Westinghouse Electric Corporation
The Westinghouse Electric Corporation was an American manufacturing company. It was founded on January 8, 1886, as Westinghouse Electric Company and renamed Westinghouse Electric Corporation by its founder George Westinghouse. George Westinghouse had founded the Westinghouse Air Brake Company; the corporation purchased the CBS broadcasting company in 1995 and became the original CBS Corporation in 1997. Westinghouse Electric was founded by George Westinghouse in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1886; the firm became active in developing electric infrastructure throughout the United States. The company's largest factories were located in East Pittsburgh Pennsylvania, Lester, Pennsylvania and in Hamilton, where they made turbines, generators and switch gear for generation and use of electricity. In addition to George Westinghouse, early engineers working for the company included Frank Conrad, Benjamin Garver Lamme, Oliver B. Shallenberger, William Stanley, Nikola Tesla, Stephen Timoshenko and Vladimir Zworykin.
Early on, Westinghouse was a rival to Thomas Edison's electric company. In 1892, Edison was merged with Westinghouse's chief AC rival, the Thomson-Houston Electric Company, making an bigger competitor, General Electric. Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company changed its name to Westinghouse Electric Corporation in 1945. Westinghouse purchased CBS Inc. in 1995. Westinghouse Electric Corporation changed its name to and became CBS Corporation in 1997. In 1998, the Power Generation Business Unit, headquartered in Orlando, was sold to Siemens AG, of Germany. A year CBS sold all of its commercial nuclear power businesses to British Nuclear Fuels Limited. In connection with that sale, certain rights to use the Westinghouse trademarks were granted to the newly formed BNFL subsidiary, Westinghouse Electric Company; that company was sold to Toshiba in 2006. In 1990, Westinghouse experienced a financial catastrophe when the Corporation lost over one billion dollars due to bad high-risk, high-fee, high-interest loans made by its Westinghouse Credit Corporation lending arm.
In an attempt to revitalize the corporation, the Board of Directors appointed outside management in the form of CEO Michael Jordan, who brought in numerous consultants to help re-engineer the company in order to realize the potential that they saw in the broadcasting industry. Westinghouse reduced the work force in many of its traditional industrial operations and made further acquisitions in broadcasting to add to its substantial Group W network, purchasing CBS in 1995. Shortly after, Westinghouse purchased Infinity Broadcasting, TNN, CMT, American Radio Systems, rights to NFL broadcasting; these investments cost the company over fifteen billion dollars. To recoup its costs, Westinghouse sold many other operations. Siemens purchased non-nuclear power generation, while other firms bought the defense electronics, office furniture company Knoll, Thermo King, residential security. With little remaining of the company aside from its broadcasting, Westinghouse renamed itself CBS Corporation in 1997.
During the 20th century, Westinghouse engineers and scientists were granted more than 28,000 US government patents, the third most of any company. The company pioneered the power generation industry and in the fields of long-distance power transmission and high-voltage alternating-current transmission, unveiling the technology for lighting in Great Barrington, Massachusetts; the first commercial Westinghouse steam turbine driven generator, a 1,500 kW unit, began operation at Hartford Electric Light Co. in 1901. The machine, nicknamed Mary-Ann, was the first steam turbine generator to be installed by an electric utility to generate electricity in the US. George Westinghouse had based his original steam turbine design on designs licensed from the English inventor Charles Parsons. Today a large proportion of steam turbine generators operating around the world, ranging to units as large as 1,500 MW were supplied by Westinghouse from its factories in Lester, Pennsylvania. Major Westinghouse licensees or joint venture partners included Mitsubishi Heavy Industries of Japan and Harbin Turbine Co. and Shanghai Electric Co. of China.
