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Massacre Canyon

The Massacre Canyon battle took place in Nebraska on August 5, 1873 near the Republican River. It was one of the last hostilities between the Pawnee and the Sioux and the last battle/massacre between Great Plains Indians in North America; the massacre occurred when a large Oglala/Brulé Sioux war party of over 1,500 warriors led by Two Strike, Little Wound, Spotted Tail attacked a band of Pawnee during their summer buffalo hunt. In the ensuing rout more than 150 Pawnees were killed, men with women and children, the victims suffering mutilation and some set on fire; the Quaker agent John W. Williamson stated; this massacre ranked among "the bloodiest attacks by the Sioux" in Pawnee history. Cruel and violent warfare like this had been practiced against the Pawnee by the Lakota Sioux for centuries since the mid-1700s and through the 1840s. Attacks increased further in the 1850s until 1875; the Pawnee were forced to give up what remained of their Nebraska homeland to the US Government after the Pawnee realized US Government were never going to honor any of the previous treaties.

The Pawnee history of homeland Nebraska is one of the saddest stories one would read. The Pawnee villages and Quaker agency near Genoa were attacked by the Lakota months and years prior without US Government protection as promised. According to Indian agent John W. Williamson of the Genoa Agency, who accompanied the hunting party, "On the 2d day of July, 1873, the Indians, to the number of 700, left Genoa for the hunting grounds. Of this number 350 were men, the balance women and children." The Pawnee were traveling along the west bank of the canyon, which runs south to the Republican River, when they were attacked. "A census taken at the Pawnee Agency in September, according Agent Burgess..." found that "71 Pawnee warriors were killed, 102 women and children killed", the victims brutally mutilated and scalped and others set on fire" although Trail Agent John Williamson's account states 156 Pawnee died. It is the death toll would have been higher, for Williamson noted "... a company of United States cavalry emerge from the timber.

When the Sioux saw the soldiers approaching they beat a hasty retreat.", although "Recently discovered military documents disproved the old theory" per the "Massacre Canyon Monument" article. This massacre is by some considered one of the factors that led to the Pawnees' decision to move to a reservation in Indian Territory in what is today Oklahoma; the Pawnee disagree. Principal chiefs at the battle were: Pawnee: Sun Chief, Fighting Bear, Ruling His Son. Sioux: Spotted Tail, Little Wound, Two Strike. Chief Charging Bear. Among the Pawnee dead were Sky Chief, surrounded and killed by the Sioux while skinning a buffalo, the wife and four children of Traveling Bear, a former sergeant in the Pawnee Scouts who served under Maj. Frank North and a Medal of Honor recipient; the Pawnee Indians had a long tradition of living in present-day Nebraska. Their first land cession to the United States took place in 1833 when they sold land south of the Platte River; the Massacre Canyon battlefield near Republican River is located within this area.

Forty years and two land cessions the tribe lived in a small reservation on old Pawnee land, present-day Nance County. The Pawnees had kept a right to hunt buffalo on their vast, ancient range between the Loup and Republican rivers in Nebraska and south into northern Kansas, now territory of the United States, they had suffered continual attacks by the Sioux. The Sioux lived north of the Pawnee. In 1868 they had entered into a treaty with the United States and agreed to live in the Great Sioux Reservation in present-day South Dakota. By Article 11 they received a right to hunt along the Republican 200 miles south of the reservation. Both the Pawnee and the Sioux complained over attacks by the other tribe. An attempt to make peace in 1871 with the United States as intermediary came to nothing. A Pawnee hunting group—roughly 400 men and children—were located in camp near present-day Trenton on August 4, 1873. Trail Agent John W. Williamson stayed in the camp, with him the younger Lester Beach Platt, a visitor from the east.

All were homeward-bound for the reservation after a fine hunt. Sioux chiefs Little Wound and Pawnee Killer and their followers of Cut-off Oglalas had hunted along tributaries to the Republican further west. In July the sub-agent in camp, Antoine Janis, banned an expedition against the Utes to avenge the loss of a man and some horses; the camp moved closer to the Republican. About 700 Brule-Sioux Indians sought out buffalo on these Nebraska hunting grounds in early August, in addition. Chief Two Strikes was in Sub-agent Stephen F. Eastes; some Oglalas brought news of the big Pawnee camp on August 3. Chief Little Wound told Antoine Janis. Now, "the young men had determined to fight" the Pawnees, not to lose horses again. Janis said, his suggestion to meet and talk with their enemy was turned down. He told his sister, Susan Bordeaux Bettelyoun, that to restrain the warriors "... you might as well stop an avalanche". All Sioux tipis in the area got the news. A boy eyewitness recalled many years that "instantly all the warriors began to get ready to go on the warpath...".

