Mexico City International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mexico City International Airport

Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México
Logo of MEX Airport.svg
AICM AIR T2.jpg
Mexico City Airport Terminal 2
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGrupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México
OperatorAeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares
ServesMexico City, Mexico
LocationVenustiano Carranza, Mexico City
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL7,316 ft / 2,230 m
Coordinates19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194Coordinates: 19°26′10″N 099°04′19″W / 19.43611°N 99.07194°W / 19.43611; -99.07194
Websiteaicm.com.mx
Map
MEX is located in Mexico City
MEX
MEX
Location within Mexico City
MEX is located in Mexico
MEX
MEX
MEX (Mexico)
MEX is located in North America
MEX
MEX
MEX (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
05L/23R 3,952 12,966 Asphalt
13/31 2,300 7,546 Asphalt
5 Auxiliar 759 2,490 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers47,700,547 Increase 6.6%
Cargo tonnage581,675.28 Increase 8.27%
Source: DAFIF[1][2]
Statistics: Airport website[3]

Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México, AICM); officially Aeropuerto Internacional Benito Juárez (Benito Juárez International Airport) (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is an international airport that serves Greater Mexico City. It is Mexico's and Latin America's busiest airport by passenger traffic and aircraft movements; the airport sustains 35,000 jobs directly and around 15,000 indirectly in the immediate area.[4] The airport is owned by Grupo Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México and operated by Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, the government-owned corporation, which also operates 22 other airports throughout Mexico.[5] In recent years Toluca Airport has become an alternate airport.[6]

This airport is served by 30 domestic and international passenger airlines and 17 cargo carriers; as the main hub for Mexico's largest airline Aeroméxico (with Aeroméxico Connect), the airport has become a SkyTeam hub. It is also a hub for Aeromar, Interjet, Volaris, and a focus city for VivaAerobus. On a typical day, more than 100,000 passengers[3] pass through the airport to and from more than 100 destinations on four continents. In 2018, the airport handled 47,700,547 passengers, a 6.6% increase compared to 2017.[7]

Operating near the limits of its capacity,[8] calls for replacing the airport were announced in September 2014, with the proposed location to be built 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north-northeast of the current airport, east of Ecatepec.[9][10] In January 2019, construction of the new airport was cancelled.[11]

Location[edit]

Located at the neighbourhood of Peñón de los Baños within Venustiano Carranza, one of the sixteen boroughs into which Mexico City is divided, the airport is 5 km (3.1 mi) east from Downtown Mexico City and is surrounded by the built-up areas of Gustavo A. Madero to the north and Venustiano Carranza to the west, south and east. As the airport is located on the east side of Mexico City and its runways run southwest-northeast, an airliner's landing approach is usually directly over the conurbation of Mexico City when the wind is from the northeast. Therefore, there is an important overflying problem and noise pollution.[12][13]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Inauguration of Iberia's Mexico City-Madrid route, March 1, 1950

The original site, known as Llanos de Balbuena, had been used for aeronautical activities since 1910, when Alberto Braniff became the first to fly an aeroplane in Mexico, and in Latin America;[14][15] the flight was onboard of a Voisin biplane. On November 30, 1911, President Francisco I. Madero, was the first head of State in the world to fly onboard of a Deperdussin airplane piloted by Geo M. Dyott of Moisant International.[16][17] In 1915 the airport first opened as Balbuena Military Airport with five runways. Construction of a small civilian airport began in 1928; the first landing was on November 5, 1928, and regular service started in 1929, but was officially inaugurated on May 15, 1931. On July 8, 1943, the Official Gazette of the Federation published a decree that acknowledged Mexico City's Central Airport as an international airport, capable of managing international arrivals and departures of passengers and aircraft, its first international route was to Los Angeles International Airport operated by Mexicana. Construction of Runway 05D-23I started six years later, as well as new facilities such as a platform, a terminal building, a control tower and offices for the authorities; the runway started its operations in 1951. On November 19, 1952, President Miguel Alemán opened the passenger terminal, which later became Terminal 1.[18]

In 1956 the airport had four runways in service: 05L-23R (2,720m long, 40m wide), 05R-23L (3,000m long, 45m wide), with electric lights for night-time service; 13-31 (2,300m long, 40m wide) which had been built to relieve 14-32, to which residential areas had encroached too closely; and 5 Auxiliar (759m long).[19]

1960s–1990s[edit]

President and Mrs. Kennedy disembark Air Force One, June 29, 1962

On December 2, 1963, Walter C. Buchanan, former director of the Transport and Communications Department (SCT), changed the airport's name "Aeropuerto Central" (Central Airport) to "Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México" (Mexico City International Airport).[20]

In the 1970s, president Luis Echeverría closed the two remaining shorter runways (13/31 and 5 Auxiliar); on the land of 13-31 a social housing complex was built, Unidad Fiviport.[21][22][23] leaving the two parallel runways. In 1980, the terminal was expanded to double its capacity, using a single large terminal rather than multiple terminals as in other airports. Ten years later in 1990, the mixed domestic/international gates were separated to increase the terminal's functionality, along with the separation of domestic and international check-in halls.[citation needed]

