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Michael Eisner

Michael Dammann Eisner is an American businessman. Eisner was the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Walt Disney Company from September 1984 to September 2005. Prior to Disney, Eisner was President and CEO of rival film studio Paramount Pictures from 1976 to 1984, had brief stints at the major television networks NBC, CBS, ABC. Eisner was born to an secular Jewish family in Mount Kisco, New York, his mother, whose family founded the American Safety Razor Company, was the president of the Irvington Institute, a hospital that treated children with rheumatic fever. His father, Lester Eisner, Jr. was a lawyer and regional administrator of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development. His great-grandfather, Sigmund Eisner, established a successful clothing company, one of the first uniform suppliers to the Boy Scouts of America and his great-grandmother, Bertha Weiss, belonged to an immigrant family that established the town of Red Bank, New Jersey, he was raised on Park Avenue in Manhattan.

He attended the Allen-Stevenson School kindergarten through ninth grade followed by The Lawrenceville School in 10th through his senior year and graduated from Denison University in 1964 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English. He is a member of the Delta Upsilon fraternity and credits much of his accomplishments to his time at Keewaydin Canoe Camp for boys in Vermont. Eisner has Margot Freedman. After two brief stints at NBC and CBS, Barry Diller at ABC hired Eisner as Assistant to the National Programming Director. Eisner moved up the ranks becoming a senior vice president in charge of programming and development. In 1976, who had by moved on to become chairman of Paramount Pictures, recruited Eisner from ABC and made him president and CEO of the movie studio. During his tenure at Paramount, the studio produced films such as Saturday Night Fever, the Star Trek film franchise, Ordinary People, Raiders of the Lost Ark, An Officer and a Gentleman, Terms of Endearment, Beverly Hills Cop, Footloose, TV shows such as Happy Days, Laverne & Shirley and Family Ties.

Diller left Paramount on September 30, 1984, and, as his protégé, Eisner expected to assume Diller's position as studio chief. When he was passed over for the job, though, he left to look for work elsewhere and lobbied for the position of CEO of The Walt Disney Company. Following the death of founder Walt Disney in 1966, The Walt Disney Company narrowly survived several takeover attempts, its shareholders Sid Bass and Roy E. Disney brought in Eisner and former Warner Bros. chief Frank Wells to replace Ron W. Miller in 1984 and strengthen the company. Eisner brought in Jeffrey Katzenberg as Walt Disney Studios chairman. A couple years after becoming Chairman and CEO, Eisner became the presenter of The Wonderful World of Disney TV series, making him the public face of the company as well as its top executive. Although Eisner was not a performer by profession, studio management believed he could do the hosting job, after filming a test video with his wife Jane and a member of his executive team.

Eisner hired Michael Kay, a director of political commercials for then-U. S. Senator Bill Bradley, to help him improve his on-camera performance; as a result, Eisner was well recognized by children at the company's theme parks who asked him for autographs. During the second half of the 1980s and early 1990s, Eisner revitalized Disney. Beginning with the films Who Framed Roger Rabbit and The Little Mermaid, its flagship animation studio enjoyed a series of commercial and critical successes. Disney broadened its adult offerings in film when it acquired Miramax Films in 1993. Under Eisner, Disney acquired many other media sources, including ABC and ESPN; the ABC purchase in particular reunited Eisner with his former employer. In the early part of the 1990s, Eisner and his partners set out to plan "The Disney Decade", to feature new parks around the world, existing park expansions, new films, new media investments. While some of the proposals were completed, most were not; those completed included the Euro Disney Resort, Disney-MGM Studios, Disney's California Adventure Park, Disney-MGM Studios Paris, various film projects including a Who Framed Roger Rabbit franchise.

