Mass murder is the act of murdering a number of people simultaneously or over a short period of time and in close geographic proximity. The FBI defines mass murder as murdering four or more people during an event with no "cooling-off period" between the murders. A mass murder occurs in a single location where one or more people kill several others. A mass murder may be committed by individuals or organizations whereas a spree killing is committed by one or two individuals. Mass murderers differ from spree killers, who kill at two or more locations with no time break between murders and are not defined by the number of victims, serial killers, who may kill people over long periods of time. Many terrorist groups in recent times have used the tactic of killing many victims to fulfill their political aims; such incidents have included the: Murder of 241 American and 58 French peacekeepers in the Beirut barracks bombings on October 23, 1983 by the Islamic Jihad Organization Başbağlar attack in which 33 civilians were killed by the PKK on July 5, 1993 19 American airmen murdered in the Khobar Towers bombing on June 2, 1996 by Hezbollah Al-Hejaz September 11 attacks on September 11, 2001 by Al-Qaeda that killed 2,977 victims 193 murdered during the 2004 Madrid train bombings on March 11, 2004 by Al-Qaeda 334 murdered, including 186 children in the Beslan school siege on September 1–4, 2004 by Riyad-us Saliheen 52 murdered in the 2005 London bombings on July 7, 2005 by Islamic terrorists Killing of 166 people in the Mumbai attacks on November 26–29, 2008 by Lashkar-e-Taiba 130 deaths resulting from the November 2015 Paris attacks on November 13–14, 2015 by ISIL 86 murdered in the 2016 Nice truck attack on July 14, 2016 by ISIL Certain cults religious cults, have committed a number of mass killings and mass murder-suicides.
These include Jim Jones' Peoples Temple in Jonestown, where 919 people died in 1978. Mass murderers may fall into any of a number of categories, including killers of family, of coworkers, of students, of random strangers, their motives for murder vary. A notable motivation for mass murder is revenge, but other motivations are possible, including the need for attention or fame. Acting on the orders of Joseph Stalin, Vasili Blokhin's war crime killing of 7,000 Polish prisoners of war, shot in 28 days, is notable as one of the most organized and protracted mass murders by a single individual on record. Analysis of the Columbine High School massacre and other incidents where law enforcement officers waited for backup has resulted in changed recommendations regarding what victims and law enforcement officers should do. In the Columbine shooting, the perpetrators, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, were able to murder 13 people commit suicide before the first SWAT team entered the school. Average response time by law enforcement to a mass shooting is much longer than the time the shooter is engaged in killing.
While immediate action may be dangerous, it may save lives which would be lost if victims and bystanders involved in the situation remain passive, or law enforcement response is delayed until overwhelming force can be deployed. It is recommended that victims and bystanders involved in the incident take active steps to flee, hide, or fight the shooter and that law enforcement officers present or first arriving at the scene attempt to engage the shooter. In many instances, immediate action by victims, bystanders, or law enforcement officers has saved lives. Commentators have pointed out that there are a wide variety of ways that homicides with more than several victims might be classified; such incidents can be, have been in recent decades, classified many different ways including "as a mass shooting. "In the 1960s and 1970s... it was understood. These early discussions of mass murder lumped together cases that varied along what would come to be seen as important dimensions: Time: Did the killings occur more or less or did they extend over several days, months, or years?