Westinghouse boasted 50,000 employees by 1900, established a formal research and development department in 1906. While the company was expanding, it would experience internal financial difficulties. During the Panic of 1907, the Board of Directors forced George Westinghouse to take a six-month leave of absence. Westinghouse retired in 1909 and died several years in 1914. Under new leadership, Westinghouse Electric diversified its business activities in electrical technology, it acquired the Copeman Electric Stove Company in 1914 and Pittsburgh High Voltage Insulator Company in 1921. Westinghouse moved into radio broadcasting by establishing Pittsburgh's KDKA, the first commercial radio station, WBZ in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1921. Westinghouse expanded into the elevator business, establishing the Westinghouse Elevator Company in 1928. Throughout the decade, diversification engendered considerable growth. Westinghouse produced the first operational American turbojet for the US Navy program in 1943.
After many successes, the ill-fated J40 project, started soon after WWII, was abandoned in 1955 and led to Westinghouse exiting the aircraft engine business with closure of the Westinghouse Aviation Gas Turbine Division in 1960. During the late 1940s Westinghouse applied its aviation gas turbine technology and experience to develop its first industrial gas turbine. A 2,0
Waukesha is an American brand of large stationary reciprocating engines produced by Advent International. Waukesha engines are large internal combustion engines for industrial uses, such as engines that burn natural gas to run large generators for hospitals. For 62 years, Waukesha was an independent supplier of gasoline engines, diesel engines, multifuel engines, LNG/propane engines to many truck, heavy equipment, boat and engine-generator manufacturers. In 1906, The Waukesha Motor Company was founded in Wisconsin. In 1957, Waukesha bought the Climax Engineering Co. of Clinton, Iowa a noted builder of large engines. In 1968, Waukesha Motor Company was acquired by the Bangor-Punta Corporation. In 1973, Waukesha sold the Climax division to the Arrow Engine Company. In 1974, Waukesha Motor Company was sold to Dresser Industries and became Dresser's Waukesha Engine Division. In 1989, Dresser acquired the Brons company of the Netherlands. In 2010, including Dresser Waukesha, was acquired by GE Energy.
On January 20, 2014 Barack Obama visited the plant where he gave a speech on increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. He discussed wage equality for women. Afterwords he took a tour of the plant. On September 28, 2015, GE announced it was closing the plant for good and moving the engine manufacturing operations to Canada, it employs 600 people and will maintain engineering, sales, product line and support functions at the Waukesha site. GE Energy Waukesha gas engines Waukesha Engine Historical Society
Toshiba Corporation is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. Its diversified products and services include information technology and communications equipment and systems, electronic components and materials, power systems and social infrastructure systems, consumer electronics, household appliances, medical equipment, office equipment, as well as lighting and logistics. Toshiba was founded in 1939 as Tokyo Shibaura Denki K. K. through the merger of Shibaura Seisaku-sho and Tokyo Denki. The company name was changed to Toshiba Corporation in 1978, it is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, where it is a constituent of the Nikkei 225 and TOPIX indices, the Osaka Securities Exchange and the Nagoya Stock Exchange. Toshiba is the ninth largest semiconductor manufacturer in the world. In 2017, Toshiba filed unaudited quarterly results because of uncertainties at Westinghouse, which had filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Toshiba stated that "substantial doubt about the company's ability to continue as a going concern exists".
Toshiba is organized into four groupings: the Digital Products Group, the Electronic Devices Group, the Home Appliances Group and the Social Infrastructure Group. Midea Group, a Chinese company, bought a controlling 80.1% stake in the Toshiba Home Appliances Group in 2016. Toshiba was founded in 1939 by the merger of Tokyo Denki. Shibaura Seisakusho had been founded as Tanaka Seisakusho by Tanaka Hisashige in July 1875 as Japan's first manufacturer of telegraph equipment. In 1904, it was renamed Shibaura Seisakusho. Through the first decades of the 20th century, Shibaura Seisakusho had become a major manufacturer of heavy electrical machinery as Japan modernized during the Meiji Era and became a world industrial power. Tokyo Denki was founded as Hakunetsusha in 1890 and had been Japan's first producer of incandescent electric lamps, it diversified into the manufacture of other consumer products and in 1899 had been renamed Tokyo Denki. The merger of Shibaura and Tokyo Denki created, it was soon nicknamed Toshiba, but it was not until 1978 that the company was renamed Toshiba Corporation.
