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Millennium Development Goals

The Millennium Development Goals were eight international development goals for the year 2015, established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The Sustainable Development Goals replaced the MDGs in 2016. All 191 United Nations member states, at least 22 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015: To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger To achieve universal primary education To promote gender equality and empower women To reduce child mortality To improve maternal health To combat HIV/AIDS, other diseases To ensure environmental sustainability To develop a global partnership for development Each goal had specific targets, dates for achieving those targets; the 8 goals were measured by 21 targets. To accelerate progress, the G8 finance ministers agreed in June 2005 to provide enough funds to the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the African Development Bank to cancel $40 to $55 billion in debt owed by members of the indebted poor countries to allow them to redirect resources to programs for improving health and education and for alleviating poverty.

Interventions evaluated include improvements required to meet the millennium development goals for water supply, meet the water MDG plus halving by 2015 the proportion of those without access to adequate sanitation, increasing access to improved water and sanitation for everyone, providing disinfection at point-of-use over and above increasing access to improved water supply and sanitation providing regulated piped water supply in house and sewage connection with partial sewerage for everyone Critics of the MDGs complained of a lack of analysis and justification behind the chosen objectives, the difficulty or lack of measurements for some goals and uneven progress, among others. Although developed countries' aid for achieving the MDGs rose during the challenge period, more than half went for debt relief and much of the remainder going towards natural disaster relief and military aid, rather than further development; as of 2013, progress towards the goals was uneven. Some countries achieved many goals.

A UN conference in September 2010 reviewed progress to date and adopted a global plan to achieve the eight goals by their target date. New commitments targeted women's and children's health, new initiatives in the worldwide battle against poverty and disease. Among the non-governmental organizations assisting were the United Nations Millennium Campaign, the Millennium Promise Alliance, Inc. the Global Poverty Project, the Micah Challenge, The Youth in Action EU Programme, "Cartoons in Action" video project and the 8 Visions of Hope global art project. Preparations for the 2000 Millennium Summit launched with the report of the Secretary-General entitled, "We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the Twenty-First Century". Additional input was prepared by the Millennium Forum, which brought together representatives of over 1,000 non-governmental and civil society organizations from more than 100 countries; the Forum met in May to conclude a two-year consultation process covering issues such as poverty eradication, environmental protection, human rights and protection of the vulnerable.

MDGs derive from earlier development targets, where world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The approval of the Millennium Declaration was the main outcome of the Millennium Summit; the MDGs originated from the United Nations Millennium Declaration. The Declaration asserted; the MDGs set concrete targets and indicators for poverty reduction in order to achieve the rights set forth in the Declaration. The Brahimi Report provided the basis of the goals in the area of security; the Millennium Summit Declaration was, only part of the origins of the MDGs. More ideas came from Adam Figueroa, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. A series of UN‑led conferences in the 1990s focused on issues such as children, human rights and women; the OECD criticized major donors for reducing their levels of Official Development Assistance. UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan signed a report titled, We the Peoples: The Role of the United Nations in the 21st Century, which.

The OECD had formed its International Development Goals. The two efforts were combined for the World Bank's 2001 meeting to form the MDGs; the MDGs emphasized three areas: human capital and human rights, with the intent of increasing living standards. Human capital objectives include nutrition and education. Infrastructure objectives include access to safe drinking water and modern information/communication technology. Human rights objectives include empowering women, reducing violence, increasing political voice, ensuring equal access to public services and increasing security of property rights; the goals were intended to increase an individual's human capabilities and "advance the means to a productive life". T

KreŇ°o Beljak

Krešo Beljak is a Croatian politician, mayor of Samobor since 2009 and member of the Croatian Parliament since 2016. Beljak is the president of the Croatian Peasant Party since 2016. Krešo Beljak was born in the Slovenian town of Brežice on August 22, 1971. After finishing Janko Mišić Elementary School in the town of Samobor he enrolled in the Education Center for Automation and Process Engineering "Nikola Tesla" in Zagreb. After finishing high school, he enrolled at the Zagreb Faculty of Science from which he graduated in 1999 and has become geography professor. In 2016, Beljak completed a postgraduate specialist study in Foreign Policy and Diplomacy at the Faculty of Political Science of the University of Zagreb. Between 1990 and 1992, Beljak participated in the Croatian War of Independence as a member of the 15th Samobor Brigade for which he was decorated with the Homeland War Memorial Medal. In March 2002, Beljak was convicted at the Municipal Court in Zagreb and sentenced to a verdict of eight months in prison due to a heavy burglary in four cars, with a suspended sentence of three years.

After graduation, Beljak moved to Germany where he lived and worked until 2002 when he returned to Croatia and started working as a geography professor at the Samobor Vocational High School. In 2008, he got employed as professional adviser at the Public Administration for the Management of Protected Areas and Other Protected Natural Values in the Zagreb County. Beljak became a member of the Croatian Peasant Party in 2003. At the 2003 local committees elections he was elected as a councilor in the Council of Ferdo Livadić - Samobor Local Committee. In 2004, he became secretary of HSS Samobor branch, in 2005 branches commissioner. In July 2005, he was elected president of the HSS branch in the "Ferdo Livadić" Local Committee. In May 2006, Beljak was elected new president of the HSS Samobor branch. In the same year, he became a member of the council of the HSS Zagreb County branch and a member of the HSS Council of Experts where he was charged with creating the official party concept of the Croatian administrative division.

