Martin Luther King Jr. Day is an American federal holiday marking the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr, it is observed on the third Monday of January each year. King's birthday is January 15; the holiday is similar to holidays set under the Uniform Monday Holiday Act. The earliest Monday for this holiday is January 15 and the latest is January 21. King was the chief spokesperson for nonviolent activism in the Civil Rights Movement, which protested racial discrimination in federal and state law; the campaign for a federal holiday in King's honor began soon after his assassination in 1968. President Ronald Reagan signed the holiday into law in 1983, it was first observed three years later. At first, some states resisted observing the holiday as such, giving it alternative names or combining it with other holidays, it was observed in all 50 states for the first time in 2000. The idea of Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a holiday was promoted by labor unions in contract negotiations. After King's death, U.
S. Representative John Conyers and U. S. Senator Edward Brooke introduced a bill in Congress to make King's birthday a national holiday; the bill first came to a vote in the U. S. House of Representatives in 1979. However, it fell five votes short of the number needed for passage. Two of the main arguments mentioned by opponents were that a paid holiday for federal employees would be too expensive and that a holiday to honor a private citizen would be contrary to longstanding tradition. Only two other figures have national holidays in the U. S. honoring them: George Washington and Christopher Columbus. Soon after, the King Center turned to support from the general public; the success of this strategy was cemented when musician Stevie Wonder released the single "Happy Birthday" to popularize the campaign in 1980 and hosted the Rally for Peace Press Conference in 1981. Six million signatures were collected for a petition to Congress to pass the law, termed by a 2006 article in The Nation as "the largest petition in favor of an issue in U.
S. history". Senators Jesse Helms and John Porter East led the opposition to the holiday and questioned whether King was important enough to receive such an honor. Helms criticized King's opposition to the Vietnam War and accused him of espousing "action-oriented Marxism". Helms led a filibuster against the bill and on October 3, 1983, submitted a 300-page document to the Senate alleging that King had associations with communists. Democratic New York Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan declared the document a "packet of filth", threw it on the Senate floor and stomped on it. President Ronald Reagan opposed the holiday, citing cost concerns; when asked to comment on Helms' accusations that King was a communist, the president said "We'll know in thirty-five years, won't we?", referring to the eventual release of FBI surveillance tapes, sealed. But on November 2, 1983, Reagan signed a bill, proposed by Representative Katie Hall of Indiana, to create a federal holiday honoring King; the bill had passed the Senate by a count of 78 to 22 and the House of Representatives by 338 to 90, veto-proof margins.
The holiday was observed for the first time on January 20, 1986. It is observed on the third Monday of January; the bill established the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday Commission to oversee observance of the holiday, Coretta Scott King, King's wife, was made a member of this commission for life by President George H. W. Bush in May 1989. Although the federal holiday honoring King was signed into law in 1983 and took effect three years not every U. S. state chose to observe the holiday at the state level until 1991, when the New Hampshire legislature created "Civil Rights Day" and abolished "Fast Day". In 2000, New Hampshire became the last state to name a holiday after King. In 1986, Arizona Governor Bruce Babbitt, a Democrat, created a paid state MLK holiday in Arizona by executive order just before he left office, but in 1987, his Republican successor Evan Mecham, citing an attorney general's opinion that Babbitt's order was illegal, reversed Babbitt's decision days after taking office.
That year, Mecham proclaimed the third Sunday in January to be "Martin Luther King Jr./Civil Rights Day" in Arizona, albeit as an unpaid holiday. In 1990, Arizona voters were given the opportunity to vote on giving state employees a paid MLK holiday; that same year, the National Football League threatened to move Super Bowl XXVII, planned for Arizona in 1993, if the MLK holiday was voted down. In the November election, the voters were offered two King Day options: Proposition 301, which replaced Columbus Day on the list of paid state holidays, Proposition 302, which merged Lincoln's and Washington's birthdays into one paid holiday to make room for MLK Day. Both measures failed to pass, with only 49% of voters approving Prop 302, the more popular of the two options; the state lost the chance to host Super Bowl XXVII, subsequently held at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, California. In a 1992 referendum, the voters, this time given only one option for a paid King Day, approved state-level recognition of the holiday.
On May 2, 2000, South Carolina governor Jim Hodges signed a bill to make King's birthday an official state holiday. South Carolina was the last state to recognize the day as a paid holiday for all state employees. Before the bill, employees could choose between celebrating Martin Luther King Jr. Day or one of three Confederate holidays. While all states now obse
Jessica Edith Louise Foster, is a Canadian woman who disappeared in the Las Vegas Valley in Nevada, United States, in 2006. Her parents are Dwight Foster. Jessie had spent some time living in Alberta. In 2005, Jessie and a friend of hers visited Florida together, stopped by Las Vegas on the way back in May where Jessie decided to stay. Before disappearing the following year, Jessie became involved in prostitution, was arrested once for solicitation, was the victim of battery on several occasions. Jessie is one of four sex-workers who disappeared in Las Vegas between 2003 and 2006; the bodies of the other three have been found. The Las Vegas Police Department launched an investigation of a person in question, bringing in a forensic scientist to spray luminol onto surfaces at crime scenes to detect invisible blood stains. Benjamin Perrin of Vancouver, British Columbia, received a George Ryga Award for Social Awareness in Literature nomination for having written Invisible Chains, a book that prominently deals with human trafficking, includes the disappearance of Jessie Foster.
The documentary "Trafficked No More", led to some tips to her whereabouts. On July 26, 2015, the Calgary Sun reported police are investigating if a man killed on July 18, 2015 in Charleston, West Virginia may be responsible for the four Las Vegas killings, including Foster, her mother, Glendene Grant founded Mothers Against Trafficking in Humans following her daughter's disappearance. She hosts an internet radio show on BlogTalkRadio through Dreamcatchers for Abused Children, has hosted such guests as Member of Parliament Joy Smith and Bobby Brown of Dog the Bounty Hunter fame, she lives in British Columbia, Canada. She had a common-law marriage with Dwight Foster, but they separated; the last time that Grant saw her daughter was Christmas 2005. Grant believes that Jessie became an unwilling victim of human trafficking, that Jessie thereby became a sexual slave. Grant therefore created a dozen websites advertising the disappearance of her daughter. In an effort to find her daughter, Grant has gotten in touch with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, bounty hunters, police officers and private investigators.
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Sari Srulovitch is an Israeli artist and silversmith. Sari Srulovitch was born in Jerusalem, she studied at the metal work and jewelry department of Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design and the Royal College of Art in London. She lectured for WIZO College of Design in Haifa. Srulovitch creates handcrafted Jewish ceremonial art using a combination of modern technology and traditional silversmithing methods such as raising and chasing; the Israel Museum included silver Torah shields and pointers created by Srulovitch in an exhibit entitled "Pointing the Way: Women Design Ceremonial Objects" that opened in the fall of 2013. Srulovitch has Crafts Lane, Hutzot Hayotzer. According to Srulovitch, stripes are a leitmotif in her works: “The stripes woven into the tallit, the stripes impressed upon the body by the straps of the tefillin written script – in all these I see Jewish ornamentation; the silver Torah shield I designed is made of interwoven stripes, a homage to the ancient art of weaving.” Visual arts in Israel