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Milton S. Hershey

Milton Snavely Hershey was an American chocolatier and philanthropist. Trained in the confectionery business, Hershey pioneered the manufacture of caramel, using fresh milk, he launched the Lancaster Caramel Company, which achieved bulk exports, sold it to start a new company supplying mass-produced milk chocolate a luxury. The first Hershey Bars were sold in 1900, proved so popular that he was able to build his own company town of Hershey, reflecting his beliefs about the effect of comfortable living conditions on staff morale. Hershey's philanthropic agenda extended to a boarding school for local orphans, but now accommodating 2000 students. In World War II, the company developed a special non-melting bar for troops serving overseas; the Hershey Company, known as Hershey's, is one of the world's biggest confectionery manufacturers. Milton Hershey was born on September 1857 to Henry and Veronica "Fanny" Snavely Hershey. Of Swiss and German descent, his family were members of Pennsylvania's Mennonite community, he grew up speaking Pennsylvania Dutch.

In April 1862, Hershey's sister Sarena Hershey was born in Derry Township, Dauphin County and died in 1867 at age 4. Like many rural young people of the time, Milton was expected to help out on the family farm, he learned early on of the value of hard work and perseverance. Henry Hershey stayed anywhere long, was prone to leaving his wife and child for long periods; because of this, Hershey had a limited education with no schooling beyond the 4th grade. In 1871, Milton Hershey left school for good and was apprenticed to a local printer, Sam Ernst, who published a German-English newspaper, he did not like that kind of work and he thought it was boring. One day at work there, he accidentally dropped his hat in one of the machines; because his boss was hot-tempered, he was fired shortly after. He was worried to see, his father asked Ernst to take him back, he did decide to give him a second chance, but Mattie Snavely, his aunt, his mother had a different idea. They wanted him to learn the trade of candy making instead.

So, his mother arranged for the 14-year-old Hershey to be apprenticed to a confectioner named Joseph Royer in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Over the next four years, Hershey learned the craft of creating confections. In 1876, he moved to Philadelphia to start his first confectionery business. Milton traveled to Denver and, finding work at a local confectioners, learned how to make caramels using fresh milk, he went to New Orleans and Chicago looking for opportunities, before settling in New York City in 1883 and training at Huyler's. He started his second business which, while successful, lasted only three years, closing in 1886. Hershey returned to Lancaster in 1883, he borrowed money from the bank to start the Lancaster Caramel Company, which became a success. He used the caramel recipe. From his previous travels, he learned that caramels sell better in bulk, so, what he did; this company soon became a success. He loved Hershey's candies once he placed a big order to be delivered to Britain. Hershey had money left over to buy more ingredients and equipment.

By the early 1890s Lancaster Caramel Company had grown, employing over 1,300 workers in two factories. After a travel to Chicago for the World's Columbian Exposition, he sparked an interest in chocolate. After a long time of deciding, he took a risk and sold Lancaster Caramel Company for one million dollars to start the famous Hershey Chocolate Company. Using the proceeds from the 1900 sale of the Lancaster Caramel Company, Hershey acquired farm land 30 miles northwest of Lancaster, near his birthplace of Derry Township. There, he could obtain the large supplies of fresh milk needed to perfect and produce fine milk chocolate. Excited by the potential of milk chocolate, which at that time was a luxury product, Hershey was determined to develop a formula for milk chocolate and market and sell it to the American public. Through trial and error, he created his own formula for milk chocolate; the first Hershey bar was produced in 1900. Hershey's Kisses were developed in 1907, the Hershey's Bar with almonds was introduced in 1908.