Place: Did the killings occur in a single location, or in a variety of places? Method: How were the victims killed?"In the late decades of the twentieth century and early years of the 2000s, the most popular classifications moved to include method and place. While such classifications may assist in gaining human meaning, as human-selected categories, they can carry significant meaning and reflect a particular point of view of the commentator who assigned the descriptor. Crimes against humanity List of rampage killers Mass destruction Mass grave School shooting Suicide attack Terrorism War crime What makes a Mass Killer? Mass Murder: A Small Person's Way to Immortality Mass shootings interactive map Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence The real causes of mass murder by James Alan Fox. Boston.com, January 16, 2011
The Old Little Rock Central Fire Station is a historic firehouse, next to Little Rock City Hall at 520 West Markham Street in downtown Little Rock, Arkansas. It is, from its front, a Beaux Arts two-story masonry building, designed by Charles L. Thompson and built in 1913; the front facade is dominated by the former equipment bays, which are separated by fluted columns, topped by an elaborate architrave. The building is now used for other purposes by the city; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. National Register of Historic Places listings in Little Rock, Arkansas
Portland's Hempstalk Festival is an annual event in Portland, Oregon advocating decriminalization of marijuana for medicinal and recreational use. Founded in 2005, the festival takes place the weekend after Labor Day and features food vendors, live music, information booths; the event has always been free to attend. According to Paul Stanford and director of the event: Hempstalk is about the many uses of industrial hemp fiber, protein and medicine. We are working to end adult cannabis prohibition, allow adults to grow their own and license the legal sale of psychoactive cannabis to adults. We believe that hemp will save the Earth's biosphere with the adoption of hemp seed for bio-diesel fuel, which will solve the energy and world hunger problems, stop deforestation when hemp fiber is used for paper and building materials. We support the Oregon Cannabis Tax Act of 2010. We shall overcome! The Portland Hempstalk Festival is an two-day event. Hempstalk was first held in Portland, Oregon's Tom McCall Waterfront Park in downtown Portland in 2005 and 2006, with about 10,000 visitors each of the first two years.
In 2007, nearly 20,000 people attended the third annual Hempstalk festival at Sellwood Riverfront Park. While organizers insisted smoking would not be tolerated, the smell of marijuana lingered in the air and some festival goers chose to consume various forms of cannabis foods. No festival attendees were arrested. Slated for Tom McCall Waterfront Park, the event was temporarily canceled by Portland Parks & Recreation due to "unspecified'problems' the city encountered with the event in the past two years there." According to the Hempstalk official site, after being denied a permit at Waterfront Park based upon the city's ruling, the previous location was booked and the City Parks & Recreation Department "refused to issue a permit to use a different park, citing unsubstantiated claims that minors were drinking beer in the park... and widespread marijuana smoking was taking place." Hempstalk officials deny these claims. Due to limited space, officials had doubts about hosting the event at Sellwood Riverfront Park in the future.
In 2008, the festival was held in Eastbank Festival Plaza, organized by Paul Stanford of The Hemp and Cannabis Foundation. In addition to the usual events and activities featured, the two-day event offered educational panels to inform attendants about industrial hemp, the legal use of marijuana, answer any other questions they may have. On September 12–13, 2009, the Portland Hempstalk Festival moved to Kelley Point Park, in the far Northwest corner of Portland, Oregon, at the confluence of the Columbia River and the Willamette River. 40,000 people attended over two days. Music was performed by Native American political activist and songwriter John Trudell and his band, Bad Dog, Folk Uke, the Herbivores, Rocker T, the Human Revolution, Binghi & the Seventh Seal, State of Jefferson, Pass Margo and Tim Pate. Speakers included Jack Herer, making his fifth Hempstalk appearance. Herer had a heart attack and collapsed moments after giving a speech on Saturday, September 12, he was in critical condition in a Portland area hospital for a month and moved to a Eugene, Oregon nursing home in early October 2009 for further recovery.
Other Hempstalk speakers have included National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws founder Keith Stroup, NORML director Allen St. Pierre, THCF and CRRH director and author of the Oregon Cannabis Tax Act Paul Stanford, Oregon NORML director Madeline Martinez, Chris Conrad, Mikki Norris and writer Ngaio Bealum, Green Party 2012 presidential candidate, Jill Stein, author Bill Drake, Dr. Tod Mikuriya, Dr. Phillip Leveque, Seattle Hempfest director Vivian McPeak, medical marijuana pioneer, Dennis Peron. Legal history of cannabis in the United States Hempstalk official site
Meharun Nisa known as Born Forbidden, is an Urdu/Hindi language television drama film. It was directed by Kamran Qureshi and produced by Iram Qureshi. Meharun Nisa is said to be based on a true story; the main character in the story is Meharun, abandoned as a baby. Born to a prostitute, she struggles to shake the stigma associated with the circumstances of her birth; the film was broadcast in 2004 on Indus TV Network in Pakistan & UAE and in 2005 on Zee TV UK & United States as part of film series'Maa Aur Mamta', which consisted of 13 films including Meharun Nisa. While purchasing groceries in the market Yousuf's servant, overhears that a newborn baby has been abandoned in the midst of piles of rubbish in the market, he hears that the baby has been left there as it is the child of a prostitute, that such a child is left there every one or two months. He is told that it would have been better to have buried the baby, instead of leaving it for the animals. Qadir takes the baby to the home of rich man Yousuf.