In 1993, Katzenberg had lobbied to become Eisner's second in command, which would have meant moving Frank Wells from president to vice chairman, to which Eisner'replied that Wells would feel "hurt" in that scenario'. Wells died in a helicopter crash in 1994; when Eisner did not appoint Katzenberg to Wells' now available post, this caused tensions between the two that led to Katzenberg being fired that year. Katzenberg went on to found DreamWorks SKG, with partners Steven David Geffen. Eisner recalled that "Roy E. Disney, who did not like him at all — I forget the reason, but Jeffrey did not treat him the way that Roy would have wanted to be treated — said to me,'If you make him the president, I will start a proxy fight.'"Eisner recruited his friend Michael Ovitz, one of the founders of the Creative Artists Agency, to be President, with minimal involvement from Disney's board of directors

1981 in Iran

The following lists events that happened during 1981 in Iran. Supreme Leader: Ruhollah Khomeini President: until June 22: Abolhassan Banisadr June 22–August 2: Provisional Presidential Council August 2–August 30: Mohammad-Ali Rajai August 30–October 13: Provisional Presidential Council starting October 13: Ali Khamenei Prime Minister: until August 4: Mohammad-Ali Rajai August 4–August 30: Mohammad-Javad Bahonar September 2–October 13: Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani starting October 13: Mir-Hossein Mousavi Chief Justice: Mohammad Beheshti, Abdul-Karim Mousavi Ardebili January 5 – For the first time since Iraq had invaded its territory in September, Iran launched a counterattack, concentrating its armies at Sousangerd. After 18 months, Iraqi forces had been driven out of Iran, which began a drive toward capturing Iraqi territory; the war would continue until 1988. January 11 – Iran dropped a demand that the United States deposit 24 billion dollars in gold into an Algerian bank as a condition of the release of 52 U.

S. Embassy workers being held hostage in Tehran, settling instead for the release of the nearly 8 billion dollars of Iranian assets, frozen in American banks. January 20 – On Jimmy Carter's last day as 39th President of the United States, he had hoped that the 52 American hostages in Iran would be allowed to leave before his term expired at noon. At 6:18 am Washington time, the escrow papers were completed to transfer $7,970,000,000 in Iranian assets from U. S. banks to the Bank of England. At 8:04 am EST, the Algerian intermediaries notified both the U. S. and Iran that the transfer was complete. The Boeing 727 carrying the hostages, Air Algérie Flight 133, was boarded at 8:20 pm Tehran time, but did not depart until 35 minutes after Ronald Reagan was sworn into office as the 40th U. S. President; the plane left Iranian airspace an hour, landing in Athens for refueling arriving at Algiers at 2:10 am local time the next day, where the former hostages were transferred to two Medevac planes and flown to Wiesbaden Army Airfield in West Germany.

January 25 – The fifty-two Americans, held hostage at the U. S. Embassy in Iran, returned to United States soil at 2:54 pm, as the plane carrying them landed at Stewart Air National Guard Base in New York; the group, freed five days earlier, had flown from West Germany and were greeted by a crowd of 300,000 well-wishers. " June 11 – The 6.6 Mw Golbaf earthquake affected the Kerman province with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII+, killing 1,400–3,000, injuring many. June 20 – In Tehran, demonstrations by the People's Mujahedin of Iran against the dismissal of President Banisadr became violent, a wave of arrests and executions of PMOI members followed. According to some accounts, the Ayatollah Khomeini ordered the Islamic Revolutionary Guards to fire into the crowd and more than 100 demonstrators were killed. In another account, the PMOI battled with 15 dead on each side. In the first three weeks after the demonstration, 195 of Banisadr's supporters had been tried and executed. By year's end, the government had announced a total of 1,656 executions before a firing squad.

