Club Atlético de Madrid referred to as Atlético Madrid, Atlético de Madrid or as Atlético or Atleti, is a Spanish professional football club based in Madrid, that play in La Liga. The club play their home games at the Wanda Metropolitano, which has a capacity of 68,000. In terms of league titles won, most in 2014, Atlético Madrid are the third most successful club in Spanish football – behind Real Madrid and Barcelona. Atlético have won La Liga on 10 occasions, including a league and cup double in 1996. Atlético's home kit is red and white vertical striped shirts, with blue shorts, blue and red socks; this combination has been used since 1911. Throughout their history the club has been known by a number of nicknames, including Los Colchoneros, due to their first team stripes being the same colours as traditional mattresses. During the 1970s, they became known as Los Indios, which some attribute to the club's signing several South American players after the restrictions on signing foreign players were lifted.
However, there are a number of alternative theories which claim they were named so because their stadium is "camped" on the river bank, or because Los Indios were the traditional enemy of Los Blancos, the nickname of the club's city rivals, Real Madrid. Felipe VI, the king of Spain, has been the honorary president of the club since 2003; the club co-owned the Indian Super League franchise in Kolkata named Atlético de Kolkata, which won the competition twice, but in 2017 Atlético decided to end its franchise partnership with the ISL club due to broken commitments. The club was founded on 26 April 1903 as Athletic Club Sucursal de Madrid by three Basque students living in Madrid; these founders saw the new club as a youth branch of their childhood team, Athletic Bilbao who they had just seen win the 1903 Copa del Rey Final in the city. In 1904, they were joined by dissident members of Real Madrid; the side began playing in blue and white halved shirts, the colours of Athletic Bilbao, but by 1911, both the Bilbao and Madrid teams were playing in their current colours of red and white stripes.
Some believe the change came about because red and white striped tops were the cheapest to make, as the same combination was used to make ticking for mattresses, the unused cloth was converted into football shirts. This contributed to Los Colchoneros. However, another explanation is that both Athletic Bilbao and Athletic Madrid used to buy Blackburn Rovers' blue and white kits in England. In late 1909, Juanito Elorduy, a former player and member of the board of Athletic Madrid, went to England to buy kits for both teams but failed to find Blackburn kits to purchase. Athletic Madrid adopted the red and white shirt, leading to them being known as Los Rojiblancos, but opted to keep their existing blue shorts whereas the Bilbao team switched to new black shorts. Athletic Bilbao won the 1911 Copa del Rey Final using several'borrowed' players from Athletic Madrid, including Manolón who scored one of their goals. Athletic's first ground, the Ronda de Vallecas, was in the eponymous working-class area on the south side of the city.
In 1919, the Compañía Urbanizadora Metropolitana—the company that ran the underground communication system in Madrid—acquired some land, near the Ciudad Universitaria. In 1921, Athletic Madrid became independent of parent-club Athletic Bilbao and moved into a 35,800-seater stadium built by the company, the Estadio Metropolitano de Madrid; the Metropolitano was used until 1966. After the move, the Metropolitano was demolished and was replaced with university buildings and an office block belonging to the company ENUSA. During the 1920s, Athletic won the Campeonato del Centro three times and were Copa del Rey runners-up in 1921, where they faced parent club Athletic Bilbao, as they would again in 1926. Based on these successes, in 1928 they were invited to join the Primera División of the inaugural La Liga played the following year. During their debut La Liga campaign, the club were managed by Fred Pentland, but after two seasons they were relegated to Segunda División, they returned to La Liga in 1934 but were relegated again in 1936 after Josep Samitier took over in mid-season from Pentland.
