Nikita Sergeyevich Mikhalkov is a Russian filmmaker and head of the Russian Cinematographers' Union. Three times Laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation. Full Cavalier of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" Nikita Mikhalkov won the Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival and nominated for the Academy Award in the category "Best Foreign Language Film" for the film "Close to Eden". Winner of the Academy Award in the category "Best Foreign Language Film" and the Grand Prix of the Cannes Film Festival for the film "Burnt by the Sun". Mikhalkov received the "Special Lion" of the Venice Film Festival for his contribution to the cinematography and nominated for the Academy Award in the category "Best Foreign Language Film" for the film "12". Mikhalkov was born in Moscow into the artistic Mikhalkov family, his great grandfather was the imperial governor of Yaroslavl, whose mother was a princess of the House of Golitsyn. Nikita's father, Sergei Mikhalkov, was best known as writer of children's literature, although he wrote lyrics to his country's national anthem on three different occasions spanning nearly 60 years – two different sets of lyrics used for the Soviet national anthem, the current lyrics of the Russian national anthem.
Mikhalkov's mother, poet Natalia Konchalovskaya, was the daughter of the avant-garde artist Pyotr Konchalovsky and granddaughter of another outstanding painter, Vasily Surikov. Nikita's older brother is the filmmaker Andrei Konchalovsky known for his collaboration with Andrei Tarkovsky and his own Hollywood action films, such as Runaway Train and Tango & Cash. Mikhalkov studied acting at the children's studio of the Moscow Art Theatre and at the Shchukin School of the Vakhtangov Theatre. While still a student, he appeared in Georgi Daneliya's film I Step Through Moscow and his brother Andrei Konchalovsky's film Home of the Gentry, he was soon on his way to becoming a star of the Soviet cinema. While continuing to pursue his acting career, he entered VGIK, the state film school in Moscow, where he studied directing under film maker Mikhail Romm, teacher to his brother and Andrei Tarkovsky, he directed his first short film in 1968, I'm Coming Home, another for his graduation, A Quiet Day at the End of the War in 1970.
Mikhalkov had appeared in more than 20 films, including his brother's Uncle Vanya, before he co-wrote and starred in his first feature, At Home Among Strangers in 1974, an Ostern set just after the 1920s civil war in Russia. Mikhalkov established an international reputation with A Slave of Love. Set in 1917, it followed the efforts of a film crew to make a silent melodrama in a resort town while the Revolution rages around them; the film, based upon the last days of Vera Kholodnaya, was acclaimed upon its release in the U. S. Mikhalkov's next film, An Unfinished Piece for Mechanical Piano was adapted by Mikhalkov from Chekhov's early play and won the first prize at the San Sebastian Film Festival. In 1978, while starring in his brother's epic film Siberiade, Mikhalkov made Five Evenings, a love story about a couple separated by World War II, who meet again after eighteen years. Mikhalkov's next film, A Few Days from the Life of I. I. Oblomov, with Oleg Tabakov in the title role, is based on Ivan Goncharov's classic novel about a lazy young nobleman who refuses to leave his bed.
Family Relations is a comedy about a provincial woman in Moscow dealing with the tangled relationships of her relatives. Without Witness tracks a long night's conversation between a woman and her ex-husband when they are accidentally locked in a room; the film won the Prix FIPRESCI at the 13th Moscow International Film Festival. In the early 1980s, Mikhalkov resumed his acting career, appearing in Eldar Ryazanov's immensely popular Station for Two and A Cruel Romance. At that period, he played Henry Baskerville in the Soviet screen version of The Hound of the Baskervilles, he starred in many of his own films, including At Home Among Strangers, A Slave of Love, An Unfinished Piece for Player Piano. Incorporating several short stories by Chekhov, Dark Eyes stars Marcello Mastroianni as an old man who tells a story of a romance he had when he was younger, a woman he has never been able to forget; the film was praised, Mastroianni received the Best Actor Prize at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival and an Academy Award nomination for his performance.
