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Michael Chabon

Michael Chabon is an American novelist, screenwriter and short story writer. Chabon's first novel, The Mysteries of Pittsburgh, was published when he was 25, he followed it with Wonder Boys, two short-story collections. In 2000, Chabon published The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier & Clay, a novel that John Leonard, in a 2007 review of a novel, called Chabon's magnum opus, it received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 2001. His novel The Yiddish Policemen's Union, an alternate history mystery novel, was published in 2007 and won the Hugo, Sidewise and Ignotus awards. In 2012 Chabon published Telegraph Avenue, billed as "a twenty-first century Middlemarch," concerning the tangled lives of two families in the Bay Area of San Francisco in the year 2004. Chabon followed Telegraph Avenue in November 2016 with his latest novel, Moonglow, a fictionalized memoir of his maternal grandfather, based upon his deathbed confessions under the influence of powerful painkillers in Chabon's mother's California home in 1989.

Chabon's work is characterized by complex language, the frequent use of metaphor along with recurring themes, including nostalgia, abandonment and most notably issues of Jewish identity. He includes gay and Jewish characters in his work. Since the late 1990s, Chabon has written in an diverse series of styles for varied outlets. Michael Chabon was born in DC to a Jewish family, his parents are Robert Chabon, a physician and lawyer, Sharon Chabon, a lawyer. Chabon said he knew he wanted to be a writer when, at the age of ten, he wrote his first short story for a class assignment; when the story received an A, Chabon recalls, "I thought to myself,'That's it. That's. I can do this.' And I never had any second thoughts or doubts." Referring to popular culture, he wrote of being raised "on a hearty diet of crap". His parents divorced when Chabon was 11, he grew up in Pittsburgh and Columbia, Maryland. Columbia, where Chabon lived nine months of the year with his mother, was "a progressive planned living community in which racial and religious diversity were fostered."

He has written of his mother's marijuana use, recalling her "sometime around 1977 or so, sitting in the front seat of her friend Kathy's car, passing a little metal pipe back and forth before we went in to see a movie.". He grew up hearing Yiddish spoken by his mother's siblings. Chabon attended Carnegie Mellon University for a year before transferring to the University of Pittsburgh, where he studied under Chuck Kinder and received a Bachelor of Arts in 1984, he went to graduate school at the University of California, where he received a Master of Fine Arts in creative writing. Chabon's first novel, The Mysteries of Pittsburgh, was written as his UC Irvine master's thesis. Without telling Chabon, his professor, Donald Heiney, sent it to a literary agent, who got the author an impressive $155,000 advance on the novel, though most first-time novelists receive advances under $7,500; the Mysteries of Pittsburgh appeared in 1988 and became a bestseller catapulting Chabon to the status of literary celebrity.

Among Chabon's major literary influences in this period were Donald Barthelme, Jorge Luis Borges, Gabriel García Márquez, Raymond Chandler, John Updike, Philip Roth and F. Scott Fitzgerald; as Chabon remarked in 2010, "I just copied the writers whose voices I was responding to, I think that's the best way to learn."Chabon was ambivalent about his new-found fame. He turned down offers to appear in a Gap ad and to be featured as one of People's "50 Most Beautiful People." He said, of the People offer, "I don't give a shit... I only take pride in things I've done myself. To be praised for something like, just weird, it just felt like somebody calling and saying,'We want to put you in a magazine because the weather's so nice where you live.' "In 2001, Chabon reflected on the success of his first novel by saying that while "the upside was that I was published and I got a readership... downside... was that this stuff started happening and I was still like,'Wait a minute, is my thesis done yet?' It took me a few years to catch up."

In 1991, Chabon published A Model World, a collection of short stories, many of, published in The New Yorker. After the success of The Mysteries of Pittsburgh, Chabon spent five years working on a second novel. Called Fountain City, the novel was a "highly ambitious opus... about an architect building a perfect baseball park in Florida," and it ballooned to 1,500 pages, with no end in sight. The process was frustrating for Chabon, who, in his words, "never felt like I was conceptually on steady ground."At one point, Chabon submitted a 672-page draft to his agent and editor, who disliked the work. Chabon had problems dropping the novel, though. "It was scary," he said later. "I'd signed a contract and been paid all this money. And I'd gotten a divorce and half the money was with my ex-wife. My instincts were telling me, This book is fucked. Just drop it, but I didn't, because I thought, What if I have to give the money back?" "I used to go down to my office and fantasize about all the books I could write instead."