The Spanish Civil War gave Los Colchoneros a reprieve, as Real Oviedo was unable to play due to the destruction of their stadium during the bombings. Thus, both La Liga and Athletic's relegation were postponed, the latter by winning a playoff against Osasuna, champion of the Segunda División tournament. By 1939, when La Liga had resumed, Athletic had merged with Aviación Nacional of Zaragoza to become Athletic Aviación de Madrid. Aviación Nacional had been founded in 1939 by members of the Spanish Air Force, they had been promised a place in the Primera División for the 1939–40 season, only to be denied by the RFEF. As a compromise, this club merged with Athletic, whose squad had lost eight players during the Civil War; the team were awarded a place in the 1939–40 La Liga campaign only as a replacement for Real Oviedo. With the legendary Ricardo Zamora as manager, the club subsequently won their first La Liga title that season and retained the titl
Athletic Club commonly known as Athletic, is a professional football club, based in Bilbao, in the Basque Country. They are known as Los Leones. Mammes was an early Christian thrown to the lions by the Romans. Mammes pacified the lions and was made a saint; the club is one of three founding members of the Primera División that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, the others being Real Madrid and Barcelona. Athletic have won La Liga on eight occasions, fourth most in the history of the league. In the table of Copa del Rey titles, Athletic is second only to Barcelona; the club has one of the most successful women's teams in Spain, which has won five championships in the Primera División Femenina. The club is known for its cantera policy of bringing young Basque players through the ranks, as well as recruiting players from other Basque clubs like Joseba Etxeberria and Javi Martínez. Athletic's official policy is signing professional players native to or trained in football in the greater Basque Country, which includes Biscay, Gipuzkoa, Álava and Navarre.
Since 1912, Athletic has played with players meeting its own criteria to be deemed as Basque, has been one of the most successful teams in La Liga. This can be seen as a unique case in European football; the club has been praised for promoting home grown players and club loyalty. The Basque rule does not apply to coaching staff however, with several examples of non-Basque coaches both from Spain and abroad having coached the first team. Athletic's main rivals are Real Sociedad, against whom it contests the Basque derby, Real Madrid, due to sporting and political rivalry. At various points in the club's history, further Basque league derbies have been contested against Alavés, Eibar and Osasuna. Athletic is one of only four professional clubs in Spain, not a sports corporation. Football was introduced to Bilbao by two distinct groups with British connections. In the late 19th century, Bilbao was a leading industrial town and attracted many migrant workers, including miners from the north-east of England, shipyard workers from Southampton and Sunderland.
They brought with them the game of football, came together to form Bilbao Football Club. Meanwhile, sons of the Basque educated classes went to Britain to complete their studies, developed an interest in football and on their return began to arrange games with British workers. In 1898, students founded the Athletic Club. In 1901, a meeting held in the Café García established more formal regulations. In 1902, the two clubs formed a combined team, known as Bizcaya, in the first Copa del Rey and won the competition; this led to the eventual merger of the two clubs as Athletic Club in 1903. In the same year, Basque students formed Athletic Club Madrid which evolved into Atlético Madrid; the club itself declares 1898 as its foundation date. The club featured prominently in early Copas del Rey. Following the inaugural win by Club Bizcaya, the newly formed Athletic Bilbao won it again in 1903. In 1904, they were declared winners. In 1907, they revived the name Club Vizcaya after entering a combined team with Union Vizcaino.
After a brief lull, they won again in 1911 and three times in a row between 1914 and 1916. The star was Pichichi, who scored the first goal at the San Mamés stadium in 1913 and a hat-trick in the 1915 cup final; the La Liga top scorer award is named in his honour. Other Basque clubs such as Real Unión, Arenas Club de Getxo and Real Sociedad were founding members of La Liga in 1928 and by 1930 they were joined by CD Alavés; the saying "Con cantera y afición, no hace falta importación", translated as "With home-grown teams and support, there is no need for import", made sense during these early days. In 1921, a new British coach, Fred Pentland, arrived, he revolutionised the way. In 1927, Pentland left Athletic but returned in 1929 and led the club to La Liga/Copa del Rey doubles in 1930 and 1931; the club won the Copa del Rey four times in a row between 1930 and 1933 and they were La Liga runners-up in 1932 and 1933. In 1931, Athletic defeated Barcelona 12 -- the latter's worst-ever defeat. Athletic's success under British coaches continued with William Garbutt.