On November 24, 1978, the "Mexico" Control Tower began its operations; it has been in service since then.[20]

The AICM has continually improved its infrastructure. On August 15, 1979, and after about a year of remodeling works, the terminal building reopened to the public; the airport continued its operations during the renovation, which improved passenger transit with better space distribution in walkways and rooms.[24]

Due to constant growth in demand of both passengers and operations, on January 13, 1994, the Official Gazette of the Federation, published a presidential decree that prohibited general aviation operations in the AICM, which were moved to Toluca International Airport in order to clear air traffic in the capital's airport.[25]

Renovations to the AICM continued and on April 11, 1994, a new International Terminal building was ready and operational, it was built by a private contractor according to a co-investment agreement with Airports and Auxiliary Services. In 2001, in order to further improve service to passengers, construction for Module XI started; this Module permitted eight new contact positions in the Airport Terminal, capable of receiving eight regular airplanes, two wide-body, or four narrow-body aircraft.[26]

2003–2007 expansion[edit]

Because of the increasing traffic, president Vicente Fox announced the construction of a new, larger airport on 5,000 ha (12,000 acres) in the municipalities of Texcoco and San Salvador Atenco, but when local violent protests took place in 2002, the new airport was cancelled.[27] Instead, to respond to the growing demand and aiming to position the AICM as one of the greatest in terms of quality, services, security, and operational functionality, on May 30, 2003, the Federal Government announced an update: an extension to the air terminal in order to widen its service capacity from 20 million to 32 million passengers a year; this program was part of the Metropolitan Airport System, promoted by the Federal Administration. The Communications and Transportation Ministry (SCT), Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares (ASA) and AICM performed expansion and remodeling work on Terminal 1, over a surface area of 90,000 square metres (970,000 sq ft); 48,000 of which were new construction and 42,000 of which were remodeled; the renovations include new airline counters, commercial spaces and an elevator for people with disabilities, which improved the flow of passengers with domestic destinations.

Among other works performed in the international area, a long-distance bus terminal was built with connections to Puebla, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Toluca, Querétaro and Orizaba; the new bus station has access to a food court and the international arrivals and departures area, as well as a pedestrian bridge that connects to "The Peñón de los Baños" neighborhood.

The airport was formally named after the 19th-century president Benito Juárez in 2006.[28]

On November 15, 2007, Terminal 2 was opened, significantly increasing the airport's capacity. All SkyTeam members moved their operations to the new terminal, except Air France and KLM, it was officially inaugurated in March 2008, once the new road accesses and taxiways were finished. Terminal 2 increased the airport's contact positions by 40% and the operational capacity by 15%; the terminal was inaugurated by former President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa.[29]

Lack of capacity and slot restriction[edit]

The airport as seen from an aircraft in 2011.
aerial view of the airport before the construction of Terminal 2.

The airport has suffered from a lack of capacity due to restrictions on expansion, since it is located in a densely populated area. In 2014, Mexican authorities established and declared a maximum capacity of 61 operations per hour with a total of 16 rush hours (7:00 –22:59).[30] Another issue with the airport is the limitation that its two runways provide, since they are used at 97.3% of their maximum capacity, leaving a very short room for new operations into the airport. Only government, military, commercial, and specially authorised aircraft are allowed to land at the airport. Private aircraft must use alternate airports, such as Lic. Adolfo López Mateos International Airport in Toluca, General Mariano Matamoros Airport in Cuernavaca, or Hermanos Serdán International Airport in Puebla.

Failed attempt to replace the airport[edit]

Architect Fernando Romero and the scale model of the New Mexico City airport.

The construction of a new Mexico City international airport was announced by Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto on September 2, 2014,[31] who said that it would be emblemático, or a national symbol; the new airport would replace the current Mexico City International Airport, which is at capacity. It would have had one large terminal of 6,000,000 square feet (560,000 m2) and six runways: two of each 4.5 kilometres (2.8 mi; 15,000 ft) length and four of each 4 kilometres (2.5 mi; 13,000 ft) length. The architects were Sir Norman Foster and Fernando Romero, son-in-law of billionaire Carlos Slim and architect of the Soumaya Museum.[32][33]

Construction would have taken eight years and depending on the source, was estimated to cost 120 or 169 billion Mexican pesos, about 9–13 billion U.S. dollars. It would have been built on land already owned by the federal government in the Zona Federal del Lago de Texcoco, between Ecatepec and Atenco in the State of Mexico, about 10 km northeast of the current airport.[34][35]

The terminal would have been sustainable, aimed at a LEED Platinum certification.[36]

The project, however, was cancelled on October 30, 2018 after voters voted against a referendum related to the airport;[37] the costs of cancellation are estimated in over US$5 billion.[38]

Terminals and facilities[edit]

Terminal layout before T2.
Terminal layout after T2 was built.
External facade of Terminal 2.
Terminal 2 - Departures waiting area.
Terminal 2 - Display screens.
Terminal 2 - Hall L3 Check-in counters.
Central corridor at T2.

