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Max Ernst

Max Ernst was a German painter, graphic artist, poet. A prolific artist, Ernst was a primary pioneer of surrealism, he had no formal artistic training, but his experimental attitude toward the making of art resulted in his invention of frottage—a technique that uses pencil rubbings of objects as a source of images—and grattage, an analogous technique in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. He is noted for his novels consisting of collages. Max Ernst was born in Brühl, near Cologne, the third of nine children of a middle-class Catholic family, his father Philipp was a teacher of the deaf and an amateur painter, a devout Christian and a strict disciplinarian. He inspired in Max a penchant for defying authority, while his interest in painting and sketching in nature influenced Max to take up painting. In 1909 Ernst enrolled in the University of Bonn to read philosophy, art history, literature and psychiatry, he became fascinated with the art work of the mentally ill patients.

In 1911 Ernst befriended August Macke and joined his Die Rheinischen Expressionisten group of artists, deciding to become an artist. In 1912 he visited the Sonderbund exhibition in Cologne, where works by Pablo Picasso and post-Impressionists such as Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin profoundly influenced him, his work was exhibited that year together with that of the Das Junge Rheinland group, at Galerie Feldman in Cologne, in several group exhibitions in 1913. In his paintings of this period, Ernst adopted an ironic style that juxtaposed grotesque elements alongside Cubist and Expressionist motifs. In 1914 Ernst met Hans Arp in Cologne; the two became their relationship lasted for fifty years. After Ernst completed his studies in the summer, his life was interrupted by World War I. Ernst was served both on the Western Front and the Eastern Fronts; the effect of the war on Ernst was devastating. E. died. He was resurrected on the eleventh of November 1918". For a brief period on the Western Front, Ernst was assigned to chart maps, which allowed him to continue painting.

Several German Expressionist painters died in action during the war, among them August Macke and Franz Marc. In 1918, Ernst was returned to Cologne, he soon married art history student Luise Straus, whom he had met in 1914. In 1919, Ernst studied paintings by Giorgio de Chirico; the same year, inspired by de Chirico and mail-order catalogues, teaching-aide manuals and similar sources, he produced his first collages, a technique which would dominate his artistic pursuits. In 1919 Ernst, social activist Johannes Theodor Baargeld and several colleagues founded the Cologne Dada group. In 1919–20 Ernst and Baargeld published various short-lived magazines such as Der Strom, die Schammade and organised Dada exhibitions. Ernst and Luise's son Ulrich'Jimmy' Ernst was born on 24 June 1920. Ernst's marriage to Luise was short-lived. In 1921 he met Paul Éluard. Éluard bought two of Ernst's paintings and selected six collages to illustrate his poetry collection Répétitions. A year the two collaborated on Les malheurs des immortels and with André Breton, whom Ernst met in 1921, on the magazine Littérature.

In 1922, unable to secure the necessary papers, Ernst entered France illegally and settled into a ménage à trois with Éluard and his wife Gala in Paris suburb Saint-Brice, leaving behind his wife and son. During his first two years in Paris, Ernst took various odd jobs to make a living and continued to paint. In 1923 the Éluards moved to a new home in Eaubonne, near Paris, where Ernst painted numerous murals; the same year his works were exhibited at Salon des Indépendants. Although accepting the ménage à trois, Éluard became more concerned about the affair. In 1924 he abruptly left, first for Monaco and for Saigon, he soon asked Max Ernst to join him. Ernst went to Düsseldorf and sold a large number of his works to a long-time friend, Johanna Ey, owner of gallery Das Junge Rheinland. After a brief time together in Saigon, the trio decided; the Éluards returned to Eaubonne in early September, while Ernst followed them some months after exploring more of South-East Asia. He returned to Paris in late 1924 and soon signed a contract with Jacques Viot that allowed him to paint full-time.

In 1925 Ernst established a studio at rue Tourlaque. In 1925, Ernst invented a graphic art technique called frottage, which uses pencil rubbings of objects as a source of images, he created the'grattage' technique, in which paint is scraped across canvas to reveal the imprints of the objects placed beneath. He used this technique in Dove; the next year he collaborated with Joan Miró on designs for Sergei Diaghilev. With Miró's help, Ernst developed grattage, he explored with the technique of decalcomania, which involves pressing paint between two surfaces. Earst was active, along with fellow Surrealists, at the Atelier 17. Ernst developed a fascination with birds, prevalent in his work, his alter ego in paintings, which he called Loplop, was a

1982 (2013 film)

