Marriott International, Inc. is an American multinational diversified hospitality company that manages and franchises a broad portfolio of hotels and related lodging facilities. Founded by J. Willard Marriott, the company is now led by his son, executive chairman Bill Marriott, president and chief executive officer Arne Sorenson. Marriott International is the third largest hotel chain in the world, it has 30 brands with 7,003 properties in 131 countries and territories around the world, over 1,332,826 rooms, including 2,035 that are managed with 559,569 rooms, 4,905 that are franchised or licensed with 756,156 rooms, 63 that are owned or leased with 17,101 rooms, plus an additional 475,000 rooms in the development pipeline and an additional 25,000 rooms approved for development but not yet under signed contracts. It is headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, in the Washington, D. C. metropolitan area. In 2017, Marriott was ranked #33 on Fortune's "100 Best Companies to Work For" list, its twentieth appearance on the list.
Marriott was founded by John Willard Marriott in 1927 when he and his wife, Alice Sheets Marriott, opened a root beer stand in Washington, D. C; as a Latter-day Saint missionary in the humid summers in Washington, D. C. Marriott was convinced; the Marriotts expanded their enterprise into a chain of Hot Shoppes restaurants and the company went public in 1953 as Hot Shoppes, Inc. The company opened its first hotel, the Twin Bridges Marriott Motor Hotel, in Arlington, Virginia, in 1957, their second hotel, the Key Bridge Marriott in the Rosslyn neighborhood of the same city, is Marriott International's longest continuously operating hotel, celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2009. Their son, J. W. Marriott, Jr. led the company to spectacular worldwide growth during his more than 50-year career. In March 2012, at age 80, he turned the CEO responsibilities over to Arne Sorenson, while he assumed the title of executive chairman. Hot Shoppes, Inc. was renamed the Marriott Corporation in 1967. The company opened two theme parks in 1976.
One Marriott's Great America was located outside Chicago. Marriott sold both properties in 1984. Marriott International was formed in 1993 when the Marriott Corporation split into two companies, Marriott International and Host Marriott Corporation. In 1995, Marriott was the first hotel company worldwide to offer guests the option to book reservations online, via the company's implementation of MARSHA. In April 1995, Marriott International acquired a 49% interest in Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company LLC. Marriott International believed that it could increase sales and profit margins for The Ritz-Carlton, a troubled chain with a significant number of properties either losing money or breaking even; the cost to Marriott assumed debt. The next year, Marriott spent $331 million to take over The Ritz-Carlton and buy a majority interest in two properties owned by William Johnson, a real estate developer who had purchased The Ritz-Carlton, Boston in 1983 and expanded his Ritz-Carlton holdings over the next twenty years.
The Ritz-Carlton began expansion into the lucrative timeshare market and undertook other new initiatives made financially possible by the deep pockets of Marriott, which lent its own in-house expertise in certain areas. There were other benefits for Ritz-Carlton flowing from its relationship with Marriott, such as being able to take advantage of the parent company's reservation system and buying power; the partnership was solidified in 1998 when Marriott acquired a majority ownership of The Ritz-Carlton. Today, there are 91 Ritz-Carlton properties around the world; the Marriott World Trade Center was destroyed during the attacks. In 2002 Marriott International began a major restructuring by spinning off many Senior Living Services Communities and Marriott Distribution Services, so that it could focus on hotel ownership and management; the changes were completed in 2003. Marriott International owned Ramada International Hotels & Resorts until its sale on September 15, 2004, to Cendant. In 2005, Marriott International and Marriott Vacation Club International comprised two of the 53 entities that contributed the maximum of $250,000 to the second inauguration of President George W. Bush.