His first season in Spain was a massive success. He had inherited a talented squad which included strikers Guillermo Bata. Garbutt promoted the young Ángel Zubieta to the first team, a player who at 17 years of age went on to become the youngest to play for the Spanish national team at the time. In the final game of the season, the title was decided when Athletic defeated Oviedo 2–0 at home on 19 April 1936, winning the title just two points clear of Real Madrid. In July 1936, football halted due to the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War; the league did not restart until the 1939–40 season. Athletic Club did not win the title again by that time Garbutt had been exiled. In 1941, the club changed its name following a decree issued by Franco; the same year Telmo Zarra made his debut. He
Lionel Andrés Messi Cuccittini is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward and captains both Spanish club Barcelona and the Argentina national team. Considered the best player in the world and regarded by many as the greatest player of all time, Messi has won a record-tying five Ballon d'Or awards, four of which he won consecutively, a record five European Golden Shoes, he has spent his entire professional career with Barcelona, where he has won a club-record 32 trophies, including nine La Liga titles, four UEFA Champions League titles and six Copas del Rey. Both a prolific goalscorer and a creative playmaker, Messi holds the records for most goals in La Liga and in Europe's top-five leagues, a La Liga season and club league season in Europe, a club football season in Europe, most official goals in a calendar year, El Clásico, most hat-tricks in the UEFA Champions League, as well as those for most assists in La Liga and the Copa América, he has scored over 685 senior career goals for country.
Born and raised in central Argentina, Messi was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency as a child. At age 13, he relocated to Spain to join Barcelona. After a fast progression through Barcelona's youth academy, Messi made his competitive debut aged 17 in October 2004. Despite being injury-prone during his early career, he established himself as an integral player for the club within the next three years, finishing 2007 as a finalist for both the Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award, a feat he repeated the following year, his first uninterrupted campaign came in the 2008–09 season, during which he helped Barcelona achieve the first treble in Spanish football. At 22 years old, Messi won the 2009 Ballon d'Or and the 2009 FIFA World Player of the Year award by record voting margins. Three successful seasons followed, with Messi winning three consecutive FIFA Ballons d'Or, including an unprecedented fourth. During the 2011–12 season, he set the La Liga and European records for most goals scored in a single season, while establishing himself as Barcelona's all-time top scorer in official competitions in March 2012.
The following two seasons, Messi finished twice second for the Ballon d'Or behind Cristiano Ronaldo, his perceived career rival. Messi regained his best form during the 2014–15 campaign, breaking the all-time goalscoring records in both La Liga and the Champions League in November 2014, leading Barcelona to a historic second treble. An Argentine international, Messi is his country's all-time leading goalscorer. At youth level, he won the 2005 FIFA World Youth Championship, finishing the tournament with both the Golden Ball and Golden Shoe, an Olympic gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics, his style of play as a diminutive, left-footed dribbler drew comparisons with compatriot Diego Maradona, who declared the teenager his successor. After making his senior debut in August 2005, Messi became the youngest Argentine to play and score in a FIFA World Cup during the 2006 edition, reached the final of the 2007 Copa América, where he was named young player of the tournament; as the squad's captain from August 2011, he led Argentina to three consecutive finals: the 2014 FIFA World Cup, for which he won the Golden Ball, the 2015 and 2016 Copas América.
After announcing his international retirement in 2016, he reversed his decision and led his country to qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. Lionel Andrés Messi was born on 24 June 1987 in Rosario, the third of four children of Jorge Messi, a steel factory manager, his wife Celia Cuccittini, who worked in a magnet manufacturing workshop. On his father's side, he is of Italian and Spanish descent, the great-grandson of immigrants from the northcentral Adriatic Marche region of Italy and Catalonia, on his mother's side, he has Italian ancestry. Growing up in a tight-knit, football-loving family, "Leo" developed a passion for the sport from an early age, playing with his older brothers and Matías, his cousins and Emanuel Biancucchi, both of whom became professional footballers. At the age of four he joined local club Grandoli, where he was coached by his father, though his earliest influence as a player came from his maternal grandmother, who accompanied him to training and matches, he was affected by her death, shortly before his eleventh birthday.