In his understanding, the braves defended their hunting grounds. During the day around 1000 warriors set off for the Pawnee to make a joi

Beach Games

"Beach Games" is the twenty-third episode of the third season of the American version of The Office, the 51st of the series. In this episode, the office goes to a nearby lake for some "beach games", it is revealed that Michael is being interviewed for a position at Corporate and that the winner of the beach games will become regional manager. Meanwhile and Angela sabotage Andy, Pam spends her day taking notes of the office workers' activities; the episode was directed by Harold Ramis. Filming took place at a fake beach near Hansen Dam, as it was "the bleakest lake find." The crew had to deal with hot temperatures during "frigid" weather at night. One of Helms' scenes involved him being trapped on a lake in a sumo wrestling outfit, forcing him to wear a harness and be pulled by a boat manned by a crew member. For the fire walk and yellow gels and lava rocks were used, gas lines were installed to produce flames. An estimated 7.2 million viewers watched "Beach Games" on its first American broadcast on May 10, 2007, resulting in the episode placing fourth for the night in its timeslot.

It received positive reviews from television critics, many cited the sumo suit scenes and the coal walk scene as particular highlights. Most critics praised Pam's speech at the end of the episode; when Michael Scott is invited to interview for a position at Dunder-Mifflin corporate headquarters in New York City, he assumes he will get the job and decides to hold a Survivor-like competition at Lake Scranton to determine his successor. The entire office travels to the lake by bus, except for Toby Flenderson, whom Michael will not allow to attend, much to Toby's disappointment because he anticipated getting to see Pam Beesly wearing her bikini. Michael selects the "tribe" captains – Jim Halpert, Dwight Schrute, Andy Bernard and Stanley Hudson – and instructs Pam to take detailed notes on the events of the day, which include games such as egg and spoon races and hot dog eating contests. Unaware of the purpose of the exercise, the employees do not all take it seriously. Once the job in New York is revealed and Dwight step up their efforts, Stanley tries to be enthusiastic but gives up, Jim decides to interview for the same position that Michael is pursuing.

Karen Filippelli applies for the position. To support her secret lover Dwight, Angela Martin sabotages Andy, leaving him adrift in the lake in an inflatable sumo wrestling costume. Michael's final event is a walk across hot coals. Only Pam volunteers, but Michael refuses to let her walk across because she is not being considered to replace him. However, Michael cannot bring himself to do it. Dwight throws himself on the coals, refusing to leave until he is given the job, he writhes in agony until he is dragged off; as a last-ditch effort to salvage the day, Michael assembles a "Tribal Council" stand-up comedy competition. Jim declines to participate, reveals that he has applied for the position in New York. While they are doing this, Pam runs barefoot across the hot coals. Feeling a new sense of confidence because of the experience, she interrupts the Tribal Council to berate her colleagues for treating her poorly, citing the fact that no one attended her art show, she rounds on Jim, tells him that she called off her wedding because of him, that it is "fine" that he is with someone else now, but that she misses the fun that they had as best friends before he transferred.

As she runs to cool her feet in the water, the cameraman turns to Jim, now in a blank stare, shaken by the confession. "Beach Games" was written by co-executive producer Jennifer Celotta and series creator Greg Daniels, was directed by Harold Ramis, whose credits include the episodes "A Benihana Christmas" and "Safety Training". Celotta and Daniels came up with the idea for the opening scene while researching medical symptoms at WebMD. Michael's conversation with David Wallace set an important foundation for both the season and the series, as it established that several people would be competing for a corporate job and solidified the CFO as an important character; the actor who plays Wallace, guest star Andy Buckley, was working at Merrill Lynch as a stockbroker. The crew sought to film at a lake that resembled Lake Scranton. However, upon arriving at one in the area they found that it was too beautiful, as they had wanted a lake, the equivalent of the dour office: "the bleakest lake find." Much of the episode was filmed at a fake beach at the reservoir of Hansen Dam, where it was "a thousand degrees during the day and minus 40 at night," Celotta remarked in the DVD audio commentary.

"We had tents pumping air conditioning," according to one crew member. And at night, the production crew set up heaters everywhere because the weather became "frigid". Actress Kate Flannery said that the days of filming were "hot", she became sick of hot dogs after eating many of them in the contest seen in the episode. Many cast members spit out the hot dogs after putting them in their mouths, an act that sometimes activated Ed Helms' gag reflex; the cast members found the sumo suits uncomfortable, both due to the hot weather and the inability to sit down. Actress Angela Kinsey previewed before the episode broadcast that she would "forever look at Jo