Terminals[edit]

Mexico City International Airport has two passenger terminals. Terminal 1 is separated from Terminal 2 by the runways.

Terminal 1[edit]

  • Opened in 1958; expanded in 1970, 1989, 1998, 2000 and 2004
  • Overall terminal surface: 542,000 m2 (5,830,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 33
  • Remote positions: 17 (34 Before New T2 was built)
  • Number of jetways: 33
  • Number of airside halls: 10
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 9
  • Number of mobile-lounges: 11
  • Hotel service:
  • Parking service: 3,100 vehicles (Domestic), 2,400 vehicles (International)
  • Space per passenger in T1: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 22

Terminal 2[edit]

  • Opened in 2007
  • Overall terminal surface: 288,000 m2 (3,100,000 sq ft)
  • Contact positions: 23
  • Remote positions: 18 (Aeromar and Aeroméxico Connect)
  • Number of jetways: 23
  • Number of airside halls: 2 (Domestic, International)
  • Number of landside (check-in) halls: 3 (L1, L2, L3)
  • Hotel service:
    • 287 room NH
  • Parking service: 3,000 vehicles
  • Space per passenger in T2: 22 m2 (240 sq ft)
  • Number of baggage claim carousels: 15)
  • Platform surface: 426,000 m2 (4,590,000 sq ft)
  • Inter-terminal Aerotrén capacity: 7,800 daily passengers

Terminal 2 was built over a surface area of 242,666.55m² and has modern security systems, in accordance with international standards including a passenger traffic separation systems. The new facility will help AICM increase its capacity to 32 million passengers per year.

Air operations in the new facilities began on November 15, 2007, with flights by Aeromar and Delta Air Lines, and later AeroMéxico, Copa, LAN and Continental Airlines. Terminal 2 was formally inaugurated by former Presidente Felipe Calderón Hinojosa on March 26, 2008.

These projects were done without affecting airplane takeoffs and landings, and will help Mexico City International Airport offer better services, and respond to the growing demand of passengers and operations in the coming years.

Terminal 2 now houses all Aeroméxico flights out of the airport, becoming the airline's main distribution center. Although the terminal was intended to be served by all-SkyTeam member airlines, Air France and KLM decided to remain at Terminal 1.

Other facilities[edit]

Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares, a government-owned corporation that operates airports in Mexico, has its headquarters on the airport property.,[39] Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares;[40] the Aeromar headquarters are located in Hangar 7 in Zone D of the General Aviation Terminal of the airport.[41][42] Aviacsa had its headquarters in Hangar 1 in Zone C, but ceased operations on May 4, 2011.[43]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The airport connects 52 domestic and 50 international destinations in Latin America, North America, Europe and Asia. Aeromexico serves the largest number of cities from any Latin American hub (80), 46 domestic and 34 international.[44] Most prominent foreign airlines are United Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines and Avianca Holdings. Aeroméxico/Aeroméxico Connect operates the most departures from the airport followed by Interjet, Volaris, and Aeromar. Aeroméxico also operates to the most destinations followed by Interjet.

Passenger[edit]

This table lists passengers flights served with a nonstop or direct flight with no change of aircraft carrying passengers originating in Mexico City according to the airlines' published schedules, unless otherwise noted.

AirlinesDestinations
AeromarAcapulco, Ciudad Victoria, Colima, Guadalajara, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Ixtepec, Lázaro Cárdenas, McAllen, Oaxaca, Piedras Negras, Poza Rica, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, San Luis Potosí, Tamuín (resumes August 15, 2019),[45] Tepic, Veracruz
AeroméxicoAcapulco, Amsterdam, Bogotá, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cali (ends September 2, 2019),[46] Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Culiacán, Detroit, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Guayaquil (ends October 1, 2019),[47] Havana, Hermosillo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Orlando, Panama City, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Puerto Vallarta, Quito, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong (ends December 13, 2019),[48] Tijuana, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Vancouver, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Barcelona, Calgary, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Tapachula
Aeroméxico ConnectAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Austin, Campeche, Cancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Durango, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, León/El Bajío, Los Mochis, Managua, Manzanillo, Matamoros, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Minatitlán/Coatzacoalcos, Monterrey, Morelia, Nuevo Laredo, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Querétaro, Reynosa, Saltillo, San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Tampico, Tapachula, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Punta Cana
Air CanadaVancouver
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Air FranceParis–Charles de Gaulle
AlitaliaRome–Fiumicino
All Nippon AirwaysTokyo–Narita
American AirlinesCharlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
AviancaBogotá
Avianca El SalvadorSan Salvador
Avianca PeruLima
British AirwaysLondon–Heathrow
China Southern AirlinesGuangzhou1
Copa AirlinesPanama City
Cubana de AviaciónHavana
Delta Air LinesAtlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
EmiratesBarcelona, Dubai–International (both begin December 9, 2019)[49]
Hainan AirlinesBeijing-Capital2
IberiaMadrid
InterjetAcapulco, Bogotá, Campeche, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad del Carmen, Ciudad Juárez, Cozumel, Culiacán, Dallas/Fort Worth, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Guayaquil (begins October 1, 2019),[50] Havana, Hermosillo, Houston–Intercontinental, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Lima, Los Angeles, Mazatlán, Medellín–JMC, Mérida, Miami, Monterrey, Montréal–Trudeau, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Orlando, Palenque, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Quito (begins October 28, 2019),[51] San Antonio, San José del Cabo, San José de Costa Rica, San Salvador, Santa Clara, Tampico, Tijuana, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Vancouver, Varadero, Veracruz, Villahermosa
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK, Orlando
KLMAmsterdam
LATAM BrasilSão Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM ChileSantiago de Chile
LATAM PerúLima
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich
MagnichartersCancún, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mérida, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
Seasonal: Cozumel, Manzanillo
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul3 (begins August 22, 2019)[52]
United AirlinesChicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
VivaAerobusCancún, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Mazatlán, Mérida, Monterrey, New York–JFK, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, Reynosa, San José del Cabo, Tijuana, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Villahermosa, Zacatecas
Charter: Havana, Varadero
VolarisAcapulco, Aguascalientes, Cancún, Chetumal, Chicago–O'Hare, Chihuahua, Ciudad Juárez, Ciudad Obregón, Colima, Cozumel, Culiacán, Denver, Durango, Guadalajara, Hermosillo, Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Paz, Las Vegas, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Los Mochis, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexicali, Miami, Monterrey, Oaxaca, Orlando, Puerto Escondido, Puerto Vallarta, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San Luis Potosí, San Salvador (begins August 17, 2019),[53] Tapachula, Tepic, Tijuana, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz
Seasonal: Oakland
Volaris Costa RicaGuatemala City, San José de Costa Rica
WingoBogotá
Notes