Mikhalkov's next film, set in the little-known world of the Mongols, received the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. Mikhalkov's Anna: 6–18 documents his daughter Anna as she grows from childhood to maturity. Mikhalkov's most famous production to date, Burnt by the Sun, was steeped in the paranoid atmosphere of Joseph Stalin's Great Terror; the film received the Grand Prize at Cannes and the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, among many other honours. To date, Burnt by the Sun remains the highest-grossing film to come out of the former Soviet Union. In 1996, he was the head of the jury at the 46th Berlin International Film Festival. Mikhalkov used the critical and financial triumph of Burnt by the Sun to raise $25 million for his most epic venture to date, The Barber of Siberia; the film, screened out of competition at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival, was designed as a patriotic extravaganza for domestic consumption.
It featured Julia Ormond and Oleg Menshikov, who appears in Mikhalkov's films, in the leading
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, to the southeast by Azerbaijan; the capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres, its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy. During the classical era, several independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia, such as Colchis and Iberia; the Georgians adopted Christianity in the early 4th century. The common belief had an enormous importance for spiritual and political unification of early Georgian states. A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached its Golden Age during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries. Thereafter, the kingdom declined and disintegrated under hegemony of various regional powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, successive dynasties of Iran.
In the late 18th century, the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti forged an alliance with the Russian Empire, which directly annexed the kingdom in 1801 and conquered the western Kingdom of Imereti in 1810. Russian rule over Georgia was acknowledged in various peace treaties with Iran and the Ottomans and the remaining Georgian territories were absorbed by the Russian Empire in a piecemeal fashion in the course of the 19th century. During the Civil War following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia became part of the Transcaucasian Federation and emerged as an independent republic before the Red Army invasion in 1921 which established a government of workers' and peasants' soviets. Soviet Georgia would be incorporated into a new Transcaucasian Federation which in 1922 would be a founding republic of the Soviet Union. In 1936, the Transcaucasian Federation was dissolved and Georgia emerged as a Union Republic. During the Great Patriotic War 700,000 Georgians fought in the Red Army against the German invaders.
After Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms, leading to the death of nearly one hundred students in 1956. From that time on, Georgia would become marred with blatant corruption and increased alienation of the government from the people. By the 1980s, Georgians were ready to abandon the existing system altogether. A pro-independence movement led to the secession from the Soviet Union in April 1991. For most of the following decade, post-Soviet Georgia suffered from civil conflicts, secessionist wars in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, economic crisis. Following the bloodless Rose Revolution in 2003, Georgia pursued a pro-Western foreign policy; this strengthened state institutions. The country's Western orientation soon led to the worsening of relations with Russia, culminating in the brief Russo-Georgian War in August 2008 and Georgia's current territorial dispute with Russia. Georgia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development.
It contains two de facto independent regions and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Georgia and most of the world's countries consider the regions to be Georgian territory under Russian occupation. "Georgia" stems from the Persian designation of the Georgians – gurğān, in the 11th and 12th centuries adapted via Syriac gurz-ān/gurz-iyān and Arabic ĵurĵan/ĵurzan. Lore-based theories were given by the traveller Jacques de Vitry, who explained the name's origin by the popularity of St. George amongst Georgians, while traveller Jean Chardin thought that "Georgia" came from Greek γεωργός; as Prof. Alexander Mikaberidze adds, these century-old explanations for the word Georgia/Georgians are rejected by the scholarly community, who point to the Persian word gurğ/gurğān as the root of the word. Starting with the Persian word gurğ/gurğān, the word was adopted in numerous other languages, including Slavic and West European languages; this term itself might have been established through the ancient Iranian appellation of the near-Caspian region, referred to as Gorgan.
