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Merry Brandybuck

Meriadoc Brandybuck called Merry, is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, featured throughout his most famous work, The Lord of the Rings. Merry is described as one of the closest friends of the main protagonist. Merry and his friend Pippin are members of the Fellowship of the Ring, they become separated from the rest of the group and spend much of The Two Towers making their own decisions. By the time of The Return of the King, Merry has enlisted in the army of Rohan as an esquire to King Théoden, in whose service he fights during the War of the Ring. After the war, he returns home, where he and Pippin lead the Scouring of the Shire, ridding it of Saruman's influence. Merry was born in Buckland, he is the only child of Saradoc Brandybuck, a Master of Buckland, Esmeralda Brandybuck, the younger sister of Paladin Took II, making him first cousin to Paladin's son, his friend Peregrin Took. He married Estella Brandybuck, the younger sister of Fredegar Bolger, who helped Frodo, Sam and Pippin on the first leg of their quest journey.

Frodo and Merry are first cousins once removed. Meriadoc and Estella had at least one son. In The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien describes Merry as the most perceptive and intelligent of the hobbits. Before Bilbo Baggins left the Shire, Merry knew of the One Ring and its power of invisibility, he guarded Bag End after Bilbo's party. Merry was a force behind "the Conspiracy" of Sam, Fredegar Bolger and himself to help Frodo. Thus, at the beginning of The Fellowship of the Ring, Merry was well-prepared and organized — he assembled their packs and brought ponies, his shortcut through the Old Forest distanced them from the Nazgûl for a time. In the Barrow-downs, he is given a dagger forged in the kingdom of Arnor. At Bree, Merry was not celebrating in the Prancing Pony. At Rivendell, he was seen plotting their path; the Council of Elrond reluctantly admitted Pippin to the Fellowship. At the entrance to Moria, Merry asks Gandalf the meaning of the door inscription "Speak and enter"; when Gandalf discovers the true interpretation, he says, "Merry, of all people, was on the right track".

At Amon Hen, he and Pippin are captured by a band of Saruman's Uruk-hai, despite's Boromir defence. Escaping with Pippin into Fangorn forest, they are rescued by Treebeard and given an Ent-draught to drink: it makes them both grow unnaturally tall for hobbits. Accompanying Treebeard to the Entmoot and to Isengard, which the ents destroy, they took up residence in an Isengard gate-house, meeting King Théoden of Rohan, are reunited with the Fellowship. Merry becomes his esquire. Against Théoden's orders, he rides to Gondor with Éowyn, disguised as a common soldier. In the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, while the leader of the Nazgûl is preoccupied with Éowyn, Merry stabs him behind his knee; the Black Captain stumbles, Éowyn kills him. This fulfils the prophecy that he would not be killed "by the hand of man," as it is a hobbit and a woman that end his life. Éomer makes Meriadoc a Knight of the Mark for his bravery. After the War of the Ring and Pippin return home as the tallest of hobbits, only to find that Saruman has taken over the Shire.

Merry and Pippin rouse the hobbits to revolt. During the resulting Scouring of the Shire, Merry commands the hobbit forces, kills the leader of Saruman's "ruffians" at the Battle of Bywater. Merry inherits the title Master of Buckland at the start of the Fourth Age, he becomes a historian of the Shire. At the age of 102, Merry returns to Gondor with Pippin, his son succeeds him as Master of Buckland. The critic Jane Chance Nitzsche discusses the role of Merry and his friend Pippin in illuminating the contrast between the "good and bad Germanic lords Theoden and Denethor", she writes that both leaders receive the allegiance of a hobbit, but differently: Theoden, King of Rohan, treats Merry with love, reciprocated, whereas Denethor, Steward of Gondor, undervalues Pippin because he is small, binds him with a harsh formal oath. The critic Tom Shippey notes that Tolkien uses the two hobbits and their low simple humour as foils for the much higher romance to which he was aspiring with the more heroic and kingly figures of Theoden and Aragorn: an unfamiliar and old-fashioned writing style that might otherwise, Shippey writes, have lost his readers entirely.