^1 China Southern's flight from Mexico City to Guangzhou makes a stop in Vancouver, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Vancouver.[54]

^2 Hainan's flight from Mexico City to Beijing makes a stop in Tijuana, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Tijuana.

^3 Turkish Airlines's flight from Mexico City to Istanbul makes a stop in Cancún, however the airline doesn't have local traffic rights between Mexico City and Cancún.

Other Services[edit]

In addition to the scheduled airlines above, Mexico City airport is used by some further airlines for chartered flights including:

Cargo[edit]

As of January 2018, Mexico City airport is served by 19 cargo airlines flying directly to Europe, Central, North and South America, Middle East, Africa and East Asia; the following airlines operate the scheduled destinations below.

AirlinesDestinations
AeroUnionChicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Los Angeles, Miami, Monterrey
Air France CargoAtlanta, Guadalajara, Houston–Intercontinental, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto
Amerijet InternationalMiami
Atlas AirHuntsville
Avianca CargoBogotá
CAL Cargo Air LinesLiège[55]
CargoLogicAirAtlanta,[56] Frankfurt,[56] London-Stansted[56]
CargoluxDallas/Fort Worth, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, New York–JFK
Cargolux ItaliaMilan–Malpensa
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage, Guadalajara, Hong Kong, Los Angeles[57]
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Guadalajara, Los Angeles
Seasonal: Guatemala City
Emirates SkyCargoCopenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Frankfurt, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Quito, Zaragoza[58]
Estafeta Air CargoSan Luis Potosí, Villahermosa
Seasonal: Mérida
Ethiopian Airlines CargoAddis Ababa, Los Angeles, Zaragoza
IAG CargoMadrid
LATAM Cargo MéxicoBogotá, Campinas–Viracopos, Caracas, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Los Angeles, Manaus, Mérida, Miami, San José de Costa Rica
Lufthansa CargoChicago O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Guadalajara, New York–JFK
Qatar Airways CargoAtlanta, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Los Angeles,[59] Luxembourg, Macau, Paris,[60] Zaragoza
Turkish Airlines CargoBogotá, Curaçao, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Maastricht, Madrid
UPS AirlinesLouisville

Airlines providing on-demand cargo services

Traffic statistics[edit]

In 2018, Mexico City International Airport moved 47,700,547 passengers, making it the busiest airport in Latin America in terms of total passengers. It registered a year-to-year increase of 6.6%.[7]

In terms of international passengers, it is the busiest airport in Latin America with 17,204,824 passengers.[3]

The airport is the busiest in Latin America by aircraft movements with 24% more operations than Bogotá-El Dorado[61] and 44.65% more than São Paulo-Guarulhos.[62] It is the 15th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft departures.[63] In 2018, the airport handled 458,588 aircraft operations, an average of 1,256 operations per day.[7]

Regarding cargo, the airport is also the busiest in the country and the second busiest in Latin America, after El Dorado International Airport[61] in Bogotá. During 2018, it moved 581,675.28 tons, an annual increase of 8.27%. The net growth of 44,000 tons was the biggest in the region.[7]

Mexico City Airport Passengers – 1990–2018 (millions)
Updated: January 11, 2019.



