Mickey Charles Mantle, nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball career with the New York Yankees as a center fielder, right fielder, first baseman. Mantle was one of the best players and sluggers and is regarded by many as the greatest switch hitter in baseball history. Mantle was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1974 and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team in 1999. Mantle was one of the greatest offensive threats of any center fielder in baseball history, he has the highest career OPS+ of any center fielder, he had the highest stolen base percentage in history at the time of his retirement. In addition, compared to the other four center fielders on the All-Century team, he had the lowest career rate of grounding into double plays, he had the highest World Series on-base percentage and World Series slugging percentage, he had an excellent 0.984 fielding percentage when playing center field.
Mantle was noted for his ability to hit for both average and power tape measure home runs, a term, originated by a play-by-play caller reacting to one of Mantle's 1953 home runs. He hit 536 MLB career home runs, batted.300 or more ten times, is the career leader in walk-off home runs, with thirteen—twelve in the regular season and one in the postseason. Mantle is 16th all-time in Home runs per at bats, he is 18th in on-base percentage. He was safe three out of four times, he won the MVP Award three times, came in second three times, came within nine votes of winning five times. Mantle won the Triple Crown in 1956, when he led the major leagues in batting average, home runs, runs batted in, he wrote a book about his best year in baseball. He was an All-Star for 16 seasons, playing in 16 of the 20 All-Star Games that were played during his career, he was a Gold Glove winner once. Mantle appeared in 12 World Series including seven championships, he holds World Series records for the most home runs, RBIs, extra-base hits, runs and total bases.
Mantle was born on October 20, 1931, in Spavinaw, the son of Lovell Mantle and Elven Charles "Mutt" Mantle. He was of at least partial English ancestry. Mutt named his son in honor of Mickey Cochrane, a Hall of Fame catcher. In his life, Mantle expressed relief that his father had not known Cochrane's true first name because he would have hated to be named Gordon. Mantle spoke warmly of his father and said he was the bravest man he knew. "No boy loved his father more," he said. Mantle batted left-handed against his father when his father pitched to him right-handed, he batted right-handed against his grandfather, Charles Mantle, when his grandfather pitched to him left-handed, his grandfather died at the age of 60 in 1944, his father died of Hodgkin's disease at the age of 40 on May 7, 1952. When Mantle was four years old, his family moved to the nearby town of Commerce, where his father worked in lead and zinc mines; as a teenager, Mantle rooted for the St. Louis Cardinals. In addition to his first love, Mantle was an all-around athlete at Commerce High School, playing basketball as well as football.
He played Oklahoma offered him a football scholarship. His football playing nearly ended his athletic career. In his sophomore year, he was kicked on the left shin during a practice game, he developed osteomyelitis—a crippling disease, incurable just a few years earlier—in his left ankle. Mantle's parents drove him at midnight to Oklahoma City, where he was treated at the children's hospital with the newly available penicillin, which reduced the infection and saved his leg from amputation. Mantle began his professional baseball career in Kansas with the semi-professional Baxter Springs Whiz Kids. In 1948 Yankees scout Tom Greenwade came to Baxter Springs to watch Mantle's teammate, third baseman Billy Johnson. During the game, Mantle hit. Greenwade returned in 1949, after Mantle's high school graduation, to sign Mantle to a minor league contract. Mantle signed for $140 per month with a $1,500 signing bonus. Mantle was assigned to the Yankees' Class-D Independence Yankees of the Kansas–Oklahoma–Missouri League, where he played shortstop.
