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Mary Soames

Mary Soames, Baroness Soames, worked for multiple public organisations including the Red Cross and the Women's Voluntary Service from 1939 to 1941, joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service in 1941. A successful author, she was the youngest of the five children of Winston Churchill and his wife, Clementine, she was the wife of Christopher Soames. Mary Spencer-Churchill was born and brought up at Chartwell, educated at the Manor House at Limpsfield, she worked for the Red Cross and the Women's Voluntary Service from 1939 to 1941, joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service in 1941 with which she served in London and Germany in mixed anti-aircraft batteries, rising to the rank of Junior Commander. She accompanied her father as aide-de-camp on several of his overseas journeys, including his post-VE trip to Potsdam, where he met with Harry S. Truman and Joseph Stalin. In 1945, she was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire, in recognition of meritorious military services, she served many public organisations, such as the International Churchill Society, as a Patron.

She was Patron of the National Benevolent Fund for the Aged. A successful author, Lady Soames wrote an acclaimed biography of her mother, Clementine Churchill, in 1979, she offered insights into the Churchill family to various biographers, prominently including Sir Martin Gilbert, who became the authorised biographer of Sir Winston Churchill after the death of Churchill's son, Randolph, in 1968. Additionally, she published a book of letters between Sir Winston and Lady Churchill, editing the letters as well as providing bridging material that placed the letters in personal and historical context. In 1980, Lady Soames was promoted to Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her public service in Rhodesia. In 1992 Soames appeared on BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs, her chosen book was Memories from Beyond the Grave by Chateaubriand and her luxury item was a supply of fine Havana cigars. One of her more notable public appearances came on 29 April 2002 when she dined with the Queen at Buckingham Palace as part of the Golden Jubilee celebrations, alongside Prime Minister Tony Blair, the four surviving former prime ministers at the time, as well as several relatives of other deceased prime ministers.

She was made a Lady Companion of the Order of the Garter on 23 April 2005, was invested on 13 June at Windsor Castle. On 31 May 2014, Lady Soames died at her home in London at the age of 91 following a short illness, her ashes are buried next to those of her husband within the Churchill plot at St Martin's Church, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire. Six months after her death, on 17 December 2014, Sotheby's London auctioned 255 items out of her collection on behalf of her heirs, including paintings by and memorabilia attached to her father, Winston S. Churchill. According to Sotheby's, the sale "realised an outstanding total of £15,441,822, well above pre-sale expectations of £3.6-5.5 million." Mary Soames married the Conservative politician Christopher Soames in 1947 and they had five children: The Rt. Hon. Sir Nicholas Soames, he married Catherine N. Weatherall on 4 June 1981 and they were divorced in 1988, they have one son. He married Serena Mary Smith on 21 December 1993, they have a son and a daughter.

The Hon. Emma Mary Soames, she married James MacManus on 4 July 1981 and they were divorced in 1989. The Hon. Jeremy Bernard Soames, he married Susanna Keith in 1978. They have three children; the Hon. Charlotte Clementine Soames, she married Richard Hambro in 1973 and they were divorced in 1982. They have one daughter, she married William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel on 15 April 1989. They have one daughter; the Hon. Rupert Christopher Soames, he married Camilla Rose Dunne in 1988. They have three children. A list of the titles Lady Soames held in chronological order from birth: 15 September 1922 – 6 April 1945: Miss Mary Spencer-Churchill 6 April 1945 – 11 February 1947: Miss Mary Spencer-Churchill, MBE 11 February 1947 – May 1965: Mrs. Christopher Soames, MBE 17 May 1965 – 1 January 1972: The Hon. Mrs. Soames, MBE 1 January 1972 – 19 April 1978: The Hon. Lady Soames, MBE 19 April 1978 – 14 June 1980: The Rt Hon; the Lady Soames, MBE 14 June 1980 – 23 April 2005: The Rt Hon. The Lady Soames, DBE 23 April 2005 – 31 May 2014: The Rt Hon.

The Lady Soames, LG, DBE Books written by Mary Soames: Clementine Churchill: The Biography of a Marriage Family Album: A Personal Selection from Four Generations of Churchills The Profligate Duke: George Spencer Churchill, Fifth Duke of Marlborough, His Duchess Winston Churchill: His Life as a Painter Speaking For Themselves: The Private Letters of Sir Winston and Lady Churchill Clementine Churchill: The Revised and Updated Biography A Daughter's Tale: The Memoir of Winston and Clementine Churchill's Youngest Child Mary Soames on IMDb Appearances on C-SPAN Booknotes interview with Soames on Winston & Clementine: The Personal Letters of the Churchills, 2 May 1999. A film clip ALLIES TAKE KISKA ETC. is available at the Internet Archive


Rieti is a city and comune in Lazio, central Italy, with a population of 47,700. It is the capital of province of Rieti and see of the diocese of Rieti, as well as the modern capital of the Sabina region; the town centre stands on a small hilltop, commanding from the southern edge the wide Rieti valley, at the bottom of the Sabine hills and of monti Reatini, including mount Terminillo. The plain was once a large lake, drained by the ancient Romans, is now the fertile basin of the Velino River. Only the small Ripasottile and Lungo lakes remain of the larger original. According to the legend, Reate was founded by a divinity, it was founded at the beginning of the Iron Age. In earlier times the lands around Rieti were inhabited by Umbri by Aborigines and on by Sabines, who reached the lands sited in the nearby of Tevere river. Reate was a major site of the Sabine nation well before the foundation of Rome. According to the legend, when Romulus founded Rome, Romans kidnapped Sabine women in order to populate the town and this led to a war between Romans and Sabines.