Cargo [metric tons]
Year Domestic % change International % change Total % change
2018 101,774.72 Increase 2.49 479,900.56 Increase 9.58 581,675.28 Increase 8.27
2017 99,303.94 Increase 8.15 437,958.75 Increase 11.83 537,262.69 Increase 11.13
2016 91,820.00 Increase 11.84 391,613.40 Increase 7.35 483,433.40 Increase 8.17
2015 82,100.42 Increase 21.92 364,814.69 Increase 10.14 446,915.11 Increase 12.13
2014 67,341.85 Increase 5.75 331,214.62 Increase 5.85 398,556.47 Increase 5.83
2013 63,678.54 Decrease 19.05 312,911.31 Decrease 1.71 376,589.85 Decrease 5.15
2012 78,666.10 Decrease 4.01 318,351.98 Decrease 3.38 397,018.08 Decrease 3.51
2011 81,953.37 Decrease 3.41 329,502.22 Increase 6.90 411,455.59 Increase 4.68
2010 84,846.88 Increase 1.01 308,228.992 Increase 29.98 393,075.87 Increase 22.40
2009 83,999.43 Decrease 13.47 237,134.01 Decrease 15.01 321,133.44 Decrease 14.61
2008 97,070.08 - 279,025.63 - 376,095.71 -

Busiest routes, 2018[edit]

Domestic[65]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers
2018
Passengers
2017
%
Change
Rank
Change
Airline(s)
1 Cancún, Quintana Roo 4,990,647 4,726,604 Increase5.59 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
2 Monterrey, Nuevo León 3,452,421 3,201,636 Increase7.83 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
3 Guadalajara, Jalisco 3,167,438 2,994,975 Increase5.76 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Tijuana, Baja California 1,964,460 1,949,537 Increase0.77 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
5 Mérida, Yucatán 1,686,256 1,500,472 Increase12.38 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
6 Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco 956,419 873,581 Increase9.48 Increase1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
7 Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Chiapas 931,000 928,638 Increase0.25 Decrease1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
8 San José del Cabo, Baja California Sur 844,785 763,590 Increase10.63 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
9 Villahermosa, Tabasco 805,807 791,416 Increase1.82 Decrease1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
10 Chihuahua, Chihuahua 769,778 772,474 Decrease0.35 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
11 Hermosillo, Sonora 749,957 714,227 Increase5.00 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
12 Oaxaca, Oaxaca 644,544 596,635 Increase8.03 Increase1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
13 Huatulco, Oaxaca 606,160 609,593 Decrease0.56 Decrease1 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
14 Culiacán, Sinaloa 593,181 565,237 Increase4.94 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
15 Veracruz, Veracruz 560,474 540,981 Increase3.60 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
16 Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 556,245 537,886 Increase3.41 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus
17 Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Coahuila 506,486 469,867 Increase7.79 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus
18 Acapulco, Guerrero 476,406 452,985 Increase5.17 Steady Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
19 León/El Bajío, Guanajuato 469,675 411,971 Increase14.01 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet
20 Mazatlán, Sinaloa 445,281 401,822 Increase10.82 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
21 Tampico, Tamaulipas 417,690 393,606 Increase6.12 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet
22 Mexicali, Baja California 390,041 391,676 Increase6.19 Steady Aeroméxico, Volaris
23 Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes 345,992 336,034 Increase2.96 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Interjet
24 San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosí 323,862 288,625 Increase12.21 Increase2 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet
25 Tapachula, Chiapas 320,797 287,067 Increase11.75 Increase3 Aeroméxico, Volaris
26 Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Guerrero 320,111 338,800 Decrease5.52 Decrease3 Aeromar, Aeroméxico, Interjet, Magnicharters, VivaAerobus, Volaris
27 Chetumal, Quintana Roo 318,923 267,791 Increase19.09 Increase2 Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
28 La Paz, Baja California Sur 309,462 288,363 Increase7.32 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, Volaris
29 Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca 271,937 255,831 Increase6.30 Increase1 Aeromar, Interjet, VivaAerobus
30 Reynosa, Tamaulipas 269,898 299,193 Decrease9.79 Decrease5 Aeroméxico, VivaAerobus