On March 2, 1903, he began construction on what was to become the world's largest chocolate manufacturing company. The facility, completed in 1905, was designed to manufacture chocolate using the latest mass production techniques. Hershey's milk chocolate became the first nationally marketed product of its kind; the factory was in the center of a dairy farmland, but with Hershey's support, businesses, churches and a transportation infrastructure accreted around the plant. Because the land was surrounded by dairy farms, Hershey was able to use fresh milk to mass-produce quality milk chocolate. Hershey continued to experiment and perfect the process of making milk chocolate using the techniques he had first learned for adding milk to make caramels when he had moved to Drexel Hill. Since Hershey and his wife could not have children, they decided to help others, establishing the Hershey Industrial School with a Deed of Trust in 1909. In 1918, Hershey transferred the majority of his assets, including control of the company, to the Milton Hershey School Trust fund, to benefit the Industrial School.

The trust fund has a majority of voting shares in the Hershey Company, allowing it to keep control of the company. In 1951, the school was renamed the Milton Hershey School; the Milton Hershey School Trust has 100% control of Hershey Entertainm

Williams Residential Historic District

The Williams Residential Historic District is a 65 acres historic district in Williams, Arizona, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998. The district is bounded by Grant and Fairview Aves. and by Taber and Sixth Streets. It includes works by architect Orville Bell; the district included 130 contributing buildings. The district includes a concentration of late nineteenth and early to middle twentieth century buildings that still retain historic and architectural integrity. All of the buildings relate to residential development that occurred in the Williams Townsite and the Perrin Addition from 1890 to 1941; some of the houses in the district incorporated a few prefabricated millwork components. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on January 8, 1998, reference #97001603. There are two individual properties within the historic district which are listed in the NRHP, they are Parsonage and the Negrette House. Among other properties, it includes: First Methodist Episcopal Church and Parsonage, 127 W. Sherman Ave.

The church was separately listed in the National Register in 1984. American Legion Clubhouse, 425 W. Grant Ave. C. E. Boyce House, 133 W. Grant Ave. Cormick E. Boyce has been credited with being the pioneer merchant of Williams, he came to the Williams area in 1881. By the middle of the 1880s Boyce had acquired considerable real estate in Williams. In the early 1890s Boyce's two-story brick Grand Canyon Hotel was erected, it opened its doors to the public in 1892, as the Boyce Hotel. Henry Cone House, 341 W. Sherman Ave. John Keck House, 101 W. Sherman Ave. Michael Shelley House, 228 S. 2nd Street. Negrette House - The Saginaw Mill built house in 1893, located at 160 E. 6th Street, as a bunk house and office. In 1919, the Negrette family bought the house for $810; the house was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in October 8, 2014, reference #14000823

Sounds of the Season: The Julianne Hough Holiday Collection

Sounds of the Season: The Julianne Hough Holiday Collection is a Christmas themed EP released by country music artist Julianne Hough. Released on October 12, 2008, the EP was available for purchase only at the American discount department store chain Target; the album contains two original tracks, "Sounds of Christmas" and "Christmas Memories". In early 2009, the album peaked at #2 on the Hot Country Albums chart; the EP was released on iTunes under the name The Julianne Hough Holiday Collection on March 9, 2016. "Sounds of Christmas" – 1:08 instrumental track "Jingle Bell Rock" – 2:23 "Feliz Navidad" – 3:29 Medley: "It Wasn't His Child" / "Mary, Did You Know?" – 4:17 featuring Phil Vassar "Santa Baby" - 2:55 "Rockin' Around the Christmas Tree" – 1:56 "Christmas Memories" – 0:58 "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" – 3:53


Stegopull is a village in Lunxhëri, Gjirokastër County, Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became part of the municipality Libohovë, it is home to the Orthodox Church of St. Elijah's declared a national monument. In 1989 Stegopull counted 160 inhabitants most of whom Orthodox Albanians and a minority of Aromanians, but in the following year the Aromanian community outnumbered the rest of the population. Kostandin Boshnjaku, Albanian politician and communist. Kyriakos Kyritsis, Greek politician and lawyer. Ioannis Poutetsis, Greek revolutionary. Urani Rumbo, Albanian feminist

Dilema (film)