1982 is a 2013 American drama film written and directed by Tommy Oliver and starring Hill Harper. It is Oliver's directorial debut; the film is semi-autobiographical. Philadelphia 1982, he wraps his arms around her while saying “Scrapple” to their daughter Maya. Maya responses saying “with ice cream too” handing her dad a dish rag while saying “ice cream too, yay” and running out the kitchen. Tim says to Shenae “food was amazing babe” Shenae responds by mentioning she spoke to Tim’s mom but in fact she only called and take to Maya. Tim leaves the kitchen after being shocked that his mom and Shenae spoke but Shenae mentions she spoke to Maya. On that night The family played Scrapple and Shenae states how does Maya know so many words such as Panacea and she goes to define the word for her mom before her dad puts her in bed to say goodnight and puts change him her Michaelangelo bank. Next day, Maya is talking to Micah about the ball, she attempts to take the ball back but the keep it from her and the little boy.

Alonzo tells one of men to give the ball back. Alonzo grabs the man and say don’t make me have to ask you to do something twice and burns his face with the cigarette he was smoking. Alonzo ask the rest of the guys if they have anything else to say no one says anything. Back at the house Shenae is cleaning and Tim decides to put on a record by The Stylistics. While the record is playing Tim calls out to Shenae while she is in the kitchen, she says what he insist they dance together in the living room. He tells her he has tickets for Breakwater,Frankie Smith, Pieces of a Dream at 7pm but she’s declines and saying she is going out with Neecys instead. Maya walks in and starts to go upstairs but Tim tells her to come sit and talk with him, he ask about the book she is reading. Maya mentions The Iliad she misplaced it however states how she likes it a lot while her mom Shenae walks in interrupting their talk for a kiss. Maya goes up stairs. Tim starts to record Shenae with a tape recorded and she mentioned how she hates that thing and Tim stops.

Tim and Scoop are leaving work and Scoop asked Tim for a ride, Tim takes him to his house. Shenae is braiding Mayas hair. Maya ask to go outside and that’s where she runs into Alonzo saying he has a lollipop for her, Maya says bye and leaves after Shenae tells her too. Shenae ask Alonzo why he was at her house he states, he hands her heroin in a dime bag. Tim pulls up with Scoop. Ignoring the question she ask. Scoop Shenae ignores the question by telling Scoop “you know that’s why I don’t like you”. Scoop states how he doesn’t like her either tells Tim bye and walks away. Shenae tells. Shenae replies she sits on the steps outside staring at the small bag of drugs; that night Shenae is crying on the sofa holding a small teddy bear as Maya walks down the stairs she asked her mom if she is okay Shenae wipes her tears and says she’s fine and holds Maya. Maya asked her. Maya starts singing to her mom. Week 2 Shenae comes in at 7am and wakes Tim he tells her it’s 7o’clock asking where she was lastnight she replies Neecys.

Tim knocks on Necey's door in angrily asking. She first says no and he walks away a she says yes she left that morning. Tim goes through the motions waiting for Shenae to get home and she mentioned she was at Neecys and he ask her about the guy that she was talking to the other day she says no and goes to pack her things mentioning she’s going to Neecys, she runs into Maya in her way out and states they both needed a scrabble rematch Saturday at 2. Saturday came and Shenae never showed up. Tim told her Shenae was helping Neecy while she was sick and he got her Jim’s cheesesteak. Hill Harper as Tim Brown Sharon Leal as Shenae Brown Bokeem Woodbine as Scoop La La Anthony as Neecy Quinton Aaron as Turtle Wayne Brady as Alonzo Ruby Dee as Rose Brown Troi Zee as Maya Brown Chaz Dausuel as Terrence The film premiered at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival and made its multi-platform release on March 2016. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 75% based on 8 reviews, an average rating of 7.1/10.

Sheri Linden of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a positive review and wrote, "Suitably low-key but sometimes under-realized, this drama is fueled by its working-class milieu and a heart-wrenching performance by Hill Harper." List of black films of the 2010s 1982 on IMDb 1982 at Rotten Tomatoes

You Light Up My Life (Johnny Mathis album)

You Light Up My Life is an album by American pop singer Johnny Mathis, released on March 13, 1978, by Columbia Records. While this LP includes three new songs, it doesn’t stray too far from the format of his albums of recent years in covering established material, including a standard, a country number, something from Broadway, a few soundtrack tunes; the album made its first appearance on Billboard magazine's Top LP's & Tapes chart in the issue dated April 1, 1978, remained there for 24 weeks, peaking at number 9 while in the meantime receiving Gold certification from the Recording Industry Association of America on May 2 and Platinum certification two months on July 6. It made it to number 3 during a 19-week run on the UK album chart, on June 30 of that year the British Phonographic Industry awarded the album with Gold certification for sales of over 100,000 units in the UK; the single from the album, "Too Much, Too Little, Too Late", had its chart debut on Billboard magazine's list of the 100 most popular R&B singles in the US in the issue dated March 4, 1978, where it lasted for 20 weeks, four of which were spent at number one.

