Marn Grook or marngrook, from the Woiwurung language for "ball" or "game", is a collective name given the traditional Indigenous Australian football game played at gatherings and celebrations of sometimes more than 100 players. The indigenous ball game Woggabaliri, the subject of William Blandowski's Drawings of 1857, was a children's version of the adult game, equates to the modern children's Australian football game of kick-to-kick. Marn Grook featured punt catching a stuffed ball, it involved large numbers of players, games were played over an large area. The game was not played tribe versus tribe. All tribes consisted of two halves most represented by the totemic symbols of Black Cockatoo and White Cockatoo; the tribes would therefore merge and divide themselves into the two teams based on the moiety totems. The game was subject to strict behavioural protocols and for instance all players had to be matched for size and skin group relationship. However, to observers the game appeared to lack a team objective, having no real rules, or scoring.
A winner could only be declared. Individual players who exhibited outstanding skills, such as leaping high over others to catch the ball, were praised, but proficiency in the sport gave them no tribal influence. Anecdotal evidence supports such games being played all over Australia, including the Djabwurrung and Jardwadjali people and other tribes in the Wimmera and Millewa regions of western Victoria (However, according to some accounts, the range extended to the Wurundjeri in the Yarra Valley, the Gunai people of Gippsland, the Riverina in south-western New South Wales; the Warlpiri tribe of Central Australia played a similar kicking and catching game with a possum skin ball, the game was known as pultja. The earliest accounts emerged decades after the European settlement of Australia from the colonial Victorian explorers and settlers; the earliest anecdotal account was in 1841, a decade prior to the Victorian gold rush. Although the consensus among historians is that Marn Grook existed before European arrival, it is not clear how long the game had been played in Victoria or elsewhere on the Australian continent.
Some historians claim that Marn Grook had a role in the formation of Australian rules football, which originated in Melbourne in 1858 and was codified the following year by members of the Melbourne Football Club. This connection has become culturally important to many Indigenous Australians, including celebrities and professional footballers from communities in which Australian rules football is popular. Robert Brough Smyth, in an 1878 book, The Aborigines of Victoria, quoted William Thomas, a Protector of Aborigines in Victoria, who stated that in about 1841 he had witnessed Wurundjeri Aborigines east of Melbourne playing the game; the men and boys joyfully assemble. One makes a ball of possum skin, somewhat elastic, but firm and strong.... The players of this game do not throw the ball as a white man might do, but drop it and at the same time kicks it with his foot, using the instep for that purpose.... The tallest men have the best chances in this game.... Some of them will leap as high as five feet from the ground to catch the ball.
The person who secures the ball kicks it.... This continues for hours and the natives never seem to tire of the exercise; the game was a favourite of the Wurundjeri-william clan and the two teams were sometimes based on the traditional totemic moeties of Bunjil and Waang. Robert Brough-Smyth saw the game played at Coranderrk Mission Station, where ngurungaeta William Barak discouraged the playing of imported games like cricket and encouraged the traditional native game of marn grook. An 1857 sketch found in 2007 describes an observation by Victorian scientist William Blandowski, of the Latjilatji people playing a football game near Merbein, on his expedition to the junction of the Murray and Darling Rivers; the Australian Sports Commission considers this sketch to be depicting the game of Woggabaliri. The image is inscribed: A group of children is playing with a ball; the ball is made out of typha roots. It is kicked up in the air with a foot; the aim of the game – never let the ball touch the ground.
Historian Greg de Moore comments: What I can say for certain is that it's the first image of any kind of football that's been discovered in Australia. It pre-dates the first European images of any kind of football, by ten years in Australia. Whether or not there is a link between the two games in some way for me is immaterial because it highlights that games such as Marn Grook, one of the names for Aboriginal football, were played by Aborigines and should be celebrated in their own right. In 1889, anthropologist Alfred Howitt, wrote that the game was played between large groups on a totemic basis — the white cockatoos versus the black cockatoos, for example, which accorded with their skin system. Acclaim and recognition went to the players who could kick the highest. Howitt wrote: This game of ball-playing was practised among the Kurnai, the Wolgal, the Wotjoballuk as well as by the Woiworung, was known to most tribes of south-eastern Australia; the Kurnai made the ball from the scrotum of an "old man kangaroo", the Woiworung made it of rolled up pieces of possum skin.