The native name is Sakartvelo, derived from the core central Georgian region of Kartli, recorded from the 9th century, in extended usage referring to the entire medieval Kingdom of Georgia by the 13th century. The self-designation used by ethnic Georgians is Kartvelebi; the medieval Georgian Chronicles present an eponymous ancestor of the Kartvelians, Kartlos, a great-grandson of Japheth. However, scholars agree that the word is derived from the Karts, the latter being one of the proto-Georgian tribes that emerged as a dominant group in ancient times; the name Sakartvelo consists of two parts. Its root, kartvel-i, specifies an inhabitant of the core central-eastern Georgian region of Kartli, or Iberia as it is known in sources of the Eastern Roman Empire. Ancient Greeks and Romans referred to early western Georgians as Colchians and eastern Georgians as Iberians; the Georgian circumfix sa-X-o is a standard geographic construction designating "the area where X dwell", where X is an ethnonym. To
USSR State Prize
The USSR State Prize was the Soviet Union's state honor. It was established on September 9, 1966. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the prize was followed up by the State Prize of the Russian Federation; the State Stalin Prize called the Stalin Prize, existed from 1941 to 1954 – some sources give an incorrect termination date of 1952. It played the same role. In 1944 and 1945, the last two years of the Second World War the award ceremonies for the Stalin Prize were not held. Instead, in 1946 the ceremony was held twice: in January for the works created in 1943–1944 and in June for the works of 1945. USSR State Prize of 1st, 2nd and 3rd degrees was awarded annually to individuals in the fields of science, literature and architecture to honor the most prominent achievements which either advanced the Soviet Union or the cause of socialism; the prize was awarded to specific works rather than to individuals. Each constituent Soviet republic and autonomous republic had a State Prize; the Stalin Prize was an honor different from the Stalin Peace Prize.
The latter was created on 21 December 1949 and was awarded to foreign recipients rather than to Soviet citizens. It should not be confused with the Lenin Prize. Adela Rosenthal: mathematics Abraham Alikhanov: physics Alexander Evseevich Braunstein: biochemistry Nikolai Burdenko: neurosurgery Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Aleksandr Khinchin: mathematics Andrey Kolmogorov: mathematics Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Mikhail Loginov: artillery design Trofim Lysenko: biology Dmitri Maksutov: astronomic optics Vladimir Obruchev: geology Evgeny Paton: electrical welding Nikolai Polikarpov: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Semyonov: chemical physics Sergei Sobolev: mathematics Alexey Shchusev: architecture Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov: mathematics Semyon Volfkovich: chemistry Nikolai Ponomarev: astronomic optics Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov: mathematics Nicholas Astrov: tank engineer Ivan Grave: artillery, for his work Ballistics of Semiclosed Space Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Mstislav Keldysh: mathematics Isaak Kikoin: physics Mikhail Koshkin: tank engineer Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam: physics Sergei Rubinstein: psychology Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Shmuk: biochemistry Alexander Vishnevsky: surgeon Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Zelinsky work on organic chemistry Ivan Bardin Ivan Plotnikov: inventor of artificial leather kirza Igor Kurchatov: physicist Nicholas Astrov: tank engineer Zinaida Vissarionovna Ermol'eva: biochemistry Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Ivan Knunyants: Chemistry Feodosy Krasovsky: astronomy Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov: physics Vladimir Vernadsky: mineralogy and geochemistry Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich: 2nd degree, physics – for works on combustion and detonation Mustafa Topchubashov: general surgeon Laureates for this year were announced in 1946.
