click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

McKittrick, California

McKittrick is a census-designated place in Kern County, United States. McKittrick is located 14 miles northwest at an elevation of 1,056 feet; the population was 115 at the 2010 census, down from 160 at the 2000 census. McKittrick is located at 35°18′20″N 119°37′21″W, it is at the junction of State Routes 33 and 58. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.6 square miles, all of it land. The town is in the center of a large oil-producing region in western Kern County. Along State Route 33 to the south of the town is the Midway-Sunset Oil Field, the second-largest oil field in the contiguous United States. East of McKittrick is Occidental Petroleum's Elk Hills Field the U. S. Naval Petroleum Reserve; the McKittrick Tar Pits, which are similar to the more famous La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles, contain an assemblage of bones of ice age mammals. They are a series of surface seeps from the underlying McKittrick Oil Field; the first post office at McKittrick opened in 1910.

The name honors local landowner and rancher. McKittrick incorporated in 1911; the 2010 United States Census reported that McKittrick had a population of 115. The population density was 43.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of McKittrick was 101 White, 1 African American, 1 Native American, 0 Asian, 0 Pacific Islander, 7 from other races, 5 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9 persons; the Census reported that 115 people lived in households, 0 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 42 households, out of which 14 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 21 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7 had a female householder with no husband present, 2 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 5 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 0 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9 households were made up of individuals and 3 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74.

There were 30 families. The population was spread out with 21 people under the age of 18, 11 people aged 18 to 24, 24 people aged 25 to 44, 45 people aged 45 to 64, 14 people who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 45.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males. There were 46 housing units at an average density of 17.6 per square mile, of which 27 were owner-occupied, 15 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%. 80 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 35 people lived in rental housing units. At the 2000 census, there were 160 people, 54 households and 48 families living in the CDP; the population density was 63.8 per square mile. There were 61 housing units at an average density of 24.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.88% White, 3.12% from two or more races. 10.00 % of the population are Latino of any race. There were 54 households of which 42.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 27.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 11.1% were non-families.

9.3% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.04. Age distribution was 31.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males. The median household income was $43,333, the median family income was $42,917. Males had a median income of $30,625 versus $28,750 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $14,174. About 11.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over

Heckler & Koch Mark 23

The Heckler & Koch MK 23, MK 23 MOD 0, Mark 23, or USSOCOM MARK 23 is a semi-automatic large-frame pistol chambered in.45 ACP. designed to be an offensive pistol. The USSOCOM version of the MK23 came paired with a laser aiming suppressor; the USSOCOM MK23 was adopted by the United States Special Operations Command for special operations units, beating out the nearest competitor, Colt's OHWS. Development of the pistol began in 1991 as special operations representatives identified the need for an "Offensive Handgun Weapons System—Special Operations Peculiar", delivery of the pistols began in May 1996 to the special operation units. While the USSOCOM MK23 designation applies to the complete system, it is commonly used in reference to the pistol component alone; the LAM and suppressor were developed by Insight Technology and Knight's Armament Company, respectively. The civilian version of the Mk23 sold by itself is designated the Mark 23; the MK 23 is considered a match grade pistol, is capable of making a 2-inch group at 25 metres.

The MK 23 is designed for exceptional durability in harsh environments, being waterproof and corrosion-resistant. It uses a polygonal barrel design, reported to improve accuracy and durability, is much more expensive to produce, it features an ambidextrous safety and magazine release on both sides of the frame. The magazine release is at the rear edge of the trigger guard, wide enough to allow the use of gloves. A decocking lever is on the left side; the MK 23 is part of a larger weapon system that includes an attachable Laser Aiming Module, a suppressor, some other features such as a special high-pressure match cartridge. The firearm was tested and found to be capable of firing tens of thousands of rounds without a barrel change, it remains reliable in harsh conditions. The.45 ACP round has considerable stopping power and yet is subsonic, making it suitable for use with a suppressor. In 1989, US SOCOM began reviewing their equipment to see which gear fit the needs of their special close quarters battle role.

Studying small arms revealed that there were 120 types and configurations of infantry weapons in different units. The logistics of getting spare parts for all these weapons was overwhelming. In response, SOCOM decided to standardize small arms among all units. One area of improvement was the pistol, undertaken by the Offensive Handgun Weapon System competition, it would replace pistols like the 9 mm M9, used by regular troops as a secondary weapon. SOCOM's use of small units that operate in close means that pistols are more to be used as primary weapons; the caliber for the OHWS was decided not to be the NATO standard 124 gr 9 mm due to lack of stopping power. The FBI had selected the 10 mm auto to replace their 9 mm pistols, but it was too powerful, few manufacturers produced it, the round caused short weapon service life. The.45 ACP caliber was chosen and improved upon with the high velocity, high pressure 185 gr +P loading. The OHWS pistol had to fire many types of rounds in addition to the +P cartridge and have a long service life with the high pressure ammo.