It was called by them "mangurt". In this tribe the two exogamous divisions and Waa, played on opposite sides; the Wotjoballuk played this game, with Krokitch on one side and Gamutch on the other. The mangurt was sent as a token of friendship from one to another
Carlton Football Club
The Carlton Football Club, nicknamed the Blues, is a professional Australian rules football club based in Melbourne, Victoria. Founded in 1864 in Carlton, an inner suburb of Melbourne, the club competes in the Australian Football League, was one of the competition's eight founding member clubs in 1897; the club's headquarters and training facilities are located in Carlton at Princes Park, its traditional home ground, it plays its home matches at either Docklands Stadium or the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Carlton has been one of the AFL's most successful clubs, having won sixteen senior VFL/AFL premierships, equal with Essendon as the most of any club; the club has fielded a team in the AFL Women's league since its establishment in 2017. Carlton has had a long and successful history, winning the most premierships of any club in the VFL era. Together with fierce rivals Collingwood and Essendon, Carlton was considered to be one of the league's "Big Four" clubs, enjoys a healthy rivalry with all three others.
Since winning its last premiership in 1995, Carlton is experiencing its longest premiership drought, has finished bottom of the ladder the most of any club since the competition became known as the AFL. The Carlton Football Club was formed in July 1864. In the early days, Carlton became strong and having grown a large supporter base, it became a fierce rival to the Melbourne Football Club in early competition, including the South Yarra Challenge Cup, which it won in 1871. Carlton won four premierships during the pre-VFA era in the 1870s. In 1877, Carlton became one of the foundation clubs of the Victorian Football Association, was a comfortable winner of the premiership in the competition's inaugural season. Carlton was one of the first clubs to have a player worthy of the superstar tag: champion player George Coulthard, who played for Carlton between 1876 and 1882, was noted by The Australasian as'The grandest player of the day', he died of tuberculosis in 1883, aged 27. The club won one more VFA premiership, in 1887, but after that during the 1890s, the club went from one of the strongest clubs in the Association to one of the weaker, both on-field and off-field.
In spite of this, the club was invited to join the breakaway Victorian Football League competition in 1897. The club continued to struggle in early seasons of the new competition, finished seventh out of eight teams in each of its first five seasons. Carlton's fortunes improved in 1902; the Board elected the respected former Fitzroy footballer and Australian test cricketer Jack Worrall the secretary of the Carlton Cricket Club, to the same position at the football club. As secretary, Worrall took over the managing of the players, in what is now recognised as the first official coaching role in the VFL. Under Worrall's guidance in the latter part of the 1902 season, Carlton's on-field performances improved, in 1903 he led Carlton to the finals for the first time. Carlton built a strong reputation and financial position, was able to convince many great players to shift to the club from other clubs, or out of retirement. Worrall led the club to its first three VFL premierships, won consecutively, in 1906, 1907 and 1908.
Carlton became the first club in the VFL to win three premierships in a row, its win-loss record of 19–1 in the 1908 season was a record which stood for more than ninety years. N 1Following these premierships, Carlton went through a tumultuous period off-field; some players had become frustrated by low payments and hard training standards, responded by refusing to train or play matches. The club removed Worrall from the coaching role, after significant changes at board level after the 1909 season, Worrall left the club altogether. Many players who had supported Worrall left the club at the end of the season. In 1910, several players were suspected of having taken bribes to fix matches, with two players both found guilty and suspended for 99 matches. Despite this backdrop, Carlton continued its strong on-field form, reaching the 1909 and 1910 Grand Finals, but losing both. Carlton fell out of the finals in 1913, but returned in 1914 under coach Norm Clark, with many inexperienced players, to win back-to-back premierships in 1914 and 1915 VFL seasons.