During a slump, Mantle called his father to tell him. Mutt drove to Independence and convinced Mantle to keep playing. Mantle hit.313 for the Independence Yankees. Shulthis Stadium, the baseball stadium in Independence where Mantle played, was the site of the first night game in organized baseball. Mantle hit his first professional home run on June 1949 at Shulthis Stadium; the ball went over the center field fence, 460 feet from home plate. In 1950 Mantle was promoted to the Class-C Joplin Miners of the Western Association. Mantle won the Western Association batting title, with a.383 average. He hit 26 home runs and recorded 136 runs batted in. However, Mantle struggled defensively at shortstop. Mantle was invited to the Yankees instructional camp before the 1951 season. After an impressive spring training, Yankees manager Casey Stengel decided to promote Mantle to the majors as a right fielder instead of sending him to the minors. Mickey Mantle's salary for the 1951 season was $7,500. Mantle was assigned uniform #6, signifying the expectation that he woul
Ghaleb Cachalia is an entrepreneur and a Member of Parliament for the Democratic Alliance. He is the son of anti-Apartheid activists Amina and Yusuf Cachalia, a relative of former African National Congress MP Ismail Cachalia. Cachalia was born in Johannesburg in 1956, grew up in the ghettos of Vrededorp and Nugget Street, he was sent to Waterford School in Swaziland, in order to avoid the education offered under the "apartheid system of Indian Affairs". However, his schooling there was interrupted when the South African government threatened him with "passport issues" because of his parents' involvement in anti-Apartheid activism, he was sent abroad to stay with his uncle and aunt in Britain, where he was forced to remain for ten years. While overseas, he completed his O Levels, received a scholarship to the United World College of the Atlantic in Wales, went on to study history at the University of London School of Oriental and African Studies, he campaigned in the Anti-Apartheid Movement. Upon completion of his studies, he returned to South Africa, went to the University of the Witwatersrand to study law, a degree which he did not complete.
While at the university, he became its vice-president. Cachalia joined his father's business, which supplied school uniforms for black students, completed an apprenticeship at a clothing manufacturing facility in Johannesburg opened such facilities in Malawi and Mozambique. In the late 1990s, Cachalia sold the businesses, which could not compete with clothing manufacturers from Asia in terms of price and supply, he retained only one retail outlet. He entered into management consultancy in Zurich, in Johannesburg. Cachalia had been a lifelong supporter of the ANC. However, he had become disillusioned since the Arms Deal controversy, now believes that the ANC cannot be saved from the "kleptocracy", corruption and self-interest that have come to characterise the party; this led him to turn to the DA, who he had "always valued" "as a loyal opposition". He joined the DA as an ordinary member in early 2016, ran as the DA's mayoral candidate for Ekurhuleni in the 2016 municipal elections, on a platform of transparent and accountable government.
He lost to the ANC's candidate by only 11 votes. In April 2017, Cachalia laid a criminal charge of incitement and intimidation against Ekurhuleni Mayor, Mzwandile Masina, for threatening white anti-Zuma protestors with violence, requested that the Ekurhuleni Council Speaker, Patricia Khumalo, investigate the matter, he was sworn in as a DA MP on 4 May, 2017, Philip de Lange took over the DA leadership in Ekurhuleni. Cachalia considers himself "a liberal with a small L", he supports freedom of expression, has defended Helen Zille in that respect, whom he has characterised as well-intentioned. He considers the Economic Freedom Fighters "social fascists"
Nvidia NVDEC is a feature in its graphics cards that performs video decoding, offloading this compute-intensive task from the CPU. It is accompanied by NVENC for video encoding in Nvidia's Video Codec SDK. NVDEC can offload video decoding to full fixed-function decoding hardware, or decode via CUDA software running on the GPU, if fixed-function hardware is not available. Depending on the GPU architecture, the following codecs are supported: MPEG-2 VC-1 H.264 H.265 VP8 VP9 NVCUVID was distributed as part of the Nvidia CUDA Toolkit. It was renamed to NVDEC and moved to the Nvidia Video Codec SDK. NVDEC is available for Linux operating systems; as NVDEC is a proprietary API, it is only supported by the proprietary Nvidia driver on Linux. Gstreamer has supported NVDEC since 2017. FFmpeg has supported NVDEC since 2017. Mpv has supported NVDEC since 2017. Intel Quick Sync Video, Intel's equivalent SIP core Video Coding Engine, AMD's equivalent SIP core NVIDIA VIDEO CODEC SDK