The M1911 was rejected. High pressure rounds would destroy it and it did not fire reliably with a suppressor. Upgrading the M1911 would cost more than it was worth, so it was decided that they would select an new design. A request for quote was for a system that included a pistol and laser aiming module; the pistol had to be corrosion resistant, have a high mean rounds between failures, be able to serve as a primary weapon. After several tests, Heckler & Koch and Colt submissions were selected to move to phase I of the OHWS program in August 1991, they were awarded developmental contracts to produce 30 systems. At the time the program was beginning, HK was studying what aspects were most desirable in handguns for the U. S. civilian market. They came up with a design that had these features including reliability, durability and others by February 1991. Colt however drew upon existing technologies for their submission called the Colt OHWS, they used an M1911 frame that could accept a 10-round magazine, the decocking mechanism from the Colt Double Eagle, the rotating barrel locking system from the All American 2000.

The barrel of the Colt OHWS could not directly attach a suppressor, so a mounting was added to a rail in front of the handguard. Colt was eliminated after phase I, leaving only HK to move on to phase II; this phase subjected the pistols to the strictest reliability testing any pistol went through. The requirement was for no less than 2,000 MRBF. Three pistols went through a 30,000-round endurance test and maintained accuracy of 2.5 in at 25 meters. The weapons worked in temperatures from -25 degrees Fahrenheit to 140 degrees Fahrenheit while exposed to mud and sand. Phase III was the awarding of a production contract to HK in June 1995, their pistol was type classified as the Mark 23 Mod 0, 1,950 systems were ordered at $1,186 each. All pistols were produced in Germany and the first was delivered to SOCOM on 1 May 1996. Though the Mark 23 had performed admirably, several factors worked against its use. Previous operators were trained to fire multiple 9 mm rounds and they thought firing extra rounds made up for not using harder hitting but larger and heavier.45 ACP rounds.

The introduction of the smaller and lighter HK USP, political

Westinghouse Works, 1904

Westinghouse Works, 1904 is a collection of 21 American short silent films, each averaging about three minutes in length. The films were taken from April 18, 1904 to May 16, 1904 in Pittsburgh and document various Westinghouse manufacturing plants, they were made by G. W. "Billy" Bitzer of the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, were shown at the Westinghouse Auditorium at the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair, may have been made for that purpose. At least 29 films were shot; the films are now part of the National Film Registry of the Library of Congress. The films in the collection of the Library of Congress are: Assembling a generator, Westinghouse works Assembling and testing turbines, Westinghouse works Casting a guide box, Westinghouse works Coil winding machines, Westinghouse works Coil winding section E, Westinghouse works Girls taking time checks, Westinghouse works Girls winding armatures Panorama exterior Westinghouse works Panorama of Machine Co. aisle, Westinghouse works Panorama view street car motor room Panoramic view aisle B, Westinghouse works Steam hammer, Westinghouse works Steam whistle, Westinghouse works Taping coils, Westinghouse works Tapping a furnace, Westinghouse works Testing a rotary, Westinghouse works Testing large turbines, Westinghouse works Welding the big ring Westinghouse Air Brake Co.

Westinghouse Co. works Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse Co. works Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse works Westinghouse executives Biograph to produce these films to exhibit to its subsidiaries and employees, thus making them some of the earliest existing examples of what are now called industrial films; the films were the first to use mercury vapor lamps to illuminate its shots, they were the first to use crane shots. Bitzer used stationary cameras and fixed lenses, he shot the films in a single continuous take. Most of the films did not have title cards, so many of their names were assigned by the Library of Congress; the finished films were shown to Westinghouse employees in Pittsburgh narrated by a speaker. They were exhibited at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, were received positively by audiences. Inside an American Factory: Films of the Westinghouse Works, 1904 Assembling a generator, Westinghouse works on IMDb Assembling and testing turbines, Westinghouse works on IMDb Casting a guide box, Westinghouse works on IMDb Coil winding machines, Westinghouse works on IMDb Coil winding section E, Westinghouse works on IMDb Girls taking time checks, Westinghouse works on IMDb Girls winding armatures on IMDb Panorama exterior Westinghouse works on IMDb Panorama of Machine Co. aisle, Westinghouse works on IMDb Panorama view street car motor room on IMDb Panoramic view aisle B, Westinghouse works on IMDb Steam hammer, Westinghouse works on IMDb Steam whistle, Westinghouse works on IMDb Taping coils, Westinghouse works on IMDb Tapping a furnace, Westinghouse works on IMDb Testing a rotary, Westinghouse works on IMDb Testing large turbines, Westinghouse works on IMDb Welding the big ring on IMDb Westinghouse Air Brake Co.

