Millstones or mill stones are stones used in gristmills, for grinding wheat or other grains. Millstones come in pairs; the base or bedstone is stationary. Above the bedstone is the turning runner stone which does the grinding; the runner stone spins above the stationary bedstone creating the "scissoring" or grinding action of the stones. A runner stone is slightly concave, while the bedstone is convex; this helps to channel the ground flour to the outer edges of the stones. The runner stone is supported by a cross-shaped metal piece fixed to a "mace head" topping the main shaft or spindle leading to the driving mechanism of the mill. Neolithic and Upper Paleolithic people used millstones to grind grains, nuts and other vegetable food products for consumption; these implements are called grinding stones. They used either rotary querns turned by hand; such devices were used to grind pigments and metal ores prior to smelting. In India, grinding stones were used to grind spices; these consist of a stationary stone cylinder upon.
Smaller ones, for household use, were operated by two people. Larger ones, for community or commercial use, used livestock to rotate the upper cylinder; the type of stone most suitable for making millstones is a siliceous rock called burrstone, an open-textured, porous but tough, fine-grained sandstone, or a silicified, fossiliferous limestone. In some sandstones, the cement is calcareous. Millstones used in Britain were of several types: Derbyshire Peak stones of grey Millstone Grit, cut from one piece, used for grinding barley. Derbyshire Peak stones wear and are used to grind animal feed since they leave stone powder in the flour, making it undesirable for human consumption. French buhrstones, used for finer grinding. French Burr comes from the Marne Valley in northern France; the millstones are not cut from one piece, but built up from sections of quartz cemented together, backed with plaster and bound with shrink-fit iron bands. Slots in the bands provide attachments for lifting. In southern England the material was imported as pieces of rock, only assembled into complete millstones in local workshops.
It was necessary to balance the completed runner stone with lead weights applied to the lighter side. Composite stones, built up from pieces of emery, were introduced during the nineteenth century. In Europe, a further type of millstone was used; these were uncommon in Britain, but not unknown: Cullen stones, a form of black lava quarried in the Rhine Valley at Mayen near Cologne, Germany. The surface of a millstone is divided by deep grooves called furrows into separate flat areas called lands. Spreading away from the furrows are smaller grooves called feathering or cracking; the grooves help to channel the ground flour out from the stones. The furrows and lands are arranged in repeating patterns called harps. A typical millstone will have eight or ten harps; the pattern of harps is repeated on the face of each stone, when they are laid face to face the patterns mesh in a kind of "scissoring" motion creating the cutting or grinding function of the stones. When in regular use stones need to be dressed periodically, that is, re-cut to keep the cutting surfaces sharp.
Millstones need to be evenly balanced, achieving the correct separation of the stones is crucial to producing good quality flour. The experienced miller will be able to adjust their separation accurately. Grain is fed by gravity from the hopper into the feed-shoe; the shoe is agitated by a shoe handle running against an agitator on the stone spindle, the shaft powering the runner stone. This mechanism regulates the feed of grain to the millstones by making the feed dependent on the speed of the runner stone. From the feed shoe the grain falls through the eye, the central hole, of the runner stone and is taken between the runner and the bed stone to be ground; the flour exits from between the stones from the side. The stone casing prevents the flour from falling on the floor, instead it is taken to the meal spout from where it can be bagged or processed further; the runner stone is supported by a cross-shaped metal piece, on the spindle. The spindle is carried by the tentering gear, a set of beams forming a lever system, or a screw jack, with which the runner stone can be lifted or lowered and the gap between the stones adjusted.