Most football around the country was suspended during the height of World War I, but Carlton continued to compete in a VFL which featured, at its fewest, only four clubs. Altogether, between Jack Worrall's first Grand Final in 1904 and the peak of World War I in 1916, Carlton won five premierships and contested nine Grand Finals for one of the most successful times in the club's history; the only success which eluded the club was the Championship of Australia. Through the 1920s and the Great Depression of the 1930s, Carlton maintained a strong on-field presence; the club was a frequent finalist. However, premiership success did not follow, the club contested only three Grand Finals for just one premiership during this period, endured the second longest premiership drought in the club's history; the drought was broken with the club's sixth VFL premiership in 1938, when former Subiaco and South Melbourne champion Brighton Diggins was recruited
A spectacular mark is a mark in Australian rules football that involves a player jumping up on the back of another player. The spectacular mark has become a much celebrated aspect of the sport. Many of the winners of the Australian Football League's annual Mark of the Year competition could be considered'speckies', commentators will call an individual specky "a contender" in reference to this competition and the mark's likeliness to win it. Up until the early 1870s, Australian football was played low to the ground in congested rugby-style packs, as such marks were taken on the chest. Occasional high marks were recorded. Spectacular marks became more common in the 1880s, a time in which the game's style of play opened up and teams adopted positional structures resembling those in use today. Essendon's Charlie "Commotion" Pearson. An 1886 match report captured the excitement his aerial skills were generating: "Mr Pearson... gave spectators many thrilling moments with his phenomenal leaps skyward.
What a thrill the game would become as a spectacle if all players tried out this new idea." Albert Thurgood was a exponent at the turn of the century. Dick Lee pulled down consistent high marks in the early 1900s. In South Australia Harold Oliver was considered the best exponent of the high flying mark prior to World War I, it wasn't until the push in the back rule was introduced in 1897 that high flyers were protected from being pushed in mid air. This prevented potential serious injury. In 1904, "unintentional interference" paved the way for forwards to climb up opposition players' backs to take spectacular marks. In the 1980s it became common for exponents of the spectacular mark to achieve extra elevation by levering or propping the hands or arms off the shoulders of opponents. According to the strict interpretation of the rules, this is in fact illegal interference. Sometimes, umpires would interpret in favour of the marking player if the interference was minor and deemed to be part of the jumping action.
The AFL Rules Committee in 2007 disallowed this type of spectacular mark altogether with a polarizing adjustment of the "hands on the back" rule. The specky has been celebrated in Australian popular culture; the phrase "the big men fly" is invariably used to describe speckies and ruckmen contesting a ball-up, has spawned a play of the same name, written by Alan Hopgood and first staged in 1963. Alex Jesaulenko's famous specky in the 1970 VFL Grand Final gave rise to the catchphrase "Jesaulenko, You Beauty!". Songs such as Mike Brady's "Up There Cazaly" celebrate the popular spectator phenomenon. In his poem "The High Mark", Bruce Dawe sees the specky as an expression of the human aspiration to fly; the poem ends with a footballer falling "back to Earth"—a "guernseyed Icarus". There is a series of football-themed children's novels, co-written by AFL star Garry Lyon and Felice Arena, named Specky Magee. In Australian slang, stepladder describes the player over whom another player marks to take a specky.
In the past, fullbacks have been renowned for inadvertently acting as stepladders. Some players have achieved fame for their role as stepledders of famous marks, such as Graeme "Jerker" Jenkin, the stepladder for Alex Jesaulenko's mark in the 1970 VFL Grand Final. Melbourne band TISM wrote the 1986 song "The Back Upon Which Jezza Jumped" about him. Strong fullbacks Gary Pert, Mick Martyn, Chris Langford and Matthew Scarlett have been stepladders for speckies on multiple occasions. Warren Tredrea was the stepladder of a rare Grand Final spectacular mark taken by Paul Chapman in the 2007 AFL Grand Final. Personal Best - Jeremy Howe's favourite AFL marks on YouTube
Australia international rules football team
This article concerns the men's team. The Australia international rules football team is Australia's senior representative team in International rules football, a hybrid sport derived from Australian rules football and Gaelic football; the current team is made up of players from the Australian Football League. Although Australian rules football is played around the world at an amateur level, Australia is considered far too strong to compete against at senior level. Hence, selection in the Australian international rules team is the only opportunity that Australian rules footballers have to represent their country; until 2004 the majority of the men's Australian squad was composed of members of the All-Australian team, as well as other outstanding performers from the season. In 2005 the decision was made to select players best suited to the conditions of the hybrid game, which resulted in a younger and quicker team being selected; however this was reverted to the All-Australian model ahead of the 2014 series.