The group expanded driven by a combination of organic growth and by acquisitions, buying heavy engineering and primary industry firms in the 1940s and 1950s. Groups created include Toshiba Music Industries/Toshiba EMI, Toshiba International Corporation Toshiba Electrical Equipment, Toshiba Chemical, Toshiba Lighting and Technology, Toshiba America Information Systems and Toshiba Carrier Corporation. Toshiba is responsible for a number of Japanese firsts, including radar, the TAC digital computer, transistor television and microwave oven, color video phone, Japanese word processor, MRI system, laptop personal computer, NAND EEPROM, DVD, the Libretto sub-notebook personal computer and HD DVD. In 1977, Toshiba acquired the Brazilian company Semp, subsequently forming Semp Toshiba through the combination of the two companies' South American operations. In 1987, Tocibai Machine, a subsidiary of Toshiba, was accused of illegally selling CNC milling machines used to produce quiet submarine propellers to the Soviet Union in violation of the CoCom agreement, an international embargo on certain countries to COMECON countries.
The Toshiba-Kongsberg scandal involved a subsidiary of Toshiba and the Norwegian company Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk. The incident strained relations between the United States and Japan, resulted in the arrest and prosecution of two senior executives, as well as the imposition of sanctions on the company by both countries. Senator John Heinz of Pennsylvania said "What Toshiba and Kongsberg did was ransom the security of the United States for $517 million." In 2001, Toshiba signed a contract with Orion Electric, one of the world's largest OEM consumer video electronic makers and suppliers, to manufacture and supply finished consumer TV and video products for Toshiba to meet the increasing demand for the North American market. The contract ended in 2008. In December 2004, Toshiba announced it would discontinue manufacturing traditional in-house cathode-ray tube televisions. In 2006, Toshiba terminated production of in-house plasma TVs. To ensure its future competitiveness in the flat-panel digital television and display market, Toshiba has made a considerable investment in a new kind of display technology called SED.
Before World War II, Toshiba was a member of the Mitsui Group zaibatsu. Today Toshiba is a member of the Mitsui keiretsu, still has preferential arrangements with Mitsui Bank and the other members of the keiretsu. Membership in a keiretsu has traditionally meant loyalty, both corporate and private, to other members of the keiretsu or allied keiretsu; this loyalty can extend as far as the beer which in Toshiba's case is Asahi. In July 2005, BNFL confirmed it planned to sell Westinghouse Electric Company estimated to be worth $1.8 billion. The bid attracted interest from several companies including Toshiba, General Electric and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and when the Financial Times reported on 23 January 2006 that Toshiba had won the bid, it valued the company's offer at $5 billion; the sale of Westinghouse by the Government of the United Kingdom surp
Innio manufactures Jenbacher gas engines and cogeneration modules in the Austrian town of Jenbach in Tyrol. It is part of their Distributed Energy portfolio of products and is one of their gas engine technologies. Jenbacher emerged from the former Jenbacher Werke, founded in 1959 and manufactured gas and diesel engines, locomotives; the company was renamed GE Jenbacher GmbH & Co.. OHG. Although the company itself has a short history, its origins go far back. In 1487, a mine and foundry was founded by the Fugger family. In 1657, all Fugger properties in Tyrol were taken over by the state. Due to exhaustion of the copper- and silver deposits, the mine changed focus to iron; the company was acquired by Julius and Theodor Reitlinger in 1881. In 1909, the mine ran out of iron as well, after a boom during the First World War only the foundry was left. At the beginning of World War II, all of Tyrol was seized and Aryanized, the company was to'work for the benefit of the country'; the plant made brake pads for the Deutsche Reichsbahn, from 1939 they made airframe parts and rocket motors in Jenbach for Heinkel as the licensee.
