New Holland, Pennsylvania
New Holland is a borough in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, USA. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,378, up from 5,092 in the 2000 United States Census. New Holland was settled in 1728 by brothers John John Phillip Ranc. Before it became known as New Holland, it had been called Hog Swamp and New Design. New Holland, Pennsylvania is the twin city of France; the New Holland Machine Company and John Casper Stoever Log House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Holland is located at 40°6′8″N 76°5′16″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.1 square miles, all of it land. New Holland is a terminus of the New Holland Secondary Rail Line, which splits off of the Amtrak Keystone Line just east of Lancaster Station in Lancaster, Pennsylvania; the line is owned by Norfolk Southern Railway, is operated to supply a number of businesses along the way, notably, RR Donnelley and Sons Printing, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, as well as one of the Dart Container factories, L&S Sweeteners, both in Leola, Pennsylvania.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,092 people, 2,084 households, 1,448 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,444.2 people per square mile. There were 2,159 housing units at an average density of 1,036.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 90.34% White, 1.02% African American, 0.08% Native American.025% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.57% from other races, 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.42% of the population. In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.4% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.1 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $44,446, the median income for a family was $50,758. Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,766 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $20,187.
About 3.4% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over. The Eastern Lancaster County School District has its district headquarters in New Holland, Pennsylvania; this site houses both Garden Spot High School and Garden Spot Middle School. Elementary schools within the district include: New Blue Ball and Brecknock; this area is served by the Eastern Lancaster County Library http://www.elancolibrary.org known as New Holland Library. The ELANCO Library is located on Chestnut St. in New Holland and is a member of the Library System of Lancaster County. The New Holland Farmer's Fair is an annual festival held in New Holland. Http://ranck.org/Joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=218&Itemid=202" The Ranks of the Ranks "A history of the Ranck Family in Lancaster County" New Holland borough website A Brief History of New Holland New Holland Weather
Strasburg is a borough in Lancaster County, United States. It developed as a linear village along the Great Conestoga Road, stretching about two miles along path known as the Strasburg Road; the population was 2,800 at the 2000 census. The town was named after Strasbourg in the native home of an early settler; the town is called "Train Town USA" because of the many railroad attractions in and around town, including the Strasburg Rail Road and the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania. Much of the movie Witness was filmed on a farm nearby. Much of the borough was listed as a historic district by the National Register of Historic Places in 1983; the Old Conestoga Road was in use by 1714, by 1750 a tavern and some log houses were built near the current site of Strasburg. Strasburg grew. By 1759, there were 32 taxable properties in the town, including about ten hotels. Many early settlers were Huguenots or Swiss or German Mennonites and several church congregations of various faiths formed during the 1760s.
The first church was built in 1807 by Methodists. The Old Conestoga Road was the main path connecting Philadelphia to the west, but in 1792 the new Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike was built, bypassing Strasburg four miles to the north. However, in 1793 construction on the new Strasburg Road started following the old road, passing through West Chester on the way to Philadelphia, it attracted traffic. This road developed into PA 741. By 1815 there were 90 houses in Strasburg, about half of which were two stories, indicating a well-off population. There were 53 log, 29 brick, 4 limestone houses. About half of the log houses survive today, as well as 12 of the brick houses and all 4 of the stone houses. About 150 other houses stand in the historic district, nearly all built before 1900. Strasburg is located at 39°58′56″N 76°10′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,800 people, 1,110 households, 798 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2,714.1 people per square mile. There were 1,135 housing units at an average density of 1,100.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97.64% White, 0.57% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population. There were 1,110 households, out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.6% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.1% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.02. In the borough the population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $47,821, the median income for a family was $56,829. Males had a median income of $38,946 versus $26,424 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $23,346. About 2.0% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over. The Borough of Strasburg is protected by the Strasburg Volunteer Fire Company, Lancaster County Fire Company # 5-10, Zone 5; the Volunteer Fire Department is located at 203 Franklin Street in a brand new four garage bay facility. The Volunteer Fire Department operates an apparatus fleet of one rescue engine, one engine, one quint, one tanker, one squad. John Alexander Ahl, United States Congressman David Craighead, organist Matt Feiler, football player for Pittsburgh Steelers Don Wert, baseball player for 1968 World Series champion Detroit Tigers The borough is in the Lampeter-Strasburg School District.
