Melun is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is a southeastern suburb of Paris 41.4 km from the centre of Paris. Melun is the prefecture of the Seine-et-Marne, the seat of an arrondissement, its inhabitants are called Melunais. Meledunum began as a Gaulish town. Roman Meledunum was a mutatio where fresh horses were kept available for official couriers on the Roman road south-southeast of Paris, where it forded the Seine. Around 500 A. D, Clovis I granted Melun to a Gallo-Roman magnate, who had fought for Clovis several times and influenced his conversion to Christianity; the Normans sacked it in 845. The castle of Melun became a royal residence of the Capetian kings. Hugh Capet gave Melun to Bouchard, his favorite. In the reign of Hugh's son, Robert II of France, the count of Champagne, bought the city, but the king took it back for Bouchard in 999; the chatelain Gautier and his wife, who had sold the city, were hanged. Robert died there in July 1031.
Robert of Melun was an English scholastic Christian theologian who taught in France, became Bishop of Hereford in England. He studied under Peter Abelard in Paris before teaching there and at Melun, which gave him his surname. Aurelianus Donatus Bouchard I Count of Vendôme and Count of Paris The early viscounts of Melun were listed by 17th and 18th century genealogists, notably Père Anselme. Based on closer reading of the original documents, Adolphe Duchalais constructed this list of viscounts in 1844: Salo Joscelin I William Ursio William the Carpenter Hilduin, Ursio II, Jean Adam Joscelin II The title became an honorary peerage; such viscounts include Claude Louis Hector de Villars. Melun is served by the Gare de Melun, an interchange station on Paris RER line D, on the Transilien R suburban rail line, on several national rail lines; the Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame, Melun was the original home of the Melun Diptych. The nearby château of Vaux-le-Vicomte is considered a smaller predecessor of Palace of Versailles.
The officers' school of the French Gendarmerie is located in Melun. Melun is the birthplace of: Morgan Ciprès, pair skater Jérémie Bela, footballer Willy Boly, footballer Pierre Certon, composer of the Renaissance Jacques Amyot, writer Chimène Badi, singer Samir Beloufa, professional footballer Raphaël Desroses, basketball player Stéphane Dondon, basketball player Judah of Melun, French rabbi and tosafist Yvan Kibundu, footballer Edmé-François Mallet and encyclopédiste Steven Mouyokolo, footballer Granddi Ngoyi, footballer Yrétha Silété, figure skater Bertrand Grospellier, poker player William the Carpenter, viscount of Melun in the 11th century A campus of the École nationale de l'aviation civile is located in Melun. Public high schools/sixth form colleges: Lycée Léonard de Vinci Lycée Jacques-Amyot Lycée Georges SandThere is one private high school/sixth form college: Lycée Saint Aspais Melun is twinned with: Crema, Italy Spelthorne, United Kingdom Vaihingen, Germany Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department INSEE Initial text from the "Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2001" Compiled by John R. Carpenter.
The Viscounts and Counts of Melun are listed in Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln, Neue Folge, Volume VII, Tafels 55 & 56. Cawley, Paris Region Nobility - Vicomtes de Melun, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Official website Tourist office website 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF French Ministry of Culture list for Melun Map of Melun on Michelin
The Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarchal Dependent Territory of Jerusalem is a branch of the Melkite Greek Catholic Church subject to the Patriarch of Antioch of the Melkites. In 2005, there were 3,300 baptized. Yasser Ayyash is the current Vicar Apostolic of the Patriarch Youssef Absi; the patriarchal dependent territory includes the city of Jerusalem, where is the Cathedral of the Annunciation. The territory is divided into eight parishes. In the archeparchy at the end of 2005 there were 12 priests and 8 parishes. Starting in 1772, as noted by the Orientalium dignitas of Pope Leo XIII, the Patriarch of Antioch became "administrator of Jerusalem" for the Melkites of Palestine. Since 1838, the Melkite Patriarch took the title of Patriarch of Antioch and All the East, of Alexandria and of Jerusalem; as the seat of their patriarch of Jerusalem, the archeparchy is governed by a patriarchal vicar, who governs in the name of the patriarch. The vicars were simple priests. Patriarch Maximos III Mazloum consecrated the Cathedral of the Annunciation on 24 May 1848.
Among the patriarchal vicars remembered is Hilarion Capucci, arrested by the authorities in Israel in 1974 for smuggling weapons for the Palestine Liberation Army and sentenced to jail, but, released in 1978 after insistent pressure from the Holy See. Elias Fendeh Ambroise Abdo Ambroise Abdo Gabriel Abu Saada Hilarion Capucci, BA Loutfi Laham Mtanios Haddad, BS Georges Bakar Joseph Jules Zerey Yasser Ayyash http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/dgeme.html http://www.pgc-lb.org/fre/melkite_greek_catholic_church/Jerusalem-Sieges-Patriarcaux http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/diocese/jeru1.htm
State Route 139 is a 25-mile-long state highway in Jefferson and Sevier counties in the eastern portion of the U. S. state of Tennessee. It connects Strawberry Plains to Dandridge. SR 139 begins in Jefferson County in Strawberry Plains at an intersection with US 11E/SR 34; the road heads southeast through farmland to an intersection and becomes concurrent with US 25W/US 70/SR 9 at an intersection with Snyder Road, which serves as a connector to SR 66 and I-40. The highway travels west for a short distance before crossing into Sevier County. SR 139 splits off and goes southeast again to pass under I-40 before entering Kodak, it passes through the downtown area before leaving Kodak and passing through Beech Springs before returning to Kodak and coming to an intersection with SR 66. SR 139 leaves Kodak for the final time and passes through farmland before having an intersection with SR 338 and crossing back into Jefferson County. SR 139 runs alongside Douglas Lake and passes by its many marinas and lake homes before entering Dandridge and coming to and end at an intersection with SR 92 in downtown.
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