For the 2013 Series only, the decision was made to select an all-Indigenous team, known as the Indigenous All Stars. Competing in the International Rules Series, the only team Australia plays against is the Ireland international rules football team; the series has been played intermittently since 1984. Australian under-age teams have been represented in the past, as well as a women's team in 2006. Australia last hosted the International Rules Series in 2014. 1 Travis Boak 2 Paddy Ryder 3 Michael Hibberd 4 Jack Gunston 5 Kade Simpson 6 Zach Merrett 7 Nat Fyfe 8 Brendon Goddard – Goalkeeper 9 Shaun Burgoyne - Captain 10 Scott Pendlebury 11 Rory Sloane 12 Robbie Tarrant 14 Joel Selwood 15 Dayne Zorko 16 Ben Brown 17 Neville Jetta 18 Eddie Betts 20 Chad Wingard 21 Luke Shuey 22 Shaun Higgins 29 Rory Laird 35 Patrick Dangerfield Toby Greene withdrew from the squad after breaking his toe and Gary Ablett withdrew for personal reasons. Selwood missed the first game due to an ankle injury and Ryder only played the first game, Higgins was added to the team for the second game.
Hayden Ballantyne Eddie Betts Grant Birchall Luke Breust Patrick Dangerfield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper Andrew Gaff Brendon Goddard Robbie Gray Dyson Heppell Luke Hodge – Captain Sam Mitchell Leigh Montagna David Mundy Robert Murphy Nick Riewoldt Tom Rockliff Jarryd Roughead Nick Smith Jake Stringer Harry Taylor Easton Wood Coach – Alastair ClarksonJim Stynes Medal: Harry Taylor Grant Birchall Travis Boak Luke Breust Patrick Dangerfield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper Nathan Fyfe Brendon Goddard Robbie Gray Brent Harvey Luke Hodge Kieren Jack Steve Johnson Jarrad McVeigh Sam Mitchell Leigh Montagna Nic Naitanui Nick Riewoldt Tom Rockliff Joel Selwood – Captain Brodie Smith Harry Taylor Jobe Watson Chad Wingard Coach – Alastair ClarksonJim Stynes Medal: Luke Hodge Tony Armstrong Dom Barry Eddie Betts Aaron Davey Alwyn Davey Shaun Edwards Cam Ellis-Yolmen Lance Franklin Jarrod Harbrow Josh Hill Leroy Jetta Lewis Jetta Nathan Lovett-Murray Ashley McGrath – Goalkeeper Steven Motlop Jake Neade Mathew Stokes Lindsay Thomas Sharrod Wellingham Daniel Wells – Captain Chris Yarran Coach – Michael O'LoughlinJim Stynes Medal: Ashley McGrath Richard Douglas James Frawley Robbie Gray Brad Green – Captain Shaun Grigg James Kelly Jake King Ben McGlynn Trent McKenzie Stephen Milne Angus Monfries Robin Nahas Mark Nicoski Mitch Robinson Liam Shiels Zac Smith Matt Suckling – Goalkeeper Andrew Swallow Jack Trengove Bernie Vince Callan Ward David Wojcinski Easton Wood Joel Patfull Coach – Rodney EadeJim Stynes Medal: James Kelly Todd Banfield Eddie Betts Matthew Boyd Daniel Cross Patrick Dangerfield Paul Duffield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper James Frawley Bryce Gibbs Sam Gilbert Tyson Goldsack Adam Goodes – Captain Brad Green Garrick Ibbotson Kieren Jack Jarrad McVeigh Leigh Montagna Liam Picken Jack Riewoldt Kade Simpson Dane Swan Travis Varcoe David Wojcinski Coach – Mick Malthouse Jim Stynes Medal: Dane Swan Nathan Bock – Goalkeeper #1 M
Gary Ablett Sr.
Gary Ablett Sr. is a former Australian rules footballer who represented Hawthorn and Geelong in the Australian Football League. Nicknamed "God", Ablett is regarded as one of Australian football's greatest players, was renowned for his spectacular high marking and his prolific goalkicking. After making several country league representative teams, Ablett was recruited by Hawthorn from Drouin and made his professional senior debut in the 1982 season. However, he retreated to Myrtleford the following year; the Geelong Football Club managed to lure him back to the Victorian Football League in 1984, where he settled down to become one of the league's biggest stars during the late'80s and early'90s. Ablett helped Geelong to a Grand Final appearance in 1989, where he kicked a Grand Final–record nine goals in a losing team. Ablett shocked everyone by abruptly announcing his retirement from football at the beginning of the 1991 season, but made a comeback midway through the year. Ablett made three more Grand Final appearances in the 1992, 1994, 1995 seasons before retiring for good after the 1996 season.