After the collapse at the end of the Second World War the factory was placed under public administration. It had to be converted to civilian production, started out with cookware, but started with the repair of railway wagons; because of the availability of appropriate specialists and skilled workers, it was decided to concentrate on the production of diesel engines. The first product was a 15 hp two-stroke engine, successful and was manufactured in large quantities; this was followed by more two-stroke and four stroke models of engine. The JW 15, 8 TO 15 Hp; the company was now pushed to develop generators and pumps of the same quality. In 1959 the company was constituted as Jenbacher Werke AG, the main shareholders being CA with 35% and Mannesmann with 26%, the rest being free float; the CA increased its share and after the purchase of Mannesmann's share through the CA-controlled Andritz AG they acquired a vast majority of the share capital. In 1979 1,550 people were employed at the plant. In 1988 the majority of the company was acquired by Auricon Beteiligungs AG.
In 1991 it was organized into the Jenbacher Energy Systems AG and the Jenbacher Transport Systems Ltd. divisions. In the same year, JTS acquired 29.9% of the British company Telfos Holding, which gave the company an influence on Ganz-Hunslet, the former Hungarian locomotive works Ganz-MÁVAG. On December 12, 1991, JTS attained majority share capital of Telfos, bought out General Electric's remaining share in 1993. In 1997, Jenbacher attempted to enter the tram market with help from AEG through a Jenbacher daughter company called Integral Verkehrstechnik AG Jenbach. Integral lost over 22 million Euros from 1997 to 2001, led to the sale of the Jenbacher rail car division to Connex. In 1998 Jenbacher started its relationship with Clarke Energy, now one of its largest gas engine distributors, The remaining gas engine-energy division was acquired by General Electric in 2003. In 2018 GE sold its Jenbacher and Waukesha brands to the private equity company Advent International which created the new company Innio.
Jenbacher's railway activities started in 1945, when they started performing repairs of rolling stock for the French occupation forces. In 1949, they started making diesel engines, power cars and compressors powered by the aforementioned engines. In addition, they made rail cars for the Austrian Federal Railways and other railroad companies. Jenbacher Werke designated their locomotives according to a system derived from the type of power transmission, approximate performance, wheel arrangement or application and the operating weight; the ÖBB series 2060 was therefore the work designation DH200B28. The other models carried the name JW; the Railway engineering department was taken over by Molinari Rail. Jenbacher specializes in lean burn gas engines, including cogeneration plants and containerized power generator sets utilizing said gas engines. Jenbacher began producing gas engines in 1957. Jenbacher's main facility still resides in Jenbach in Austria, employs over 1400 workers. Jenbacher manufactures the gas engines from the ground-up at this facility, including in-house crankshafts.
Jenbacher maintains regional engine assembly plants in Hangzhou and Veresegyház in Hungary. Jenbacher gas engines are Otto cycle units with industrial grade spark plugs providing ignition. Smaller models utilize stoichiometric combustion, while the larger engines are lean burn engines with prechamber ignition. Jenbacher engines run on natural gas, landfill gas, sewage gas, mine gas, coal gas and syngas. Due to this flexibility they are used in applications where gas would be flared off or released into the atmosphere, to turn waste into energy. Methane has a much higher global warming potential than CO2, it is therefore interesting for operators to burn gas in engines instead of releasing it into the atmosphere; the Jenbacher J920 is Jenbacher's newest product, a V20 gas engine delivering up to 9.5 MW. When it is put into production it will be Jenbachers most efficient gas engine available with an electrical efficiency of 48.7%, a combined heat and power thermal efficiency of over 90%. The J920 uses Miller cycle valve timing and two-stage turbocharging, along with a'three-module' construction consisting of the engine itself, the electrical g
Mazda Motor Corporation referred to as Mazda, is a Japanese multinational automaker based in Fuchū, Aki District, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. In 2015, Mazda produced 1.5 million vehicles for global sales, the majority of which were produced in the company's Japanese plants, with the remainder coming from a variety of other plants worldwide. In 2015, Mazda was the fifteenth biggest automaker by production worldwide; the name Mazda came into existence with the production of the company's first three-wheeled trucks. Other candidates for a model name included Tenshi-Go and more; the company states that The name was associated with Ahura Mazda, with the hope that it would brighten the image of these compact vehicles. The company website further notes that the name derives from the name of the company's founder, Jujiro Matsuda; the other proposed names mean "god" and "angel". The Mazda lettering was used in combination with the corporate emblem of Mitsubishi, responsible for sales, to produce the Toyo Kogyo three-wheeled truck registered trademark.