October 2 – Iranian presidential election, October 1981 Years in Iraq Years in Afghanistan List of years in Syria

Last One Standing (Girl Thing song)

"Last One Standing" is the debut single by British girl group Girl Thing. It was released on 19 June 2000, it was written by Girl Thing, George Merrill, Eliot Kennedy, Mike Percy and Tim Lever, produced by Kennedy and Lever. It was their only UK top 10 hit; the track was a greater success in Australia, going Gold. "Last One Standing" received major promotion and media attention and was expected to top the UK Singles Chart with ease. Record company executives funneled huge amounts of money into the promotional campaign, including an appearance at the top of the Eiffel Tower. Girl Thing pre-recorded their congratulatory interview with BBC Radio 1. However, the song ended up only charting at number eight. Despite failing in the UK, the song was a huge success in Australia, where it spent 23 weeks in the top 100 and went Gold, it was covered by American pop/hip hop band Triple Image on their only album, Celebrate

Croatia–Kosovo relations

Croatia–Kosovo relations refer to the bilateral relations of Croatia and Kosovo. Diplomatic relations among two countries were established on June 30, 2008, following Kosovo's declaration of independence. Croatia has an embassy in Priština, Kosovo has an embassy in Zagreb. Both countries were part of Yugoslavia from 1918 to 1991. Relations between the two countries are described as good and friendly. Croatia recognised Kosovo on March 19, 2008; the two countries established diplomatic relations on June 30, 2008. On November 7, 2008, Croatia upgraded its liaison office in Priština to an embassy. On February 19, 2010, Kosovo opened its embassy in Zagreb. On April 9, 2015, Croatia and Kosovo signed a European partnership agreement that formalized the framework of their cooperation in the reform of Kosovo's institutions according to the European standards. Croatian and Kosovo state official meet regularly. Croatia supported Kosovo at the International Court of Justice's oral debate on the legality of Kosovo's independence.

On July 15, 2008, Croatian Parliament approved Croatia's participation in the KFOR mission. Croatia sent the first contingent consisting of 20 soldiers and 2 Mil Mi-17 helicopters to Kosovo on July 1, 2009. On September 25, 2015, the Parliament decided that Croatia can send up to 35 soldiers and 2 helicopters to Kosovo; the basic task of the Croatian contingent is to transport KFOR forces, VIPs. As of 2019, Croatia has 34 troops serving in Kosovo, the 30th contingent so far.4th Prime Minister of Kosovo Agim Çeku participated in the Croatian War of Independence as a brigadier in the Croatian Army. He resides in Zadar where he was a professor at a local military school between 1984 and 1990. Kosovo is home to a community of around 300 ethnic Croats concentrated in the villages of Janjevo, Letnica, Šašare and Vrnez, their ancestors, Croat merchants and miners from Dubrovnik and Bosnia and Herzegovina, settled in the area rich in silver and lead mines in the 14th century. The number of Albanians in Croatia is much larger.

According to 2011 census, 17,513 Albanians live in Croatia from Kosovo and Macedonia. Foreign relations of Croatia Foreign relations of Kosovo Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia; the Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is recognized as an independent state by 97 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 withdrew their recognition. Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Kosovo

Tubeless tire

Tubeless tires or tyres are pneumatic tires that do not require a separate inner tube. Unlike pneumatic tires which use a separate inner tube, tubeless tires have continuous ribs molded integrally into the bead of the tire so that they are forced by the pressure of the air inside the tire to seal with the flanges of the metal rim of the wheel. Many patents had been filed covering tubeless tires. Killen Tire applied for a patent in 1928 and was granted GB patent 329955 in the UK in 1930; the Wingfoot Corporation, a subsidiary of Goodyear Tire were granted a patent in South Africa in 1944. Due to technical problems, most of these designs were abandoned. Frank Herzegh working for BF Goodrich applied for a patent in 1946 and received US patent 2587470 in 1952 in the United States. By 1955 tubeless tires became standard equipment on new cars. BF Goodrich had to defend their patent in court several times, due to the similarities of previous designs; the primary difference between the BF Goodrich design and their predecessors was the usage of butyl rubber, more resistant to air leakage than the natural rubber used in the other designs.

