter, which contain varying principles. Countries can treat languages differently under the charter, for example, in the United Kingdom, the Welsh language is ratified under the general Part II principles as well as the more specific Part III commitments, while the Cornish language is ratified only under Part II. Part II of the Charter details eight main principles and objectives upon which States must base their policies and legislation, they are seen as a framework for the preservation of the languages concerned. Recognition of regional or minority languages as an expression of cultural wealth. Respect for the geographical area of each regional or minority language; the need for resolute action to promote such languages. The facilitation and/or encouragement of the use of such languages, in speech and writing, in public and private life; the provision of appropriate forms and means for the teaching and study of such languages at all appropriate stages.

The promotion of relevant transnational exchanges. The prohibition of all forms of unjustified distinction, restriction or preference relating to the use of a regional or minority language and intended to discourage or endanger its maintenance or development; the promotion by states of mutual understanding between all the country’s linguistic groups. Part III details comprehensive rules, by which states agree to abide; each language to which Part III of the Charter is applied must be named by the government. States must select at least thirty-five of the undertakings in respect to each language. Many provisions contain several options, of varying degrees of stringency, one of which has to be chosen “according to the situation of each language”; the areas from which these specific undertakings must be chosen are as follows: Education Judicial authorities Administrative authorities and public services Media Cultural activities and facilities Economic and social life Transfrontier exchanges Countries that have ratified the Charter, languages for which the ratification was made: European languages Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities Languages of the European Union Language policy in France Linguistic rights List of Linguistic Rights in Constitutions Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights Vergonha European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages text More information on the treaty Charter website Eurolang Explanatory Report on the Charter Application of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages,Doc.