The battle of the Lacus Curtius came to an end only when the women threw themselves between the armies, begging the men who were by their relatives to stop fighting. Romulus and Titus Tatius relented and a collaboration between the two people started. According to an account more based on history, Sabines settled on the Quirinale because of their continuous need for grazing-lands. After the final Roman conquest, carried out by Manius Curius Dentatus in the early 3rd century BC, the village became a strategic point in the early Italian road network, dominating the "salt" track that linked Rome to the Adriatic Sea through the Apennines. Many lands of Reate and Amiternum were allocated to Romans. From the outset, Sabines were offered Roman citizenship but without voting rights, until in 268 BC they gained full citizenship, were incorporated into two new tribes. Curius Dentatus drained a large portion of the lake by diverting the Velino river into the Nera; the wide area once occupied by the lake turned into a fertile plain.

Following Roman customs, the land was split into characteristic square allotments. The town itself underwent significant development, being re-organised according to typical Roman urban standards, was fortified with strong walls. A stone bridge was laid across the Velino river, a large viaduct was built to bring goods from the Via Salaria directly to Rieti's southern gate. Roman Reate receives a number of mentions in Latin literature, thanks to its flourishing soil, its valued assets, some peculiarities of the surroundings. Cicero, for instance, describes the tensions between Reate and Interamna following the lake drainage, refers to the country houses that his friend Q. Axius owned in the plain. One of the most important Sabine families that gained success in Rome was the Gens Flavia, from which Emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus descended; the Reatin poet and writer Marcus Terentius Varro was born in 116 BC and he is referred to as the father of Roman erudition. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire Rieti suffered destruction by Barbarians, but never ceased to be an important gastaldate during the Lombard domination, as part of the Duchy of Spoleto.

Under the Franks, it was the county capital. It was sacked by the Saracens in the 9th and 10th century and by the Norman king Roger II of Sicily in 1149; the city was rebuilt with the help of the Roman comune, from 1198 was a free commune, of Guelph orientation, with a podestà of its own. As a favourite Papal seat, Rieti was the place of important historical events: Constance of Hauteville married here by proxy Emperor Henry VI. Charles I of Anjou was crowned King of Apulia and Jerusalem by Pope Nicholas I in 1289. Pope Gregory IX celebrated canonized St. Dominic in Rieti. After the Papal seat had been moved to Avignon, Rieti was conquered by the King of Naples, while inner struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines broke out. In 1354 it was won back by Cardinal Albornoz, it became a feudal seigneury of the Alfani family within the Papal States. More of the surrounding plain was drained in the following century, but this led to confrontation with the neighboring Terni. Rieti was province capital of the Papal States from 1816 to 1860.

After the unification of Italy, it was part of Umbria, being annexed to Lazio in 1923. It became the provincial capital on January 2, 1927. Rieti has a warm-summer mediterranean climate, which in contrast to most of dry-summer Italy, which has a hot-summer mediterranean climate; the ancient Sabine and Roman city was crowded with buildings, including baths. Only scarce remains were found during excavations in 19th and 20th century: the foundations of a large temple, the stone floor of the main square, walls from private houses, concrete vaults and pottery items; the most striking remains are the stone bridge across the viaduct. Piazza San Rufo is traditionally considered to be the exact centre of Italy. Other sights include: Rieti Cathedral: Construction started in 1109 over a pre-existing basilica, was consecrated in 1225 and entirely rebuilt in 1639, it has a stunning Romanesque

Vidovdansko Naselje

Vidovdansko Naselje is an urban neighborhood of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. Name of the neighborhood derived from Saint Vitus - Serbian word "vidovdan" means "the day of Saint Vitus", thus the English translation of the settlement's name would be "the Saint Vitus day's settlement". Saint Vitus is the patron saint of the neighborhood and stone cross dedicated to him was erected in 1929. Vidovdansko Naselje is located in northern part of Novi Sad, between Klisa in the west, Salajka in the south, Mali Beograd in the east, Slana Bara in the north. During NATO bombing of Novi Sad in 1999, civilian residential buildings in Vidovdansko Naselje were devastated by NATO bombs. Well known Najlon market is located in Vidovdansko Naselje; every Sunday, it is the largest market place in Novi Sad where all kinds of goods and services are offered for visitors. Neighborhoods of Novi Sad Jovan Mirosavljević, Brevijar ulica Novog Sada 1745-2001, Novi Sad, 2002. Milorad Grujić, Vodič kroz Novi Sad i okolinu, Novi Sad, 2004. Detailed map of Novi Sad and Vidovdansko Naselje Map of Novi Sad