Ablett's individual accolades and achievements include induction into the AFL's Hall of Fame, selection in the AFL Team of the Century, selection in the Geelong Football Club Team of the Century, the 1993 AFL Players Association MVP award, three Coleman Medals, four All-Australian jumpers, eleven State representative jumpers for Victoria, a Norm Smith Medal, the 1984 Geelong Best & Fairest, being the leading goal-kicker for the Cats on nine occasions. Ablett is Geelong's all-time leading goalkicker, with 1021 goals. Born in Drouin to Alfred and Colleen Ablett, Gary Ablett grew up in the Latrobe Valley in Victoria's Gippsland region alongside his four elder brothers and three sisters. Ablett displayed a love for sport at an early age, winning the state school high jump at 10 years of age, he was awarded both club and competition best and fairest awards for Drouin at the under-11s, under-12s and under-14s levels. After citing waning interest in school, Ablett dropped out of high school at the age of 15 years to become a bricklayer's labourer.
Outside of work, Gary Ablett began to concentrate on his football and joined his brothers in the Drouin senior team at just 16 years of age. After appearing in several country league representative games, the Hawthorn Football Club, which had signed Gary's elder brothers Geoff and Kevin onto their lists, invited him to play reserves football. After signing a reserves contract and featuring in six reserves games for Hawthorn, Ablett retreated back to his home in Drouin, he returned to Hawthorn in 1982 and made his senior VFL debut versus Geelong in Round 2, kicking 1 goal and helping the Hawks defeat the Cats by 19 points. He played a further five games for Hawthorn that year for a total of ten goals. Ablett claimed difficulty coping with city life in Melbourne and his continual absenteeism from training sessions forced Hawthorn coach, Allan Jeans into parting ways with the talented, but wayward young half forward. In 1983, he moved to the country town of Myrtleford under the tutelage of his cousin Len Ablett.
Ablett's footballing ability soon came on notice again, this time to the Geelong Football Club and their long-time recruiting officer Bill McMaster. McMaster convinced Ablett to give the game another shot, this time in the confines of the rural city of Geelong. After protracted negotiations with Hawthorn, Geelong paid a $60,000 transfer for Ablett in 1984. Ablett signed a one-year contract for the 1984 season with Geelong, he began his first season under the guidance of Tom Hafey, he debuted for the Cats in Round 7 and after just nine games on the wing, Ablett was selected to his first State of Origin game for Victoria. Ablett earned best-on-ground honours after kicking 8 goals from the half-forward flank, he played 15 games and kicked 33 goals in the 1984 season, was awarded the Carji Greeves Medal as the Geelong Football Club's "best and fairest" player of the year. Following his first season with Geelong, Ablett signed a new three-year contract with the club. Playing on the half forward flank, Ablett won the club's goalkicking award for the following two seasons with 82 and 65 goals respectively.
Although Ablett had developed a reputation for his laconic, lazy attitude to training under coach John Devine, this did not prevent him from earning top three placings in the best and fairest awards from 1985–87. With his contract expiring at the conclusion of the 1987 season, Ablett shocked the VFL by signing a new five-year contract with his former club, Hawthorn. After a "cooling-off" period, Ablett opted to remain with Geelong by agreeing to a lucrative five-year contract that tied him to the club for the long-term. Ablett began the 1988 season with 59 goals after just 11 games, placing him second on the goalkicking list behind Hawthorn's Jason Dunstall. In these games, he kicked 10 goals against Richmond in the Anzac Day game, 11 against Brisbane—one shy of breaking the ground record of 12 goals at Carrara. Although he missed out on State honours and failed to place within the top three in the club best and fairest award, Ablett finished with 82 goals during the season for the second time in his career.