International[65]
(includes traffic in both directions)
Rank Airport Passengers
2018
Passengers
2017
%
Change
Rank
Change
Airline(s)
1 United States Los Angeles, USA 1,236,168 1,243,187 Decrease0.56 Steady Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, Volaris
2 United States Houston, USA (airports George Bush & Hobby)[Notes 1] 1,049,838 1,012,793 Increase3.66 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines
3 United States New York-JFK, USA 1,009,024 878,274 Increase14.89 Steady Aeroméxico, Delta Air Lines, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Colombia Bogotá, Colombia 849,590 734,194 Increase15.72 Steady Aeroméxico, Avianca, Interjet, Wingo
5 Spain Madrid, Spain 779,777 680,103 Increase14.66 Steady Aeroméxico, Iberia
6 United States Miami, USA 663,277 669,764 Decrease0.97 Steady Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet, Volaris
7 United States Dallas/Fort Worth, USA 658,552 607,338 Increase8.43 Increase1 Aeroméxico, American Airlines, Interjet
8 United States Chicago-O’Hare, USA 649,473 644,468 Increase0.78 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, United Airlines, Volaris
9 Peru Lima, Peru 630,227 553,297 Increase13.90 Steady Aeroméxico, Avianca Peru, Interjet, LATAM Perú
10 Panama Panama City-Tocumen, Panama 522,505 530,570 Decrease1.52 Steady Aeroméxico, Copa Airlines
11 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, France 506,519 484,935 Increase4.45 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Air France
12 Guatemala Guatemala City, Guatemala 454,479 397,282 Increase14.40 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
13 Canada Toronto-Pearson, Canada 453,353 336,847 Increase34.59 Increase5 Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
14 United States Orlando, USA 443,465 390,496 Increase13.56 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, JetBlue Airways, Volaris
15 United States San Francisco, USA 436,078 494,195 Decrease11.76 Decrease4 Aeroméxico, United Airlines, Volaris
16 United States Las Vegas, USA 432,984 346,917 Increase24.81 Increase1 Aeroméxico, Interjet, VivaAerobus, Volaris
17 Cuba Havana, Cuba 423,135 396,955 Increase6.60 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, Cubana de Aviación, Interjet
18 United States Atlanta, USA 416,570 450,045 Decrease7.44 Decrease5 Delta Air Lines
19 Costa Rica San José, Costa Rica 392,136 332,353 Increase17.99 Steady Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris Costa Rica
20 Canada Vancouver, Canada 357,029 258,195 Increase38.28 Increase4 Aeroméxico, Air Canada, Interjet
21 Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands 333,992 307,348 Increase8.67 Steady Aeroméxico, KLM
22 Brazil São Paulo–Guarulhos, Brazil 326,023 311,633 Increase4.62 Decrease2 Aeroméxico, LATAM Brasil
23 Chile Santiago, Chile 289,167 304,039 Decrease4.89 Decrease1 Aeroméxico, LATAM Chile
24 Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Canada 267,126 214,876 Increase24.32 Increase4 Aeroméxico, Air Canada Rouge, Interjet
25 United States San Antonio, USA 255,471 217,226 Increase17.61 Increase2 Aeroméxico, Interjet, Volaris
26 United Kingdom London-Heathrow, UK 252,446 277,568 Decrease9.05 Decrease3 Aeroméxico, British Airways
27 Germany Frankfurt, Germany 220,346 222,928 Decrease1.16 Decrease1 Lufthansa
28 Japan Tokyo-Narita, Japan 219,158 200,358 Increase9.38 Increase1 Aeroméxico, All Nippon Airways
29 Argentina Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Argentina 205,090 194,807 Increase5.28 Increase1 Aeroméxico
30 El Salvador San Salvador, El Salvador 195,438 223,010 Decrease12.36 Decrease5 Aeroméxico, Avianca El Salvador

Inter-terminal transportation[edit]

Terminal 1 is connected to Terminal 2 by the Aerotrén monorail system in which only connecting passengers with hand baggage are allowed to use with their boarding pass. Technical and cabin crew can also use it; the distance between the terminals is 3 km (1.9 mi). and the Airtrain's speed is 45 km/h (28 mph). Also there is a land service between terminals called "inter-terminal transportation"; these buses are located at entrance no. 6 of Terminal 1 and entrance no. 4 of Terminal 2.[66]

Ground transportation[edit]

Mexico City Metro.svg Metro and bus services[edit]

Terminal 1 is served by the Terminal Aérea Metro station, which belongs to Line 5 of the subway, running from Pantitlán station to Politécnico station, it is located just outside the national terminal. Also, trolley bus line G runs from the bus stop next to the Metro to Boulevard Puerto Aéreo station 1.7 km (1.1 mi) away, allowing transfer to Metro Line 1 (one can also take line 5 to Pantitlán and change to line 1, which is a geographical detour). Terminal 2 does not have any Metro station, but is a 700 m (2,300 ft) walk from Pantitlán served by Metro lines 1, 5, 9, A and numerous local buses.

Terminals 1 and 2 have two land terminals operating 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Different bus lines operate from here [2][permanent dead link], and provide continuous transportation services to the main cities located around Mexico City, such as Córdoba, Cuernavaca, Pachuca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Toluca.

Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús[edit]

In late 2010, former Head of Government of the Federal District Marcelo Ebrard announced a plan to build a new Metrobús Line 4 that would run from near Buenavista Station in the west of the city towards Mexico City airport. Construction on Line 4 started on July 4, 2011; the plans for Line 4 include a two step construction process with the first 28 km (17 mi) operational segment to be built between Buenavista and Metro San Lázaro. An extension provides travel between San Lázaro and the airport; the line opened on April 1, 2012.

Service Destinations [departing from the airport] Operator
Metrobús de la Ciudad de México Ruta 4.svg Metro San Lázaro, TAPO bus station, Historic Centre, Metro Buenavista, Buenavista Station Metrobus Mexico.svg Metrobús, a government-owned corporation.

