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Maurice de Vlaminck

Maurice de Vlaminck was a French painter. Along with André Derain and Henri Matisse he is considered one of the principal figures in the Fauve movement, a group of modern artists who from 1904 to 1908 were united in their use of intense colour. Vlaminck was one of the Fauves at the controversial Salon d'Automne exhibition of 1905. Maurice de Vlaminck was born on Rue Pierre Lescot in Paris, his father Edmond Julien was Flemish and taught violin and his mother Joséphine Caroline Grillet came from Lorraine and taught piano. His father taught him to play the violin, he began painting in his late teens. In 1893, he studied with a painter named Henri Rigalon on the Île de Chatou. In 1894 he married Suzanne Berly; the turning point in his life was a chance meeting on the train to Paris towards the end of his stint in the army. Vlaminck 23, met an aspiring artist, André Derain, with whom he struck up a lifelong friendship; when Vlaminck completed his army service in 1900, the two rented a studio together, the Maison Levanneur, which now houses the Cneai, for a year before Derain left to do his own military service.

In 1902 and 1903 he wrote several mildly pornographic novels illustrated by Derain. He painted during the day and earned his livelihood by giving violin lessons and performing with musical bands at night. Vlaminck participated in the controversial 1905 Salon d'Automne exhibition. After viewing the boldly colored canvases of Vlaminck, Henri Matisse, André Derain, Albert Marquet, Kees van Dongen, Charles Camoin, Jean Puy, the art critic Louis Vauxcelles disparaged the painters as "fauves", thus giving their movement the name by which it became known, Fauvism. In 1911, Vlaminck painted by the Thames. In 1913, he painted again with Derain in Martigues. In World War I he was stationed in Paris, began writing poetry, he settled in Rueil-la-Gadelière, a small village south-west of Paris. He married Berthe Combes, with whom he had two daughters. From 1925 he traveled throughout France, but continued to paint along the Seine, near Paris. Resentful that Fauvism had been overtaken by Cubism as an art movement Vlaminck blamed Picasso "for dragging French painting into a wretched dead end and state of confusion".

During the Second World War Vlaminck visited Germany and on his return published a tirade against Picasso and Cubism in the periodical Comoedia in June 1942. A gifted story teller, Vlaminck wrote many autobiographies, which were somewhat marred either by vagueness or lack of absolute truthfulness. Vlaminck died in Rueil-la-Gadelière on 11 October 1958. Two of Vlaminck's groundbreaking paintings, Sur le zinc and L'homme a la pipe were painted in 1900. For the next few years Vlaminck lived in or near Chatou and exhibiting alongside Derain and other Fauvist painters. At this time his exuberant paint application and vibrant use of colour displayed the influence of Vincent van Gogh. Sur le zinc called to mind the work of Toulouse-Lautrec and his portrayals of prostitutes and solitary drinkers, but does not attempt to probe the sitter's psychology—a break with the century-old European tradition of individualized portraiture. According to art critic Souren Melikian, it is "the impersonal cartoon of a type."

In his landscape paintings, his approach was similar. He ignored the details, with the landscape becoming a vehicle through which he could express mood through violent colour and brushwork. An example is Sous bois, painted in 1904; the following year, he began to experiment with "deconstruction," turning the physical world into dabs and streaks of colour that convey a sense of motion. His paintings Le Pont de Chatou, Les Ramasseurs de pommes de terre, La Seine a Chatou and Le Verger exemplify this trend. Vlaminck's compositions show familiarity with the Impressionists, several of whom had painted in the same area in the 1870s and 1880s. After visiting a Van Gogh exhibit, he declared that he "loved Van Gogh that day more than my own father". From 1908 his palette grew more monochromatic, the predominant influence was that of Cézanne, his work displayed a dark palette, punctuated by heavy strokes of contrasting white paint. Some of his works are held at the Minneapolis Institute of Art. Maurice de Vlaminck on artnet 75 images of de Vlaminck's painting art, on Wikiart Maurice de Vlaminck Bio - Findlay Galleries Maurice de Vlaminck - Biography Works by Maurice de Vlaminck

Hey Jupiter

"Hey Jupiter" is a song written and recorded by American singer-songwriter Tori Amos. It was the fourth single from her album Boys for Pele and was her first EP since Crucify in 1992. Hey Jupiter features a remixed version of "Hey Jupiter" followed by four live tracks recorded during her Dew Drop Inn Tour of 1996; the song is featured on the double-A CD singles released in the UK and Australia. Live versions can be found on the US "Bliss" single in 1999, the London show of her The Original Bootlegs series, of the 27 shows part of the Legs and Boots series, released over 2007 and 2008; the US Hey Jupiter EP debuted at number 94 on the Billboard 200. The EP remained on the chart for only 3 weeks before falling off in September; as of May 2008, 12 years after its release, the Hey Jupiter EP has sold 172,000 copies in the US, according to Nielsen SoundScan. The "Hey Jupiter/Professional Widow" double A-side single release peaked at number 20 on the UK Top 40 chart; the Australian double A-side release debuted at number 68 on the ARIA Singles Chart in October 1996 and peaked at number 17 in February 1997, maintaining the peak position for three weeks.

