Microsoft Works is a productivity software suite developed by Microsoft, sold from 1987 to 2009. Its core functionality included a spreadsheet and a database management system. Versions had a calendar application and a dictionary while older releases included a terminal emulator. Works was available as a standalone program, as part of a namesake home productivity suite; because of its low cost, companies pre-installed Works on their low-cost machines. Works was smaller, less expensive, had fewer features than Microsoft Office and other major office suites available at the time. Microsoft Works originated as MouseWorks, an integrated spreadsheet, word processor and database program, designed for the Macintosh by ex-Apple employee Don Williams and Rupert Lissner. Williams was planning to emulate the success of AppleWorks, a similar product for Apple II computers. Bill Gates and his Head of Acquisitions, Alan M. Boyd, convinced Williams to license the product to Microsoft instead, it was to be a scaled-down version of Office for the small laptops such as the Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100 which Microsoft was developing.
As laptops grew in power, Microsoft Works, as it was to be called, evolved as a popular product in its own right. On September 14, 1987, Microsoft unveiled Works for DOS; the initial version 1.x of Works ran on any PC with at least 256k of memory. Works 2.x, introduced in 1990, required 3.x, introduced in 1992, required 640k. In 1991, Microsoft issued the first Windows version of Works, titled MS Works for Windows 2.0. System requirements consisted of Windows 3.0, a 286 CPU, 1MB of memory. Works 3.x in 1993 moved to requiring Windows 3.1, a 386 CPU, 4MB of memory. Subsequent releases were for Windows 95 and up and the final version was Works 9.x in 2007, requiring Windows XP or Vista, 256MB of memory, a Pentium 4 CPU. Microsoft released Macintosh versions of Works starting with Works 2.0 in 1988. The version numbering followed that of Windows releases. Through version 4.5a, Works used a monolithic program architecture whereby its word processor and database documents ran in windows of the same program interface.
This resulted in a small memory and disk footprint, which enabled it to run on slower computers with requirements as low as 6 MB of RAM and 12 MB free disk space. It provided a mini version of Excel for DOS systems as a DOS version of that program was not available. Works 2000 switched to a modular architecture which opens each document as a separate instance and uses the print engine from Internet Explorer. Version 9.0, the final version, was available in two editions: an advertisement-free version, available in retail and for OEMs, an ad-supported free version, available only to OEMs for preinstallation on new computers. In late 2009, Microsoft announced it was discontinuing Works and replacing it with Office 2010 Starter Edition. Microsoft Works has built-in compatibility for the Microsoft Office document formats, but not limited to, the ability of the Works Word Processor to open Microsoft Word documents and the ability of the Works Spreadsheet to open Microsoft Excel workbooks. Newer versions include task panes but do not include updated features.
In the final version, the Windows 95-era icons and toolbars were not updated to make them consistent with application software. While its utility for larger organizations is limited by its use of incompatible proprietary native. WKS. WDB, and. WPS file formats, the simplicity of integrating database/spreadsheet data into word processor documents allow it to remain an option for some small and home-based business owners. Version 4.5a is noted in this respect. The database management system, while a "flat file" allows the novice user to perform complex transformations through formulas and user-defined reports which can be copied as text to the clipboard. A'Works Portfolio' utility offers Microsoft Binder-like functionality. By installing the 2007 Office System Compatibility Pack, the Works Word Processor and Spreadsheet can import and export Office Open XML document formats, although they are converted rather than being operated upon natively; the Works Calendar can store appointments, integrates with the Windows Address Book, as well as Address Book's successor, Windows Contacts, can remind users of birthdays and anniversaries.
It supports exporting iCalendar files. It does not support subscribing to iCalendar files or publishing them online via WebDAV. Up to version 8, using the Works Task Launcher, the calendar and contacts from Windows Address Book could be synchronized with portable devices. In Works 9.0, the sync capability has been removed. Microsoft makes file format conversion filters for Microsoft Word for opening and saving to Works Word Processor format. Microsoft Office Excel can import newer Works Spreadsheets because the newer Works Spreadsheet uses the Excel format but with a different extension. There is an import filter for older Works 2.0 spreadsheet format. As far as Works Spreadsheet 3.x/4.x/2000 and Works database files are concerned, Microsoft does not provide an import filter for Excel or Access. There are third party converters available for converting these filetypes to Excel spreadsheets: For database files there is a donateware utility.
Gama Aviation is a British business aviation services company specialising in providing aviation support for individuals and government agencies. The company offers two distinct service divisions: Ground; the company was founded in 1983 by Marwan Khalek and Stephen Wright, who function as CEO and Executive Director. Sir Ralph Robins, who served on the board for Rolls-Royce, is the group's chairman. Kevin Godley was appointed as CFO in 2015 but resigned in November 2017. Since 1983, the company's managed fleet size has grown to over 250 aircraft via organic growth and M&A activity; the most significant of these deals being. Further specialist services were added with the addition of FlyerTech, the organic development of flight training services and its own in-house pilot ground school; the Scottish Air-ambulance Services contract involves the provision by Gama Aviation of fixed and rotary aircraft as well as the coordination and operational management of all flights 24/7. This long-term contract resulted in the company investing in the development of new infrastructure at Glasgow International Airport, with the creation of the SCOTSTAR facility.