Chabon had confessed to being

The Mummy (1932 film)

The Mummy is a 1932 American pre-Code romantic horror film directed by Karl Freund. The screenplay by John L. Balderston was from a story by Nina Wilcox Richard Schayer. Released by Universal Studios, the film stars Boris Karloff, Zita Johann, David Manners, Edward Van Sloan and Arthur Byron; the film is about an ancient Egyptian mummy named Imhotep, discovered by a team of archaeologists and inadvertently brought back to life through a magic scroll. Disguised as a modern Egyptian, the mummy searches for his lost love, whom he believes has been reincarnated into a modern girl. In 1921, an archaeological expedition led by Sir Joseph Whemple finds the mummy of an ancient Egyptian high priest named Imhotep; when an inspection of the mummy by Whemple's friend Dr. Muller reveals that the viscera were not removed, Muller deduces that although Imhotep had been wrapped like a traditional mummy, he had been buried alive. Buried with Imhotep is a casket with a curse on it. Despite Muller's warning, Sir Joseph's assistant Ralph Norton opens it.

He reads aloud an ancient life-giving scroll, the "Scroll of Thoth". Imhotep rises, the sight of which snaps Norton’s mind and causes him to laugh hysterically, as the Mummy shuffles off with the scroll. Ten years Imhotep is masquerading as a modern Egyptian named Ardath Bey covering himself with makeup, he calls upon Sir Joseph's son Frank and Professor Pearson and shows them where to dig to find the tomb of the princess Ankh-es-en-Amon. After locating the tomb, the archaeologists present its treasures to the Cairo Museum and thank Ardath Bey for making their discovery possible, it is further revealed that Imhotep's horrific death was punishment for sacrilege: attempting to resurrect his forbidden lover, Princess Ankh-es-en-Amon. Imhotep soon encounters Helen Grosvenor, a half-Egyptian woman bearing a striking resemblance to the princess. Believing her to be Ankh-es-en-Amon's reincarnation, he attempts to kill her, with the intention of mummifying her, resurrecting her, making her his immortal bride.

Helen is rescued when she remembers her ancestral past life and prays to the goddess Isis to come to her aid. The statue of Isis emits a flash that sets the Scroll of Thoth on fire; this breaks the spell. At the urging of Dr. Muller, Frank calls Helen back to the world of the living while the Scroll of Thoth continues to burn. In credits orderBoris Karloff as Ardath Bey / Imhotep / The Mummy Zita Johann as Helen Grosvenor / Princess Ankh-es-en-Amon David Manners as Frank Whemple Arthur Byron as Sir Joseph Whemple Edward Van Sloan as Dr. Muller Bramwell Fletcher as Ralph Norton Noble Johnson as The Nubian Kathryn Byron as Frau Muller Leonard Mudie as Professor Pearson James Crane as Pharaoh Amenophis Henry Victor as The Saxon Warrior. C. Montague Shaw as Gentleman Inspired by the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb in 1922 and the Curse of the Pharaohs, producer Carl Laemmle Jr. commissioned story editor Richard Schayer to find a literary novel to form a basis for an Egyptian-themed horror film, just as the novels Dracula and Frankenstein informed their 1931 films Dracula and Frankenstein.

Schayer found none although the plot bears a strong resemblance to a short story by Arthur Conan Doyle entitled "The Ring of Thoth". Schayer and writer Nina Wilcox Putnam learned about Alessandro Cagliostro and wrote a nine-page treatment entitled Cagliostro; the story, set in San Francisco, was about a 3,000-year-old magician who survives by injecting nitrates. Pleased with the Cagliostro concept, Laemmle hired John L. Balderston to write the script. Balderston had contributed to Dracula and Frankenstein, had covered the opening of Tutankhamun's tomb for New York World when he was a journalist so he was more than familiar with the popular tomb unearthing. Balderston moved the story to Egypt and renamed the film and its title character Imhotep, after the historical architect, he changed the story from one of revenge upon all the women who resembled the main character's ex-lover to one where the main character is determined to revive his old love by killing and mummifying her reincarnated self before resurrecting her with the spell of the Scroll of Thoth.