Authorised taxis[edit]

Taxis are in operation in Terminals 1 and 2 and there are two models of service: Ordinary service in a sedan type vehicle for 4 passengers. Executive service in 8 passengers vans. At present there are 5 taxi groups in operation; these are the only taxis authorised by the Ministry of Communications and Transport (SCT) of the Federal Government.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On April 10, 1968, an Aerovías Rojas Douglas R4D-3 crashed on approach, killing all eighteen people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic scheduled passenger flight, which was the airline's inaugural flight from Aguascalientes International Airport to Mexico City.[67]
  • On October 31, 1979, Western Airlines Flight 2605 crash-landed. The crew of the DC-10 landed on a closed runway and hit construction vehicles on the runway. There were 73 fatalities (including one on the ground) and 16 survivors.[68][69]
  • On December 12, 1981, a bomb exploded inside the passenger cabin of a parked Aeronica Boeing 727-100, tearing a hole into the fuselage. The captain, two flight attendants and a ground worker were injured, they had been on board the aircraft for pre-departure checks for a scheduled passenger flight to San Salvador and onwards to Managua's Augusto C. Sandino International Airport.[70]
  • An Aero California DC-9-15 overran a runway on July 21, 2004, during an intense storm at the airport. There were no victims, but the aircraft was scrapped. However, a woman died later due to a heart attack.[71]
  • On November 4, 2008 a Mexican Interior Ministry LearJet 45 crashed on approach around 18:45 local time. On board were Mexican Secretary of the Interior Juan Camilo Mouriño, who was top aide to President Felipe Calderón. Mouriño was in charge of the fight against the drug trade in Mexico; also on board was José Luis Santiago Vasconcelos, former assistant attorney general and current head of the federal technical secretariat for implementing the recent constitutional reforms on criminal justice and public security. All eight on board perished along with eight others on the ground. 40 others on the ground were injured. The crash was attributed to pilot error.[72]
  • On September 9, 2009, hijacked Aeroméxico Flight 576 landed at Mexico City International Airport from Cancún International Airport.[73]
  • On September 13, 2009, a Lufthansa Cargo McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 was damaged in a heavy landing. Post landing inspection revealed that there were wrinkles in the fuselage skin and the nose gear was bent.[74] According to a Lufthansa spokesman, the aircraft will be repaired and returned into full service.[75]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official statistics include George Bush and Hobby Airports.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for MMMX at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for MEX at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective October 2006).
  3. ^ a b c "AICM Statistics (in Spanish)". AICM.
  4. ^ "Benito Juárez International airport - Economic and social impacts". Ecquants. Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  5. ^ "ASA's airport network (In Spanish)". ASA. July 2014. Archived from the original on July 26, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
  6. ^ "TLC and alternate airport for Mexico City (In Spanish)". El Universal. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d "Statistics Mexico City airport" (PDF). Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
  8. ^ Lagorio, Juan José (February 14, 2014). "Canaero to propose plan to ease Mexico City Airport saturation". BN Americas. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. 
  9. ^ "New Mexico City International Airport (In Spanish)". Presidency of the Republic. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Mexico unveils Norman Foster design for new international airport". The Guardian. September 3, 2014. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ Texcoco: cancelan definitivamente la construcción del nuevo aeropuerto de México (in Spanish)
  12. ^ "Unplanned airport planning in Mexico City". Academia Education. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  13. ^ "Disgruntled neighbors by noise pollution in Mexico City". Quadratin. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  14. ^ "Mexican-americans in aviation online exhibition". San Diego Air & Space Museum. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  15. ^ "Conquistador of the Sky: A History of Aviation in Latin America". Project MUSE. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  16. ^ "Mexico's 100 years of flying taking off to new heights!". The Catalist. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  17. ^ "A brief Mexican History aviation". Mexconnect. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  18. ^ "One more year of Mexico City International Airport (In Spanish)". Contenido. Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  19. ^ ""Breve Historia del Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México", Mexico City International Airport" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 6, 2014. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Historia de la aviación en México (in Spanish)". Colegio de Pilotos de México. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  21. ^ Obras. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  22. ^ "A New Airport for Mexico City?". MexDFmagazine. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. ^ Historic photo at FlyAPM site
  24. ^ "Sistema Aeroportuario de la Ciudad de México (in Spanish)". Esquinca, Rosique. May 25, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  25. ^ "DECRETO que establece el cierre del Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México Benito Juárez (in Spanish)". Diario Oficial de la Federación. January 13, 1994. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  26. ^ "Iniciaría en febrero la ampliación del AICM (in Spanish)". El Universal. January 3, 2000. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  27. ^ "Mexico drops planned airport after protests from peasants". The New York Times. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  28. ^ Elizalde, Triunfo; Vargas, Rosa Elvira (October 5, 2006). "Decretará Fox que el AICM se denomine Benito Juárez" [President Vicente Fox decrees official name for Mexico City Airport] (in Spanish). La Jornada. Archived from the original on September 8, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Mexico City inaugurates new airport terminal". USA Today. Retrieved September 7, 2014.