The following issue, dated March 11, marked its first appearance on the magazine's list of the 50 most popular Easy Listening records in the US, where it enjoyed one week out of the 19 it spent there in the top spot. On March 25 it became a new entry on the UK singles chart, where it got as high as number three over the course of 14 weeks. Billboard's April 1 issue saw the debut of the song on the Hot 100, where it stayed for 18 weeks, one of, at number one. Gold certification by the Recording Industry Association of America was awarded the following month, on May 2, for what was the required sales of one million units in the US, Silver certification by the British Phonographic Industry was issued for sales of over 250,000 units in the UK; the album was first released on compact disc in 1988. A 3-CD box set that included this album along with the follow-up that Mathis recorded with Deniece Williams entitled That's What Friends Are For and the 1991 compilation Better Together: The Duet Album was released on August 12, 1997.

You Light Up My Life was released as one of two albums on one CD by Funkytowngrooves on January 27, 2015, the other album being Mathis's Columbia release from September 1979, Mathis Magic. When the album came out, Billboard predicted, "This should be Mathis's biggest release in years," and that his "vocals are characteristically effortless as he glides over the big orchestral arrangements by Gene Page." They like the variety of genres covered. "The diversity of the material challenges him as a singer to make this one of his most well-balanced and satisfying albums." "You Light Up My Life" from You Light Up My Life – 3:55 "Emotion" performed with Deniece Williams – 3:16 "All I Ever Need" – 3:12 "Where or When" from Babes in Arms – 2:35 "If You Believe" from The Wiz – 3:31 "Too Much, Too Little, Too Late" performed with Deniece Williams – 2:59 "How Deep Is Your Love" from Saturday Night Fever – 3:42 "Till Love Touches Your Life" from Madron – 4:00 "I Wrote a Symphony on My Guitar" – 3:05 "It Was Almost Like a Song" – 3:49 From the liner notes for The Voice of Romance: The Columbia Original Album Collection: December 19, 1977 – "How Deep Is Your Love", "If You Believe", "It Was Almost Like a Song" December 20, 1977 – "Emotion", "I Wrote a Symphony on My Guitar", "Till Love Touches Your Life", "You Light Up My Life" December 21, 1977 – "All I Ever Need", "Too Much, Too Little, Too Late", "Where or When" From the liner notes for the original album: Johnny Mathis – vocals Deniece Williams – vocals Jack Gold – producer Gene Page – arranger, conductor Glen Spreen – arranger, conductor Dick Bogert – recording engineer Ray Gerhardt – recording engineer Tom Perry – mix engineer Beverly Parker – photography, design Nancy Donald – design Mixed at Hollywood Sound

Richard Bessel

Richard Bessel is professor of twentieth century history at the University of York and a member of the editorial boards of German History and History Today. Bessel is a specialist in the social and political history of modern Germany, the aftermath of the two world wars and the history of policing. Bessel earned his BA at his DPhil at the University of Oxford, he is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Bessel is a fellow of the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies. Bessel's Germany 1945: From War to Peace, dealing with the transition from German defeat at the end of the Second World War to peace, was positively reviewed by Jeffry Diefendorf in H-Net with the reviewer noting its relevance to modern debates about failed states and nation building. Brian Ladd, in The New York Times, noted Bessel's "sober" treatment of the topic and his preference for understatement over pathos. In Violence - A Modern Obsession, Bessel gave a history of violence in the twentieth century that The Guardian's reviewer saw as a warning.