Julie le Brocquy

Julie le Brocquy is co-founder of le Brocquy Fraser Productions. Her credits include the award-winning Osama Julie Le Brocquy, born in Ireland in 1960, was educated in Ireland, she is one of Ireland's leading creative film producers. Her work has been showcased at leading festivals, been the recipient of numerous awards and received extensive distribution throughout Europe the United States and Asia. Having worked as a Bond trader for 12 years at Salomon Brothers in London and Asia she is well versed in all phases of the investment process and thus brings together a unique blend of skills in both the financial and film arenas. Julie was born in Ireland in business; the le Brocquy's have been for many generations strong patrons of the arts, both as supporters and as artists. Louis le Brocquy, 1916-2012, was Ireland's most prominent modern artist. Sybil le Brocquy, her grandmother was an author, a founder of Amnesty in Ireland and a major lobbyist for government support for the arts. Both are recognised in Ireland for their work.

Her decade of experience as a producer has included partnerships with major cable networks and studios as well as ongoing independent production initiatives. She has a breadth of experience and contacts throughout the film industry that enable her to strategically produce and distribute effectively. Julie's skills in developing creative marketing and exit strategies are ideally suited for the film sales market, as proven in her ten years of film production experience; this unique blend of financial and film disciplines enables her to maximize the potential return from a film production. Julie has has lived outside of Ireland for about half her life, she spent years living in Asia and takes a particular interest in global stories and helping those without voices to speak. The filmography of leBrocquy Fraser Ltd reflects her sensibilities towards Asia and the Middle East, she presently resides in Dublin and spends much of the year in New York. Julie writes and dabbles in the stock market. Feature Film 2004 Written & Directed By U-Wei Bin HajiSaari 17th Malaysian Film Festival: Best Actor Eman Manan Feature Film Drama Iran 2004Written & Directed By Hassan YektapanahThis remarkable tale from acclaimed Iranian director Hassan Yektapanah captures the plight and desperation of a group of people trying to migrate illegally to Europe, as seen through the eyes of a documentary filmmaker who wishes to film their story.

Story Undone premiered at the 2004 Locarno Film Festival. The Silver Leopard for Second Film NETPAC award for Best Asian Film; the Special Jury Award at the Amazonas International Film Festival 2004 The Amnesty International DOEN Award at the 2005 Rotterdam Film Festival Directed by Siddiq Barmak Golden Globe Award 2004: Best Foreign Film Cannes 2003: Special Mention - Camera D'Or Cannes Junior 2003: Awarded by children from around the world CICAE Prize, 2003: Awarded by French Arthouse Theatre owners and the Prix UNESCO-Federico Fellini Award 2003 Cinemaya 5 Festival: New Delhi - Best Actress Award FicBrasilia Festival 2003: Brazil-Special Mention PUSAN: Korea-Audience Award Montreal Film Festival: Top prize Golden Spike at 48th Valladolid Intl Film Festival 2003: Spain London Film Festival 2003:The BFI Sutherland Jury Prize My Beautiful Rambutan Tree in Tanjung Rambutan Written & Directed by: U-Wei Bin HajiSaari. This short film premiered at Directors Fortnight Cannes in 2006 Theatrical Play by U-Wei Bin HajiSaari, Malaysia ’06 & Singapore ’07 Written and Directed by Hassan Yektapanah Written and Directed by Tran Anh Hung.

Written and DIrected by Nic Dunlop, Annie Sundberg, Ricki Stern Emmy Award Nomination 2012 Irish Film & Television Awards Nomination 2011 UNAFF Best Documentary 2011 Runner up Galway Film Fleadh 2010 Sundance Institute Grant Cinereach Grant Co Produced with HBO Website Profile -

Arlberg railway

The Arlberg Railway, which connects the Austrian cities Innsbruck and Bludenz, is Austria's only east-west mountain railway. It is one of the highest standard gauge railways in Europe and the second highest in Austria, after the Brenner; the 135.7 km line is a problematic mountain railway, in part because it is threatened by avalanches, mudslides and floods. It is operated by the Austrian Federal Railways and frequented by international trains, including the Orient Express; as early as 1842 a railway over the Arlberg Pass was under discussion, as the British sought a rail connection for traffic from England to Egypt. Two years in 1847, Carl Ganahl - a textile industrialist from Feldkirch - decided to support construction of the railway, despite the many technical challenges involved. On the other hand, the opening of the Semmering Railway in 1854 showed that mountain railways were possible and feasible. Trade Minister Anton Freiherr von Banhans presented on March 22, 1872, at the Chamber of Deputies a draft law on the execution of the Arlberg railway at government expense for a total amount of 42 million florins.