Dilema is an Indonesian drama film released on 23 February 2012, produced by Wulan Guritno and Adilla Dimitri. The film stars Tio Pakusadewo, Wulan Guritno, Lukman Sardi, Abimana Aryasatya, Ario Bayu, Slamet Rahardjo, Baim Wong, Pevita Pearce, Winky Wiryawan, Jajang C. Noer. Dilema premiered in the Australia and the film received a failure in the number of spectators in Indonesia 30.000. The film was nominated for "Favorite Film" at the 2012 Indonesian Movie Awards and won "Best Feature Film" at the 2012 DetectiveFEST Moscow in Russia; the film is arranged into several segments, each with its own director. Director: Rinaldy Puspoyo Roy Marten as Sony Wibisono Jajang C. Noer as Hetty Reza Rahadian as Adrian Abimana Aryasatya as Barry Verdi Solaiman as Suryo/Bodyguard 1 Director: Lim Dimitri Ario Bayu as Bayu Sustoyo Tio Pakusadewo as Bowo Director: Yudi Datau Pevita Pearce as Dian Wulan Guritno as Rima Director: Robert Ronny Slamet Rahardjo as Sigit Ray Sahetapy as Gilang Lukman Sardi as Andri Director: Robby Ertanto Soediskam Baim Wong as Ibnu Winky Wiryawan as Said Kenes Andari as Sesi Dilema on IMDb Ulasan di Cineplex

Challenger Tractor

Challenger is a brand of agricultural tractors, created by Caterpillar Inc. in 1986 and sold to AGCO in 2002. The original model was the Challenger 65 featuring the Mobile-Trac System consisting of rubber tracks and a suspension system. Although marketed as the world's first rubber-tracked agricultural tractor, East German Company VEB Traktorenwerk Schönebeck had produced a tracked tractor since 1983; the MTS combined the traction of steel tracks with the versatility of rubber tires. The use of tracks gave the machines increased tractive performance compared to traditional four wheel drive tractors equipped with tires; the Challenger 65 began as a 270 gross HP machine used for heavy tillage. In 1995 Caterpillar introduced the first "row crop" tracked machines with the Challenger 35, 45 and 55; these machines ranged in power from 130 KW PTO to 168 KW and were designed to be used for a variety of tasks the larger machines could not. The Challenger tracked tractor was produced by Caterpillar at their Dekalb, Illinois location until the Challenger name and all of its associated agricultural assets were sold to AGCO.

Since 2002, when the brand was purchased by AGCO, Challenger tractors have been manufactured at the company's Jackson, Minnesota facility. At the time AGCO purchased the Challenger brand most Challenger dealers were Caterpillar construction equipment dealers. Although AGCO has shifted focus of the Challenger tractor to the agricultural market, the construction market is still an important sector for the tractors as AGCO still manufactures specially configured machines for use with pull-type earth moving equipment; the Caterpillar Challenger MT875B was the most powerful production tractor available during its span with 430 KW gross engine power. In 2007, the MT875B broke the world record for most land tilled in 24 hours with a custom-made, 14 m disc harrow fabricated by Grégoire Besson, it tilled 644 ha. The tractor consumed 4.42 liters/ha diesel fuel. The current production of Challenger tractors has expanded to include both tracked and wheeled type tractors. Both types are available in either row-crop or flotation type configurations depending upon the preference of the customer.

Since their purchase in 2002, the Challenger brand has used a Caterpillar diesel engine in the majority of their models. However, with the introduction of the D series of each tractor model, AGCO began implementing the use of AGCO POWER branded engines that are Tier 4i/Stage 3B emission compliant by using e3, a Selective Catalytic Reduction system which injects urea in engine's exhaust gas stream to reduce nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emitted to the atmosphere. MT400B Series MT400D Series MT400E Series MT500D Series MT500E Series MT600D Series MT600E Series MT700C Series MT700D Series MT700E Series MT700 MT800C Series MT800E Series MT900C Series MT900E Series MT1000 Series Challenger models by year Challenger AG USA AGCO Corporation