The double A-side single remained on the chart for 31 weeks throughout 1996 and 1997, ranking at number 65 on the Australian year-end chart for 1997. The music video for "Hey Jupiter" was directed by Earle Sebastian, who has worked with the likes of Bono, The Fugees, Missy Elliott; the video is set to the edit of The Dakota version, as opposed to the extended Dakota version or the LP version of the song. The video features Amos being guided through a burning building by a small girl. According to Amos in the audio commentary provided on the video Fade to Red, the small girl represents an Angel, leading her out of the physical world and into a spiritual world. Tori plays herself in the video trying to leave a relationship/addiction but can't so does something sort of crazy; the audience on the sidewalk watching the apartment building burn down resembles the people in our lives who are forced to watch us self-destruct. US EP All tracks are written except where noted. Australia and UK Double A-side CD single "Hey Jupiter" / - 5:07 "Hey Jupiter" - 6:03 "Hey Jupiter" - 4:14 Tori Amos – acoustic piano, vocals Steve Caton – guitars Justin Meldal-Johnsenbass Andy Ling – programming The version of "Hey Jupiter" released on the EP differs from the version which appears on the album Boys for Pele.

It is not a full re-recording. While the album version is a piano solo track, the Dakota Version adds many more layers including bass, guitars and a rhythm track taken from the earlier B-side track "Sugar". Lyrically, new bridges and an extended coda are added, making the song longer despite the fact that the third verse from the album version is omitted; the new version emphasises the song's chordal similarity to Prince's classic power ballad "Purple Rain," which featured an extended instrumental coda. The Dakota Version has been performed on each of Amos's tours since the Dew Drop Inn Tour. Traditionally, Amos performs the album version when on solo piano, although the Dakota version was performed on the vast majority of nights of the "American Doll Posse" world tour; the full length version of the studio Dakota version is featured on Tori's Anthology box set, "A Piano". Tori Amos - "Hey Jupiter" on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

George Wyatt Truscott

Sir George Wyatt Truscott, 1st Baronet was a British businessman and Lord Mayor of London from 1908 to 1909. Truscott was born in 1857, the eldest surviving son of Alderman Sir Francis Wyatt Truscott and Eliza Freeman, daughter of James Freeman, his father was Lord Mayor of London 1879–80, a sister Louisa Truscott was the wife of Sir Homewood Crawford, for many years Solicitor to the Corporation of the City of London. He was educated at private schools, stayed for a while in Paris, he was Chairman of Brown, Knight & Truscott, Ltd and stationers. Truscott had a long career in the City of London, he was a Common Councilman, City of London, 1882–1895 elected Alderman of the Dowgate Ward, in succession to his late father, in 1895. He was elected a Sheriff of the City of London in 1902, together with Thomas Henry Brooke-Hitching. Five years he was elected Lord Mayor of the City of London in 1908, he was on the Commission for the Lieutenancy for City of London. Truscott received the Honorary Freedom of the City of London in 1937.

Truscott was knighted. For his service as Lord Mayor he was customary created a Baronet, of Oakleigh in East Grinstead in the County of Sussex, on 16 July 1909, he received several foreign awards during his years in the City, including Officer of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France, Officer of the Order of Leopold of Belgium, Knight Commander of the Order of Wasa of Sweden, Knight Commander of the Order of the Rising Sun of Japan, Grand Cross of the Russian Order of St Stanislaus. Truscott married elder daughter of George Gordon Stanham, an architect, she was a Lady of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. They had two daughters. One of their sons were killed in the war, the other was Eric Homewood Stanham Truscott who succeeded him as baronet in 1941

Diphenylprolinol

Diphenylprolinol, or --diphenyl-2-pyrrolidinyl-methanol, is a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor, used as a designer drug. The dextrorotary --enantiomer is the most pharmacologically active, although a variety of related derivatives have been studied. Side effects including chest pain have been seen following recreational use of diphenylprolinol, although it was combined with glaucine in a party pill product, thus making it impossible to say for certain which drug was responsible. Diphenylprolinol can be used to prepare the chiral CBS catalyst, used for enantioselective organic synthesis. 2-Diphenylmethylpyrrolidine Desoxypipradrol Pipradrol Prolinol Corey-Bakshi-Shibata reduction

