Melbourne Football Club

The Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed the Demons, is a professional Australian rules football club, playing in the Australian Football League. It is named after and based in the city of Melbourne and plays its home games at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Melbourne is the world's oldest professional club of any football code; the club's origins can be traced to an 1858 letter in which Tom Wills, captain of the Victoria cricket team, calls for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with its own "code of laws". An informal Melbourne team played that winter and was formed in May 1859 when Wills and three other members codified "The Rules of the Melbourne Football Club"—the basis of Australian rules football; the club was a dominant force in the early years of Australian rules football competition, was a foundation member of the Victorian Football Association in 1877 and the Victorian Football League in 1896, which became the national Australian Football League. Melbourne has won 12 VFL/AFL premierships, the latest in 1964.

Melbourne was a foundation team of the AFL Women's league, entering the competition in the inaugural year 2017. The club celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2008 by naming "150 Heroes" as well as creating a birthday logo which appeared on its official guernsey; the football club has been a sporting section of the Melbourne Cricket Club since 2009, having been associated with the MCC between 1889 and 1980. In the winter and spring of 1858, a loosely organised football team known as Melbourne played in a series of scratch matches in the parklands outside the Melbourne Cricket Ground; this team was captained by Tom Wills, a prominent athlete and captain of the Victoria cricket team, who, on 10 July that year, had a letter of his published by the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle, in which he calls for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter. Other figures associated with this embryonic Melbourne side include cricketers Jerry Bryant, William Hammersley and J. B.

Thompson, teacher Thomas H. Smith. During meetings held on 17 and 21 May 1859, Hammersley and Smith met near the MCG at the Parade Hotel, owned by Bryant, to draft "The Rules of the Melbourne Football Club"; the resulting ten codified rules are the laws. The first mention of an interclub match played under the new code was between Melbourne and South Yarra in July 1859, with Hammersley as Melbourne's inaugural captain. In 1861, Melbourne participated in the Caledonian Society's Challenge Cup, but lost the trophy to the Melbourne University Football Club; the club pushed for its rules to be the accepted rules, however many of the early suburban matches were played under compromised rules decided between the captains of the competing clubs. Although some Melbourne players and officials were associated with the cricket club, the football club was not allowed to use the MCG, so it used a nearby field at Yarra Park as its home ground instead. By 1866 several other clubs had adopted an updated version of Melbourne's rules, drafted at a meeting chaired by Wills' cousin, H. C. A. Harrison.

Harrison was a key figure in the early years of the club. Due to his popular reputation and administrative efforts, he was named "Father of Australian Football" in 1908, the year of the sport's golden jubilee. During the 1870s, Melbourne fielded teams in the Seven South Yarra Cup competitions. After a visit to England by one of the club's officials, the colours of red and green were adopted by the club. Shortly afterward, the club began wearing a predominantly red strip and became informally known by supporters as the "Redlegs"; the name "Redlegs" was coined after a Melbourne official returned from a trip to England with one set of red and another of blue woollen socks. Melbourne wore the red set while the blue set was given to the Carlton Football Club; this may be the source of Carlton's nickname,'The Blueboys'. In 1877, the club became a founding member of the Victorian Football Association. During the same year the club took part in the first interstate football match involving a South Australian side, defeating the home side 1–0.

During this time, the club was known as the "Fuchsias". Melbourne never won a VFA premiership, although they were one of the stronger teams in the competition, finishing runner-up four times, to Carlton in 1877, to Geelong in 1878 and twice to Essendon in 1893 and 1894. In 1889, the MFC was reincorporated into the MCC, for many years the two organisations remained unhappily linked; the MFC's close association with the MCC allowed it to claim the MCG as its home ground and gave it access to a wealthy membership base, but Melbourne's reputation as an "establishment" club was not always an advantage. MCC members have the automatic right to attend all events at the ground, including MFC football games; this meant many potential members had a reduced incentive to join the football club, Melbourne's membership remained one of the lowest in the competition. In 1897, the MFC was part of the breakaway Victorian Football League, has been a part of the competition since; the team became known as the "Redlegs".

This nickname is still used by some members and supporter groups within the club. In 1900 Melbourne won its first VFL premiership. Melbourne's greatest player of these early years of the VFL was Ivor Warne-Smith, who in 1926 won the club's first Brownlow Medal, the League's annual award for the fairest and best player. In that year Melbourne won its second flag. Warne-Smith wen


Dunkerrin is a small village in County Offaly, just south of Roscrea and near the County Tipperary border. It on the R445 road, once the main road from Dublin to Limerick. Dunkerrin is now bypassed by the M7, the nearest access is junction 23 at Moneygall; the local national school, Scoil Muire, first opened in 1943. The village's Roman Catholic church, dedicated to St Mary, was built in 1978 on the site of an earlier 19th century church. Local sites of architectural note include the remains of Franckfort Castle, built about 1730. Though now demolished, the ruined remains include a Gothic style curtain wall and towers; the construction of Dunkerrin's Church of Ireland church was funded by the'Board of First Fruits' and completed around 1820. It is a four bay nave church with a three-stage tower. A stile in the stone boundary wall which encloses the church yard provides access to Frankfort Castle. A wall plaque reads,'This wall was built by Francis Rollestown Esq. In the year 1757’. There is a cast-iron water pump in the centre of the village.

It was erected around 1880 and has a cow's tail pump handle

Line 6 (Montreal Metro)

Line 6 was a proposed surface-running line of the Montreal Metro. Unlike the rubber-tire technology used on the Metro's current lines, Line 6's trains would have run on steel wheels. Planned as the first of a series of new "regional metro" lines along existing railways in 1979, the Ministère de Transport du Québec expected Line 6 to begin service along 23.3 km of Canadian National railway tracks by 1989. According to a MTQ proposal from 1982, Line 6 would have intersected the Orange Line at Du College and Sauve stations, along with a planned transfer with the also-unbuilt Red Line, or Line 3, the line would have had 11 stations overall. Running along the northern part of the island, it would have passed through the then-independent cities of St. Laurent, Saint-Michel, Montreal-Nord, Riviere-des-Prairies and Pointe-aux-Trembles. Planned stations included elevated stops along viaducts, others at ground level. According to the MTQ, trains would have run every five minutes during rush hour and every fifteen minutes the rest of the day, at a top speed of 120 km/h twice that of the underground Metro lines.

Trains would have run in four-car sets during rush hour, two cars the rest of the day. Due to an economic slowdown in Montreal, the Line 6 proposal was abandoned in 1985. Unlike the unbuilt Lines 3 and 7, Line 6 never advanced far enough in the planning process to receive a colour; the Mascouche line of the Réseau de transport métropolitain, opened in 2014, follows a similar route to the eastern portion of Line 6. The following stations were planned for the line: Du Collège Côte-Vertu Sauvé Papineau Saint-Michel–Montréal-Nord Pie-IX Viau Lacordaire-Langelier Armand-Bombardier Rivière-des-Prairies Pointe-aux-Trembles