The 1989 season was marked by the arrival of Ablett's third coach, former North Melbourne Brownlow Medallist Malcolm Blight. Ablett helped the Cats reach the finals on the back of a ten match winning streak to end the regular season. In a 134-point victory against Richmond, Ablett scored 14 goals, breaking a 22-year club record
International rules football
International rules football is a team sport consisting of a hybrid of football codes, developed to facilitate international representative matches between Australian rules football players and Gaelic football players. The first tour, known as the Australian Football World Tour, took place in 1967, with matches played in Ireland, the United Kingdom, the United States; the following year, games were played between Australia and a touring County Meath Gaelic football team, Meath being the reigning All-Ireland senior football champions. Following intermittent international tests between Australia and Ireland, the International Rules Series between the senior Australian international rules football team and Ireland international rules football team has been played intermittently since 1984, has been a matched contest; the sport has raised interest and exposure in developing markets for Gaelic and Australian football and has been considered a development tool by governing bodies of both codes by the AFL Commission.
International rules football does not have any dedicated leagues. It is played by men's, women's, junior teams only in tournaments or Test matches; the rules are designed to provide a compromise or combine between those of the two codes, with Gaelic football players being advantaged by the use of a round ball and a rectangular field measured about 160 yards long by 98 yards wide, while the Australian rules football players benefit from the opportunity to tackle by grabbing between the shoulders and thighs and pulling to the ground, something banned in Gaelic football. The game introduces the concept of the mark, from Australian rules football, with a free kick awarded for a ball caught from a kick of over 15 metres, where the kick must be in the forward direction if originating from a teammate. A player must touch the ball on the ground once every 10 metres or six steps. A maximum of two bounces per possession are allowed, while players can solo the ball as as they wish on a possession. Unlike in Gaelic football, the ball may be lifted directly off the ground, without putting a foot underneath it first.
Players however cannot scoop the ball off the ground to a team-mate, nor pick up the ball if they are on their knees or on the ground. If a foul is committed, a free kick will be awarded, though referees can give the fouled player advantage to play on at their discretion; the game uses two large posts sets 6.5 metres apart, connected 2.5 metres above the ground by a crossbar with a goal net that could extend behind the goalposts and attached to the crossbar and lower goalposts, as in Gaelic football. A further 6.5 metres apart on either side of those and not connected by a crossbar are 2 small posts, known as behind posts, as in Australian rules football. Points are scored as follows Under the crossbar and into the goal net: 6 points, umpire waves a green flag and raises both index fingers. Over the crossbar and between the two large posts: 3 points, umpire waves red flag and raises one arm above his head. Between either of the large posts and small posts: 1 point, umpire waves white flag and raises one index finger.
Scores are written so as to clarify how many of each type of score were made as well as, like Australian football, giving the total points score for each team. An international rules match lasts for 72 minutes. Inter-county Gaelic football matches go on for 70 minutes, divided into two halves, Australian rules matches consist of four 20 minute quarters of game time, although with the addition of stoppage time, most quarters last between 25 and 30 minutes; as in Gaelic football, teams consist of fifteen players, including a goalkeeper, whereas eighteen are used in Australian rules. A number of rule changes were introduced before the 2006 International Rules Series: Time per quarter was reduced from 20 minutes to 18 minutes. A player who received a red card is to be sent off and no replacement is allowed. A yellow card now means a 15-minute sin bin for the offending player, who will be sent off if he receives a second card. Maximum of 10 interchanges per quarter. Teams are allowed only four consecutive hand passes.
Match time reduced from 80 minutes to 72 minutes. The goalkeeper can no longer kick the ball to himself from the kick-out. Suspensions may carry over to GAA and AFL matches if the Match Review Panel sees fit. A dangerous "slinging" tackle will be an automatic red card. A front-on bump endangering the head will result in a red card. Physical intimidation can result in a yellow card; the keeper can not be touched when the keeper is charging. An independent referee can cite players for reportable offences from the stands. Yellow card sin bin reduced to 10 minutes. Maximum number of interchanges per quarter increased from 10 to 16. Unlimited number of interchanges allowed at half time breaks. Number of consecutive hand-passes teams are allowed increased from 4 to 6. Marks
International Rules Series
The International Rules Series is a senior men's international rules football competition between the Australia international rules football team and the Ireland international rules football team. The series is played close to annually in October or November after the completion of the AFL Grand Final and the All-Ireland Football Final which are both traditionally played in late September; the matches are played using a set of compromise rules decided upon by both the two governing bodies. While the International Rules Series matches use some rules from Australian rules football, the field and uniforms of both teams are all from Gaelic football; the two teams contest a trophy, which in 2004 was named the Cormac McAnallen Cup—after the Tyrone team captain Cormac McAnallen, whose death that year from a heart condition came after he had represented Ireland in the previous three series. The concept for the series originates from the Australian Football World Tour, which took place in 1967; the first series took place in Ireland in 1984 under a three match format, whereby the team accumulating the most wins from the series gained victory.
