Milton Keynes

Milton Keynes ( KEENZ is a large town in Buckinghamshire, about 50 miles north-west of London. It is the principal settlement of the Borough of a unitary authority. At the 2011 Census, its population was 230,000; the River Great Ouse forms its northern boundary. 25% of the urban area is parkland or woodland and includes two SSIs. In the 1960s, the UK Government decided that a further generation of new towns in the South East of England was needed to relieve housing congestion in London; the New Town of Milton Keynes was to be the biggest yet, with a target population of 250,000, in a "designated area" of about 22,000 acres. At designation, its area incorporated the existing towns of Bletchley and Stony Stratford, along with another fifteen villages and farmland in between; these settlements had an extensive historical record since the Norman conquest. The government established a Development Corporation to deliver this New City; the Corporation decided on a softer, more human-scaled landscape than in the earlier new towns but with an emphatically modernist architecture.

Recognising how traditional towns and cities had become choked in traffic, they established a'relaxed' grid of distributor roads about 1 kilometre between edges, leaving the spaces between to develop more organically. An extensive network of shared paths for leisure cyclists and pedestrians criss-crosses through and between them. Again rejecting the residential tower blocks, so fashionable but unloved, they set a height limit of three stories outside the planned centre. Facilities include a 1,400-seat theatre, a municipal art gallery, two multiplex cinemas, an ecumenical central church, a 400-seat concert hall, a teaching hospital, a 30,500-seat football stadium, an indoor ski-slope and a 65,000-capacity open-air concert venue. There are five railway stations; the Open University is based here and there is a campus of the University of Bedfordshire. Most sports are represented at amateur level; the Peace Pagoda overlooking Willen Lake was the first such to be built in Europe. Milton Keynes has one of the more successful economies in the UK, ranked against a number of criteria.

As one of the UK's top five fastest growing centres, it has benefited from above-average economic growth. It has the fifth highest number of business startups per capita, it is home to several major international companies. Despite this economic success and personal wealth for some, there are pockets of nationally significant poverty; the employment profile is composed of 9 % manufacturing. In the 1960s, the UK government decided that a further generation of new towns in the South East of England was needed to relieve housing congestion in London. Since the 1950s, overspill housing for several London boroughs had been constructed in Bletchley. Further studies in the 1960s identified north Buckinghamshire as a possible site for a large new town, a new city, encompassing the existing towns of Bletchley, Stony Stratford and Wolverton; the New Town was to be the biggest yet, with a target population of 250,000, in a "designated area" of 21,883 acres The name "Milton Keynes" was taken from that of an existing village on the site.

On 23 January 1967, when the formal'new town designation order' was made, the area to be developed was farmland and undeveloped villages. The site was deliberately located equidistant from London, Leicester and Cambridge, with the intention that it would be self-sustaining and become a major regional centre in its own right. Planning control was taken from elected local authorities and delegated to the Milton Keynes Development Corporation. Before construction began, every area was subject to detailed archaeological investigation: doing so has exposed a rich history of human settlement since Neolithic times and has provided a unique insight into the history of a large sample of the landscape of North Buckinghamshire; the Corporation's modernist designs were featured in the magazines Architectural Design and the Architects' Journal. MKDC was determined to learn from the mistakes made in the earlier New Towns, revisit the Garden City ideals, they set in place the characteristic grid roads that run between districts, as well as a programme of intensive planting, balancing lakes and parkland.

Central Milton Keynes was not intended to be a traditional town centre but a central business and shopping district to supplement local centres embedded in most of the grid squares. This non-hierarchical devolved city plan was a departure from the English New Towns tradition and envisaged a wide range of industry and diversity of housing styles and tenures; the largest and the last of the British New Towns, Milton Keynes has'stood the test of time far better than most, has proved flexible and adaptable'. The radical grid plan was inspired by the work of Melvin M. Webber, described by the founding architect of Milton Keynes, Derek Walker, as the "fath

Lager Heuberg

Lager Heuberg is a Bundeswehr quarters located in the southern corner of the Truppenübungsplatz Heuberg in, near the city of Stetten am kalten Markt. From March to December 1933 it was one of the first Nazi concentration camps. Among the inmates were Kurt Schumacher and Fritz Bauer. At Truppenübungsplatz Heuberg, about 3 kilometres from Lager Heuberg, the first vertical take-off manned rocket flight took place on 1 March 1945 and crashed, killing its pilot, Lothar Sieber, in the Bachem Ba 349 "Natter" rocket. 1910 XIV Armeekorps of the German Imperial Army establishes Lager Heuberg and the training camp 1914 POW camp 1917 5,000 soldiers and 15,000 POW's 1920–1933 Treaty of Versailles limits German Army to 100,000. Camp is converted into a children's home and hospital 1933 Converted into the first concentration camp in Württemberg/Baden, in use for 9 months 1934 Taken over by Reichswehr/Wehrmacht 1940 Camp for Reichsarbeitsdienst with 400 barracks 1940–41 Mobilisation camp for the 4th Mountain Division 1943–1945 Indische Legion, Division Italia, 2nd Division of Russian Army of Liberation and Militia of Vichy, the Franc-Garde 1945 1 March.

First vertical take-off manned rocket flight, piloted by Luftwaffe lieutenant, Lothar Sieber, killed in the Bachem Ba 349 "Natter" rocket 1945 22 April French troops arrive and free 20,000 Red Army POW's 1957 Newly founded Bundeswehr arrives 1976 Former hospital demolished 1997 French 3rd Regiment of Dragoons leaves after 51 yearsDuring 1962–1963, U. S. troops are reputed to have kept nuclear warheads at Lager Heuberg that would have been issued for the use of French Nike-Hercules Missile units had a war with the Soviet Union occurred. Panzerpionierkompanie 550 Artilleriebataillon 295 Feldjägerbataillon 452 Zentrum für Kampfmittelbeseitigung der Bundeswehr Truppenübungsplatzkommandantur Heuberg 5. Kompanie / Jägerbataillon 292 V. und VI. Inspektion ABC/Se Schule Sonthofen Sanitätszentrum Stetten a.k. M. Bundeswehrdienstleistungszentrum Stetten am kalten Markt Markus Kienle: Das Konzentrationslager Heuberg bei Stetten am kalten Markt. Klemm & Oelschläger, 1998, ISBN 3-932577-10-8

Jack Semler

John D.'Jack' Semler is an American ice hockey coach and former player, the first head coach for Maine. Jack Semler played at Vermont for four seasons during the short period when it was a Division II program. After graduating he rose to become the head coach at Princeton. After four unproductive seasons with the Tigers he accepted the post to be the first head coach for Maine's ice hockey program. Semler posted winning records in both seasons that Maine played in Division II and helped the Black Bears to a good showing in their first year at the Division I level; the program slumped a bit beginning in 1981–82, finishing last in the division for three years running and, though improvement was shown in his final season, Semler left the college ranks in 1984. Semler would continue coaching but wouldn't return to the NCAA until 2006 when he became an assistant for Skidmore College. After stops at both Assumption College and Nichols College Semler ended up at Rice Memorial High School. Biographical information and career statistics from, or The Internet Hockey Database