Austin Center for Design

Austin Center for Design is an educational institution in Austin, Texas that offers a curriculum in interaction design and social entrepreneurship. Started by Jon Kolko, AC4D opened its doors to its first class in August 2010; the stated mission of AC4D is to "transform society through design education. This transformation occurs through the development of design knowledge directed towards all forms of social and humanitarian problems." AC4D offers a one year program in interaction design and social entrepreneurship, 10-day programs for executive education. Interaction Design Research and Synthesis focuses on methods of qualitative design research and design synthesis used to approach complicated problems of technology and society. Design Society and the Public Sector emphasizes the theoretical and political relationships between design and the culture of society. Rapid Ideation and Creative Problem Solving teaches methods of creative problem solving and ideation, including sketching, drawing and the underlying approaches of abductive thinking and divergent thinking.

Service Design introduces the advanced design topic of service design, with a focus and emphasis on the service design blueprint. Evaluation of Interaction Design Solutions teaches methods of evaluation and testing that allow for a thorough analysis of a design in an attempt to positively refine that design. Theory of Interaction Design and Social Entrepreneurship teaches advanced theory of interaction design as related to dialogue, semantics and communication. Entrepreneurial Practice describes the financial models and structures of business, as related to launching a particular design product, service or system. Design for Impact: 32 Week Studio teaches the fundamental methods and processes needed to conceptualize and sell ideas in today’s business environment. Ruby Ku is the Director of Austin Center for Design. Jon Kolko is the Founder of Austin Center for Design. Core77. "The Austin Center for Design: Q&A with Jon Kolko" Core77. Laneri, Raquel. "Jon Kolko on Design that Changes Human Behavior"

Arieff, Allison. "The Way We Design Now" New York Times Opinionator. Official website

W. W. Griest Building

The W. W. Griest Building known as the Lancaster Federal Building and PP and L Building, is a historic skyscraper located in the city of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, it was designed by noted Lancaster architect C. Emlen Urban and built 1924–1925, it is built in the Italian Renaissance Revival style and is a steel frame building faced in granite and terra cotta. The Griest Building is fourteen stories tall and each floor measures 66 feet by 55 feet, or 3,600 square feet; the 12th floor, now office space, once housed a 300-seat auditorium with a green and gold frescoed ceiling. A 53 foot tall tower was added to the top of the building in 1976; the W. W. Griest Building is the second tallest building in the city of Lancaster; the W. W. Griest Building is named after William Walton Griest, a former Pennsylvania representative and head of Lancaster Public Utilities, it has been listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places since June 25, 1999. City of Lancaster, PA

Nintendo Badge Arcade

Nintendo Badge Arcade, known in Japan as Badge Torēru Center, was a freemium application developed by Nintendo for the Nintendo 3DS, allowing players to customize the 3DS home menu with badges. The game launched in Japan in December 2014, worldwide in November 2015. Gameplay consisted of playing arcade crane-like games in hopes of acquiring badges, the games main collectable. Badges were themed around other Nintendo properties, once collected could be used to apply in the 3DS' HOME Menu. In addition to being decorative, some badges had special functions to them, such as launching applications and were compatible in other software as well. In June, 2017, it was announced. Nintendo Badge Arcade takes place in an arcade filled with machines known as Badge Catchers, each containing badges based on various Nintendo franchises such as Super Mario, Animal Crossing, The Legend of Zelda and Pokémon which are reorganised regularly; the arcade is hosted by a pink, anthropomorphic rabbit character called Arcade Bunny, who always greets the player, introduces promotional events.

The Badge Catchers are viewed from a 2-D side-on perspective. Similar to real-life claw machines, players must move the catcher's claw side to side, pick up badges, try and drop them off the bottom-left of the screen, they can accomplish this by picking them up, or use other techniques such as pushing them or causing land-slides. Some Badge Catchers use alternate means of obtaining badges; the Hammer Arm knocks badges sideways towards the hole, the Bomb Arm blasts badges away in all directions, the Stick Arm sticks badges onto the arm. Any badges that the player obtains can be placed on the Nintendo 3DS' HOME Menu, with certain badges able to launch some of the 3DS' built-in applications. Most badges can be used as decorations for the Swapdoodle messaging app. First-time players begin the game with five free plays, after which they must purchase additional plays via the Nintendo eShop. Special themes for the HOME Menu, one set of badges based on Arcade Bunny, can be unlocked by purchasing enough plays during certain periods.

Once per day, players can use the Practice Catcher to practice catching dummy badges. Players earn a free bonus play for every ten dummy badges they collect, plus additional plays should they uncover a bonus badge. Additional plays may be offered to the player through occasional events. In theory, it is possible to have up to seven free plays in a single day, albeit chances of this happening are slim. All activities require a constant online connection. Arcade Bunny appears in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate as an assist trophy. Official website