Traditional designs of pneumatic tires required a separate inner tube which could fail for a number of reasons, such as incorrect tire fit, friction between the tire wall and inner tube generating excess heat, or a puncture. Tubeless tire technology does away with the need for an inner tube thereby increasing safety. In a tubeless tire, the tire and the rim of the wheel form an airtight seal, with the valve being directly mounted on the rim. If a tubeless tire gets a small puncture, air escapes only through the hole, leading to a gentle deflation. Conversely, a tubed tire, with an inner tube, could burst like a balloon, leading to deflation of the tire which could result in sudden loss of control of the vehicle. However, the "bursting like a balloon" scenario is unlikely due to fact that the inner tube is inside of the tire and will deflate at a rate proportional to the puncture hole size. In antique automobiles, made before the mid 1950s, the rims are not designed for tubeless tires, an inner tube is required to prevent slow leaks at the bead.

Liquid tire sealant can be injected into tubeless tires to prevent deflation in case of small punctures, although there is controversy regarding its compatibility with direct tire pressure monitoring systems that employ sensors mounted inside the tire. Some manufacturers of sealants assert that their products are indeed compatible, but others warned that, e.g. the "sealant may come in contact with the sensor in a way that renders the sensor TEMPORARILY inoperable until it is properly cleaned, inspected and re-installed by a tire care professional". Such doubts are reported by others. Use of such sealants may void the TPMS sensor warranty. A tubeless bicycle tire system requires a compatible tire, an airtight rim—capable of being sealed at the valve stem, spoke holes and the tire bead seat; the main benefit of tubeless tires is the ability to use low air pressure for better traction without getting pinch flats because there is no tube to pinch between the rim and an obstacle. UST or Universal System Tubeless is a US patent 6257676 rim designed by Mavic with hooked edges designed to seal with specially designed tires.

Several companies such as Michelin and Hutchinson make tires compatible with UST rims. UST was the first tubeless system for bicycles. Other companies such as Stan’s NoTubes, Bontrager, DT Swiss, WTB have their own similar system called Tubeless Ready. In 2006, Shimano and Hutchinson introduced a tubeless system for road bicycles. Tubeless tires have not yet gained popular acceptance in road racing due to lack of sponsorship, the tradition of using tubular tires and the fact that without the innertube, the combined weight of tubeless rims and tires is more than top-of-the-line tubular tire wheelsets. Road tubeless is gaining popularity among riders for the costs. Tires at Curlie

Stone Cold (Jimmy Barnes song)

“Stone Cold” was the third and most successful single from Australian rock musician, Jimmy Barnes’ sixth studio album, ‘’Heat’’. It was released in May 1993 and it reached #4 on the Australian ARIA charts, it is included on his 1993 "Flesh and Wood" album, his 1996 “Barnes Hits Anthology” compilation, his 2001 “Raw” album and as a duet on his 2014 “30:30 Hindsight” album, with Tina Arena and Joe Bonamassa. The song was the first time that former members of Cold Chisel had collaborated since the band's demise. Barnes said, "When Ian Moss played guitar on it in the studio, it was all so Chisel-esque that it made the hairs stand up on the back of our necks when we played it back. You tend to forget how great a songwriter Don Walker is until you sing his songs."Don Walker had been the main songwriter in Cold Chisel, Barnes had requested his contribution. Barnes said, "Now, let me clarify that it wasn't the first time. I had asked Don for help in the past but he hadn't responded." "Stone Cold" is a rock love song, where the singer tells us about a number of everyday scenarios, but adds that "I'm stone cold in love with you" CD SingleStone Cold 3:46 Stone Cold 4:18 Wheels in Motion 3:20CD/ Cassette Maxi Stone Cold Stand Up Stone Cold Catch Your Shadow Stone Cold Working Class Man In May 1993,“Stone Cold” debuted at #28 in Australia, before peaking at #4, five weeks later