In 1879 the protagonists of the Arlbergbahn with the intended 10,270 m long summit tunnel were successful. The submitted project had won confidence by the progress in the Gotthard Tunnel. Julius Lott was appointed planning director of the Arlbergbahn; the construction of the Arlberg Railway started on June 20, 1880, proceeded at a faster pace than planned. Completion was not expected until the autumn of 1885, but by May 29, 1883, the valley route from Innsbruck to Landeck in Tyrol was put into service. On September 21, 1884 the entire stretch of the mountain railway was completed, including the single-track, 10.25 kilometres long Arlbergtunnel. The construction claimed 92 lives; the costs were totaled 38,165,282 crowns. The Arlberg tunnel rises from St. Anton on a length of 4 km with 2 ‰; the highest point is at 1310.926 m in kilometer 104.241 m. It falls to Langen am Arlberg at 15 ‰; the transalpine Arlberg Railway opened up a new connection between Lake Constance and the Adriatic Sea. Traffic increased so that by July 15, 1885 a second track through the tunnel was opened, as had been planned since the beginning of the project.

The most renowned train on the Arlberg route was the Orient Express, from London to Bucharest, which had only first-class compartments and parlors. Right from the beginning, the use of steam locomotives on the Arlberg led to serious problems: Passengers and crews were exposed to the unhealthy effects of sulfurous acid, which condensed from the steam in the tunnel. Grade slopes of up to 3.1% on the western ramp and 2.6% on the eastern ramp caused traction troubles for the locomotives. In 1924, this problem was eliminated with the completion of electrification of the tunnel, followed by the ramp sections in 1925; this electrification of the railway was carried out with a 15 kV, 16.7 Hertz system, allowing heavy trains to be pulled over the route once the tracks and supporting structures, including the Trisanna bridge in 1964, had been upgraded for the increased axle weights. Today, traffic through the Arlberg railway tunnel has increased despite competition from road transport through the Arlberg Road Tunnel.

This has made it necessary to widen the approach ramps for double tracks. Many long-distance, high-speed EuroCity and Railjet trains ply the route from Vienna to Vorarlberg over the Arlberg. On the occasion of the World Ski Championships in 2001, the railway station of St. Anton on the eastern side of the Arlberg Tunnel was relocated from the town centre to a new site on the north side of the valley; this required the Arlberg tunnel be lengthened and the construction of the new Wolfsgruben tunnel. From the universal locomotive, kkStB Class 73 with an operating weight of 55.1 tons, 436 pieces were ordered. Thanks to its capacity of 700 PS they could transport in the plane 1,650 tons with 30 km/h, on a slope of 10 ‰ a weight of 580t with 15 km/h and on a slope of 25 ‰ 220t with 15 km/h, they were used for freight traffic. Landeck-Zams railway station Arlberg

Spirit Family Reunion

Spirit Family Reunion is a band from Brooklyn, New York influenced by traditional American music such as country and gospel. Founded in 2009 by core members Nick Panken, Maggie Carson, Stephen Weinheimer, featuring a rotating cast of musicians such as Ken Woodward, Or Zubalsky, Noah Block-Harley, Dylan Block-Harley, Mat Davidson, Pete Pezzimenti, they have referred to their style as "homegrown American music" and "open-door gospel", are compared to bluegrass and appalachian music. The band started out as Panken and Weinheimer playing with different people each night at the bar where they worked, became Spirit Family Reunion. Formed in 2010, Spirit Family Reunion has self-produced and self-released two full-length albums, No Separation and Hands Together, they have toured with bands such as Trampled by Turtles, Levon Helm, Tedeschi Trucks Band, Dr. Dog, The Felice Brothers, Alabama Shakes and performed at the Newport Folk Festival, Hardly Strictly Bluegrass, Celebrate Brooklyn!, FloydFest, Bristol Rhythm & Roots Reunion, Flood City Music Festival, The Buckle Up Music Festival, Shakori Hills Grassroots Festival, the Americana Music Festival & Conference among others.

They took part in the Bob Dylan in the 80s project. They were featured in issue #34 of The Deli Magazine in 2013. No Separation Hands Together Harvest Festival Live Ride Free Spirit Family Reunion When My Name Is Spoken On That Day I Want To Be Relieved Green Rocky Road Goin' Out To Cannon Ball Official Website

Angela Donald

Angela Donald is an Australian artistic gymnast and is the 2010 Bronze Medal Winner for the Beam at the Youth Olympic Games in Singapore. Donald began her gymnastics career at age 9, she is half Chinese and loves water sports such as parasailing. She says that her favorite memory in gymnastics is "Hearing the head coach call my name for the Australian Team to compete for Germany." Her tips on how to become a top athlete. She cites Georgia Bonora, Shona Morgan and Emma Dennis as her influences. Donald competed at the 2010 Youth Olympics in Singapore where she won the Bronze Medal in the Beam Competition, coming behind China's Tan Sixin and Italy's Carlotta Ferlito, she was a contender training for the 2012 Olympics team