On July 19, 2006, Marriott announced that all lodging buildings it operated in the United States and Canada would become non-smoking beginning in September 2006. "The new policy includes all guest rooms, lounges, meeting rooms, public space and employee work areas." There were bombings at the Islamabad Marriott in 2008 and at the Jakarta Marriott in 2009. On November 11, 2010, Marriott announced plans to add over 600 hotel properties by 2015; the bulk of the additions would be in emerging markets: India, where it planned to have 100 hotel properties and Southeast Asia. On January 21, 2011, Marriott said that pornography would not be included in the entertainment offered at new hotels, which would use an Internet-based video on demand system. On December 13, 2011, J. W. Marriott, Jr. announced he would be stepping down as CEO of the company, while assuming the role of executive chairman. It was announced that Arne Sorenson would be taking over as CEO as of March 2012. U. S. Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney released his 2011 federal income taxes on September 21, 2012, showing that he declared $260,390 in director's fees from Marriott International, despite the fact that news was released on January 13, 2011, that he had stepped down from the Marrio
Malibu High School is a public secondary school in Malibu, California for middle school and high school. As one of three high schools in the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District, MHS serves the Malibu and Santa Monica communities and by inter-district permit, the greater Los Angeles area and Ventura County; the school is located in the northwestern part of Malibu, one block from the Pacific Ocean and the famed Zuma Beach in the Malibu Park district. Its address is on Morning View Drive, made famous by the breakout album by Incubus; the school spans 35 acres of rolling hillsides between Merritt Drive to the south, Via Cabrillo Street to the north, Harvester Road to the east. The campus is located next to Juan Cabrillo Elementary School, a public school, Malibu Methodist Preschool & Nursery, a private pre-kindergarten school for ages 0–5; the school is accessible via the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority bus line 534. The majority of students arrive on campus by private school bus.
The campus is located on land part of Juan Cabrillo Elementary School, partitioned in 1963 to create Malibu Park Junior High School, named after its surrounding region in Malibu. With no public secondary school existing in Malibu, upon promotion from middle school the high school-age students commuted 2 hours roundtrip to Santa Monica to attend Santa Monica High School. In 1992, the district converted the Malibu Park Junior High School campus to its present combined middle school/high school, allowed MHS's first freshman class to walk onto campus; the State of California erroneously shows the high school established in 1993. Classes were added every succeeding year, culminating in the first 1992 freshman class graduating in 1996; the school mascot, a grinning mako shark, was designed by an art student in the first graduating class of 1996. The high school's first principal was Michael Matthews. Under Matthews's tenure in 2003, the school earned its designation as a California Distinguished School and first achieved a national ranking as #177 in Newsweek|Newsweek's Top 1200 Schools in America, a ranking system based on what percentage of a school's student body takes Advanced Placement exams in any given year.
For the 2007-08 school year, MHS's student composition was: 1,303 enrolled students. The Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District had performed a polychlorinated biphenyls cleanup of the school in 2009 and 2010 with the California Department of Toxic Substance Control advising. In October 2013, after three teachers developed thyroid cancer, a group of teachers grew concerned that environmental contaminants at Malibu High School may be to blame; the three relevant government agencies, the DTSC, Los Angeles County Department of Public Health and the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency were informed and certain buildings were closed to students. According to various documents and interviews with local residents who were present during World War II, the Malibu High School site served as a military training center during that war. Upon recommendation of Hugh Kaufman, a senior EPA policy analyst, teachers approached Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility for help. In February 2014, PEER attorneys wrote to the school district asking for a site assessment of the campus.
After a five-month investigation, the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers responded in July 2014; the District hired an environmental firm named Environ, whose initial clean up plan was criticized for allowing elevated PCB levels to remain inside classrooms for 15 years or more, for not testing caulk in all rooms built prior to 1979 and for air quality monitoring of only one year. The plan was rejected by the EPA in April 2014. Environ released a second PCB clean up plan on July 3, 2014. Two weeks PEER published PCB test results of caulking and dirt from rooms sampled in June, not tested by the District, "at thousands of times the levels released to the public". MHS boasts the highest SAT and API scores in its three high school districts. MHS has periodically been awarded honors by various ranking authorities. In 2007 U. S. News & World Report ranked Malibu High #98 of the top 100 schools in the country and awarded a Gold Medal. Over fifteen Advanced Placement courses are offered at the school. Besides regular college-preparatory and Advanced Placement courses, the school is one of a handful in California that provides extensive resources for Special Education students.