Mazda began as the Toyo Cork Kogyo Co. Ltd, founded in Hiroshima, Japan, 30 January 1920. Toyo Cork Kogyo renamed itself to Toyo Kogyo Co. Ltd. in 1927. In the late 1920s the company had to be saved from bankruptcy by Hiroshima Saving Bank and other business leaders in Hiroshima. In 1931 Toyo Kogyo moved from manufacturing machine tools to vehicles with the introduction of the Mazda-Go autorickshaw. Toyo Kogyo produced weapons for the Japanese military throughout the Second World War, most notably the series 30 through 35 Type 99 rifle; the company formally adopted the Mazda name in 1984, though every automobile sold from the beginning bore that name. The Mazda R360 was introduced in 1960, followed by the Mazda Carol in 1962. Beginning in the 1960s, Mazda was inspired by the NSU Ro 80 and decided to put a major engineering effort into development of the Wankel rotary engine as a way of differentiating itself from other Japanese auto companies; the company formed a business relationship with German company NSU and began with the limited-production Cosmo Sport of 1967, continuing to the present day with the Pro Mazda Championship, Mazda has become the sole manufacturer of Wankel-type engines for the automotive market by way of attrition This effort to bring attention to itself helped, as Mazda began to export its vehicles.
Both piston-powered and rotary-powered models made their way around the world. The rotary models became popular for their combination of good power and light weight when compared to piston-engined competitors that required heavier V6 or V8 engines to produce the same power; the R100 and the RX series led the company's export efforts. During 1968, Mazda started formal operations in Canada although Mazdas were seen in Canada as early as 1959. In 1970, Mazda formally entered the American market and was successful there, going so far as to create the Mazda Rotary Pickup for North American buyers. To this day, Mazda remains the only automaker to have produced a Wankel-powered pickup truck. Additionally, it is the only marque to have offered a rotary-powered bus or station wagon. After nine years of development, Mazda launched its new model in the U. S. in 1970. Mazda's rotary success continued until the onset of the 1973 oil crisis; as American buyers turned to vehicles with better fuel efficiency, the thirsty rotary-powered models began to fall out of favor.
Combined with being the least-efficient automaker in Japan, inability to adjust to excess inventory and over-reliance on the U. S. market, the company suffered a huge loss in 1975. An heavily indebted Toyo Kogyo was on the verge of bankruptcy and was only saved through the intervention of Sumitomo keiretsu group, namely Sumitomo Bank, the companies subcontractors and distributors. However, the company had not turned its back on piston engines, as it continued to produce a variety of four-cylinder models throughout the 1970s; the smaller Familia line in particular became important to Mazda's worldwide sales after 1973, as did the somewhat larger Capella series. Mazda refocused its efforts and made the rotary engine a choice for the sporting motorist rather than a mainstream powerplant. Starting with the lightweight RX-7 in 1978 and continuing with the modern RX-8, Mazda has continued its dedication to this unique powerplant; this switch in focus resulted in the development of another lightweight sports car, the piston-powered Mazda MX-5 Miata, inspired by the concept'jinba ittai'.