The weight of the runner stone is significant and it is this weight combined with the cutting action from the porous stone and the patterning that causes the milling process. Millstones for some water-powered mills spin at about 125 rpm. In the case of wind-powered mills the turning speed can be irregular. Higher speed means more grain is fed to the stones by the feed-shoe, grain exits the stones more because of their faster turning speed; the miller has to reduce the gap between the stones so more weight of the runner presses down on the grain and the grinding action is increased to prevent the grain being ground too coarsely. It has the added benefit of increasing the load on the mill and so slowing it down. In the reverse case the miller may have to raise the runner stone if the grain is milled too making it unsuitable for baking. In any case the stones should never touch during milling as this would cause them to wear d
Romain Langasque is a French professional golfer who plays on the European Tour. He won The Amateur Championship in 2015 and in 2018 had his biggest professional success in the Hopps Open de Provence. Langasque won The Amateur Championship in 2015 at Carnoustie Golf Links, beating Grant Forrest 4&2 in the final, his Amateur Championship win gave an entry to the 2015 Open Championship where he made the cut and finished tied for 65th place. He got an entry to the 2016 Masters Tournament where he was one of two amateurs to make the cut and finished tied for 39th place. Langasque turned professional after the 2016 Masters Tournament, thus forfeiting his exemption into the 2016 U. S. Open. Langasque played on the Challenge Tour in 2016, where he was runner-up in the Barclays Kenya Open, the D+D Real Slovakia Challenge and the Vierumäki Finnish Challenge, he finished ninth in the Road to Oman, the order of merit, to gain entry to the European Tour for 2017. Langasque started the 2017 European Tour season by finishing tied for 10th place in the Australian PGA Championship.
This was his only top-10 finish of the season and he finished 151st in the Race to Dubai, losing his European Tour place. In December 2017 he finished tied third at the AfrAsia Bank Mauritius Open, where he had been invited, he missed the cut in 5 of the 6 other European Tour events he was able to play, the last of them being the HNA Open de France in July 2018. Back on the 2018 Challenge Tour, he had a difficult start, earning less than €6,000 until mid-July. From the Le Vaudreuil Golf Challenge he started playing more solidly, making eight cuts in a row, including a tied fifth place at the Kazakhstan Open in September and his first professional victory a week at the Hopps Open de Provence. Despite a fourth place finish in the Ras Al Khaimah Challenge Tour Grand Final, he finished 19th in the Road to Ras Al Khaimah rankings, missing out on a European Tour place. However, less than two weeks he finished in 5th place in the European Tour Q-School to earn a place on the European Tour for 2019.
Langasque had a successful start to the 2019 European Tour season, finishing second in the South African Open in December 2018. The event was part of the Open Qualifying Series and his high finish gave him an entry to the 2019 Open Championship, his first major as a professional, he had solo third-place finishes in the Made in Denmark tournament and the Scottish Open and finished the 2019 season 24th in the Order of Merit. 2011 Tournoi Federal Jeunes 2013 Grand Prix de la Ligue Messieurs 2014 Grand Prix de Bordeaux, Trophee des Regions 2015 Southern Cross Invitational, Coupe Frayssineau Mouchy, The Amateur Championship 2016 Spanish International Amateur Golf ChampionshipSource: CUT = missed the half-way cut "T" = tied Amateur Jacques Léglise Trophy: 2012, 2013 European Boys Team Championship: 2011, 2012, 2013 Professional World Cup: 2016 2016 Challenge Tour graduates 2018 European Tour Qualifying School graduates Romain Langasque at the European Tour official site Romain Langasque at the Official World Golf Ranking official site
From November 2001 to November 2018, the London nightclub fabric ran a monthly mix compilation series. Mixed by a variety of emerging and established DJs, the two series were entitled fabric and FABRICLIVE respectively; the compilation mixes were released independently by fabric on an alternating monthly basis. In May 2018, fabric announced that the fabric series would end "in its current form" with its 100th instalment. In August 2018, the club announced that the FABRICLIVE series would end with its 100th instalment, would be mixed by Kode 9—founder of the celebrated underground electronic music label, Hyperdub—and Burial—a pioneering UK dubstep producer. In January 2019, fabric announced a revamped quarterly mix series, titled fabric presents, coinciding with the club's 20th anniversary celebrations; the inaugural mix of the new series was released in February 2019 — compiled by UK electronic musician, DJ, Bonobo. The albums in this series feature music in the techno, house and tech-house genres.
