SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Military saint

The military saints, warrior saints and soldier saints are patron saints and other saints associated with the military. They were composed of the Early Christians who were soldiers in the Roman Army during the persecution of Christians the Diocletian persecution of AD 303–313. Most of the Early Christian military saints were soldiers of the Roman Empire who had become Christian and, after refusing to participate in Imperial cult rituals of loyalty to the Roman Emperor, were subjected to corporal punishment including torture and martyrdom. Veneration of these saints, most notably of Saint George, was reinforced in the Latin Church during the time of the Crusades; the title of "champion of Christ" was used for these saints, but in the late medieval period conferred on contemporary rulers by the Pope. Since the Middle Ages, more saints have been added for various military-related patronages. In Late Antiquity other Christian writers of hagiography, like Sulpicius Severus in his account of the heroic, military life of Martin of Tours, created a literary model that reflected the new spiritual and social ideals of a post-Roman society.

In a study of Anglo-Saxon soldier saints, J. E. Damon has demonstrated the persistence of Sulpicius's literary model in the transformation of the pious, peaceful saints and willing martyrs of late antique hagiography to the Christian heroes of the early Middle Ages, who appealed to the newly converted societies led by professional warriors and who exemplified accommodation with and active participation in holy wars that were considered just; the military saints are characteristically depicted as soldiers in traditional Byzantine iconography from about the 10th century and also in Slavic Christianity. While early icons show the saints in "classicizing" attire, icons from the 11th and the 12th centuries, painted in the new style of τύπων μιμήματα, are an important source for our knowledge of medieval Byzantine military equipment; the angelic prototype of the Christian soldier-saint is the Archangel Michael, whose earliest known cultus began in the 5th century with a shrine at Monte Gargano. The iconography of soldier-saints Theodore and George as cavalrymen develops in the early medieval period.

The earliest image of St Theodore as a horseman is from Vinica, North Macedonia and, if genuine, dates to the 6th or 7th century. Here, Theodore is not slaying a dragon. Three equestrian saints, Demetrius and George, are depicted in the "Zoodochos Pigi" chapel in central Macedonia in Greece, in the prefecture of Kilkis, near the modern village of Kolchida, dated to the 9th or 10th century; the "dragon-slaying" motif develops in the 10th century iconography seen in the Cappadocian cave churches of Göreme, where frescoes of the 10th century show military saints on horseback confronting serpents with one, two or three heads. In medieval Byzantine iconography, the pair of horsemen is no longer identified as Theodore and George, but as George and Demetrius. To be included above The Eastern Orthodox Church considers Demetrius of Thessaloniki, Theodore Stratelates, Theodore of Amasea, John the Warrior to be the patron saints of the military. Saint Nicholas is the patron saint of the Russian navy. Prophet Elijah is the patron Saint of the Hellenic Army Aviation Arm.

The Russian Orthodox Church has a number of patron saints associated with the military. Some of them are the similar to Catholic saints. Michael the Archangel: military. Saint George:soldiers, cavalry. Barbara: missileers including those of the Strategic Rocket Forces, the Missile and Artillery Forces, the Air Defense Forces, Space Forces. Saint Alexander Nevskiy: soldiers protecting Russian Lands, National Guard of Russia, Spetsnaz. Saint Dimitry Donskoy: soldiers, armored troops. Saint George: soldiers and all people protecting the nation, Patron Saint of the city of Moscow. Saints Aleksandr Peresvet and Andrey Oslyabya: Radonezhskiy holy monk-warriers. Saint Nikita the Warrior: Orthodox soldiers. Saints Boris and Gleb, holy orthodox princes of Russia: soldiers. Saint John the Warrior: soldiers. Saint Merkuriy of Smolensk, warrior-martyr: soldiers. Saint Evgeniy Sevastiyskiy, warrior-martyr: soldiers. Prince Vladimir, Patron Saint of the National Guard of Russia Saint Iliya Muromets: Border Guards.

Saint Feodor Stratilat: Orthodox soldiers. Saint Savva Storozhevskiy: the Air Force. Saint Feodor Ushakov: the Navy, including nuclear submarines. Saint Andrew: Navy. Holy Prophet Isaiah: Russian Airborne Troops Saint Seraphim of Sarov: Nuclear Warhead Specialists Saint Martin of Tura: cavalry. Christians in the military Saint George: Devotions and prayers Military ordinariate Military order Miles Christianus New Testament military metaphors List of patron saints by occupation and activity Roman Catholic Archdiocese for the Military Services, USA § Patron Saints Monica White, Military Saints in Byzantium and Rus, 900–1200. Christopher Walter, The Warrior Saints in Byzantine Art and Tradition. Piotr Grotowski and Armour of the Warrior Saints: Tradition and Innovation in Byzantine Iconography, Volume 87 of The Medieval Mediterranean. David Woods, "The Military Martyrs" The Warrior Saints Military Saints. Mission Capodanno website. Catholics in the Military. Retrieved 2011-08-11. Military Blesseds. Mission Capodanno website.

Catholics in the Military. Re

EuroLeague individual highs

EuroLeague individual highs in single games played. These are the lists of the individual statistical single game highs of the EuroLeague, the top-tier level European-wide professional club basketball league; the individual stats single game highs are broken down by sections of time, from 1990 to 2001, when the competition was run by FIBA Europe, since 2000, when the competition has been run by the EuroLeague Basketball company. Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: Since the beginning of the 2000–01 season: From the 1990–91 season to the 2000–01 SuproLeague season: From the 1991–92 season to the 2000–01 SuproLeague season: From the 1991–92 season to the 2000–01 SuproLeague season: From the 1991–92 season to the 2000–01 SuproLeague season: From the 1999–00 season to the 2000–01 SuproLeague season: Since the beginning of the 1991–92 season: Official website

Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest 1993

Italy was represented by Enrico Ruggeri, with the song'"Sole d'Europa", at the 1993 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 15 May in Millstreet, Ireland. The song was chosen internally by broadcaster RAI. Following the 1993 contest, RAI withdrew from Eurovision for the following three years, they made a brief reappearance in 1997, but withdrew again until 2011. On the night of the final Ruggeri performed first in the running order, preceding Turkey, the second time in five years that the Italian song opened the show. At the close of the voting "Sole d'Europa" had received 45 points, placing Italy 12th of the 25 entries; the Italian jury awarded its 12 points to contest winners Ireland. Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest Eurovision Song Contest 1993