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Maxwell Montes

Maxwell Montes is a mountain massif on the planet Venus, of which a peak is the highest point on the planet's surface. Located on Ishtar Terra, the more northern of the planet's two major highlands, Maxwell Montes is 11 kilometres high, it rises about 6.4 kilometers above and to the east of Lakshmi Planum, is about 853 kilometres long by 700 kilometres wide. The western slopes are steep, whereas the eastern slopes descend into Fortuna Tessera. Due to its elevation it is the least pressurised location on the surface of Venus; the origin of the Lakshmi Planum and the mountain belts such as Maxwell Montes is controversial. One theory suggests they formed over a hot plume of material rising from the interior of the planet, while another says the region is being compressed from all sides, resulting in material descending into the interior of the planet; the broad ridges and valleys making up Maxwell Montes and Fortuna Tessera suggest that the topography resulted from compression. The parallel ridges and valleys were cut by extensional faults.

The extreme height of Maxwell Montes in relation to other compressional mountain ranges around Lakshmi Planum suggests that its origin is more complex. Most of Maxwell Montes has a bright radar return, common on Venus at high altitudes; this phenomenon is thought to result from the presence of a mineral a metallic snow. Early suggestions included tellurium. By using radar to probe through the permanent and thick clouds in the Venusian atmosphere and make observations of the surface, scientists at the American Arecibo Radio Telescope in Puerto Rico discovered the extensive highland on Venus that came to be called Maxwell Montes in 1967. In 1978, the space probe Pioneer Venus 1 went into orbit around Venus for the purpose of making radar observations of the Venusian surface; these observations made possible the creation of the first topographic map of the surface of Venus, confirmed that a point within Maxwell Montes is the highest point above the average level of the planet's surface. Maxwell Montes is named for James Clerk Maxwell whose work in mathematical physics predicted the existence of radio waves, which made radar, thus the surface observations of Venus, possible.

Maxwell Montes, Alpha Regio, Beta Regio are the three exceptions to the rule that the surface features of Venus are to be named for females. The name given by Ray Jurgens in 1970 on the urging of Tommy Gold, was approved by the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature between 1976 and 1979. List of montes on Venus List of tallest mountains in the Solar System

Charlie Perry (footballer, born 1866)

Charles Perry was an English football centre-half who played for West Bromwich Albion and England. Perry was born in West Bromwich, he joined West Bromwich Albion in March 1884 and turned professional in August 1885. He made his first team debut in the 1886 FA Cup Final against Blackburn Rovers at The Oval, a match that finished 0–0. Perry collected a runners-up medal, he was on the losing side once more in the 1887 final, in a 2–0 defeat to Aston Villa. He picked up his first winner's medal in 1888 as Albion beat Preston North End 2–1. Charlie Perry made his league debut on 8 September 1888, at centre-half for West Bromwich Albion in a 2–0 win against Stoke at the Victoria Ground, Stoke, he played 20 of the "Throstles" 22 Football League matches and was part of a defence-line that achieved four clean-sheets whilst restricting the opposition to a single goal on four occasions. Charlie Perry had another winner's medal in the 3–0 win over Aston Villa in 1892. However, he missed the 1895 FA Cup Final due to an injury that forced his retirement in May 1896.

Perry made 219 career appearances for Albion in scoring 16 goals. From 1896 until 1902 he served the club as a director. Charlie Perry was grand captain, he had a polished style, was determined in everything he did, cool under pressure and a man who marshalled his defence magnificently from the centre-half position, undoubtedly his best. His younger brother, Tom played for West Bromwich Albion from 1890 to 1901 and made one England appearance. West Bromwich Albion FA Cup winner: 1888 & 1892 FA Cup runner-up: 1886 & 1887 Charlie Perry at


Bhawaiya is a musical form or a popular folk music in Northern Bangladesh Rangpur District and in Cooch Behar, part of Darjeeling and North Dinajpur district of West Bengal and Dhubri and Goalpara of Assam in India. These area were covered by Kamtapur state and so for the song Kamtapuri language is used; this folk song is sung traditionally both solo and by chorus. There are various viewpoints regarding the meaning of Bhawaiya. Low-lying land with shrub and other vegetable are called Bhawa. Buffalo keepers used to sing this song while ploughing. Hence the name Bhawaiya came to exist. According to some other researcher Bhawaiya is derived from the word Bawaiya, subsequently derived from the word bao; the derivative of the word Bhawaiya is Bhav > Bhao + Iya = Bhawaiya. So the derivative meaning of this word is charged. According to Abbas Uddin, famous singer and composer of Bhawaiya song, this song is like the random and pleasant wind blowing of North Bengal and it is named as Bhawaiya. According to a survey among the performers of Bhawaiya song the name is derived from the word Bhao> Bhav.