The mixes in the fabric series reflect the kinds of music showcased at the nightclub's Saturday night events. Fabric 01 - Craig Richards fabric 02 - Terry Francis fabric 03 - Jon Marsh fabric 04 - Tony Humphries fabric 05 - Pure Science fabric 06 - Tyler Stadius fabric 07 - Hipp-E & Halo fabric 08 - Radioactive Man fabric 09 - Slam fabric 10 - Doc Martin fabric 11 - Swayzak fabric 12 - The Amalgamation Of Soundz fabric 13 - Michael Mayer fabric 14 - Stacey Pullen fabric 15 - Craig Richards fabric 16 - Eddie Richards fabric 17 - Akufen fabric 18 - Baby Mammoth, Beige & The Solid Doctor fabric 19 - Andrew Weatherall fabric 20 - John Digweed fabric 21 - DJ Heather fabric 22 - Adam Beyer fabric 23 - Ivan Smagghe fabric 24 - Rob da Bank fabric 25 - Carl Craig fabric 26 - Global Communication fabric 27 - Audion fabric 28 - Wiggle fabric 29 - Tiefschwarz fabric 30 - Rub-N-Tug fabric 31 - Marco Carola fabric 32 - Luke Slater fabric 33 - Ralph Lawson fabric 34 - Ellen Allien fabric 35 - Ewan Pearson fabric 36 - Ricardo Villalobos fabric 37 - Steve Bug fabric 38 - M.
A. N. D. Y. Fabric 39 - Robert Hood fabric 40 - Mark Farina fabric 41 - Luciano fabric 42 - Âme fabric 43 - Metro Area fabric 44 - John Tejada fabric 45 - Omar-S fabric 46 - Claude Von Stroke fabric 47 - Jay Haze fabric 48 - Radio Slave fabric 49 - Magda fabric 50 - Martyn fabric 51 - DJ T. fabric 52 - Optimo fabric 53 - Surgeon fabric 54 - Damian Lazarus fabric 55 - Shackleton fabric 56 - Derrick Carter fabric 57 - Agoria fabric 58 - Craig Richards presents The Nothing Special fabric 59 - Jamie Jones fabric 60 - Dave Clarke fabric 61 - Visionquest fabric 62 - DJ Sneak fabric 63 - Levon Vincent fabric 64 - Guy Gerber fabric 65 - Matthias Tanzmann fabric 66 - Ben Klock fabric 67 - Zip fabric 68 - Petre Inspirescu fabric 69 - Sandwell District fabric 70 - Apollonia fabric 71 - Cassy fabric 72 - Rhadoo fabric 73 - Ben Sims fabric 74 - Move D fabric 75 - Maya Jane Coles fabric 76 - Deetron fabric 77 - Marcel Dettmann fabric 78 - Raresh fabric 79 - Prosumer fabric 80 - Joseph Capriati fabric 81 - Matt Tolfrey fabric 82 - Art Department fabric 83 - Joris Voorn fabric 84 - Mathew Jonson fabric 85 - Baby Ford fabric 86 - Eats Everything fabric 87 - Alan Fitzpatrick fabric 88 - Ryan Elliott fabric 89 - Gerd Janson fabric 90 - Scuba fabric 91 - Nina Kraviz fabric 92 - Call Super fabric 93 - Soul Clap fabric 94 - Steffi fabric 95 - Roman Flügel fabric 96 - DVS1 fabric 97 - Tale of Us fabric 98 - Maceo Plex fabric 99 - Sasha fabric 100 - Craig Richards, Terry Francis, & Keith Reilly The albums in this series feature music in the UK bass, drum & bass and hip hop genres.'Live' in the series' title does not in fact indicate that the mixes were recorded live.
The mixes in the FABRICLIVE series reflect the kinds of music showcased at the nightclub's Friday night events. FABRICLIVE.01 - James Lavelle FABRICLIVE.02 - Ali B FABRICLIVE.03 - DJ Hype FABRICLIVE.04 - Deadly Avenger FABRICLIVE.05 - Howie B FABRICLIVE.06 - Grooverider FABRICLIVE.07 - John Peel FABRICLIVE.08 - Plump DJs FABRICLIVE.09 - Jacques Lu Cont FABRICLIVE.10 - Fabio FABRICLIVE.1
Qifu Chipan, formally Prince Wenzhao of Qin, was a prince of the Xianbei state Western Qin. During his reign, Western Qin reached its prime after he destroyed and seized the territory of the rival state Southern Liang in 414, but it began a gradual decline under attacks by Xia and Northern Liang; when he died in 428, he left his state in a troubled position, by 431, the state was destroyed, his son Qifu Mumo captured and killed by the Xia emperor Helian Ding. It is not known when Qifu Chipan was born to his father Qifu Gangui, nor is it known for certain who his mother was. However, it appears that he was born prior to Western Qin's establishment by his uncle Qifu Guoren, because he was Qifu Gangui's oldest son, it appears that his mother was Qifu Gangui's wife Queen Bian. In 388, after Qifu Guoren died, Qifu Gangui became prince; the first historical reference to Qifu Chipan was in 393, when Qifu Gangui created Qifu Chipan crown prince. By this point, he was described as brave and intelligent, more capable than his father.