Laureates for this year were announced in 1946 Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov: physics Viktor Hambardzumyan: astrophysics Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Eugen Kapp: music composition Mstislav Keldysh: mathematics Lev Landau: physics Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Lazar Lyusternik: mathematics Dmitri Maksutov: 1st degree, astronomic optics Anatoly Ivanovich Malcev: 2nd degree, for the research on Lie groups Vasily Sergeevich Nemchinov: mathematics Pelageya Polubarinova-Kochina: mathematics Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov: physics Leo Silber: immunology Yevgeny Tarle: historian Boris Zbarsky, biochemistry Nikolay Zelinsky work on chemistry of proteins Konstantin Petrzhak and Georgy Flyorov: physics Mark Veyngerov for developing of Express Optic-Acoustical Gas Analysis. Valentin Felixovich Voyno-Yasenetsky: medicine Anatoly Savin, technology Yusif Mammadaliyev:Chemistry Aliashraf Abdulhuseyn oglu Alizade: Geologist Manfred von Ardenne: for a table-top electron microscope Georgy Beriev: aeronautical engineering Nikolay Bogolyubov: mathematics Grigory Eisenberg Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Artem Mikoyan: aeronautical engineering Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Nikolai Bernstein: neurophysiology Alexander Gapeev: geology Mikhail Gurevich: aeronautical engineering Artem Mikoyan: aeronautical engineering Arseny Mironov: aeronautical engineering Semyon Lavochkin: aeronautical engineering Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev: aeronautical engineering Mikhail Gurevich: aircraft engineering Mikhail Kalashnikov: engineering Leonid Kantorovich: mathematics Boris Kurchatov: radiochemistry Artem Mikoyan: aircraft engineering Nikolaus Riehl: first class, for contributions to the Soviet atomic bomb project Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich: 1st degree, physics – for special works Anatoly Savin Max Taitz: aircraft flight testing Viktor Hambardzumyan: astrophysics Sergey Ilyushin: aeronautical engineering Eugen Kapp: music composition Vladimir Obruchev: geology Aleksei Pogorelov: mathematics Dmitri Skobeltsyn: physics Ilia Vekua: mathematics Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich: Musician Sviatoslav Teofilovich Richter
People's Artist of the USSR
People's Artist of the USSR sometimes translated as National Artist of the USSR, was an honorary title granted to artists of the Soviet Union. The term is confusingly used to translate two Russian language titles: Народный артист СССР, awarded in performing arts and Народный художник СССР, granted in some visual arts; each Soviet Republic, as well as the Autonomous Republics, had a similar award held by every receiver of the higher title of People's Artist of the USSR. As this title was granted by the government, honorees were afforded certain privileges and would receive commissions from the Minister of Culture of the Soviet Union. Accordingly and authors who expressed criticism of the Communist Party were granted such recognition, if not outright censored; the title was bestowed for exceptional achievements in the performing arts in the Soviet Union. Its recipients included many of the most-acclaimed composers, singers and theatre directors and actors of every Soviet republic. In all, there were 1010 recipients of the award.
The title was introduced in 1936, replacing the earlier title of "People's Artist of the Republic". The first recipients of the title were Konstantin Stanislavski, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Ivan Moskvin, Antonina Nezhdanova, Boris Shchukin, Kulyash Baiseitova and some other actors; the last persons to be honoured with the title were Oleg Yankovsky. The title was bestowed on theatre actors, ballet dancers, opera singers only, it came to be bestowed upon film actors, violinist, pop singers and circus performers such as Natalya Durova and Oleg Popov. A person was named the People's Artist of the USSR after 40 years of age. Exceptions were made for dancers, e.g. Nadezhda Pavlova, a ballet artist, received the title at the age of 28, Malika Kalantarova, a famous Bukharian Jewish folk dancer from Tajikistan, received the title at the age of 34; the youngest female persons to receive this title were Kazakh opera singers Kulyash Baiseitova and Halima Nasyrova. The youngest male person was pop singer Muslim Magomayev.
Among the actors, the youngest recipient was Sergey Bondarchuk. The youngest actress to receive the title was Yuri Andropov's daughter-in-law, Lyudmila Chursina, at age 40. Sofia Rotaru, for example, was named Merited Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1973, People's Artist of the Ukrainian SSR in 1976, People's Artist of the Moldavian SSR in 1983, an attained cumulation of People's Artist titles, People's Artist of the Soviet Union in 1988, the first female pop-singer to be honored with this award and the only one with three People's Artists; as of 2018, the earliest living recipient is Ukrainian opera singer Bela Rudenko. The title of People's Painter of the Soviet Union was awarded for exceptional achievements in certain visual arts: painting, sculpture and photography; the lesser title of Meritorious Painter of the Soviet Union was awarded for achievement in these fields. People's Architect of the Soviet Union: Народный архитектор СССР People's Teacher of the Soviet Union: Народный учитель СССР People's Doctor of the Soviet Union: Народный врач СССР Category:People's Artists of the USSR - list of recipients Category:People's Artists of the USSR - list of recipients Hero of Socialist Labour - the highest civilian decoration in the Soviet Union List of People's Artists of Azerbaijan Meritorious Artist People's Artist People's Artist of Russia Russian Academy of Art
Hardy Krüger is a German actor, who appeared in more than 60 films since 1944. Popular in his own country, Krüger is known for his appearances in international films like Hatari!, Sundays and Cybele, The Flight of the Phoenix, The Battle of Neretva, The Secret of Santa Vittoria, The Red Tent and Barry Lyndon. Hardy Krüger was born in Wedding, Berlin in 1928, his parents were ardent Nazis. "I was raised to love Hitler", he stated in a 2016 interview. From 1941, he went to an elitist Adolf Hitler School at the Ordensburg Sonthofen. At age 15, Hardy made his film début in a German picture, The Young Eagles, but his acting career was interrupted when he was conscripted into the German Wehrmacht in 1944 at age 16. In March 1945, Krüger was conscripted into the 38th SS Division Nibelungen where he was drawn into heavy fighting; the 16-year-old Krüger was ordered to eliminate a group of American soldiers. When he refused, he was sentenced to death for cowardice. Krüger described this experience as his break with Nazism.