Balderston invented the Scroll of Thoth. Thoth was the wisest of the Egyptian gods who, when Osiris died, helped Isis bring her love back from the dead. Thoth is believed to have authored The Book of the Dead, which may have been the inspiration for Balderston's Scroll of Thoth. Another source of inspiration is the fictional Book of Thoth that appeared in several ancient Egyptian stories. Karl Freund, the cinematographer on Dracula, was hired to direct, making this his first film in the United States as a director. Freund had been the cinematographer on Fritz Lang's Metropolis and photographed the television series I Love Lucy; the film was retitled The Mummy. Freund cast Zita Johann, who believed in reincarnation, named her character'Ankh-es-en-Amon' after the only wife of Pharaoh Tutankhamun; the real Ankhesenamon's body had not been discovered in the tomb of King Tut and her resting place was unknown. Her name, would not have been unknown to the general public. Filming was scheduled for three weeks.

Karloff's first day was spent shooting the Mummy's awakening from his sarcophagus. Make-up artist Jack Pierce had s

Jeremiah Basse

Jeremiah Basse was a governor of both West Jersey and East Jersey. He became governor of West Jersey in 1697, became governor of East Jersey in 1697. Basse was not an effective governor, after Andrew Hamilton returned to England in 1698, following an act of parliament which provided that "no other than a natural-born subject of England could serve in any public post of trust or profit." Basse was unable to maintain a good administration during his term of governorship, so Hamilton was reappointed as the governor on 19 August 1699. After being province secretary for Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury and entering the Cornbury ring, he was convicted during the governorship of John Lovelace for perjury. Jeremiah Basse's mother was Mary Basse. Prior to her marriage to Jeremiah's father she was married to John Barkstead. Jeremiah Basse was the half brother of John and Joshua Barkstead, John Barkstead, the Barkstead's father was executed 1662, in london for regicide. Jeremiah Basse had a sister called Hester Basse.

Hester married John Lofting 1659-1742 a manufacturer of engines. Lofting, John and manufacturer of engines, was a native of the Netherlands, one of at least two brothers, he recorded that he'lived seven years at Amsterdam with one of the masters of the fire engines there, is acquainted with the methods practised in those parts in quenching of fires'. He came to England, obtaining grants of free denization in July 1686 and August 1688. At the time of his marriage, at St Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, on 3 May 1689, Lofting was described as a merchant, aged about thirty, resident in the parish of St Thomas Apostle, London, his wife was Hester Bass of St Michael Queenhithe, aged nineteen, sister of Jeremiah Basse, future governor of New Jersey. In June 1689 Lofting enrolled in the Company of Free Shipwrights, paying quarterage until January 1699, thereby becoming a citizen of London. In 1698 Lofting and Jeremiah Basse shipped goods to Perth Amboy, East New Jersey, in the Hester, a sloop owned by Basse.

It discharged without calling at or paying New York customs dues, the governor of New York seized the ship and sold it. Lofting and Basse appealed to parliament and took legal action receiving damages and costs of £1890, but not before Lofting was declared bankrupt in March 1700. List of Governors of New Jersey

1999–2000 Ystalyfera RFC season

The confidence after promotion the previous season ensured a good start at a higher level, all six matches in September 1999 being victories. First defeat of the season promoted. Notable results and performances were regular, including the only home defeat over eventual champions Trimsaran 30-19, away victories at Haverfordwest 23-17, Mumbles 21-11 and Newcastle Emlyn 17-12. Big wins were against Aberystwyth 51-8, Kidwelly 33-15, Gowerton 60-12, Tumble 31-15 and Mumbles at home in the last game of the season with a entertaining 43-32. Ominously however at the latter end of the league campaign were comprehensive losses at Aberystwyth 5-46, 15-29 at Brynamman and Kidwelly 19-62; the ‘rich’ West Wales Cup results of recent seasons continued with wins at Ammanford 45-15 and an impressive 19-10 beating of Division two Bonymaen. The Semi-Final draw was again versus First Division Dunvant, scratched. Players who had advanced their careers with other sides returned and Captain was Stephen Munkley. Top points scorer was Michael Morgan with 128 and Damian James scored a maximum 13 tries.