He became a key official in his father's administration. In 400, Qifu Gangui suffered a major defeat at the hands of the Later Qin emperor Yao Xing, most of his state was seized by Later Qin. Qifu Gangui concluded that he could not sustain a state any more, instructed his officials to surrender to Later Qin, while he himself surrendered to Southern Liang's prince Tufa Lilugu, who welcomed him as an honored guest. Tufa Lilugu's brother Tufa Juyan suspected Qifu Gangui's intentions, suggested that Tufa Lilugu exile him to the Yifu tribe, a suggestion that Tufa Lilugu rejected. However, worried that Qifu Gangui would try to reestablish his state, he sent an army to watch over him. Qifu Gangui, fearing that he would be executed regained trust from Tufa Lilugu by sending Qifu Chipan, his brothers, their mother to the Southern Liang capital Xiping as hostages, he himself, however, as soon as the Southern Liang guard was down, fled to Fuhan and surrendered to Later Qin. It might have been around this time that Qifu Chipan married the daughter of Tufa Lilugu's brother Tufa Rutan, when Qifu Chipan tried to flee to Later Qin to join his father but was captured on the way, Tufa Rutan urged for his life against Tufa Lilugu's initial desire to execute him, Tufa Lilugu agreed with Tufa Rutan.
After Tufa Lilugu died in 402 and was succeeded by Tufa Rutan, Qifu Chipan escaped and fled to his father, who by had been made a key Later Qin general. Tufa Rutan sent Qifu Chipan's wife and children to him. Qifu Gangui, in control of his old capital Yuanchuan, sent Qifu Chipan to the Later Qin capital Chang'an to visit the emperor Yao Xing, Yao Xing made him a commandery governor. In 407, concerned that Qifu Gangui was becoming stronger and more difficult to control, Yao Xing detained him while he was visiting Chang'an, had Qifu Chipan take over his post; that year, when Tufa Rutan, who had nominally been a Later Qin vassal, considered renouncing that status, he sent messengers to Qifu Chipan urging him to join the rebellion. Qifu Chipan sent their heads to Chang ` an. In 408, believing that Later Qin was growing weaker, he built a castle at Kanglang Mountain to both prepare to defend himself against Later Qin's enemies and against a potential Later Qin campaign against him. In 409, he captured Fuhan from the Later Qin rebel Peng Xi'nian and secretly sent messengers to inform Qifu Gangui of this.
Qifu Gangui, attending Yao Xing at Pingliang escaped and fled back to Yuanchuan to join him. Soon, Qifu Gangui left Qifu Chipan in command of Fuhan. Late that year, Qifu Gangui redeclared independence with the title Prince of Qin, he created Qifu Chipan crown prince again. Qifu Chipan became the person, he made the scholar Jiao Yi Qifu Chipan's teacher, told Qifu Chipan to serve Jiao like a father, Qifu Chipan did so. In 411, Qifu Gangui, after some campaigns against Later Qin, agreed to nominally resubmit as a vassal, Yao Xing created him the Prince of Henan and Qifu Chipan the Duke of Pingchang; that year, Qifu Gangui sent Qifu Chipan and his brother Qifu Shenqian on a campaign against Southern Liang, they had a major victory over Tufa Rutan's crown prince Tufa Hutai, capturing more than 100,000 animals. In spring 412, Qifu Gangui moved the capital to Tanjiao, leaving Qifu Chipan in command of Yuanchuan. In summer 412, while at Tanjiao, Qifu Gangui was assassinated by Qifu Guoren's son Qifu Gongfu, who killed more than 10 brothers of Qifu Chipan.