Strasburg Railroad Choo Choo Barn National Toy Train Museum Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania Sight & Sound Theatres National Register of Historic Places listings in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Strasburg borough website Strasburg Heritage Society Website Local Directory
Terre Hill, Pennsylvania
Terre Hill is a borough in Lancaster County, United States. The population was 1,237 at the 2000 census, which rose to 1,261, as of July 2008. Terre Hill was known as Fairville, Pennsylvania, it was incorporated as a borough in 1907 after a successful court battle to separate from East Earl Township. Geographically, Terre Hill overlooks the Weaverland Valley of eastern Lancaster County; the borough was once considered to be the hub of cigar-making in Lancaster County. One of its most recognizable landmarks is a 19th-century clock located at the borough hall. Terre Hill's population was estimated to be 1,261, as of July 2008, it is home to the second-fewest residents of any incorporated borough in Lancaster County, with the exception of Christiana. Terre Hill has no traffic lights as of 2018. Terre Hill is located at 40°9′27″N 76°3′1″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,237 people, 440 households, 349 families residing in the borough.
The population density was 2,710.3 people per square mile. There were 454 housing units at an average density of 994.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.63% White, 0.16% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.73% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population. There were 440 households, out of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.7% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.5% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 5.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.17. In the borough the population was spread out, with 29.7% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $47,083, the median income for a family was $47,891. Males had a median income of $36,815 versus $21,442 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $19,128. About 3.2% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over. The borough has numerous public events throughout the year for residents and community members; these special events are sponsored by the fund raising group Terre Hill Days Committee. This committee donates all of its proceeds to upkeep of the Terre Hill Park; some events include: Breakfast & Yard Sales in the Park, Lunch in the Park, Ice Cream Social, Terre Hill Community Auction, Christmas Decorating Contest, Santa's Workshop, a Community Egg Hunt. Terre Hill's main event is Terre Hill Days. In 2007, the Borough celebrated its centennial year with a special Terre Hill Days festival.
Starting in 2018, a Christmas in the Park event will be held as a fundraiser for Terre Hill Park. In 1980, Calvin Trillin wrote a humorous article in the New Yorker about a dispute between the fire company of Terre Hill and its ladies auxiliary. Borough of Terre Hill Terre Hill Days Committee
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral and political crisis, he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, modernized the U. S. economy. Born in Kentucky, Lincoln grew up on the frontier in a poor family. Self-educated, he became Whig Party leader, state legislator and Congressman, he left government to resume his law practice, but angered by the success of Democrats in opening the prairie lands to slavery, reentered politics in 1854. He became a leader in the new Republican Party and gained national attention in 1858 for debating and losing to national Democratic leader Stephen A. Douglas in a Senate campaign, he ran for President in 1860, sweeping the North and winning. Southern pro-slavery elements took his win as proof that the North was rejecting the Constitutional rights of Southern states to practice slavery.
They began the process of seceding from the union. To secure its independence, the new Confederate States of America fired on Fort Sumter, one of the few U. S. forts in the South. Lincoln called up volunteers and militia to restore the Union; as the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican Party, Lincoln confronted Radical Republicans, who demanded harsher treatment of the South. Lincoln fought the factions by pitting them against each other, by distributing political patronage, by appealing to the American people, his Gettysburg Address became an iconic call for nationalism, equal rights and democracy. He suspended habeas corpus, he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. Lincoln supervised the war effort, including the selection of generals and the naval blockade that shut down the South's trade; as the war progressed, he maneuvered to end slavery, issuing the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. Lincoln managed his own re-election campaign, he sought to reconcile his damaged nation by avoiding retribution against the secessionists.