Zainab, Yousuf's maid, asks Qadir. Qadir reminds Zainab about. Yousuf had said that no baby is illegal and that only the actions of prostitutes who threw babies away should be seen as illegal. Zainab decides to name her Meharun Nisa, her husband Rajab Ali, a nasty, idle drunkard, questions Zainab about why she brought the baby to his home when they had two children and Rabia. Zainab tries to appease him by telling him that Yousuf will bear the baby's expenses and that he does not have to worry about having less money to buy alcohol. English documentary filmmakers hear of Meharun's story and a documentary about her is made and aired on BBC. On watching that documentary, who lives in England, decides to visit Pakistan and ask Zainab if she and her husband can adopt the baby. Zainab was attached to Meharun. Alina and her husband bring the baby to England. Seventeen years Meharun Nisa grows up and comes across the documentary. For the first time, she understands, she goes to Pakistan to meet the lady who cared for her.
Sara Loren as Meharun Nisa Bushra Ansari as Zainab Talat Hussain as Yousuf Humayun Bin Rather as Vikky Uzma Akhter Khanji as Rabia Akbar Subhani as Qadir Taj Niazi as Rajab Ali Samina Kamal as Alina Nabeela as English TV Reporter Agha Sohail as English Translator Rohit as Vikky Asqa Shakeel as Rabia Yousuf as Vegetable seller Hareem Qureshi as Meharun Nisa Sajida as Midwife The 1st Indus Drama Awards 2005 Winner: Best TV Series Award for Maa Aur Mamta Winner: Best TV Series Writer Award for Maa Aur Mamta Winner: Best TV Series Director Award for Maa Aur Mamta Murad Ishq Ki Inteha Meharun Nisa on IMDb Official Facebook: Meharun Nisa aka BornForbidden Director's website
Dr. Lily Hassan is a fictional character from the BBC soap opera Doctors, portrayed by Seeta Indrani, who made her first appearance on 28 October 2008. Lily made her final appearance on 31 March 2010. Lily arrived at The Mill in October 2008, when Heston Carter employed her to help ease the work load of his colleagues. From her arrival, it is clear. Despite her constant rejection, he perseveres and it is made clear at the start of 2009 that she has feelings for him too, Lily kisses Heston. Lily is well known for keeping a skull which has gained her the nickname Morticia amongst colleagues. Lily helps Ruth Pearce to recover from her stay at a psychiatric hospital. After being persuaded by Julia Parsons, Lily proposed to Heston at the 2009 Christmas party after their commitment to foster children. To her shock, he walked out of the room, when she caught up with him explained that they would not work out in the longterm. Lily left The Mill in March 2010 to go on a long-term sabbatical leave after taking on the care of a troubled teenager.
Lily Hassan at BBC Online
Suzhou, alternately romanized as Soochow, is a major city located in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China, about 100 km northwest of Shanghai. It is a major economic center and focal point of trade and commerce, the second largest city in the province, after its capital Nanjing; the city is situated on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the shores of Lake Tai and belongs to the Yangtze River Delta region. Administratively, Suzhou is a prefecture-level city with a population of 4.33 million in its city proper, a total resident population of 10.58 million in its administrative area. Its urban population grew at an unprecedented rate of 6.5% between 2000 and 2014, the highest among cities with more than 5 million people. Founded in 514 BC, Suzhou has over 2,500 years of history, with an abundant display of relics and sites of historical interest. Around AD 100, during the Eastern Han dynasty, it became one of the ten largest cities in the world due to emigration from Northern China.