He notes that Merry and Pippin serve, too, as guides to introduce the reader to seeing the various non-human characters, letting the reader know that an ent looks an old tree stump or "almost like the figure of some gnarled old man". The two minor hobbits have another role, Shippey writes: it is to remain of good courage when strong men start to doubt whether victory is possible, as when Merry encourages Theoden when he seems to be succumbing to "horror and doubt". A fourth purpose, notes the Tolkien critic Paul Kocher, is given by Tolkien himself, in the words of the wizard Gandalf: "the young hobbits... were brought to Fangorn, their coming was like the falling of small stones that starts an avalanche in the mountains." Kocher observes that Tolkien is describing Merry and Pippin's role in the same terms as he spells out Gollum's purpose and Gandalf's "reincarnation". In Ralph Bakshi's 1978 animated version of The Lord of the Rings, Merry was voiced by Simon C

African Telecommunications Union

The African Telecommunications Union is an organization in Africa that combines countries and mobile telecommunications providers in an attempt to increase development of the continent's information and communication technology infrastructure. Like many telecommunications unions, the ATU advocates for increased information development within their region of interest, the continent of Africa; the ATU aims to ensure transparency and accountability, effective funding and financing, quality service to all with whom it collaborates. In addition to goals for inclusion within the information society and among African nations, the ATU promotes positive collaboration with the Institute for Computer Technology research and development; as the Internet has become the preeminent communication technology for fostering economic growth, this area is of great focus for the ATU. Because the Internet reaches 0.1 percent of Africa’s population, the ATU attempts to address the connectivity gap among the nations in Africa and strives for universal access throughout Africa.

In achieving this goal, the ATU hopes to be a meaningful player in the development and progression of Africa as a significant contributor to the global information and knowledge society. The foundation of the ATU dates back to 1977 when its mission was a part of the Organization of African Unity, which has since been replaced by the African Union; the ATU was formed in 1999 as the successor to the Pan-African Telecommunications Union and is headquartered in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, but due to war, the ATU has relocated to Nairobi, Kenya. At this time, the organization transformed from a coordinating body for government related activity to include private and public stakeholders in the information and telecommunications technology sector; the ATU now enforces a constitution and has added a secretary general along with a technical management team to ensure a more effective transformation from the PATU. The ATU attempts to provide a collaborative atmosphere for public and private stakeholders to formulate and negotiate policies that might increase the role of Africa in the booming environment of ICT.

So, while the PATU only allowed public membership of government’s, the ATU now allows organizations from the private sector to become associate members. Many problems face the African continent in the area of ICT development; the cost of computers and information services are high. Much of this is caused by the lack of infrastructure in place to manufacture advanced technologies and the limited development of ICT networks. Moreover, the networks in Africa, including both telephone and Internet infrastructure, are owned by American and European providers. Additionally, many of the brightest researchers and scientists in Africa are leaving the continent to pursue intellectual and trade development in other countries of the world, because the opportunities for professional development in Africa are limited; as a result and development within Africa lacks and education of the region’s population continues to slow. The ATU has 16 associate members; the 46 member states include: Central Africa Angola Burundi Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Democratic Republic of Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon Sao Tome & PrincipeEast Africa Comoros Kenya Madagascar Mauritius Tanzania UgandaHorn of Africa Djibouti Ethiopia SomaliaNorth Africa Algeria Egypt Libya Mauritania Morocco Sudan TunisiaWest Africa Benin Burkina Faso Ivory Coast Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone TogoSouthern Africa Botswana Lesotho Malawi South Africa Swaziland Zambia ZimbabweThe 16 associate members include: Cameroon Telecommunications Ivory Coast Telecom Sudan Telecom Company Limited - Sudan Loteny Telecom - Ivory Coast Botswana Telecommunications Authority - Botswana Safaricom Limited - Kenya Telkom Kenya Ltd - Kenya Telecom Lesotho Ltd - Lesotho P.

