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Megabyte

The megabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. Its recommended unit symbol is MB; the unit prefix mega is a multiplier of 1000000 in the International System of Units. Therefore, one megabyte is one million bytes of information; this definition has been incorporated into the International System of Quantities. However, in the computer and information technology fields, several other definitions are used that arose for historical reasons of convenience. A common usage has been to designate one megabyte as 1048576bytes, a measurement that conveniently expresses the binary multiples inherent in digital computer memory architectures. However, most standards bodies have deprecated this usage in favor of a set of binary prefixes, in which this quantity is designated by the unit mebibyte. Less common is a convention that uses the megabyte to mean 1000×1024 bytes; the megabyte is used to measure either 10002 bytes or 10242 bytes. The interpretation of using base 1024 originated as a compromise technical jargon for the byte multiples that needed to be expressed by the powers of 2 but lacked a convenient name.

As 1024 approximates 1000 corresponding to the SI prefix kilo-, it was a convenient term to denote the binary multiple. In 1998 the International Electrotechnical Commission proposed standards for binary prefixes requiring the use of megabyte to denote 10002 bytes and mebibyte to denote 10242 bytes. By the end of 2009, the IEC Standard had been adopted by the IEEE, EU, ISO and NIST; the term megabyte continues to be used with different meanings: Base 10 1 MB = 1000000 bytes is the definition recommended by the International System of Units and the International Electrotechnical Commission IEC. This definition is used in networking contexts and most storage media hard drives, flash-based storage, DVDs, is consistent with the other uses of the SI prefix in computing, such as CPU clock speeds or measures of performance; the Mac OS X 10.6 file manager is a notable example of this usage in software. Since Snow Leopard, file sizes are reported in decimal units. In this convention, one thousand megabytes is equal to one gigabyte, where 1 GB is one billion bytes.

Base 2 1 MB = 1048576 bytes is the definition used by Microsoft Windows in reference to computer memory, such as RAM. This definition is synonymous with the unambiguous binary prefix mebibyte. In this convention, one thousand and twenty-four megabytes is equal to one gigabyte, where 1 GB is 10243 bytes. Mixed 1 MB = 1024000 bytes is the definition used to describe the formatted capacity of the 1.44 MB 3.5-inch HD floppy disk, which has a capacity of 1474560bytes. Semiconductor memory doubles in size for each address lane added to an integrated circuit package, which favors counts that are powers of two; the capacity of a disk drive is the product of the sector size, number of sectors per track, number of tracks per side, the number of disk platters in the drive. Changes in any of these factors would not double the size. Sector sizes were set as powers of two for convenience in processing, it was a natural extension to give the capacity of a disk drive in multiples of the sector size, giving a mix of decimal and binary multiples when expressing total disk capacity.

Depending on compression methods and file format, a megabyte of data can be: a 1 megapixel bitmap image with 256 colors stored without any compression. A 4 megapixel JPEG image with normal compression. 1 minute of 128 kbit/s MP3 compressed music. 6 seconds of uncompressed CD audio. A typical English book volume in plain text format; the human genome consists of DNA representing 800 MB of data. The parts that differentiate one person from another can be compressed to 4 MB. Timeline of binary prefixes Gigabyte § Consumer confusion Historical Notes About The Cost Of Hard Drive Storage Space the megabyte International Electrotechnical Commission definitions IEC prefixes and symbols for binary multiples

Philippe Maystadt

Philippe M. P. J. Maystadt was a Belgian politician who served as Minister for Economic Affairs, Minister of Finance, Deputy Prime Minister, he was President of the European Investment Bank from 2000 to 2011. Philippe Maystadt was born in Verviers in 1948, he obtained a PhD in Law at the Catholic University of Louvain and gained a Master of Arts in public administration at Claremont Graduate School, Los Angeles, USA. He was a part-time professor at the Law Faculty of the Catholic University of Louvain. Maystadt died on 7 December 2017 aged 69 years. Maystadt started his career as assistant professor at the Catholic University of Louvain in Belgium. In 1977, he became a Member of the House of Representatives and was appointed Secretary of State for the Walloon Region in 1979. Between 1980 and 1988 he was successively Minister for the Civil Service and Scientific Policy, Minister for Budgetary Affairs, Scientific Policy and Planning and Minister for Economic Affairs. From 1988 to 1998, he served as Minister of Finance and was awarded, in 1990, the title "Finance Minister of the Year" by Euromoney magazine.

