Maxime Weygand was a French military commander in World War I and World War II. Weygand served as a staff officer to Ferdinand Foch in World War I. Weygand fought against the Germans during the invasion of France in 1940, but signed an armistice with and collaborated with the Germans as part of the Vichy France regime before being arrested by the Germans for not collaborating with them. Weygand was born in Brussels of unknown parents, he was long suspected of being the illegitimate son of either Empress Carlota of Mexico and General Alfred Van der Smissen. Van der Smissen always seemed a candidate for Weygand's father because of the striking resemblance between the two men. In 2003, the French journalist Dominique Paoli claimed to have found evidence that Weygand's father was indeed van der Smissen, but the mother was Mélanie Zichy-Metternich, lady-in-waiting to Carlota. Paoli further claimed that Weygand had been born in mid-1865, not January 1867 as is claimed. Regardless, throughout his life Weygand maintained.
While an infant he was sent to Marseille to be raised by a widow named Virginie Saget, whom he took to be his mother. At age 6 he was transferred to the household of David Cohen de Léon, a financier of Sephardic origins, a friend of Leopold II. Upon reaching adulthood, Weygand was acknowledged as a son by Francois-Joseph Weygand, an accountant in the employ of M. Cohen de Léon, thereby granting him French citizenship. In his memoirs he says little about his youth, devoting to it only 4 pages out of 651, he mentions the gouvernante and the aumônier of his college, who instilled in him a strong Roman Catholic faith. His memoirs begin with his entry into the preparatory class of Saint-Cyr Military School in Paris, as if he had wished to disregard his connection with Mme. Saget and M. Cohen de Leon. Weygand was admitted to the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr, under the name of "Maxime de Nimal" as a foreign cadet. Graduating in 1887, he was posted to a cavalry regiment. After changing his name to Weygand and receiving French nationality, he became an instructor at Saumur.
During the Dreyfus affair, Weygand was one of the most anti-Dreyfusard officers of his regiment, supporting the widow of Colonel Hubert-Joseph Henry, who had committed suicide after the discovery of the falsification of the charges against Captain Dreyfus. Once promoted to captain, Weygand chose not to attempt the difficult preparation to the École Supérieure de Guerre because of his desire, he said, to keep contact with the troops; this did not prevent him from becoming an instructor at the Cavalry School at Saumur. He was one of the few to attend the Centre des Hautes Etudes Militaires, set up in the spring of 1909, despite not having been "breveté". Along with Joffre and Foch, Weygand attended the Russian manoeuvres in 1910; as a lieutenant colonel Weygand attended the last prewar French grand manoeuvres, in 1913, commented that it had revealed "intolerable insufficiencies" such as two divisions becoming mixed up. Weygand passed World War I as a staff officer. At the outbreak, he satisfied his taste for contact with the troops by spending 26 days with the 5ème Hussars.
On 28 August, he joined the staff of General Ferdinand Foch, under whom he was to serve for much of the rest of the war. Weygand was promoted to général de brigade in 1916, he wrote of the Anglo-French Somme Offensive in 1916, at which Foch commanded French Army Group North, that it had seen "constant mix-ups with an ally learning how to run a large operation and whose doctrines and methods were not yet in accordance with ours". British Prime Minister David Lloyd George pushed for the creation of a Supreme War Council, formally established on 7 November 1917. Keen to sideline the British Chief of the Imperial General Staff, General Sir William Robertson, he insisted that, as French Army Chief of the General Staff, Foch could not be French Permanent Military Representative on the SWC. Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister until 13 November, believed that Lloyd George was pushing for Foch to be Supreme Allied Commander so wanted him as PMR not French Chief of Staff; the new Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau wanted Foch as PMR to increase French control over the Western Front, but was persuaded to appoint Weygand, seen much as Foch's sidekick, instead.
Clemenceau told US President Woodrow Wilson's envoy, Colonel Edward M. House that he would put in a "second- or third-rate man" as PMR and "let the thing drift where it will". Weygand was the most junior of the PMRs, he was promoted général de division in 1918. This promotion was because of his appointment as a PMR. However, Clemenceau only agreed to set up an Allied General Reserve if Foch rather than Weygand were earmarked to command it; the Reserve was shelved for the time being at a SWC Meeting in London as the national commanders in chief, Philippe Pétain and Sir Douglas Haig, were reluctant to release divisions. Weygand was in charge of Foch's staff when his patron was appointed Supreme Allied Commander in the spring of 1918, was Foch's right
Henry Lamshed was a farmer and politician in colonial South Australia. Lamshed was born near Plymouth, England, a descendant of an old Newton Abbott, family, he emigrated to South Australia on the Lord Hungerford, arriving at Port Adelaide in November 1856, for several years worked on a farm at McLaren Vale. He established a carrying business at Strathalbyn, he took up land near Maitland when that district was first opened for settlement around 1875, ran a farm there, "Oakwood", until around 1916, when he retired. He was a member of the Strathalbyn District Council from 1867 and in 1888 was one of the foundation members of the Yorke's Peninsula District Council, he was elected to the seat of Yorke Peninsula in the South Australian House of Assembly and served from April 1890 to April 1893 as a colleague of Harry Bartlett. He was buried in Maitland. Henry Lamshed married Harriet Johnston, he married again, to Elizabeth Choules in November 1864. Her family arrived in S. A. on the Diadem in November 1840.