Q. Africa - South Africa Vodacom Limited - South Africa Zanzibar Telecom Limited - Tanzania Tanzania Telecommunications Company Limited - Tanzania Ghana Telecommunications Company Ltd - Ghana Mauritius Telecom Ltd - Mauritius Telecom Egypt - Egypt INFOTEL Consulting - Nigeria from ATU homeAny private entity in the ICT sector may apply for membership whether or not it is affiliated with a host country in the African Union. Nearly any type of entity involved in network technology may apply including banks, consulting agencies, network operators, etc; the ATU is divided into five principal parts: the Conference of Plenipotentiaries, the Administrative Council, the Technical and Development Conference, the General Secretariat, Non-Permanent Units. The CPL occurs on a four-year cycle, attended by the Ministers of Communications, has the authority to adapt the constitution and is the major policy platform; the CPL elects the secretary general and members of the Administrative Council. The Administrative Council approves the policy actions and budgets.

The Technical and Development Conference serves as a platform for setting ICT standards and regulatory measures among the public and private members. Financial issues and a top-down representational approach have been some of the criticized structural issues for the ATU; because the ATU’s formal establishment is rather young, there have not been many major reforms. The ATU is in the process of collaborating with regional economic associations and attempting to bolster confidence in a united African effort for the advancement of ICT; the ATU signed a “cooperation agreement” with the Interg

Winter storm naming in the United States

Winter storm naming in the United States has been used sporadically since the mid-1700s in various ways to describe historical winter storms. These names have been coined using schemes such as the days of the year that the storm impacted or noteworthy structures that the storm had damaged and/or destroyed. In the 2010s, winter storm naming became controversial with The Weather Channel coming up with its own list of names for winter storms similar to that of hurricanes. Various other media outlets soon followed suit with their own naming lists. Meteorologists argue that winter storms can reform more than once, making the process of naming them both difficult and redundant; those in favor of naming winter storms argue. Entities from the United States government, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Weather Service, have stated that they would not be naming winter storms, have asked others to refrain from doing so. Winter Storm naming in the United States goes back to the 1700s when a snowstorm dubbed "The Great Snow of 1717" hit the colonies of New England in 1717.

Another noteworthy storm that hit the great plains in 1888 was dubbed "The Schoolhouse Blizzard" or "Children's Blizzard". Naming would be used again in 1905 for The Mataafa Storm. In 1924, a storm hit middle Atlantic United States; this storm turned blizzard was dubbed the Knickerbocker Storm after the Knickerbocker Theatre in Washington D. C. which the storm destroyed. Named days of the calendar for storms include a storm that hit in 1940 called the Armistice Day Blizzard, a storm in Oregon in 1962 called the Columbus Day Storm, a storm in 1976 called the Groundhog Day gale, more a storm in 1991 dubbed the Halloween blizzard; the twentieth century closed with two more storms. In 1993, a storm that spanned a large portion of the eastern United States was dubbed the "Storm of the Century". While in 1997, a blizzard that impacted the Northeastern United States was called the April Fool's Day Blizzard. Storms of the twenty-first century include the South Valley Surprise of 2002. In 2006, the National Weather Service named a winter storm that impacted Buffalo New York Lake Storm "Aphid".

In the year major storms that occurred in Colorado were dubbed the Colorado Holiday Blizzards. During October 2012 after informally using the previously-coined name "Snowtober" for the 2011 Halloween nor'easter, The Weather Channel announced that it was going to start naming winter storms from a predetermined list of names; the Weather Channel argued that the winter storm names would improve communications of storm warnings and help reduce storm impacts. Private agencies, news stations have named storms in recent years that have received international media attention; these names include "Snowmageddon", "Snowzilla", other voted upon names such as Anna, after former First Lady Anna Harrison. In November 2012, TWC began naming winter storms, starting with the November 2012 nor'easter that it named "Winter Storm Athena." TWC compiled a list of winter storm names for the 2012–13 winter season. It would name only those storms that are "disruptive" to people, said Bryan Norcross, a TWC senior director.

TWC's decision was met with criticism from other weather forecasters, who called the practice self-serving and confusing to the public. Naming though has been used by The Weather Channel since 2011, when the cable network informally used the previously-coined name "Snowtober" for a 2011 Halloween nor'easter. A few of the winter storm names used by March 2013 include Athena, Caesar, Gandolf and Nemo. For the 2013-2014 season, The Weather Channel published a list of 26 more names to be used for winter storms, with the name Atlas as the first name of the season. On October 2, 2014, The Weather Channel released 25 new names with the 26th "W" to be voted on by viewers. Since various names have been chosen by The Weather Channel for each subsequent winter season; the U. S. government-operated National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, its main division—the National Weather Service —did not acknowledge TWC's winter storm names and asked its forecast offices to refrain from using the TWC names.