  30. ^ "DECLARATORIA de saturación en el campo aéreo del Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México (in Spanish)". Diario Oficial de la Federación. September 29, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2016.
  31. ^ "New Mexico City International Airport". CAPA Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on September 6, 2014. 
  32. ^ Gomez, Veronica; Stargardter, Gabriel (September 4, 2014). "UPDATE 1-Mexico eyes foreign builder, local partners for $9 bln airport". Reuters. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. 
  33. ^ Uphoff, Rainer (September 4, 2014). "Mexico to open new mega airport in 2018". Flightglobal. Madrid. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. 
  34. ^ "Ready for landing: Mexico City airport expansion could make it one of largest in world", Christian Science Monitor, 2014-09-03
  35. ^ Luhnow, David (September 2, 2014). "Mexico Plans New $9.2 Billion Airport". The Wall Street Journal. (subscription required)
  36. ^ Alissa Walker. "Mexico City's New Mega-Airport Will Collect Its Own Energy and Water". Gizmodo. Gawker Media. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  37. ^ [1]
  38. ^ Nensel, Mark (December 12, 2018). "IATA: Cancellation of Mexico airport construction to cost over $5 billion". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on January 10, 2019. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  39. ^ "ASA's address". Aeropuertos y Servicios Auxiliares. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  40. ^ Retrieved on December 20, 2011. "Av.602 No.161 Col.Zona Federal Aeropuerto Internacional Ciudad de México Delegación Venustiano Carranza, C.P.15620, México D.F."
  41. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 16–22, 2004. 50. "Hangar 7, Zona "D", Terminal de Aviacion General, Col Federal, Mexico DF, 15620, Mexico"
  42. ^ "Aeromar headquarters and Customer Service Center". Aeromar. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  43. ^ "Directorio." Aviacsa. Consulted on January 23, 2011. "DIRECCIÓN COMERCIAL Hangar 1, Zona "C", Col. Aviación Gral. [...] Aeropuerto Int. de la Cd. de México. C.P. 15520 (in Spanish)"
  44. ^ Aeromexico. "Aeromexico, The Airline Serving The Largest Number Of Cities From A Hub In Latin America". www.prnewswire.com.
  45. ^ "Aeromar will open route from CDMX to Tamuín, from August" (in Spanish). El Exprés. July 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  46. ^ "AeroMexico discontinues Cali service from Sep 2019". Routes Online. July 2019. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  47. ^ "Aeroméxico suspends toute to Guayaquil, Ecuador" (in Spanish). EnElAire. July 2019. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  48. ^ "AeroMexico discontinues Shanghai service in mid-Dec 2019". Routes Online. July 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  49. ^ "Emirates adds Barcelona – Mexico City service from Dec 2019". Routes Online. July 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  50. ^ "Interjet will operate from October 1 at Guayaquil Airport" (in Spanish). El Universo. July 2019. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  51. ^ "Interjet anounces two new routes to Guayaquil and Quito" (in Spanish). EnElAire. August 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2019.
  52. ^ "Turkish Airlines plans Mexico launch in August 2019". Routes Online. January 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
  53. ^ "Volaris announces new direct flights to El Salvador from Mexico City and Guadalajara" (in Spanish). EnElAire. March 2019. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  54. ^ "Analysis: Does China Southern's new Mexico City service via Vancouver make sense?". airwaysmag.com. February 2018. Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  55. ^ Morales, Irais García (September 6, 2017). "CAL Cargo Airlines aterriza en México".
  56. ^ a b c Grace, Chris. "Air Cargo Scheduled Network - CargoLogicAir".
  57. ^ "Cathay Pacific expands presence in Latin America with new freighter service to Mexico City". Cathay Pacific. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  58. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo launches freighter service to Mexico City and Atlanta". Emirates SkyCargo. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  59. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo to launch freighter services to Los Angeles". Qatar Airways. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  60. ^ "Qatar Airways Cargo to launch dedicated service to Mexico". Qatar Airways. Retrieved September 5, 2014.
  61. ^ a b "Bogota airport statistics". Bogota International Airport. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  62. ^ "Guarulhos Airport Statistics (in Portuguese)". Guarulhos International Airport. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  63. ^ http://www.icao.int/sustainability/Documents/MonthlyMonitor-2016/MonthlyMonitor_February2016.pdf
  64. ^ "Statistics Mexico City Airport". Mexico City International Airport. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  65. ^ a b "Air carrier operational statistics". Secretariat of Communications and Transportation (Mexico). Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  66. ^ "Terminals Mexico City Benito Juarez Airport". mexico-airport.com.
  67. ^ "XA-GEV Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 24, 2011.
  68. ^ "WA2605 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  69. ^ "Flight WA2605 crash photo". Air Disaster. Archived from the original on October 21, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  70. ^ "Commercial airline bombing history". Aerospaceweb. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
  71. ^ "XA-BCS Accident description (in Spanish)". La Jornada. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  72. ^ "Plane crash kills Mexico's deputy leader". Time. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  73. ^ "Bolivian man acted alone in Mexico hijacking". CNN. Retrieved September 4, 2014.
  74. ^ "Accident: Lufthansa Cargo MD11 at Mexico City on Sep 13th 2009, hard landing". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved October 11, 2009.
  75. ^ "Lufthansa Cargo wird D-ALCO in Stand setzen" (in German). aero.de/Aviation Media & IT. Retrieved October 24, 2009.

External links[edit]