It has a meaning of melancholy feeling. The most dominant part of the performers are the Rajbanshi or Kamtapuri people from the North bengal and northern part of Bangladesh, but the Brahmin, Yogi, Muslim who are the resident of this area are sing this folk song. Nowadays some of the well known bhawaiya songs are adopted in Bengali Cinema as well as in some modern folk bands. Folk song is characterised by a typical tonal structure which reflects specific natural and work related factors, topographical condition and phonetic characteristic of the region; the following tonal structure is used in Bhawaiya music: S R M P D n... S R G M P n.... M P D n D n D P M... N n S R G G M G R S..... Etc.. Flattened tone of S, R, G, D, P and sharpen tone of M are not used in this folk song. Use of only flattened n is a fundamental characteristic of Bhawaiya song. Dn Dn - is one of the known tonal texture of this song. S and M are used comparatively more here; the melody of this folk song does not go beyond the middle octave.

But in some recent song specially in catka the tune goes up to the upper octave. Bhawaiya song are sung in a higher pitch. Typical voice modulation is characteristic of this folk song. Lots of microtunes are used with the main pitch for this voice modulation. Bangladeshi film director Shahneoyaj Kakolii's movie Uttarer Sur is based on the life of Bhawaiya singer, it tells about the gradual demise of this folk song from the northern part of the Bangladesh due to poverty. This movie is screened in 18th Kolkata International Film Festival. A popular Bhawaiya song is Garial Bhai: ওকি গাড়িয়াল ভাই ওকি গাড়িয়াল ভাই কত রব আমি পন্থের দিকে চায়া রে। কি কব দুস্কেরও জ্বালা গাড়িয়াল ভাই গাঁথিয়াচিকনও মালা রে। যে দিন গাড়িয়াল উজান যায়, নারীর মন মোর ঝুরিয়া রয় রে। ওকি গাড়িয়াল ভাই হাকাও গাড়ি তুই চিলমারীর বন্দরে রে।. Documentary on Bhawaiya

1869 in Ireland

Events from the year 1869 in Ireland. July 26 – the royal assent is given to the Irish Church Act, disestablishing the Church of Ireland with effect from 1871 and abolishing payment of tithe, the legislation having passed through the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and House of Lords. August 31 – scientist Mary Ward is killed in a steam car accident at Parsonstown, Ireland's first victim of a mechanically propelled road vehicle. Anti-Irish riots at Pontlottyn in the Rhymney Valley of Wales result in one death. Waterloo Cup won by Master McGrath; the Royal Ulster Yacht Club of Bangor, County Down, receives its royal warrant. 16 March – Peter Maher, boxer. 27 March – James McNeill and second Governor-General of the Irish Free State. 26 April – Lowry Hamilton, cricketer. 19 May – John Wheatley, socialist politician 23 May – Hamilton Lyster Reed, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1899 at the Battle of Colenso, South Africa. 29 May – William Harman, cricketer. 1 August – Ambrose Upton Gledstanes Bury, politician in Alberta, Canada.

6 August – David McKee Wright, poet. 30 November – James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn, Unionist politician and first Governor of Northern Ireland. 27 December – William Harrington, cricketer. Helen Boyle and psychologist 30 January – William Carleton, writer. 11 February – Patrick J. Whelan and alleged Fenian sympathizer, convicted of assassination of Thomas D'Arcy McGee in 1868, hanged. 2 March – Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough, British Field Marshal. 6 March – James Emerson Tennent and traveller. 14 March – Joseph Francis Olliffe, physician. 26 March – John T. Mullock, Roman Catholic Bishop of St. John's, Newfoundland. 31 August – Mary Ward, scientist. 10 June – Joseph Prosser, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1855 at Sevastopol, Crimea

Prince of Wales Halt railway station

Prince of Wales Halt railway station was a short-lived station on the Romney and Dymchurch Railway in Kent, England. About three quarters of a mile from the Hythe terminus, in an area known as Palmarsh, the railway line and the Royal Military Canal diverge, the railway line passes under a large, double-arched, bridge carrying the road from Hythe to Lympne, it was intended to cross the road here on the level, but strenuous opposition from Hythe Borough Council led the Light Railway Commissioners to insist on a bridge, which it is said added £250 to the railway's construction cost. This bridge, the halt located here, took their names from the nearby Prince of Wales public house; the halt never had any station buildings, was a request stop for service trains, accessed by means of a steep footpath down from the road to the trackside, beside the bridge. The halt opened with the opening of the line in 1927, appearing in the timetables for the first year of operation only, before closing in 1928 due to lack of traffic.