In a November 2012 memo, it requested. NWS spokesperson Susan Buchanan stated, "The National Weather Service does not name winter storms because a winter storm's impact can vary from one location to another, storms can weaken and redevelop, making it difficult to define where one ends and another begins." The National Weather Service office in Buffalo, New York named lake-effect snow storms in its coverage area through the 2012–13 season. In 2013, the office removed references to its previous history of naming those storms and now only refers to the storms by date; the National Weather Service has since stated that "no plans to consider naming winter storms" are in progress. Private weather forecaster AccuWeather disagreed with the practice of naming winter storms in 2013. AccuWeather president Joel N. Myers stated in February 2013, "The Weather Channel has confused media spin with science and public safety. We have found this is not good science and will mislead the public." In defense of TWC's practice, TWC's Norcross said, "The fact is, a storm with a name is easier to follow, which will mean fewer surprises and more preparation."

Media organizations such as The New York Times and The Washington Post stated that they would not use a name such as "Winter Storm Nemo" for the February 2013 nor'easter. However, some outlets such as New

Eucalyptus copulans

Eucalyptus copulans is a species of small, critically endangered tree only known in the wild from one or two individual plants in the Blue Mountains of New South Wales. It has smooth bark with several main stems, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in group of eleven or more and more or less spherical fruit. Eucalyptus copulans is a tree with several main trunks and with smooth grey or green bark, shed in ribbons. Young plants have narrow elliptical leaves that are dull greyish green, up to 65 mm long and 25 mm wide on a petiole 2–7 mm long. Adult leaves are lance-shaped, the same glossy green on both sides, 60–120 mm long and 10–18 mm wide on a petiole 5–10 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in groups of eleven or more in leaf axils on a peduncle 3–8 mm long, the individual buds sessile or on a pedicel up to 1 mm long. Mature buds are cylindrical, up to 8 mm long and 2.5 mm wide with a conical operculum about the same length as the floral cup. The fruit is a woody, more or less spherical capsule 4–6 mm long and about 5 mm wide with the valves enclosed below the rim.

Eucalyptus copulans was first formally described in 1991 by Lawrie Johnson and Ken Hill from a specimen collected in 1957 near Wentworth Falls railway station. The description was published in the journal Telopea; the authors considered that this species is similar to both E. stellulata and E. moorei but that it could not be a hybrid of these species because of its geographical isolation from them. Others authorities consider it to be Eucalyptus moorei subsp.. Moorei; the specific epithet is derived from the Latin word copulo meaning "to couple" or "to join", referring to "the link between E. moorei and E. stellulata formed by this species". This species was only known from woodland and in swampy sites near Wentworth Falls and the population near the railway station was destroyed in a bushfires in the 1950s. Only two wild-growing specimens are known from growing in a nature reserve; this eucalypt is classified as "endangered" under the Commonwealth Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 Act and the New South Wales Government Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016.

The main threats to the species include its small population size, inappropriate fire regimes and habitat degradation

Terry Sanford

James Terry Sanford was an American lawyer and politician from North Carolina. A member of the Democratic Party, Sanford was the 65th Governor of North Carolina, a two-time U. S. Presidential candidate in the 1970s and a U. S. Senator. Sanford was a strong proponent of public education and introduced a number of reforms and new programs in North Carolina's schools and institutions of higher education as the state's governor, increasing funding for education and establishing the North Carolina Fund. From 1969 to 1985, Sanford was President of Duke University. An Eagle Scout as a youth, Sanford became an FBI agent after graduating from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1939. During World War II, he received a battlefield commission. Following his return to civilian life after World War II, Sanford attended and graduated from the University of North Carolina School of Law and began a legal career in the late 1940s, soon becoming involved in politics. A lifelong Democrat, he was noted for his progressive leadership in civil rights and education, although his opponents criticized him as a "tax-and-spend" liberal.