Qifu Gongfu took up a defense position at Daxia. Qifu Chipan sent his brothers Qifu Zhida and Qifu Muyigan to attack Qifu Gongfu, while moving the capital to Fuhan. Qifu Zhida, defeated Qifu Gongfu and executed him, his sons, his brother Qifu Achai. Qifu Chipan was now the undisputed heir, he claimed the title Prince of Henan. Early in his reign, Qifu Chipan continued his state's expansion at the expense of Tuyuhun, Southern Liang and Later Qin, he further forced local tribes which were not under his father's rule into submission. In 414, upon receiving news that Tufa Rutan was attacking rebellious Tuoqihan and Yifu tribes, leaving Tufa Hutai in command of the S
MotoGP 3 is a Grand Prix motorcycle racing video game developed and published by Namco for the PlayStation 2. Released in 2003, it's the third game in the Namco series, which coincided with the THQ series for a number of years; the gameplay is similar to past games by Namco, like MotoGP and MotoGP 2. MotoGP 3 is based off the 2002 Grand Prix motorcycle racing season, but with the introduction of four stroke bikes, the gameplay has some slight differences; the new 990cc 4-stroke bikes are faster, but tend to be a bit of a handful while the 500cc 2-strokes are less faster but better to handle. MotoGP 3 has far more tracks than the previous game, with 15 real world courses which include Phillip Island Grand Prix Circuit, Paul Ricard and Mugello. There are a combination of fantasy layouts which can be as simplistic as a straight line or as complex as having a cross road in it; when starting the game up for the first time, as per usual with Namco MotoGP games, players will be allowed to create a custom rider.
After that, they will be brought to the menu screen. The first is arcade, where the players can choose the bike they wish to ride as, number of laps, weather and settings to do a race. Season mode puts them into a season with any team and the player races on a combination of circuits to try and win the championship. Time Trial is like Arcade, except rather than racing against a number of opponents for a number of laps, they're racing against the clock to try to get the best time for as long as desired. Challenge mode is that players can play, they range from beating another rider, riding between cones, setting a specific lap time in Time Trial or winning a race at a specific track. Completing challenges will unlock riders and pictures. Multiplayer allows players to race against their friends, which can be up to four of them, at the same time. Legends mode is, like Time Trial, similar to Arcade mode, except rather than facing riders from 2002, they face riders from past seasons, including the likes of Kevin Schwantz, Wayne Gardner and Mick Doohan to name a few.
There's Options to make the game to the players liking and a Load/Save section. The game includes fictional riders based on Namco game franchises. Susumu Hori is only available in the PAL and Japanese version of the game; the game received "favorable" reviews according to the review aggregation website Metacritic. MotoGP 3 was successful in Italy: Sony Computer Entertainment Italia reported just under 100,000 sales by March 2004. MotoGP 3 at MobyGames
Rosanna Huffman was an American actress and voiceover artist. Huffman's film credits as a voice actress included Oliver & Company in 1988, The Fabulous Baker Boys in 1989, FernGully: The Last Rainforest in 1992, Babe in 1995, she appeared in recurring roles in Murder, She Wrote, Hill Street Blues, Murder One. Huffman was the widow of Richard Levinson, the co-creator of Columbo and Murder, She Wrote, who died of a heart attack in 1987. Huffman was born to Doras and Christine Huffman on August 12, 1938, in Timblane, Pennsylvania, a small coal mining town, she moved to New York in the 1960s and was cast in a lead role in the 1965 Broadway production of Half a Sixpence. She met Richard Levinson, while attending a party; the couple moved to Los Angeles. Soon after arriving in Los Angeles, she won a lead role in a comedic musical called, Jane Heights. Huffman guest starred in two episodes of Columbo during the 1970s, including an episode entitled "Suitable for Framing" in 1971, in which she played the partner of an art critic, portrayed by Ross Martin.
She appeared in seven episodes of Murder, She Wrote, another series created by Levinson, over the course of ten years. Additionally, she was cast in a recurring role on Hill Street Blues, in which she played the former wife of Joe Spano's character, Lt. Henry Goldblume, her other television credits, spanning from the 1960s to the 2000s, included The Big Valley, Mission: Impossible, The Streets of San Francisco, Barnaby Jones, The Golden Girls, Family Ties, Cagney & Lacey and ER. Rosanna Huffman died from pancreatic cancer at her home in Santa Monica, California, on May 20, 2016, at the age of 77, she was survived by her daughter and two grandchildren. Rosanna Huffman on IMDb