A lifelong supporter of Newell's Old Boys, Messi joined the Rosario club. During the six years he played for Newell's, he scored 500 goals as a member of "The Machine of'87", the near-unbeatable youth side named for the year of their birth, entertained crowds by performing ball tricks during half-time of the first team's home games. However, his future as a professional player was threatened when, at age 10, he was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency; as his father's health insurance covered only two years of growth hormone treatment, which cost at least $1,000 per month, Newell's agreed to contribute, but reneged on their promise. He was scouted by Buenos Aires club River Plate, whose playmaker, Pablo Aimar, he idolised, but they were unable to pay for his treatment due to the country's economic collapse, his goalscoring idol growing up was Ronaldo, with Messi calling him “the best forward I’ve seen”. As the Messi family had relatives in Catalonia, they sought to arrange a trial with Barcelona in September 2000.
First team director Charly Rexach wanted to sign him, but the board of directors hesi
Real Oviedo is a Spanish football club based in Oviedo, Asturias. Founded on 26 March 1926 as a result of the merger of two clubs who had maintained a large sporting rivalry for years in the city: Real Stadium Club Ovetense and Real Club Deportivo Oviedo; the club plays in the second tier of the Spanish football league system. The club plays in blue shirts and white shorts in the Estadio Carlos Tartiere, which seats 30,500 spectators, opened on 30 September 2000, is the largest sports stadium in Asturias. In the all-time league table for the Spanish top division, Oviedo rank in 17th place. Founded in 1926 after a merger with Stadium Ovetense and Real Club Deportivo Oviedo, Oviedo first reached La Liga seven years later, their attacking quartet of Emilín, Galé, Herrerita and Isidro Lángara, as well as Casuco and Ricardo Gallart modernised the game with their pace and running off the ball tied with sharp passing and one-touch football, played in a style 30/40 years before its time, being dubbed Delanteras Eléctricas.
Lángara won the Pichichi Trophy three years in a row prior to the Spanish Civil War, as Oviedo broke all scoring records. With the outbreak of the conflict, the team broke up: Lángara emigrated to South America and Emilín signed with FC Barcelona, Galé with Racing de Santander and Gallart with Racing de Ferrol; when football in the country resumed in 1939, Oviedo were relegated to the second division, as their pitch was deemed unplayable – Francisco Franco's troops had used the stadium as an ammunition dump. During the following decades, the club bounced back between the first and second levels, the high point being a best-ever third position in 1962–63, while the lowest was the side's first relegation to Segunda División B, in 1978. With the FIFA World Cup to be held on home soil in 1982, the Carlos Tartiere Stadium was renewed, the first match being held with the Chilean national team. In 1984–85 Oviedo won the soon-to-be-defunct Spanish League Cup, after successively defeating UD Salamanca, Bilbao Athletic, CF Lorca Deportiva, CE Sabadell FC and Atlético Madrileño.
In 1988 Oviedo returned to the top division, after ousting RCD Mallorca in the promotion playoffs, remained in that level for 13 consecutive seasons – in 1990–91 it finished sixth, qualifying once again for Europe, being knocked out in the first round by Genoa C. F. C. of Italy. After that successful year, there were more brilliant seasons and others where relegation was narrowly dodged. In a nutshell, the Carbayones had an outstanding run in La Liga during the 1990s with a team which lined up top international players. In 1992 Real Oviedo as well as most Spanish football clubs were forced to become public limited sports companies; the initial capital stock for Real Oviedo amounted to €3.6 million. In 2000, the new Carlos Tartiere Stadium with 30,500 seats became Real Oviedo’s new ground, it was opened on 20 September 2000 with a match between Real Oviedo and Partizan Belgrade, where Real Oviedo lost 0-2 to the Serbian side. Three days before, Real Oviedo and UD Las Palmas had got a 2-2 draw on the first fixture in the 2000–01 season.