A few days after the Battle of Appomattox Court House, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer, on April 14, 1865, died the following day. Abraham Lincoln is remembered as the United States' martyr hero, he is ranked both by scholars and the public as among the greatest U. S. presidents. Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, as the second child of Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln, in a one-room log cabin on Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky, he was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman who migrated from Hingham, Norfolk, to its namesake Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638. Samuel's grandson and great-grandson began the family's westward migration, passing through New Jersey and Virginia. Lincoln's paternal grandfather and namesake, Captain Abraham Lincoln, moved the family from Virginia to Jefferson County, Kentucky, in the 1780s. Captain Lincoln was killed in an Indian raid in 1786, his children, including eight-year-old Thomas, Abraham's father, witnessed the attack.
Thomas worked at odd jobs in Kentucky and in Tennessee, before settling with members of his family in Hardin County, Kentucky, in the early 1800s. Lincoln's mother, Nancy, is assumed to have been the daughter of Lucy Hanks, although no record documents this. Thomas and Nancy married on June 12, 1806, in Washington County, moved to Elizabethtown, Kentucky, they produced three children: Sarah, born on February 10, 1807. Thomas Lincoln leased farms in Kentucky. Thomas became embroiled in legal disputes, lost all but 200 acres of his land in court disputes over property titles. In 1816, the family moved to Indiana, where the survey process was more reliable and land titles were more secure. Indiana was a "free" territory, they settled in an "unbroken forest" in Hurricane Township, Perry County. In 1860, Lincoln noted that the family's move to Indiana was "partly on account of slavery", but due to land title difficulties. In Kentucky and Indiana, Thomas worked as a farmer and carpenter, he owned farms, town lots and livestock, paid taxes, sat on juries, appraised estates, served on country slave patrols, guarded prisoners.
Thomas and Nancy were members of a Separate Baptists church, which forbade alcohol and slavery. Overcoming financial challenges, Thomas obtained clear title to 80 acres of land in what became known as the Little Pigeon Creek Community. On October 5, 1818, Nancy Lincoln died of milk sickness, leaving 11-year-old Sarah in charge of a household that included her father, 9-year-old Abraham, Dennis Hanks, Nancy's 19-year-old orphaned cousin; those who knew Lincoln recalled that he was distraught over his sister's death on January 20, 1828, while giving birth to a stillborn son. On December 2, 1819, Thomas married Sarah "Sally" Bush Johnston, a widow from Elizabethtown, with three children of her own. Abraham became close to his stepmother, whom he referred t
Quarryville is a borough in Lancaster County, United States. The population was 1,994 at the 2000 census. Quarryville is located at 39°53′43″N 76°9′44″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.3 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,994 people, 838 households, 578 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,520.9 people per square mile. There were 864 housing units at an average density of 659.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96.69% White, 0.45% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 1.50% from other races, 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population. There were 838 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.92. In the borough the population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 18.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $35,798, the median income for a family was $44,000. Males had a median income of $38,550 versus $23,989 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $19,105. About 5.9% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. The land which became Quarryville Borough was located within Providence Township and was the property of a John Groff. There was a stone quarry adjacent to the village; this village became larger as the work force grew, hence the town acquired the name Quarryville.
Locals say that one day the men returned to find the quarry half-full of water. The quarry site remains, now full of water. Quarryville is named after the many quarries. Quarryville is part of the Solanco School District. Quarryville Elementary School, Smith Middle School, Solanco High School serve Quarryville; the Quarryville Library is part of the Lancaster County Library System. The Quarryville Fire Company is a volunteer unit. Edwin Duing Eshleman, former member of the United States House of Representatives. Robert Fulton and painter, was born outside of Quarryville. Johnny Weir, US Olympic figure skater, grew up in Quarryville. Don Wert, played baseball with the Detroit Tigers 1963-1970
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Lancaster County locally, sometimes nicknamed the Garden Spot of America or Pennsylvania Dutch Country, is a county located in the south central part of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 519,445, its county seat is Lancaster. Lancaster County comprises the Lancaster, Metropolitan Statistical Area and is a part of Philadelphia's Designated Media Market; the County of Lancaster is a popular tourist destination, with its Amish community a major attraction. The "Dutch" of Pennsylvania Dutch is the English form of Düütsch, the Low German cognate of Standard German Deutsch and Pennsylvania Dutch Deitsch; the ancestors of the Amish began to immigrate to colonial Pennsylvania in the early 18th century to take advantage of the religious freedom offered by William Penn. They were attracted by the area's rich soil and mild climate. Attracted to promises of religious freedom, French Huguenots fleeing religious persecution settled this area in 1710. There were significant numbers of English and Ulster Scots.