Philippe Maystadt served twice as Deputy Prime Minister. Maystadt has chaired meetings of the G-10 Ministers of Finance, the EU Council of Ministers for Economic and Financial Affairs, the Board of Governors of the EBRD and, for an exceptionally long term of five years, the Interim Committee of the International Monetary Fund. Maystadt's mandate as President of the EIB was renewed in 2006 for a period of six years, his other past and present appointments include: Governor of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Professor at Université catholique de Louvain Belgian Minister of Finance Minister for Economic Affairs Minister for the Budget, Scientific Policy and Planning He supervised the entrance of Belgium in the Euro zone. Seeking election as the President of the Christian Social Party, Maystadt's resignation as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Finance and Minister of Foreign Trade was announced on 19 June 1998. During his last term as Minister of Finance, Maystadt came under heavy criticism after it was revealed that under his responsibility the Belgian State had lost up to 571 million euros in high-risk speculative investments.

This affair marked the end of his political career in Belgium. Maystadt unexpectedly died on 7 December 2017 from a respiratory disease. Italy: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic President, European Investment Bank

Greg Whiteley

Greg Beck Whiteley is the creator, executive producer, director of the Netflix documentary series Cheer and Last Chance U. His films include New York Doll, Resolved and Most Likely to Succeed. Whiteley’s documentaries have garnered an IDA award for best documentary series, two Emmy nominations and three premieres at the Sundance Film Festival. Whiteley was born in Utah to parents Jessie and Kent Whiteley, he was raised in Bellevue, Washington where he attended Interlake High School and became a two-time debate state champion. He served for two years, from 1989-1991, as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints on the Navajo Nation in New Mexico, he graduated from Brigham Young University in 1995 with a BA in film and received an MFA in film from Art Center College of Design in 2001. After winning two Clio Awards during graduate school at Art Center, he was hired by Populuxe Pictures to direct commercials. From 1996 to 2000, Whiteley served as the head of Film Actors Theater in Los Angeles.

While beginning work on New York Doll in 2005, he launched One Potato Productions with his wife, Erin. He named the company in homage to his deceased father, who grew up on an Idaho potato farm. Whiteley wrote and directed New York Doll in 2005; this documentary explores the history of the punk rock band New York Dolls, focusing on the life of bassist Arthur Kane after he converts to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He created Resolved in 2006, which follows the story of a high school debate team. Whiteley spent 2006 to 2012 filming Mitt, having gained access to the Romney family, though not his campaign staff, during both of governor Mitt Romney’s campaigns for the United States presidency. From 2012 to 2014, he created Most Likely To Succeed, which discusses the education system in the United States and proposes ideas for its reform. Whiteley married Erin Bybee in 1999; the couple lives in San Diego, California with their son and daughter, Scout. New York Doll Resolved Mitt Most Likely to Succeed Last Chance U Cheer 1999 Clio Student Awards: Pepsi and Krazy Glue 2005 nomination, Satellite Award: New York Doll 2005 nomination, Grand Jury Prize at the Sundance Film Festival: New York Doll 2007 Audience Award, Best Documentary at the Los Angeles Film Festival: Resolved 2009 nomination, Emmy Award for Best Documentary: Resolved 2009 nomination, Emmy Award for Editing: Resolved 2014 Opening Gala Film, Sundance Film Festival: Mitt 2016 Best Documentary Series, International Documentary Association: Last Chance U 2020 Best Nonfiction Sports Documentary Series, Realscreen Award: Last Chance U Greg Whiteley on IMDb