After being relegated two consecutive times, Real Oviedo suffered severe economic troubles, when coupled with a profound lack of institutional support from the city's government, resulted in the team's inability to pay its players. The club was forced to drop all the way to the fourth division of Spanish football, for the 2003–04 season. Oviedo lasted two further campaigns before dropping down a level again. In another playoff against a Mallorca team – this time the reserves, the club returned again to the third division, after a penalty shootout; the financial dire straits continued into the 2012–13 season, when Oviedo called on supporters to buy shares in the club. A few footballers, notably Santi Cazorla, Juan Mata and Adrián who all started their careers there, offered their financial support in an attempt to save the club from bankruptcy – the club had until 17 November to raise €2 million in order to prevent closure. On 17 November 2012 Carlos Slim, the second richest man in the world, invested $2.5 million in the club, therefore gaining a controlling stake.
On 31 May 2015, Oviedo confirmed their return to the Spanish Segunda División after a thirteen-year absence with a 2–1 aggregate victory over Cádiz in the 2015 Segunda División B play-offs. 38 seasons in La Liga 36 seasons in Segunda División 9 seasons in Segunda División B 4 seasons in Tercera División The numbers are established according to the official website: www.realoviedo.es As of 25 February 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate na
Francoist Spain, known in Spain as the Francoist dictatorship known as the Spanish State from 1936 to 1947 and the Kingdom of Spain from 1947 to 1975, is the period of Spanish history between 1936 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain as dictator with the title Caudillo. The nature of the regime changed during its existence. Months after the start of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936, Franco emerged as the single rebel military leader and was proclaimed Head of State on 1 October 1936, ruling a dictatorship over the territory controlled by the Nationalist faction; the 1937 Unification Decree merging all parties supporting the rebel side led to Nationalist Spain becoming a single-party regime. The end of the war in 1939 brought the extension of the Franco rule to the whole country and the exile of Republican institutions; the Francoist dictatorship took a form described as "fascistized dictatorship", or "semi-fascist regime", bringing a clear influence from German and Italian totalitarianisms in fields such as labor relations, the autarkic economic policy, the particular use of symbols, or the single-party, the FET y de las JONS.
In its years the regime opened up and became closer to developmental dictatorships, although it always preserved residual fascist trappings. During the Second World War, Spain's entry in to the Axis alongside its supporters from the civil war and Italy, never came to be after Franco's demands for the war-torn country to join proved too much for the other members to accept. Spain helped Germany and Italy in various ways while maintaining its neutrality. However, Spain was isolated by many other countries for nearly a decade after World War II and its autocratic economy, still trying to recover from the civil war, suffered from chronic depression. Reforms were implemented in the 1950s and Spain abandoned autarky, delegating authority to liberal ministers; this led to massive economic growth that lasted until the mid-1970s, second only to Japan, known as the "Spanish miracle". During the 1950s the regime changed from being totalitarian and using severe repression to an authoritarian system with limited pluralism.
Spain joined the United Nations in 1955 and during the Cold War, Franco was one of the world's foremost anti-Communist figures: his regime was assisted by the West, it was asked to join NATO. Franco died in 1975 at the age of 82, he restored the monarchy before his death, which made his successor King Juan Carlos I, who led the Spanish transition to democracy. On 1 October 1936, Franco was formally recognised as Caudillo of Spain—the Spanish equivalent of the Italian Duce and the German Führer—by the Junta de Defensa Nacional, which governed the territories occupied by the Nationalists. In April 1937, Franco assumed control of the Falange Española de las JONS led by Manuel Hedilla, who had succeeded José Antonio Primo de Rivera, executed in November 1936 by the Republican government, he merged it with the Carlist Comunión Tradicionalista to form the Falange Española Tradicionalista y de las JONS, the sole legal party of Francoist Spain, it was the main component of the Movimiento Nacional. The Falangists were concentrated at local government and grassroot level, entrusted with harnessing the Civil War's momentum of mass mobilisation through their auxiliaries and trade unions by collecting denunciations of enemy residents and recruiting workers into the trade unions.