As of July 2006, 125 SpEd students were enrolled with 26 SpEd faculty at MHS, where 10% of the student body are receiving 24% of the school's instructors. During the school's first several years in existence, MHS students who took tenth-grade Biology or the Honors Marine Biology elective course participated in a year-long field ecology study known as "The Zuma Project". Taking advantage of the school's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, the program had students colle
David Cusick was a Tuscarora artist and the author of David Cusick’s Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations. This is an early account of Native American history and myth and published in English by a Native American. David Cusick was born around 1780 on the Oneida reservation in upstate New York, his father, Nicholas Cusick, was a Revolutionary War veteran and an interpreter for the Congregationalist mission to the Seneca. David's younger brother, Dennis Cusick, was a watercolor painter, together the two brothers help establish the early Iroquois Realist Style of painting. David served in the War of 1812. David was a physician and student of Iroquois oral tradition, he published the first edition of Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations as a 28-page pamphlet at Lewiston, NY, in 1827. He re-issued it the following year with four of his own engravings. Cusick is thought to have died around 1840; the Sketches was republished in 1848 and again in 1892. The history begins at the Creation, with the twin brothers Enigorio and Enigonhahetgea and their creatures, the Eagwehoewe and their enemies the Ronnongwetowanca.
The earliest people were championed by the hero Donhtonha and the less heroic Yatatonwatea and plagued by the mischievous Shotyeronsgwea. These early people were threatened by the Big Quisquiss or mammoth, the Big Elk, the great Emperor who resided at the Golden City to the south, the great horned serpent of Lake Ontario, the blazing star that fell. More the creation was renewed and restored, the Six Nations situated and intermittently rescued by the intervention of Tarenyawagon, the Holder of the Heavens; the Five Nations were a confederacy, or Ggoneaseabneh, consisting of the Teakawrehhogeh or Tehawrehogeh Newhawtehtahgo or Nehawretahgo Seuhnaukata or Seuhnowkahtah Shoneanawetowah Tehooneanyohent or Tehowneanyohent They were joined by the Kautanohakau to make the Six Nations. Their human enemies at times included the Sohnourewah, Ottauwahs, Kanneastokaroneah, Nay-Waunaukauraunah, Keatahkiehroneah, their monstrous enemies included the Konearaunehneh, the Lake Serpent, the Otneyarheh, the snake with the human head, the Oyalkquoher or Oyalquarkeror, the great musqueto, the great Lizard, the witches introduced by the Skaunyatohatihawk or Nanticokes.
Important figures in the history include Atotarho I, first king of the Five Nations, his successors Atotarho II–XIII, the war chiefs Shorihowane and Thoyenogea, Queen Yagowanea, the allied or friendly Dog Tail Nation and the Kauwetseka. Cusick gives particular attention to geographical details, including the Kanawage or St. Lawrence River, Yenonanatche or Mohawk River, Shawnaytawty or Hudson River, Ouauweyoka or Mississippi River, Onyakarra or Niagara River, Kaunsehwatauyea or, Kuskehsawkich or Oswego Falls, Jenneatowake or Canandaigua Lake, Kauhagwarahka or Lake Erie, Goyogoh or Cayuga Lake, Geatahgweah or Chatatique Lake, the forts at Kedauyerkawau and the village of Kaunehsuntahkeh. Cusick’s Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations has been proposed as a possible source for or influence on the Book of Mormon. List of Native American artists Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas David Cusick’s Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations Complete text, online PDF edition.
A brief biography by Charles Boewe Images of the Library of Congress's copy of the 1828 edition of Sketches