He served as a messenger for the SS, but he escaped and hid out in Tyrol until the end of the war. He is today a member of the Amadeu Antonio Foundation and speaks out against right-wing extremism and for democracy citing his own experiences. Krüger continued his acting career after the Second World War with small stage roles because he could not afford an acting school, he established himself as a German film star during the 1950s. He appeared in the German version of The Moon Is Blue, directed by Otto Preminger. Krüger looked for international roles, because he found the German Heimatfilm cinema of the 1950s rather shallow, he first came to the attention of English language audiences in the 1957 British war film The One That Got Away, the story of Franz von Werra, the only German prisoner of war to escape from Allied custody and return to Germany. In 1960, Krüger bought Ngorongoro farm in the Tanganyika Territory, which he owned for 13 years. Ngorongoro and the area around it served as the setting for the 1962 film Hatari!, a Howard Hawks film, in which Krüger appeared with John Wayne.
Fluent in German and French, he has worked in numerous European and American films, including the Oscar-winning Sundays and Cybele, the original 1965 version of The Flight of the Phoenix. Other films include the comedy-drama The Secret of Santa Vittoria, where he played a German officer during the Second World War trying to find hidden wine in a small Italian town; because of his stereotypical Teutonic look, Krüger performed in roles portraying German soldiers. Krüger retired from acting in the late 1980s and is today a writer, he published 16 books since 1970, he directed a number of European television documentaries, showing him travelling around the world. Krüger married his third wife Anita in 1978, they live in Hamburg. He has three children, two of them are actors: Christiane Krüger, with his second wife Malaika Krüger and Hardy Krüger Jr.. 1959 Bravo Otto 1960 Bravo Otto 1983 Deutscher Filmpreis 1986 Goldene Kamera 2001 Bavarian Film Awards Honorary Award 2001 Officier de la Légion d’Honneur 2008 Bambi: Lifetime Achievement Award 2009 Grand Cross of Merit, neck cross List of people from Berlin Biography of Hardy Krüger Hardy Krüger on IMDb Hardy Krüger at the Internet Broadway Database
Kinostudiya "Lenfilm" was a production unit of the Cinema of the Soviet Union, with its own film studio, located in Saint Petersburg, Russia Leningrad, R. S. F. S. R. Today OAO "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" is a corporation with its stakes shared between private owners and several private film studios, which are operating on the premises. Since October 2012, the Chairman of the board of directors is Fyodor Bondarchuk. St. Petersburg was home to several French film studios since the early 1900s. In 1908 the St. Petersburg businessman Vladislav Karpinsky opened his film factory "Ominum Film" which produced documentaries and feature films for local theatres. During the 1910s, one of the most active private film studios was "Neptun" in St. Petersburg, where such figures as Vladimir Mayakovsky and Lily Brik made their first silent films, released in 1917 and 1918; the territory of Lenfilm was in the private ownership of the Aquarium garden, which belonged to the merchant Georgy Alexandrov, who operated a restaurant, a public garden and a theatre on the same site.