While there were prominent Falangists at a senior government level before the late 1940s, there were higher concentrations of monarchists, military officials and other traditional conservative factions at those levels. However, the Falange remained the sole party; the Francoists took control of Spain through a comprehensive and methodical war of attrition which involved the imprisonment and executions of Spaniards found guilty of supporting the values promoted by the Republic: regional autonomy, liberal or social democracy, free elections and women's rights, including the vote. The right-wing considered these "enemy elements" to comprise an "anti-Spain", the product of Bolsheviks and a "Judeo-Masonic conspiracy", which had evolved after the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula from the Islamic Moors, a Reconquista, declared formally over with the Alhambra Decree of 1492 expelling the Jews from Spain. At the end of the Spanish Civil War, according to the regime's own figures there were more than 270,000 men and women held in prisons and some 500,000 had fled into exile.
Large numbers of those captured were returned to Spain or interned in Nazi concentration camps as stateless enemies. Between six and seven thousand exiles from Spain died in Mauthausen, it has been estimated that more than 200,000 Spaniards died in the first years of the dictatorship from 1940–1942 as a result of political persecution and disease related to the conflict. Spain's strong ties with the Axis resulted in its international ostracism in the early years following World War II as Spain was not a founding member of the United Nations and did not become a member until 1955; this changed with the Cold War that soon followed the end of hostilities in 1945, in the face of which Franco's strong anti-communism tilted its regime to ally with the United States. Independent political parties and trade unions were banned throughout the duration of the dictatorship. Once decrees for economic stabilisation were put forth by the late 1950s, the way was opened for massive foreign investment – "a watershed in post-war economic and ideological normalisation leading to extraordinarily rapid e
Marca, stylised as MARCA, is a Spanish national daily sport newspaper owned by Unidad Editorial. The newspaper focuses on football, in particular the day-to-day activities of Real Madrid, Atlético Madrid and Rayo Vallecano, it has a daily readership of over 2,500,000, the highest in Spain for a daily newspaper, more than half of sports readership. Since February 2001 there has been an associated 24-hour/day sports radio station, Radio Marca. In 2010 the TV channel MARCA TV was launched, before being closed in 2013. Marca was founded on 21 December 1938, at the height of the Spanish Civil War, in nationalist-held San Sebastián, its first editor was Manuel Fernández Cuesta. On 3 September 1987 Luis Infante became the editor of the paper. Punto Editorial SA was the owner of Marca. In 1984 Espacio Editorial, which would be called Recoletos, acquired the paper; the company merged with Unedisa in 2007 to found Unidad Editorial, the owner of Marca. The publisher of the paper is Unidad Editorial and the sister newspapers are El Mundo and Expansión.
Marca is published in tabloid format. On 25 November 1942 it ceased being published as a weekly publication and has been published as a daily since; the daily was awarded the World's Best Designed Newspaper for 2004 by the Society for News Design. On 21 December 2007 Marca hosted a gala event, featuring the leading Spanish sportsmen of the 20th century, to celebrate the newspaper's 70th anniversary; the paper was involved in a dispute with Sir Alex Ferguson from the summer of 2008 when he accused Marca of being Real Madrid's "vehicle to unsettle players". In October 2012, Marca announced launching the Spanish edition of the video games media outlet IGN replacing their own MARCA Player gaming news website. Marca planned to launch another Spanish edition of IGN for Spanish-speakers in Latin America. In 2001 Marca had a circulation of 403,000 copies, its circulation was 382,000 copies in 2003, making it the second best selling newspaper in the country. The following awards are awarded by MARCA at the end of each season: Pichichi - To the top goalscorer in La Liga as well as to the top goalscorer in Segunda División.