Since the 10th-century Song dynasty, it has been an important commercial center of China. During the Ming and Qing dynasties, Suzhou was a national economic and commercial center, as well as the largest non-capital city in the world, until the 1860 Taiping Rebellion; when Li Hongzhang and Charles George Gordon recaptured the city three years Shanghai had taken its predominant place in the nation. Since major economic reforms began in 1978, Suzhou has become one of the fastest growing major cities in the world, with GDP growth rates of about 14% in the past 35 years. With high life expectancy and per capita incomes, Suzhou's Human Development Index ratings is comparable to a moderately developed country, making it one of the most developed and prosperous cities in China; the city's canals, stone bridges and meticulously designed gardens have contributed to its status as one of the top tourist attractions in China. The Classical Gardens of Suzhou were added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1997 and 2000.
Suzhou is dubbed the "Venice of the East" or "Venice of China". During the Zhou, a settlement known as Gusu after nearby Mount Gusu became the capital of the state of Wu. From this role, it came to be called Wu as well. In 514 BC, King Helü of Wu established a new capital nearby at Helü City and this grew into the modern city. During the Warring States period, Helü City continued to serve as the local seat of government. From the areas it administered, it became known as Wujun. Under the Qin, it was known as Kuaiji after its enlarged commandery, named for the reputed resting place of Yu the Great near modern Shaoxing in Zhejiang; the name Suzhou was first used for the city in AD 589 during the Sui dynasty. The sū in its name is a contraction of the old name Gusu, it refers to the mint perilla. The zhou 州 meant something like a province or county, but came to be used metonymously for the capital of such a region. Suzhou is the Hanyu Pinyin spelling of the Putonghua pronunciation of the name. Prior to the adoption of pinyin, it was variously romanized as Suchow, or Su-chow.
Suzhou, the cradle of Wu culture, is one of the oldest towns in the Yangtze Basin. By the Spring and Autumn period of the Zhou, local tribes named the Gou Wu are recorded living in the area which would become the modern city of Suzhou; these tribes formed villages on the edges of the hills above the wetlands surrounding Lake Tai. Sima Qian's Records of the Grand Historian records traditional accounts that the Zhou lord Taibo established the state of Wu at nearby Wuxi during the 11th century BC, civilizing the local people and improving their agriculture and mastery of irrigation; the Wu court moved to Gusu within the area of modern Suzhou. In 514 BC, King Helü of Wu relocated his court nearby and called the settlement Helü City after himself, his minister Wu Zixu was involved with its planning and it was this site that grew into present-day Suzhou. The height of his tower on Gusu Hill passed into Chinese legend. In 496 BC, King Helü was buried at Tiger Hill. In 473 BC, Wu was annexed by Yue, a kingdom to its southeast.
Remnants of the ancient kingdom include pieces of its 2,500-year-old city wall and the gate through it at Pan Gate. The city was laid out according to a symbolic three-by-three grid of nine squares, with the royal palace occupying the central position. During the Warring States period, Suzhou was the seat of Wu Commandery. Following the Qin Empire's conquest of the area in 222 BC, it was made the capital of Kuaiji Commandery, including lands stretching from the south bank of the Yangtze to the unconquered interior of Minyue in southern Zhejiang. Amid the collapse of the Qin, Kuaiji's governor Yin Tong attempted to organize his own rebellion only to be betrayed and executed by Xiang Liang and his nephew Xiang Yu, who launched their own rebellion from the city; when the Grand Canal was completed, Suzhou found itself strategically located on a major trade route. In the course of the history of China, it has been a metropolis of industry and commerce on the southeastern coast of China. During the Tang dynasty, the great poet Bai Juyi constructed the Shantang Canal to connect the city with Tiger Hill for tourists.