The composer Peter Tchaikovsky came to what was the Aquarium theatre as a guest to the 1893 performance of the overture to his The Nutcracker ballet. Famous Russian bass singer Feodor Chaliapin performed here in the early 1920s. Stars of the Soviet era gave performances here, such as Isaak Dunaevsky, Leonid Utyosov with his jazz-band during the 1920s and 1930s; the facilities and land of the Leningrad film studio were nationalized in 1918 and it was established as a Soviet State-funded film industry. Within just a few years it bore several different names, such as "Petrograd Cinema Committee" and "SevZapKino" among various others. In 1923 the nationalized Aquarium garden was merged with "SevZapKino" and several smaller studios to form the Soviet State-controlled film industry in St. Petersburg. During 1924 - 1926 it was temporarily named Leningrad Film Factory Goskino and changed its name several times during the 1920s and 1930s. At that time many notable filmmakers and actors were active at the studio, such as Yevgeni Zamyatin, Grigori Kozintsev, Iosif Kheifets, Sergei Eisenstein, Sergei Yutkevich, Dmitri Shostakovich, Nikolai Akimov, Yuri Tynyanov, Veniamin Kaverin, Viktor Shklovsky, the writers of Serapion Brothers, as well as many other figures of Russian and Soviet culture.
Since 1934 the studio has been named Lenfilm. During the Soviet era Lenfilm was the second largest production branch of the Soviet film industry, which incorporated more than 30 film-studios located across the former Soviet Union. During World War II and the Siege of Leningrad few cinematographers remained active in the besieged Leningrad and made film documentaries about the heroic fight against the Nazis. At the same time, most personnel and production units of the Lenfilm studio were evacuated to cities in Central Asia, such as Alma-Ata and Samarkand. There "Lenfilm" temporarily merged with other Soviet film studios into the Central United Film Studio. Lenfilm returned to Leningrad in 1944. Today in the Aquarium Theater there is a stage where many famous Lenfilm pictures had been shot and many film stars played their roles. George Cukor in 1975 made. Elizabeth Taylor was here. Jane Fonda, Ava Gardner – they worked here, at Stage # 4, the prior Aquarium Theatre. Orlando was filmed here with Tilda Swinton.
Afghan Breakdown was shot here by Vladimir Bortko, with Michele Placido, who plays a Russian Colonel. In the beginning of the 1990s there were about a dozen famous American scriptwriters, the winners of Oscars, here. By the end of the Soviet Union era, Lenfilm had produced about 1,500 films. Many film classics were produced at Lenfilm throughout its history and some of these were granted international awards at various film festivals. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lenfilm became a quasi-private film production company of Russia, retaining its name in spite of renaming of the city of Leningrad to St. Petersburg. Lenfilm is a place, connected with the world celebrities, such as those mentioned and Jane Fonda, Maximilian Schell, Marina Vlady, Julia Ormond, Michael Caine, William Hurt, Sophie Marceau, Sean Bean, Sandrine Bonnaire, Gérard Philipe, with many great Russians, such as: Vladimir Mayakovsky, Dmitri Shostakovich, Alexander Ney, Kirill Lavrov, Daniil Granin, Pavel Kadochnikov, Aleksandr Demyanenko, Sergey Kuryokhin, many others.