Zarra - To the top goalscorer among Spanish nationals in La Liga as well as to the top goalscorer among Spanish nationals in Segunda División. Zamora - To the best goalkeeper in La Liga as well as to the best goalkeeper in Segunda División. Miguel Muñoz - To the best head coach in La Liga as well as to the best head coach in Segunda División. Guruceta - To the best referee in La Liga as well as to the best referee in Segunda División. Di Stefano - To the best player in La Liga Deportiva; the below awards are awarded by MARCA at no specific time: Marca Legend Award - To the best professional athletes in history. Best Football Player of All Time - To Argentine Lionel Messi via an online poll voted by the readers of Marca.com. Manuel Fernández-Cuesta Ibrahim de Malcervelli Manuel Casanova Lucio del Álamo Nemesio Fernández-Cuesta Carmelo Martinez Valentín Martín Juan Pablo de Villanueva Jesús Ramos Luis Infante Bravo Manuel Saucedo Elías Israel Manuel Saucedo Alejandro Sopeña Eduardo Inda Óscar Campillo MARCA TV Radio Marca Marca.com Facebook Football Awards Carlos Toro.
La Historia de Marca. Madrid. P. 424. ISBN 978-84-9734-723-5. Official website Official English website Radio MARCA website MARCA TV
European Golden Shoe
The European Golden Shoe or Golden Boot is an award, presented each season to the leading goalscorer in league matches from the top division of every European national league. The trophy is a sculpture of a football boot. From its inception in the 1967–68 season, the award called Soulier d'Or, which translates from French as Golden Shoe or Boot, has been given to the top goalscorer in all European leagues that season, with a weighting in favour of the highest ranked leagues. Presented by L'Équipe magazine, it has been awarded by the European Sports Media since the 1996–97 season. Between 1968 and 1991, the award was given to the highest goalscorer in any European league; this was regardless of the strength of the league in which the top scorer played and the number of games in which the player had taken part. During this period Eusébio, Gerd Müller, Dudu Georgescu and Fernando Gomes each won the Golden Boot twice. Following a protest from the Cyprus FA, which claimed that a Cypriot player with 40 goals should have received the award, L'Équipe issued no awards between 1991 and 1996.
Since the 1996–97 season, European Sports Media have awarded the Golden Shoe based on a points system that allows players in tougher leagues to win if they score fewer goals than a player in a weaker league. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, goals scored in the leagues ranked six to 21 are multiplied by a factor of 1.5, goals scored in leagues ranked 22 and below are multiplied by a factor of 1. Thus, goals scored in higher ranked leagues will count for more than those scored in weaker leagues. Since this change, there has only been one winner, not playing in one of the top five leagues. Notes Lionel Messi is the only player to win the award five times, all with Barcelona. Messi holds the all-time record for goals in a single season with 50 in 2011–12.
Messi was the youngest player to win the award for a 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th time. Bayern Munich's Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1969–70 and 1971–72. Messi was the first player to win the award three times, Cristiano Ronaldo was the first player to win the award four times, Messi again was the first, so far only, player to win it five times. Only Ally McCoist, Thierry Henry, Lionel Messi, Cristiano Ronaldo have won the award in consecutive years. Diego Forlán, Luis Suárez, Mário Jardel and Cristiano Ronaldo are the only players to have won the award with two clubs. as of 14 April 2019 1 Piątek played for Genoa until matchday 20 and scored 13 goals. 2 Diagne scored 20 goals. GeneralArotaritei, Sorin. "Golden Boot Awards". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 April 2018. Specific Official website - European Golden Shoe List of winners since 1980–81 ESM Golden Shoe at WorldSoccer.com eurotopteams.com - Current standings