Following poor Australian crowds and relative lack of interest in 1990, the series was revived in 1998 under a two match aggregate points format. In a bid to revitalise the public interest in the concept, the 2014 series was reduced to a one-off test match featuring All-Australian players; the series alternates host countries each appropriate year between Australia. Since the commencement of the modern era series in 1998, the average attendance up to the conclusion of the 2014 series was 42,898. On two occasions have test matches sold out in Australia, both in Perth in 2003 and 2014; the first entire series to sell out was in Ireland in 2006 when a combined record crowd of 112,127 was set, as well as the largest international sports fixture at Croke Park for the second test. The tests were indefinitely postponed by the GAA in 2007 following the 2006 Series, citing a series of violent onfield incidents. However, the series resumed in October 2008 in Australia, after the GAA and AFL reached collective agreement on a revised set of rules.
The 2013 series was notable for the inclusion of an Australian team made up of Indigenous players, known as the Indigenous All Stars. The most recent series was won by Australia; the next series is to take place in 2019. Note: includes statistics from 1984 1 Two draws Biggest series win: 101 points, 2013, Ireland 173–72 Australia Biggest test win: 79 points, second test 2013, Ireland 116–37 Australia Closest series: 4 points, 2015, Ireland 56–52 Australia Highest-scoring test: 164 points, first test 2005, Australia 100–64 Ireland Lowest-scoring test: 84 points, second test 2002, Ireland 42–42 Australia Highest attendance: 82,127, Croke Park, second test 2006 Highest attendance: 32,318, Croke Park, third test 1984 Lowest attendance: 12,545, Metricon Stadium, second test 2011 Lowest attendance: 7,000, Bruce Stadium, second test 1990 Average attendance: 42,898 Average attendance: 33,648 Record point scorer: Steven McDonnell, 119 points Scores are given in the form ––. A goal equals 6 points, an over, 3, a behind, 1.
So 2 -- 9 -- 7 means 9 overs and 7 behinds. 1 For the 2013 series, the Australian side was represented by an Indigenous team, known as the Indigenous All Stars * Sold out / maximum capacity The following are lists of International Rules Series venues and their locations, ordered by amount of test matches hosted: The Jim Stynes Medal is awarded to the best player of the Australian team for each series. It was first awarded in 1998 and named after Jim Stynes, who won the All-Ireland Minor Football Championship with Dublin before joining Melbourne. With the Demons, he won the 1991 Brownlow Medal, set the record for most VFL or AFL consecutive games played with 244, was named to Melbourne's Team of the Century and was elected into the Australian Football Hall of Fame while playing for both Ireland and Australia in the series, he was honored with a state funeral in Melbourne when he passed away in 2012. 1998 – Stephen Silvagni 1999 – Jason Akermanis 2000 – James Hird 2001 – Matthew Lloyd 2002 – Andrew Kellaway 2003 – Brent Harvey 2004 – Nathan Brown 2005 – Andrew McLeod 2006 – Ryan O'Keefe 2008 – Kade Simpson 2010 – Dane Swan 2011 – James Kelly 2013 – Ashley McGrath 2014 – Luke Hodge 2015 – Harry Taylor 2017 – Nat Fyfe The GAA Medal is awarded in similar circumstances to the Australian award, whereby the Irish player adjudged as the best performed from each series wins the medal.
It has been awarded since 2004. 2004 – Stephen Cluxton 2005 – Tom Kelly 2006 – Alan Brogan 2008 – Graham Canty 2010 – Colm Begley 2011 – Tadhg Kennelly 2013 – Ciarán Sheehan 2014 – Conor McManus 2015 – Bernard Brogan 2017 – Conor McManus The Harry Beitzel Medal was awarded to players adjudged "fairest and best" on the field during the 1984 to 1990 series. Beitzel was honoured for his pioneering of the sport and the fact that he arranged the first official contact between the two spo