Ian Bell, in The Herald, noted the denseness of the material and the hellishness of the twentieth century outlined by Bessel, but that the work was thoughtful rather than being a polemic against violence. Political Violence and the Rise of Nazism; the Storm Troopers in Eastern Germany 1925–1934. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984. Germany after the First World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993. Nazism and War. New York: Random House, 2004. Germany 1945: From War to Peace. Simon & Schuster and HarperCollins, 2009. Violence: A Modern Obsession. Simon & Schuster, 2015. ISBN 978-0743239578 http://www.historytoday.com/author/richard-bessel

Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz

Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz was a Norwegian Government Minister and Member of Parliament. Marcus Gjøe Rosenkrantz was born at Tveit near Kristiansand, Norway, his father, Otto Christian Rosenkrantz, was a career military officer in various Norwegian regiments who served as commander of Vardøhus Fortress. He attended the Royal Military mathematical school in Christiania from 1776-1780. In 1781, a became student at the University of Copenhagen where he earned his law degree in 1784, he worked for several years as an assessor for Overhoffretten, the highest court in Norway and the County Court in Christiania. In 1786, he bought Lerbaek Hovedgard manor at Frederikshavn with assets inherited from a distant relative, moved there in 1790. In 1796 he married Maren Juel. After the death of her husband, Peder Holter, Maren Juel owned and managed a number of properties including Losby in Lørenskog as well as the estates Hafslund and Borregaard in Sarpsborg and the Ljan Estate which included Stubljan in Nordstrand and Hvitebjørn in Oppegård.

In time, they became one of the largest sawmill owners and timber exporters in the country. Rosenkrantz was among those who met at Eidsvold in 1814, to discuss the future of Norway in the aftermath of the Treaty of Kiel, he became first minister of Norway during the period 1814–1815. He was elected as a Member of the Storting representing Smaalenenes Amt from 1818 to 1820 and from 1824 to 1827. During 1827–29, he represented Fredrikshald. Order of the Dannebrog Serafimerordenen Nordstjärneorden Glenthoj, Rasmus.

List of female movie actors by name: H–I

This is an alphabetical list of notable female movie actors with a last name that begins with the letter H or I. Some actors on this list are well-known because of their roles in films and television series, are therefore included both in this list and the list of television actors. Note: In some forms of current English usage, the terms actor or female actor are used in place of the more widespread actress. Käthe Haack Joan Hackett Sara Haden Jean Hagen Uta Hagen Julie Hagerty Nikki Hahn Liane Haid Barbara Hale Georgia Hale Louise Closser Hale Deidre Hall Jerry Hall Ilene Hamann Ayumi Hamasaki Linda Hamilton Lois Hamilton Margaret Hamilton Elaine Hammerstein Kay Hammond Susan Hampshire Irene Handl Anne Haney Daryl Hannah Alyson Hannigan Marcia Gay Harden Ann Harding Mariska Hargitay Jean Harlow Angie Harmon Valerie Harper Barbara Harris Danielle Harris Julie Harris Mildred Harris Naomie Harris Kathleen Harrison Dolores Hart Melissa Joan Hart Elizabeth Hartman Lilian Harvey Reika Hashimoto Signe Hasso Leila Hatami Teri Hatcher Anne Hathaway June Haver Phyllis Haver June Havoc Goldie Hawn Mary Elise Hayden Salma Hayek Allison Hayes Helen Hayes Patricia Hayes Susan Hayward Rita Hayworth Hy Hazell Eileen Heckart Tippi Hedren Tricia Helfer Anne Helm Brigitte Helm Mariel Hemingway Florence Henderson Wanda Hendrix Sonja Henie Linda Henning Pamela Hensley Gladys Henson Natasha Henstridge Audrey Hepburn Katharine Hepburn Eileen Herlie Barbara Hershey Jennifer Love Hewitt Anne Heywood Catherine Hicks Joan Hickson Rumi Hiiragi Hildegarde Wendy Hiller Daisy and Violet Hilton Paris Hilton Thora Hird Rose Hobart Valerie Hobson Jutta Hoffmann Fay Holden Gloria Holden Judy Holliday Lauren Holly Celeste Holm Katie Holmes Jennifer Holt Darla Hood Vida Hope Miriam Hopkins Marianne Hoppe Hedda Hopper Lena Horne Brigitte Horney Jane Horrocks Brennan Hoskins Whitney Houston Bryce Dallas Howard Sally Ann Howes Kelly Hu Vanessa Hudgens Kate Hudson Jennifer Hudson Rochelle Hudson Louise Huff Felicity Huffman Kay Hughes Mary Beth Hughes Josephine Hull Benita Hume Gayle Hunnicutt Helen Hunt Linda Hunt Marsha Hunt Martita Hunt Holly Hunter Kim Hunter Isabelle Huppert Elizabeth Hurley Veronica Hurst Suad Husni Olivia Hussey Ruth Hussey Anjelica Huston Betty Hutton Lauren Hutton Leila Hyams Martha Hyer Frieda Inescort Jill Ireland Amy Irving May Irwin Rosalind Ivan