Introduced in 1989 to worldwide acclaim, the Roadster has been credited with reviving the concept of the small sports car after its decline in the late 1970s. From 1974 to 2015, Mazda had a partnership with the Ford Motor Company, which acquired a 24.5% stake in 1979, upped to a 33.4% ownership of Mazda in May 1995. Under the administration of Alan Mulally, Ford divested its stake in Mazda from 2008 to 2015, with Ford holding 2.1% of Mazda stock as of 2014 and severing most production as well as development ties. This partnership with Ford began owing to Mazda's financial diff
Electric Bond and Share Company
The Electric Bond and Share Company was organized by General Electric and prior to its breakup was the largest electric power Holding company in the United States. It was forced to divest its holding companies and reorganize due to the passage of the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935. Ebasco filed suit against the Act, claiming it lost; the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission would take twenty-five years of legal action to break up Ebasco and the other major U. S. electric holding companies until they conformed with the 1935 act. It was allowed to retain control of its foreign electric power holding company known as the American & Foreign Power Company. After its reorganization, it became an investment company, but soon turned into a major designer and engineer of both fossil fuel and nuclear power electric generation facilities, its involvement in the 1983 financial collapse of the Washington Public Power Supply System's five nuclear reactors led to Ebasco's demise because of the suspension of nuclear power orders and lawsuits that included numerous asbestos claims.
The U. S. nuclear industry stopped all construction of new facilities following the 1979 nuclear meltdown at Three Mile Island, going into decline because of radiation safety concerns and major construction cost overruns. The Electric Bond and Share Group, was organized in 1905 as a holding company for electric utility company securities by the General Electric Company using it's employee's retirement investment fund; the General Electric Company was known as the Edison Electric Company until J. P. Morgan pushed Thomas Edison and its president Samuel Insull out of the company in 1892. Morgan was known for his style of monopolization of major U. S. industries called Morganization, that included AT&T, U. S. Steel and a substantial part of the country's railroad companies. Morgan's takeover of General Electric took place just as Thomas Edison was losing his battle against Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse over the contract to light the 1893 Chicago World's Fair as well as build the world's largest hydro-electric system at Niagara Falls.
At the height on the war of the currents, Westinghouse was forced to sell all of Tesla's Alternating Current patents to Morgan. With Morgan's acquisition of General Electric he used his position as the country's most powerful financier to set in motion a plan to monopolize the entire country's electric industry via the Electric Bond and Share Group; until his death in 1913, J. P. Morgan was opposed to any form of government regulation, his firing of Samuel Insull resulted with Insull moving to Chicago where he organized the second largest holding company in the country, the Middle West Utilities Company or what is known today as Exelon. Insull would promote the idea of a regulated monopoly because of the high cost of electrical infrastructure. About the same time as Teddy Roosevelt's Trust Busting campaign against Morgan and other elites was gaining national attention, the National Civic Federation was formed, it carried out extensive investigations and debates among prominent business men and organized labor over the issue of public vs. private ownership of electric power.
Insull's public support for regulation helped popularize NCF's model legislation that spread nationwide after the state of New York adopted its own variation. Morgan's son J. P. Morgan Jr. would carry on with the House of Morgan, including his father's goal of a national electric monopoly but would be up against the reformist progressive era. By 1925, General Electric's Electric Bond & Share Group was the largest owner of U. S. and foreign electric companies holding over 10% of the country's companies as subsidiaries organized into five major holding companies. General Electric would make a purely symbolic gesture to reduce growing public anger by divesting control of the company leaving Morgan still in financial control; the Commonwealth and Southern Corporation, known today as the Southern Company and the reorganized Electric Bond And Share Company were both part of J. P Morgan's syndicate via his J. P. Morgan & Co.. In 1926, its headquarters in New York City had over 1,000 employees, controlled companies in 33 states worth $1.25 billion.