The area that became Lancaster County was part of William Penn's 1681 charter. John Kennerly received the first recorded deed from Penn in 1691. Although Matthias Kreider was said to have been in the area as early as 1691, there is no evidence that any Europeans settled in Lancaster County before 1710. Lancaster County was part of Chester County, Pennsylvania until May 10, 1729, when it was organized as colony's fourth county, it was named after the city of Lancaster in the county of Lancashire in England, the native home of John Wright, an early settler. As settlement increased, six other counties were subsequently formed from territory directly taken, in all or in part, from Lancaster County: Berks, Dauphin, Lebanon and York. Many other counties were in turn formed from these six. Indigenous peoples had occupied the areas along the waterways for thousands of years, established varying cultures. Historic Native American tribes in the area at the time of European encounter included the Shawnee, Gawanese and Nanticoke peoples, who were from different language families and had distinct cultures.
Among the earliest recorded inhabitants of the Susquehanna River valley were the Iroquoian-speaking Susquehannock, whose name was derived from the Lenape term for "Oyster River People". The English called them the Conestoga, after the name of their principal village, Gan'ochs'a'go'jat'ga, anglicized as "Conestoga." Other places occupied by the Susquehannock were Ka'ot'sch'ie'ra, where present-day Chickisalunga developed, Gasch'guch'sa, now called Conewago Falls, Lancaster County. Other Native tribes, as well as early European settlers, considered the Susquehannock a mighty nation, experts in war and trade, they were beaten only by the combined power of the Five Nation Iroquois Confederacy, after colonial Maryland withdrew its support. After 1675, the Susquehannock were absorbed by the Iroquois. A handful were settled at "New Conestoga," located along the south bank of the Conestoga River in Conestoga Township of the county, they helped staff an Iroquois consulate to the English in Virginia. By the 1720s, the colonists considered the Conestoga Indians as a "civilized" or "friendly tribe," having been converted in large part to Christianity, speaking English as a second language, making brooms and baskets for sale, naming children after their favorite neighbors.
The outbreak of Pontiac's War in the summer of 1763, coupled with the ineffective policies of the provincial government, aroused widespread settler suspicion and hatred against all Indians in the frontier counties, without distinguishing among hostile and friendly peoples. On December 14, 1763, the Paxton Boys, led by Matthew Smith and Capt. Lazarus Stewart, attacked Conestoga, killing the six Indians present, burning all the houses. Officials sheltered the tribe's fourteen survivors in protective custody in the county jail, but the Paxton Boys returned on December 27, broke into the jail, massacred the remaining natives; the lack of effective government control and widespread sympathy in the frontier counties for the murderers meant they were never discovered or brought to justice. Pennsylvania had a longstanding dispute with Maryland about the southern border of the province and Lancaster County. Nine years of armed clashes accompanied the Maryland-Pennsylvania boundary dispute, which began soon after the 1730 establishment of Wright's Ferry across the Susquehanna River.
Lord Baltimore believed. This was the town of Willow Street, Pennsylvania; this line of demarcation would have resulted in Philadelphia's being included in Maryland. New settlers began to cross the Susquehanna. In 1730, the Wright's Ferry services were licensed and begun. Starting in mid-1730, Thomas Cresap, acting as an agent of Lord Baltimore, began confiscating the newly settled farms near present-day Peach Bottom and Columbia, Pennsylvania. Believing he controlled this land under his grant, Lord Baltimore wanted the income from the lands, he believed he had a defensible claim established on the west bank of the Susquehanna since 1721, that his demesne and grant