Post & Tele Museum

The Post & Tele Museum was Denmark’s national museum of post and telecommunications from 1913 to 2017. In January 2017 it reopened in Tele og Kommunikation; the museum opened in 1913 in the Central Post Office building in Tietgensgade with a stamp collection and objects collected by former Head Postmaster of Copenhagen, Jens Wilken Mørch. When in 1927 the postal and telegraph services were merged, the collections of the museum were extended with objects related to telecommunications. From July 1940 to 1945 the collections of the museum had to be put into storage, so the German occupying forces could use the premises for the censorship of letters. After moving a few more times the museum opened in a new location in Købmagergade in 1998, where it remained until its closure in 2015 in preparation for its relocation to Øster Alle, Østerbro. Like other Danish archives the museum has digitalized parts of its archive and made it available to the public via the Internet; this includes the yearbooks of the postal service, several thousand portraits of the postal employees and the phone books of Copenhagen from 1880 to 1965.

While the physical museum and archive closed in 2015 for the relocation, their online presence is uninterrupted. Official website New official website

Alternator (automotive)

Alternators are used in modern automobiles to charge the battery and to power the electrical system when its engine is running. Until the 1960s, automobiles used DC dynamo generators with commutators. With the availability of affordable silicon diode rectifiers, alternators were used instead; this was encouraged by the increasing electrical power required for cars in this period, with increasing loads from larger headlamps, electric wipers, heated rear windows and other accessories. The modern type of vehicle alternators were first used by the military from WWII, to power radio equipment on specialist vehicles. Post-war, other vehicles with high electrical demands, such as ambulances and radio taxis, could be fitted with optional alternators. Alternators were first introduced as standard equipment on a production car by the Chrysler Corporation on the Valiant in 1960, several years ahead of Ford and General Motors; some early automobiles, like the Ford Model T, used a different sort of charging system: an engine-driven magneto which generated low-voltage alternating current, supplied to trembler coils, which provided the high voltage needed to generate ignition sparks.

Since such a magneto system only depended on the engine's motion to generate current, it could be used when starting a manually cranked engine, provided the crank was pulled so that the magneto would produce enough current for the coils to make good sparks. The Model T incorporated its magneto into the engine flywheel; the first Model Ts used the magneto for the trembler coil ignition. Beginning with the 1915 model year, Ford added electric headlights powered by the magneto; the magneto circuit was AC, with no battery included. Starting in the 1919 model year, Ford upgraded the Model T to include an electric starter, standard for some models and optional for others; this starter installation included a battery, charged by a conventional dynamo, the lights were now powered by the battery. However, the flywheel magneto still powered the ignition, since models without the starter had no battery, they continued to use magneto-powered lights. Alternators have several advantages over direct-current generators.

They are lighter, more rugged, can provide useful charge at idle speed. They use slip rings having extended brush life over a commutator; the brushes in an alternator carry only DC excitation current, a small fraction of the current carried by the brushes of a DC generator, which carry the generator's entire output. A set of rectifiers is required to convert AC to DC. To provide direct current with low ripple, a polyphase winding is used and the pole-pieces of the rotor are shaped. Automotive alternators are belt-driven at 5-10 times crankshaft speed, much faster than a generator; the alternator runs at various RPM. This is not a problem. Alternator regulators are simpler than those for generators. Generator regulators require a cutout relay to isolate the output coils from the battery at low speed. Most generator regulators include a current limiter. Despite their names, both'DC generators' and'alternators' produce alternating current. In a so-called'DC generator', this AC current is generated in the rotating armature, converted to DC by the commutator and brushes.

In an'alternator', the AC current is generated in the stationary stator, is converted to DC by the rectifiers. Typical passenger vehicle and light truck alternators use Lundell or'claw-pole' field construction; this uses a shaped iron core on the rotor to produce a multi-pole field from a single coil winding. The poles of the rotor look like fingers of two hands interlocked with each other; the coil is mounted axially inside this and field current is supplied by slip rings and carbon brushes. These alternators have their field and stator windings cooled by axial airflow, produced by an external fan attached to the drive belt pulley. Modern vehicles now use the compact alternator layout; this has improved air cooling. Better cooling permits more power from a smaller machine; the casing now encloses the fan. Two fans are used, one at each end, the airflow is semi-radial, entering axially and leaving radially outwards; the stator windings now consist of a dense central band where the iron core and copper windings are packed, end bands where the windings are more exposed for better heat transfer.

The closer core spacing from the rotor improves magnetic efficiency. The smaller, enclosed fans produce less noise at higher machine speeds. Alternators can be water cooled in cars. Larger vehicles may have salient pole alternators similar to larger machines; the windings of a 3 phase alternator may be connected using either the Delta or Star connection regime set-up. Brushless versions of these type alternators are common in larger machinery such as highway trucks and earthmoving machinery. With two oversized shaft bearings as the only wearing parts, these can provide long and