Gama Aviation LLC, its US associate business, provides similar turnkey support for private aviation membership club Wheels Up. The business provides all operational support and pilot training for the fleet of King Air 350i and Cessna Citation XLS aircraft across the US. Gama Aviation conducts maintenance support for most business aircraft types across its global network of basesGama Aviation provides fleet support. In the US this extends to the 90+ aircraft of Wheels Up utilising Textron Aviation's Citation XLS+ and the Beech King Air. In January 2017, the company's Europe Ground division announced a 15 aircraft fleet deal with Wijet to provide maintenance support across Europe for AOG, line and base maintenance; as with the Air division, the company operates a number of contracts with the likes of NHS Scotland, the Ministry of Defence and primary contractors such as Atkins. This has included updates to the RAF's primary trainer fleet and the Army Air Corps Gazelle fleet, amongst others. Over the past two / three years Gama Aviation has built a network of bases in the US and UK.
Additional maintenance facilities have been added in Nice and most Hong Kong. As of July 2017, Gama is facing a High Court claim brought against it by Dustin Dryden, CEO of Hangar8, for £6.1m. The counterclaim is a reaction to an allegation made against Dryden in November 2016, alleging that Gama Aviation provided services and spare parts to Dryden, who failed to pay. Dryden claimed in response that the work was not performed properly and some of the spare parts had been pledged to another company. Dryden claimed that, rather than a dispute over his conduct as director, there had been a "departure agreement" including a promise to sell his 5% stake in Gama and spend the proceeds with the company in order to help it hit second-half financial targets in 2015. Gama attempted to impound one of Dryden's planes, which they claim Dryden unlawfully seized back. Dryden denied any legal wrongdoing. Gama Aviation informed investors only after the suit was made public by newspapers, making an announcement to the London stock exchange.
Its share price fell shortly afterwards. In response to the allegations made by Dryden, Gama Aviation announced that it would not comment while legal action was ongoing, but did release a background statement. Following this, Gama took out an injunction; the cases will be heard next June. A further case was brought against Gama Aviation by Credit Suisse; the bank filed a High Court claim stating that Gama had not turned over a private jet that Credit Suisse was entitled to sell after Challenger-Mondel, who financed the purchase of the aircraft, defaulted on a loan. In addition to this, the millionaire Andre Serruys has taken action, alleging that the company overbilled him and performed sub-standard technical upgrades while under the management and maintenance control of Hangar8; as of January 2018, Gama is exposed to $15.3 million in damages from claimants
Karl Muggeridge born 20 April 1974 in Tweed Heads, New South Wales, Australia is a former professional motorcycle racer. He is married to Isobel, has one son, Ryan Luca, he won the Supersport World Championship in 2004, raced in Superbike World Championship on Hondas. After several years of Motocross, Muggas began circuit racing in 1994, finishing 4th in his homeland's 250cc series a year on a Suzuki. Over the next 3 years he did an assortment of races around the world on 600cc Supersport bikes, he was a regular in his home series in 1996, in the British championship for the next 2 years, coming 4th overall in 1999, before moving on to the Supersport World Championship. He was 5th overall in 2000, 7th in 2001, 14th in 2002 and 4th in 2003, before taking the 2004 crown as the lead rider for Ten Kate Honda, with 7 wins and 8 poles. Ten Kate expanded its Superbike World Championship team to 2 Honda Fireblade bikes for 2005, Karl was moved up to join Chris Vermeulen, who won the WSS title for Ten Kate in 2003 and challenged for the WSBK crown as a series rookie in 2004.
2005 proved to be a tough year for Karl He finished the season 11th overall with 124 points. In 2006 a back injury caused him to miss the Valencia round and he again failed to score a podium finish, despite strong qualifying runs including 3rd at Brands Hatch, he finished the season 12th with 123 points. He lost his ride for 2007, was offered a Supersport World Championship ride by the team, he instead remained on a Honda by joining countryman Josh Brookes at Alto Evolution. He missed his home race at Phillip Island after a crash in practice. At Monza he started 6th but crashed in the one race staged before heavy rain caused the event to be abandoned; the team missed Misano due to legal problems, Brookes left the team, but Muggeridge returned at Brno. He finished the season 16th with 62 points. For 2008 he moved to the DFXtreme team, again on Hondas, he scored two sixth places among his fourteen points finishes, although he only scored four times in the last seven rounds, coming 15th overall. For 2009 he joined the Celani Suzuki team.
He struggled throughout the season with his highest place finish of 8th in race 2 of the penultimate round at Magny-Cours, Karl did not race in the final round of the season. He raced a couple of rounds in the British Superbike Championship for the HM Plant, Honda as a replacement rider for the injured Glen Richards. For 2010 Muggeridge moved into the IDM Superbike Championship riding the Holzhauer Racing Promotion Honda, collecting a pole position and a double race win at the opening round at the Lausitzring, he took a double race win at Nürburgring in the third round of the season. Muggeridge is leading the series by 29 points with one round left to go. Muggeridge went on to win the title with a total of 244 points, 19 clear of his closest rival. Muggeridge stayed in the German championship for 2011 to defend his title, he failed to win a race in the 2011 season and ended the championship in 3rd on 200 points. Muggeridge had a guest ride with the Castrol Honda team in the World Superbike Championship during the last round at Portimao, finishing both races outside the points.
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