As public concern continued to mount by ratepayers of private electric power companies the Federal Trade Commission carried out extensive investigations between 1928-1935. The commission's 48,000 page report included entire volumes for each of the country's major utility companies; the FTC valued EBASCo and its five holding companies at $3.5 billion, along with major investments in dozens of other major U. S. companies. Within the five main holding companies were 121 U. S. subsidiaries, along with a foreign holding company that operated in 16 countries and had 70 subsidies. Because he was a strong proponent of public power, Franklin D. Roosevelt would use the collapse of Samuel Insull's Middle West Utilities electric empire in June 1932 as one of his most important election campaign issues; the failed assassination attempt on his life in February 1933 became part of U. S. Marine Corps General Smedley Butler's claim of a Business Plot against Roosevelt by J. P. Morgan. Franklin's inaugural address would contain one of the century's most dramatic speeches where he would proclaim "that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself", but unknown to most American's the rest of the speech spoke of the America's money changers and their roll in the depression.
On Roosevelt's first day in office, following his inauguration, he ordered the closure of the nation's banks, known as the bank holiday of 1933. In a joint session of the House and Senate, he pushed through the Emergency Banking Act along with Executive Order 6102 that blocked the hoarding of gold and stopped the
Canadian General Electric
Canadian General Electric was a Canadian manufacturer of various electrical products. The company was a forerunner of General Electric Canada, now known as GE Canada, it was the Canadian counterpart of the American company General Electric. The unit became General Electric Canada in 1989. Canadian General Electric Co. Limited was incorporated in Canada in 1892 as a merger of Edison Electric Light Company of Canada and Thomson-Houston Electric Light Company of Canada, both incorporated in Canada in 1882; the Canadian merger occurred in the same year as the merger of parent companies Edison General Electric and Thomson-Houston Company into General Electric, which continues to the present day as a major international conglomerate. CGE had about 500 employees at inception and was producing generators, motors and cable, lighting products for consumer and industrial products. CGE had a long manufacturing history in Canada: 1892 - Founded and opens engine/motor plant is Peterborough, Ontario 1899 - Produces the Canadian General Electric electric car, for model year 1899 only, in Peterborough, Ontario.
The car is a Woods Electric. 1911 - Acquires Sunbeam Lamp Company of Toronto. 1912 - Establishes Montreal lamp plant. 1921 - Vacuum tube operations begin in Toronto. 1922 - Canadian Edison Appliance Company established. 1945 - Small appliances plant opens in Barrie, Ontario. 1946 - Plastics plant opens in Cobourg, Ontario. 1946 - Lighting plant opens in Oakville, Ontario. 1947 - Electric meter plant opens in Quebec City. 1971 - The Karachi Nuclear Power Plant, built by CGE, opens 1975 - Household appliance division spun off and merged with GSW Inc. a Canadian manufacturer of household appliances with brands such as McClary and Moffat, in a new company named Camco. Camco is a part of the General Electric family of companies. 1989 - CGE becomes General Electric Canada, a wholly owned unit of General Electric. 1990s - Electric lamp operations in the Oakville, Ontario factory begins to get transferred to Warren, OH and Winchester, VA lamp plants. Most fluorescent tube operations are ceased by the late 1990s.
2009 - Most incandescent lamp production lines in the Oakville, ON plant are stopped. Production is transferred to Winchester, VA. 2010 - Oakville, ON lamp plant closes. Remaining incandescent lamp operations are transferred to China. A few products are outsourced from Sylvania's US plants. T8 fluorescent tube operations go to Bucyrus, OH. 2018 - Planned Peterborough plant shutdown 2018 - Planned reciprocating gas engine plant opening in Welland, Ontario to replace an existing factory in Waukesha, Wisconsin. The reason for moving to Canada from the U. S. is a lack of export financing from the U. S. Export-Import Bank