Contemporary traffic figures, although sparse, could imply that no passenger used this tiny station. Its only historical distinctions are that it was, by a wide margin, the most short-lived, the most sparsely equipped, the most under-used station on the line

Joel Lamstein

Joel Lamstein is the co-founder and president of John Snow, Inc. and JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. global public health research and consulting firms. Founded in 1978, JSI has more than 3,200 employees worldwide dedicated to improving the health of individuals and communities, working across the United States and the world. Joel Lamstein is the president of World Education, a nonprofit organization committed "to improving the lives of the impoverished through education and social development programs." Joel Lamstein was born in New York. He has three children. Lamstein graduated from the University of Michigan in 1965 with a Bachelor of Science in Math and Physics, he was present for President John F. Kennedy's announcement of the creation of the Peace Corps in 1960, which has influenced his life choices. After graduation, Lamstein worked at IBM before attending the MIT Sloan School of Management. While at Sloan, Lamstein became involved in anti-war activities, his MIT professors took notice and invited him to do the computer model programming on a public health research project, introducing him to the field of global health.

In 1971, Lamstein co-founded Management Sciences for Health, a nonprofit international health organization. In 1978, Joel Lamstein and Norbert Hirschhorn left MSH and founded John Snow, named after the father of epidemiology, John Snow, launched as a small for-profit business focused on health care in the United States. In 1979, Lamstein launched an affiliated nonprofit partner, JSI Research & Training Institute, in 1980, the organizations began working internationally. In addition to leading JSI, in 1982 Lamstein assumed the role of president of World Education, an organization founded in 1951 to meet the needs of the educationally disadvantaged women and girls. Today, Joel Lamstein leads more than 3,600 staff from three organizations in 45 countries, implementing more than 300 projects that strengthen health and educational systems, build community skills and support, address people’s health care and literacy needs. Lamstein is an adjunct senior lecturer at the Harvard School of Public Health).

He has lectured at various universities including: the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, MIT Sloan School, the Boston University School of Public Health, the Harvard Kennedy School of Government on organizational strategy, nonprofit management, international development, strategic management. In 2016, Lamstein was appointed Chair of Dean’s Advisory Board at Boston University School of Public Health, he is the Board Chair at the nonprofit Seed Global Health and on the advisory council of the Children’s Health Fund in New York. Lamstein has advised multiple public health initiatives across the globe with specific focus on health care management. Lamstein and JSI support several scholarships, including the John Snow, Inc.. Awards at: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, The University of Michigan School of Public health, Boston University School of Public Health, The University of Southern California, the Mabelle Arole Fellowship in India administered by the American Medical Student Association, among others.

Lamstein was profiled in The New York Times The Boss column in 2011, under the headline "Witnessing Social Impact." In September 2009, Lamstein was selected for the CEO Social Leadership Award, sponsored by the Lewis Family Foundation and presented by the Boston Business Journal. George Donnelly, editor of the Boston Business Journal and a member of the CEO Social Leadership Award selection committee, remarked, “Joel Lamstein embodies the CEO who walks the talk around social responsibility." Lamstein has made a social impact through JSI health care programs as well as a policy of donating five to seven percent of net profits to charity. NECN video interview with Joel Lamstein In 2003, Lamstein and two other JSI staff were knighted for their exceptional work in public health in Madagascar. Lamstein received the Médaille de l’Officier de l’Ordre National Malagasy, earning the title of Lord Lamstein. Lamstein addressed graduating MPH students at the Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine convocation in December, 2007.

His speech encouraged new graduates to get involved and understand the field, while "moving on." Blog: The Mexico City Policy does not Actually Consider Women’s Health The Huffington Post. 27 January 2017. Blog: Powering Programs With the Right Vaccines to the Right Place at the Right Time... The Huffington Post. 18 February 2016. Blog: Six Ways to Rebuild Liberia’s Health System: What’s Next for Liberia The Huffington Post. 6 August 2015. Blog: Local Liberian Communities Take Action The Huffington Post. 24 December 2014. Blog: Health Workers on the Frontlines of the Ebola Epidemic in Liberia The Huffington Post. 21 November 2014. Blog: Simple Solutions to Global Problems: How Two Medicines Promise Life for Mothers and Infants in Nigeria The Huffington Post. 17 June 2014. Blog: Using Technology to Close the Education Gap for Girls The Huffington Post. 6 March 2014. Blog: Getting Meds to Sick Kids at the End of the Supply Chain The Huffington Post. 9 November 2012. Feature: "Witnessing Social Impact, The Boss column" The New York Times.

28 August 2011. Blog: “International Women’s Day: Can Technology Close the Gap for Girls and Women?” The Huffington Post. 9 March 2011. Blog: “U. S. Investments in Health are Working—and Georgia Reminds Us We Must Sustain and Extend the Gains."The Huffington Post. 3 Feb 2011. Blog: “Why Nutrition Matters.”The Huffington Post. 19 May 2010. Blog: "Re-Discovering U. S. Leadership: An Unlikely Contender."The Huffington Post. 8 Jan 2010. Feature: “An Obligation to Give Back: Joel Lamstein Covers the World but Still has Time