He married a third time, on 24 February 1898, to Sarah Jane Slade of Alberton. His children included: Samuel Thomas Lamshed born in Brighton, South Australia, married Sabina Cornish on 18 November 1885, lived at Kainton Sunny Vale, Yorke Peninsula. William Lamshed was drowned in a dam while watering horses. Henry Herbert Lamshed married Ann Greenslade on 6 March 1889, he was a Maitland town councillor and served a term from 1922 as Mayor and subsequently as Magistrate. He married again, to "Bessie", in late 1927. Ellen Mary "Nellie" Lamshed married Henry "Harry" Wilkinson on 31 March 1891 Frederick George Lamshed married Ada Jane Edwards on 29 April 1896, lived at "Oakwood", Maitland. Charles Arthur Lamshed married Alice Elisabeth Rowe on 15 December 1899. A worker for Red Cross and the Cheer-Up Society, he was postmaster at Yorketown when he died in a cricketing accident. Alice was appointed MBE in 1952 for her work with the South Australia Mental Hospital Women's Auxiliary. Francis Walter "Frank" Lamshed married Eva Tilly on 3 September 1902 Edith Elizabeth Lamshed Theodore William Lamshed The surname "Lamshed", rare elsewhere in Australia, was well known in South Australia around Strathalbyn, Maitland and Moonta in the late 19th century.
Another pioneering Lamshed family may be mentioned here, as they farmed in similar areas around the same time, may be confused. Their relationship, if any, is not yet clear. Thomas Lamshed born Bere Alston, emigrated 1862, lived Strathalbyn, married Elizabeth G Bailey, farmed at Echunga, Mount Crawford, Maitland, Sunny Vale, retired to Kadina. Thomas James Lamshed married Sarah Baldock of Tipara on 20 November 1889, lived Sunny Vale. Clarence Albert Lamshed was witness to the World War I death of cousin William Horace Lamshed. William Lamshed married Amy Gepp of Magill, was postmaster at Hallett c. 1897–1905, Wilmington 1905–1909 lived at Mile End Samuel Lamshed married Annie Florence Scott of Moonta on 28 January 1892. He married again, to Emma "Emmie" Mutton on 2 March 1904, lived Kainton KadinaWilliam Horace "Will" Lamshed, born at Weetulta, was killed in action, Polygon Wood, during the Third Battle of Ypres. Gilbert Lamshed married Laura Ethel Porker of Kainton on 8 March 1899, lived Cunliffe Seaton Park, Adelaide Arthur John "Jack" Lamshed married Priscilla Florence??, lived at Cunliffe Kadina Ada Elizabeth Lamshed married Francis Herbert Baldock of Sandilands Alfred George Lamshed married Florence Ann "Flo" Walker on 3 April 1907, lived Tipara Sunny Vale Herbert Sydney Lamshed married Margaretta Stanway on 30 June 1909 Walter Ernest "Ern" Lamshed married Mabel Phillips on 27 June 1921, farmed at Kadina Nellie May Lamshed married George Robinson Snodgrass, farmed at Wallaroo.
Lucretia Crocker was an American science educator. Although there is not much information available about Lucretia Crocker's childhood, we know that her family has long standing roots in New England. Researchers claim that her ancestors settled in the "Old Common Wealth", better known now as the state of Massachusetts. Crocker was born on the 31st of December in 1829, daughter of county sheriff and businessman Henry, Lydia E. Crocker in Barnstable, Massachusetts. Crocker had ancestors. Throughout her adolescence she attended Boston public schools, her family moved to Shawmut Avenue in Boston, were she attended the Normal School for Girls. The school system was established in Lexington, Mass in 1839, she went on to graduate from the Massachusetts State Normal School in West Newton in 1850. Crocker graduating in 1850 indicates that she began her schooling at Massachusetts State Normal School in 1847 or 1848, she attended lectures by J. L. R. Agassiz at Harvard, although at the time women could only attend Harvard as guests.
Crocker was progressive in her views on education as she promoted science and valued it as useful knowledge. She taught at the State Normal School from 1850 to 1854 when she resigned. After leaving Massachusetts she continued her teaching career in Ohio where she started a job as an educator, from 1857 to 1859 she was professor of mathematics and astronomy at Antioch College; the State Normal school in West Newton moved to Framingham M. A. in 1853. It is presently known as Framingham State College, includes Crocker Hall, a building name in Lucretia Crocker's memory; the construction of this addition began in 1886, the year. In 1859 she returned to Boston to care for her parents, become involved in educational activities there at the Newbury Street School. From 1865 for some years she assisted in selecting the American Unitarian Association's Sunday School books. From 1866 to 1875 she was a member of the New England Freedman's Aid Society's Committee on Teaching. In 1869 she toured the freedmen's schools.
She was teaching botany and mathematics in a private school at around this time. Crocker was elected to the Boston School Committee in 1873. From 1873 to about 1876 she was head of the science department of the Society to Encourage Studies at Home, serving on the board of school supervisors from 1876 to 1886. Crocker died on the 9th of October 1886 in Boston, her home is featured on the Boston Women's Heritage Trail. Throughout her life, Lucretia Crocker achieved various accomplishments as one of the first well known female educators in the United States, she was the first woman elected into the Boston School Committee, was the first female supervisor in the Boston Public Schools District. Additionally, she was an associate member of the Boston Society of Natural History, she was most well known for her teachings of natural science. Around this time her and Mary L Hall co-authored her first book Our World. Crocker founded the Women's Education Association in 1872. From 1873-1876 she served as the Head of the Science Department of The Society to Encourage Studies at Home.
This was known as The Silent University. In addition she was appointed as a member of the committee on Teacher's for the New England. In 1880 Crocker was elected to the America Association of Science. Crocker served the disabled as a member of the executive committee for the Boston School for Deaf Mutes. In life, she wrote another book, Methods of Teaching Geography. Our World Methods of Teaching Geography