Westinghouse Co. works on IMDb Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse Co. works on IMDb Westinghouse Air Brake Co. Westinghouse works on IMDb

II. DDR-Liga

The II. DDR-Liga was, from 1955 to 1963, the third level of football competition in the DDR; the league was established with two divisions of 14 teams each in 1955 as the level of play below the DDR-Liga, as such was the third tier of the East German football league system instead of the Bezirksliga, downgraded to the fourth tier due to a reform in the league system. The divisions were Staffel Süd. In its inaugural season it was transitional thus there were no promotions or relegations, teams played each other once within its own division. For the first six campaigns, the calendar season was adopted from the Soviet Union. In its second season, the divisions were shifted to a home-and-away format; the champions of each division were promoted to the DDR-Liga and the last three clubs in each division were relegated to their respective Bezirksliga and promoted in their place were the six district champions, while in 1957 there were three relegations in total. The league added three groups still at 14 teams each and all five were based on Bezirk from north down to south and to save on travel expenses.

In the promotion round the five champions competed each other once to decide the three promotions to the second tier. The number of relegations varied, clubs were moved between groups to balance out league numbers; the league reverted to playing from autumn to spring and as a transition season, it went through three rounds and each of the fourteen clubs played 39 games. From each group, three teams were promoted due to the DDR-Liga adding another group of 14 and the last-placed team was relegated. For the eighth and final season, the five group champions and one runners-up were promoted to the DDR-Liga, which expanded its divisions to 16 clubs, the remaining 64 were dropped back to the Bezirksligen which became third tier leagues again. After this reform in the pyramid, the II. DDR-Liga was abolished. For most of the existence of the II. DDR-Liga, the leagues below it were the 15 Bezirksligas, which were introduced in 1952 and formed the fourth tier of the East German pyramid for 8 years. In the last DDR-Liga season, the newly recreated states of former East Germany introduced their own regional leagues, with the exception of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Berlin.

They still exist today. The Bezirksligas however have either disappeared, changed their name or exist in a different format; the fifteen Bezirksligas were: Bezirksliga Schwerin Bezirksliga Rostock Bezirksliga Neubrandenburg Bezirksliga Magdeburg Bezirksliga Potsdam Bezirksliga Berlin Bezirksliga Halle Bezirksliga Frankfurt/Oder Bezirksliga Cottbus Bezirksliga Gera Bezirksliga Erfurt Bezirksliga Suhl Bezirksliga Dresden Bezirksliga Leipzig Bezirksliga Karl-Marx-Stadt Source: "2. DDR-Liga". Dsfs.de. Deutscher Sportclub für Fußballstatistiken. Bold denotes club gained promotion. In 1962, the runners-up Vorwärts Rostock, Dynamo Frankfurt, Motor Nordhausen West, Motor West Karl-Marx-Stadt and Motor Steinach and third placers SC Neubrandenburg, Motor Süd Brandenburg, Lok Halberstadt, Motor Bautzen and Motor Eisenach were promoted. In 1963, runner-up Motor Dessau was promoted. East German league statistics at DSFS.de Das deutsche Fussball Archiv II. DDR-Liga at RSSSF.com Klaus Querengässer. Fußball in der DDR 1945 – 1989, Teil 1: Die Liga.

AGON Sportverlag. ISBN 3-928562-45-2. Hanns Leske. Enzyklopädie des DDR-Fußballs. Verlag Die Werkstatt. ISBN 978-3-89533-556-3

João Coutinho-class corvette

The João Coutinho-class corvettes were a series of corvettes built for the Portuguese Navy for service in Portugal's African colonies. The corvettes were designed in Portugal by naval engineer Rogério de Oliveira, but the urgent need of their services in the Portuguese Colonial War meant that the construction of the ships was assigned to foreign shipyards. Six ships were built; the ships were launched in 1970 and 1971. From 1970 until the end of the conflict in 1975, the corvettes were used for patrol and fire-support missions in Angola, Mozambique and Cape Verde. After the African colonies gained their independence, the corvettes were assigned to patrol duties in Portuguese territorial waters; the João Coutinho class served as the basis for several other designs: Baptista de Andrade-class corvettes, Descubierta-class corvettes, Espora-class corvettes and D'Estienne d'Orves-class avisos. NRP General Pereira D'Eça was sunk off Madeira as an artificial reef on 13 July 2016. NRP Augusto de Castilho and NRP Honório Barreto were purchased by a metal company, RAPLUS for scrapping in 2011

1982 United States Senate election in West Virginia

The 1982 United States Senate election in West Virginia took place on November 7, 1982. Incumbent Democratic U. S. Senator Robert Byrd won re-election to a fifth term. Robert Byrd, incumbent U. S. Senator Cleve Benedict, U. S. Congressman first elected in 1980 Benedict, a freshman congressman, made great note of Byrd's record of high office in the Ku Klux Klan, his avoidance of service in World War II, the fact that Byrd alone among members of Congress, owned no home in the state he represented, his campaign represented the last serious and well-funded effort to unseat Byrd, spending $1,098,218. Byrd was Minority Leader at the time. United States Senate elections, 1982 and 1983