Arwel Williams won both the Players Supporters Player of the year awards. Impressively 49 players, all from Ystalyfera, appeared for the team in this season, a fact much envied by other teams at this level of the National League

Driving band

In an artillery shell, the driving band or rotating band is a band of soft metal near the shell's bottom made of gilding metal, copper, or lead. When the shell is fired, the pressure of the propellant swages the metal into the rifling of the barrel and forms a seal; the shell is stabilized for yaw in the barrel by a smaller bourrelet band near the front of the projectile. This band doesn't engage the rifling; as shell weight increases, it becomes more difficult to engineer a driving band that prevents propellant gases from either blowing past it, or blowing it off the shell. Some weapons that operate at high rates of fire, such as the GAU-8 Avenger Gatling cannon, use plastic driving bands instead of soft metal. Using plastic as a swage material reduces wear on the barrel's rifling, extends the life and average accuracy of the weapon. In a small-arms rifle, the entire bullet is covered in copper or another soft alloy, making the entire bullet its own driving band. Driving bands pre-cut for the rifling have been used for muzzle loaded weapons.

Rotating bands can be used to reduce the spin imparted to the round as is preferable for HEAT warheads or fin-stabilised projectiles fired from general-purpose rifled barrels. Gerald Bull worked extensively on ways to eliminate the driving band, leading to the development of his Extended Range, Full Bore ammunition using an inversion of the pre-cut rifling for his GC-45 howitzer, now replacing older artillery worldwide. Swaging Obturate Rotating gas-check Big Bullets for Beginners

Wedding dress of Princess Mary of Teck

The wedding dress of Princess Mary of Teck is the gown worn by the future Queen Mary at her wedding to Prince George, Duke of York on 6 July 1893 at the Chapel Royal, St. James's Palace, in London; the dress now belongs to the British Royal Collection and is part of a collection of royal wedding dresses at Kensington Palace in London. In 1891, the bride's mother, the Duchess of Teck, had declared that her daughter's wedding dress and those of her bridesmaids would be manufactured in Britain; this was because the Duchess was president of the Ladies' National Silk Association. Upon the announcement of the engagement of Princess May to Prince George, Duke of York in spring 1893, Arthur Silver, was approached to design the gown. Silver had designed the dress for Princess May’s intended wedding to George's older brother, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, in 1892; this ‘Lily of the Valley’ creation had been made public just days before the Duke of Clarence's untimely death in January 1892 but had to be abandoned.

The design chosen for the York-Teck wedding was ‘The May Silks’. Silver, renowned for his Art Nouveau designs, was said to be much influenced by Japanese art in his designing. In March 1893, the Duchess and Princess visited the Warner & Sons’ factory at Hollybush Gardens in Spitalfields and commissioned them to make the finest white silk with silver-thread by Albert Parchment in time for the July wedding; the dress itself was put together by Curtis of Albemarle Street. The front of the dress was made of white satin, featuring three small flounces old Honiton lace, used on the wedding dress of her mother; the bodice, cut at the throat, was long and pointed and was made of Silver's white and silver brocade featuring a small amount of her mother's Honiton lace near the top and on the upper part of the sleeve. The rich satin manteau de cour fell from her shoulders; the train was long and plain and the veil of her mother's which she wore was made of Honiton lace, fastened by diamond pins given as a gift from Queen Victoria.

Matching the orange blossom elements to the dress, small wreaths were placed all the way around the bust and on the hair. Princess Mary completed the wedding outfit with a diamond tiara from Queen Victoria. Out of all of the wedding toilette, the veil was the only piece, not worn again after the wedding. "It is to the strains of the Bridal march from Lohengrin. The observed of all observers in the most literal sense. With downcast eyes and a flush on her cheeks she looks exquisitely pretty, her dress of silver and white brocade with its ingeniously clustered shamrocks and thistles is at once simple and elegant. There is no train, or at all events, none that hampers the bride's movement, while a plain court bodice shows off her finely-moulded figure to perfection; the bridal veil of fine old Honiton point is caught back off the face, trails and clusters of orange blossoms, together with the inevitable bouquet of white flowers carried in her hand, complete the salient points of the bride's appearance."

Observation of The Times, 8 July 1893. The official painters of the royal wedding were Heinrich von Angeli, Laurits Tuxen, Luke Fildes. Wedding of Prince George, Duke of York, Princess Mary of Teck BBC audio slideshow featuring her wedding dress