In 2004 "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" was re-organized into a owned company. In 2007 "Kinostudiya Lenfilm" together with Apple IMC opened the "Apple" post-production training centre for filmmakers, where Apple computers are used for editing and special effects, as well as for training and certification of film editors in Final Cut Pro 5.1 and other Apple programs. See Category:Lenfilm films 1934: Чапаев / Chapaev, directed by Brothers Vasilyev. 1947: Золушка / Zolushka 1949: Александр Попов / Alexander Popov 1954: The Boys from Leningrad, starring Georgi Vitsin, Vs. Kuznetsov, Pavel Kadochnikov. 1956: Старик Хоттабыч / Old Khottabych directed by Gennadi Kazansky, starring Nikolai Volkov and Alesha Litvinov. 1960: Дама с собачкой / The Lady with the Dog directed by Iosif Kheifets, starring Iya Savvina and Aleksei Batalov. 1960: Пиковая дама / The Queen of Spades 1962: Человек-амфибия / The Amphibian Man directed by Gennadi Kazansky, starring Anastasiya Vertinskaya and Mikhail Kozakov. 1963: Каин XVIII / Kain XVIII, directed by Erast Garin 1964: Гамлет / Hamlet, directed by Gr
Tbilisi State University
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, is a public research university established on 8 February 1918 in Tbilisi, Georgia. Excluding academies and theological seminaries, which have intermittently functioned in Georgia for centuries, TSU is the oldest university in Georgia and the Caucasus region. Over 18,000 students are enrolled and the total number of faculty and staff is 5,000. According to the U. S. News & World Report university rankings, TSU is ranked 359th in the world, tied with the University of Warsaw; the university has five branches in the regions of Georgia, six faculties, 60 scientific-research laboratories and centers, a scientific library, seven museums, publishing house and printing press. The main founder of the university was academician, Ivane Javakhishvili. Among co-founders were several scientists, including Giorgi Akhvlediani, Shalva Nutsubidze, Dimitri Uznadze, Grigol Tsereteli, Akaki Shanidze, Andrea Razmadze, Korneli Kekelidze, Ioseb Kipshidze, Petre Melikishvili and Ekvtime Takaishvili.
Professor Petre Melikishvili, a Georgian chemist, became the first rector of TSU. The Rector of TSU since September 2016 Giorgi Sharvashidze. TSU has six faculties: Law and Business, Medicine and Political Sciences and Natural Sciences and the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University as an autonomous graduate school of economics. Tbilisi State University was founded in 1918 owing to the leadership of Georgian historian Ivane Javakhishvili and the group of his followers, it was the only educational body of this type in Caucasus Region by that time. The university is housed in the former building of Georgian Nobility Gymnasium constructed by the architect Simon Kldiashvili from 1899 to 1906. Georgia has a tradition of education, as evidenced by the functioning of the School of Philosophy and Rhetoric of Phazisi in Colchis. After Georgia became independent and declared itself a national democratic state, one of the first achievements of the Georgian people at the beginning of the 20th century was the foundation of the Georgian National University in Tbilisi.
Afterwards, through the Bolshevik and Communist period, in spite of the forced ideology and fierce censorship, Tbilisi State University maintained schools in mathematics, philosophy and historiography. The foundation of the Academy of Science of Georgia and other higher educational institutions was encouraged by the university; the university was opened on 26 January 1918, the day of remembrance of the Georgian King David the Builder. A church in the University garden, named after the King, has been functioning since 5 September 1995. In 1989 the university was named after its founder - Ivane Javakhishvili. Petre Melikishvili, a chemist and professor, was elected as the first rector of the university. At its commencement, the university had one faculty - that of philosophy. Ivane Javakhishvili, a Georgian historian, delivered the first lecture. At the beginning of 1918 the board of professors and lecturers numbered 18, the student body of the university counted 369 students and 89 free listeners.
Today the number of professors involved in tuition and training amounts to 3275, including 55 academicians and corresponding member of the academy, 595 professors and doctors, 1246 assistant professors and candidates of sciences. Over 35 thousand students are studying at its eight regional branches. Important changes at the university began on 25 April 1994, when the scientific council of the University adopted "The Concepts of University Education", according to which since the year 1994 the university has transferred to the two-stage form of study. At the end of the I stage of the reform implemented, at the beginning of 2005, the bodies functioning at TSU were: 22 faculties with 184 chairs, 8 branches with 46 faculties, 3 scientific-research and study-scientific institutes, 81 scientific-research laboratories and centers, 161 study laboratories and rooms, clinical hospitals and diagnostic centers and editorial houses, the library with 3,650,000 items, 5 dormitories. 95 educational programs were used at the bachelor's course, 194 at master's studies, 16 at the single-step tuition.
Schools that came into being at Tbilisi University were: Mathematics, Psychology, Physiology. National Scholarly Schools of Georgian Historiography, History of Literature, Georgian Philosophy, Art Studies and Caucasian Linguistics and Classical Philology (Grigol Tsereteli, S