In 2008, he was elected as one of 30 members of HSS Main Board and ipso facto served as a member of the Presidency of the HSS Zagreb County branch. At the 2009 local elections, he was elected mayor of Samobor. In 2010, he was charged for illegal and unconstitutional formation of a parking lot in the courtyard of Perkovac 22, one of the main Samobor roads. In January 2012, at the HSS General Assembly, he was elected as one of the five vice-presidents of the HSS with the highest number of votes of all 13 candidates. At the 2013 local elections, Beljak was re-elected as mayor. In March 2016, he was elected President of the HSS, re-elected on January 14, 2017. In June 2016, the HSS left the centre-right Patriotic Coalition, led by the Croatian Democratic Union; the party signed a coalition agreement with the Social Democratic Party of Croatia for the upcoming 2016 parliamentary election and joined the centre-left People's Coalition. Due to this move, former HSS president Branko Hrg left the party; the HDZ soon formed a majority government.

Beljak, elected to the Croatian Parliament along with four other HSS members, decided to give support to the new government "for 100 days". At the 2017 local elections, Beljak was re-elected as mayor of Samobor for the third time, he is in favor of abortion rights and refuses to classify the HSS as conservative, stating that "all political parties should be somewhat liberal". Under his leadership, the party moved more towards the left. In 2019, the HSS Presidency announced. On 12 January 2020, he made a comment regarding extra-judicial assassinations of Yugoslav Communist regime's political opponents committed by the Yugoslav Secret Police outside Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1990, tweeting that the number of "over 100" executed was "obviously not enough", claiming that the people who escaped UDBA's reach were "fascists" who "made all the wars from 1991 to 1999". On the following day, he issued an apology. Beljak lives in Samobor with their three children, he speaks English and German fluently

Heartland banyangvirus

Heartland banyangvirus, sometimes called Heartland virus, is a tick-borne phlebovirus of the Bhanja virus serocomplex discovered in 2009. The lone star tick transmits the virus to people; as of 2017, only five Midwestern United States have reported 20 human infections, namely Arkansas, Missouri and Tennessee. The reservoir host is unknown, but deer, raccoon and moose in 13 different states have antibody titers against the virus; the Heartland virus was discovered in 2009 in northwestern Missouri by Dr. Scott Folk of Heartland Regional Medical Center in St. Joseph, Missouri; the virus was first proven to infect humans in June 2009 when two farmers, living 60 miles apart, presented with fever, diarrhea and leukopenia. The Lone Star Tick transmits the virus to people; the Heartland virus is part of the Bunyavirales order of viruses which contain 3 segments of −ssRNA. The genus of the virus is Phlebovirus and the species is the Heartland virus; the SFTS virus from China, discovered in 2011, is a related species causing a similar disease.

In 2013, researchers from the CDC and Missouri Western State University first isolated the Heartland virus from the Lone Star Tick. As of 2013 work continued to identify the reservoir host, as HRTV has not been isolated from any wild or domestic animals though many white-tailed deer and raccoon from northwestern Missouri had antibodies to HRTV, suggesting that they may be hosts. In a 2015 retrospective study using convenience samples of different wild animal sera deer, raccoon and moose had antibodies against HRTV, they lived in thirteen states: Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, North Carolina, Texas, but New Hampshire and Vermont. The infections could have occurred as early based on the estimated ages of affected deer. Since the Lone Star tick does not occur in northern New England it is assumed that a second type of tick can carry HRTV. Signs and symptoms include fever in excess of 100.4 °F, headaches, muscle pain, loss of appetite, diarrhea, weight loss, joint pain, low white blood cell count and easy bruising due to a low platelet count.

Elevated liver transaminases may be present. All known human cases have been reported from five U. S. states: Arkansas, Missouri and Tennessee. Most people infected were spending time outdoors in regions. Most infections are diagnosed between September. People report having been bitten by a tick within two weeks prior to seeking health care. Diagnosis is through the elimination of other causes of infectious diseases with related symptoms like ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis or if the patient fails to respond to treatment with the antibiotic doxycycline. RT-PCR may be used to detect viral ssRNA in the blood. Antibody titers against the virus may be used to indicate infection with the Heartland virus. Treatment is non-specific. Antibiotics are not useful against viruses. Intravenous fluid administration and medications for the relief of pain are the best options; when planning to spend time outdoors in areas where the virus is known or suspected to be harbored by ticks, it is recommended that one cover the body with long sleeves and pants, to avoid bushy and wooded areas.

Although ticks are not repelled by DEET-containing repellents, insect repellents should still be applied to one's body and gear. It is recommended that one perform thorough tick checks after being outside, to remove any tick immediately. If a tick is found, one should remove the tick by the head, preferably with a pair of fine-tipped tweezers. Squeezing the abdomen of a tick while it is attached can force viruses and bacteria into the wound, increasing the chance of infection. Crushing an unattached tick will release bacteria and viruses from its abdomen, which may be able to enter a wound or burrow through the skin. More than 20 human infections have been reported in the United States