Sanford is remembered as a major public figure of the South after World War II. Sanford was born in 1917 in Laurinburg, North Carolina, the son of Elizabeth Terry and Cecil Leroy Sanford, both of English descent, he became an Eagle Scout in Laurinburg's Troop 20 of the Boy Scouts of America. Shortly before he died, Sanford related his Scouting experience to journalist David Gergen and said that it "probably saved my life in the war. Boys, Scouts or had been in the CCC knew how to look after themselves in the woods.... What I learned in Scouts sustained me all my life; the BSA recognized him with its Distinguished Eagle Scout Award. Sanford graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1939 and served as a special agent in the FBI for two years, he married Margaret Rose Knight on July 4, 1942, they had two children: Terry Jr. and Elizabeth. During World War II, he enlisted as a private in the US Army and attained the rank of first lieutenant, he parachuted into France with the 517th Parachute Infantry Regiment and fought in the Battle of the Bulge.

He was awarded wounds, respectively. Sanford was honorably discharged in 1946. Sanford served as a company commander with the rank of captain in Company K of 119th Infantry Regiment of the North Carolina Army National Guard from 1948 to 1960. After the war, Sanford earned a law degree from the University of North Carolina School of Law. Sanford was an assistant director of the Institute of Government of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill from 1946 until 1948 began a private practice of law in Fayetteville. In 1949 Sanford was elected president of the North Carolina Young Democratic Clubs, he served one term as a state senator, chose not to run for a second term. He managed W. Kerr Scott's 1954 U. S. Senate campaign. On February 4, 1960, Sanford declared his candidacy for the office of Governor of North Carolina in Fayetteville. In his announcement and throughout most of the campaign for the Democratic primary election, Sanford focused on the improvement of education and increased economic growth.

In competing for the office of governor Sanford faced North Carolina Attorney General Malcolm Buie Seawell, state legislator John D. Larkins, law professor I. Beverly Lake, Sr.. Lake declared that preservation of racial segregation and the state's existing social order would be the main theme of his campaign, worrying Sanford, who wished to avoid race becoming a large topic of discussion in the contest. Larkins and Seawell both ran as fiscal moderates on issues of race; as Sanford was expected to place first in the initial primary and Seawell focused their rhetorical criticisms against him, while Lake drew upon increasing support for his segregationist stances. Sanford resorted to only minor criticisms of his opponents. In the May primary Sanford placed first with 269,563 votes, Lake placed second with 181,692 votes, both Larkins and Seawell earned less than 20 percent of the votes. In declaring that he would contest Sanford in the Democratic primary runoff, Lake insisted that he liked Sanford but disapproved of his economic and racial policies.

He criticized his opponent as a proponent of a "spend and tax" platform and pledged to oppose the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and ensure that schools remained segregated. Feeling he could not afford to be too polite in his response, Sanford countered with unexpected hostility, saying "Let's get this straight right now on the race issue... I have been and will continue to oppose to the end domination or direction by the NAACP. Professor Lake is bringing on integration. I don't believe in playing race against race or group against group." He further accused Lake of attempting to secure support by ruining race relations and assured that he could stave off federally-mandated integration whereas Lake would generate a confrontation that would encourage it. He attacked Lake's professional background, insisting "I was raised around the cotton patches and tobacco fields of Scotland County, I know how to handle the racial situation better than a theoretical college professor."

He contended that Lake's focus on racial matters distracted from the more important subject of quality education. Lake was blindsided by Sanford's reply, increased his rhetorical attacks on Sanford in the following weeks, including accusing Sanford of having the near-total support of the "Negro bloc vote", a c

Geetanjali Medical College

Geetanjali Medical College is a private medical college located in the city of Udaipur, Rajasthan. The college is attached to the Geetanjali Hospital, a 1150 bedded tertiary care hospital; the batches up to 2011 are affiliated to the Rajasthan University of Health Sciences which conducts the examinations. Batches 2012 and onwards are affiliated to the Geetanjali University, established in 2011 covering an area of 25 acres Post Graduate coursesMD MD M. Sc. MD MD MD M. Sc. MD M. Sc. MD M. Sc. MD MD MS M. Sc. MD MS MS MD MD MD MD MD MS M. H. A. M. Sc. Doctorate ProgrammesPh. D Ph. D Ph. D Ph. D Ph. D Ph. D Ph. D Ph. D Udaipur List of medical colleges in India List of medical colleges in Rajasthan Colleges and institutes in India