Willard Mitt Romney is an American politician and businessman who has served as the junior United States senator from Utah since January 2019. He served as the 70th Governor of Massachusetts from 2003 to 2007 and was the Republican Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2012 election. Raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, by his parents and Lenore Romney, he spent over two years from 1966 in France as a Mormon missionary, he married Ann Davies in 1969. By 1971, he had participated in the political campaigns of both parents. Romney earned a Bachelor of Arts in English from Brigham Young University in 1971 and a joint JD–MBA from Harvard University in 1975. Romney became a management consultant and in 1977 joined Company in Boston; as Bain's chief executive officer, he helped lead the company out of a financial crisis. In 1984, he co-founded and led the spin-off company Bain Capital, a profitable private equity investment firm that became one of the largest of its kind in the nation.
Active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints throughout his adult life, Romney served as bishop of his ward and as a stake president near Boston. After stepping down from Bain Capital and his local leadership role in the LDS Church, Romney ran as the Republican candidate in the 1994 United States Senate election in Massachusetts. After losing to longtime incumbent Ted Kennedy, he resumed his position at Bain Capital. Years a successful stint as President and CEO of the then-struggling Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the 2002 Winter Olympics led to a re-launch of his political career. Elected Governor of Massachusetts in 2002, Romney helped develop and signed a health care reform law that provided near-universal health insurance access through state-level subsidies and individual mandates to purchase insurance, he presided over the elimination of a projected $1.2–1.5 billion deficit through a combination of spending cuts, increased fees and closing corporate tax loopholes. He did not seek re-election in 2006, instead focusing on his campaign for the Republican nomination in the 2008 U.
S. presidential election. Though he won several primaries and caucuses, Senator John McCain was chosen as the Republican Party's nominee. Romney's considerable net worth, estimated in 2012 at $190–250 million, helped finance his political campaigns prior to 2012. Romney won the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, becoming the first LDS Church member to be a presidential nominee of a major party, he was defeated by incumbent Democratic President Barack Obama in the 2012 presidential election, losing the Electoral College by a margin of 206–332 and the popular vote by a margin of 47%–51%. After re-establishing residency in Utah, Romney announced his campaign for the U. S. Senate seat held by the retiring Orrin Hatch in the 2018 election. In doing so, he became only the third individual to be elected governor of one state and U. S. senator for another state. Romney was sworn in on January 3, 2019. In the impeachment trial of Donald Trump, he voted to convict the president of abuse of power, becoming the first senator in U.
S. history to vote to convict a president of their own party. Willard Mitt Romney was born on March 12, 1947, at Harper University Hospital in Detroit, one of four children born to automobile executive George W. Romney and homemaker Lenore Romney, his mother was a native of Logan and his father was born to American parents in a Mormon colony in Chihuahua, Mexico. Of English descent, he has Scottish and German ancestry. A fifth-generation member of the LDS Church, he is a great-grandson of Miles Park Romney and a great-great-grandson of Miles Romney, who converted to the faith in its first decade. Another great-great-grandfather, Parley P. Pratt, helped lead the early church. Romney has three older siblings, Margo and Scott. Mitt was the youngest by nearly six years, his parents named him after a family friend, businessman J. Willard Marriott, his father's cousin, Milton "Mitt" Romney, a former quarterback for the Chicago Bears. Romney was referred to as "Billy" until kindergarten, when he expressed a preference for "Mitt".
In 1953, the family moved from Detroit to the affluent suburb of Bloomfield Hills and his father became the chairman and CEO of American Motors the following year and helped the company avoid bankruptcy and return to profitability. By 1959, his father had become a nationally known figure in print and on television, Mitt idolized him. Romney attended public elementary schools until the seventh grade, when he enrolled as one of only a few Mormon students at Cranbrook School, a private upscale boys' preparatory school a few miles from his home. Many students there came from backgrounds more privileged than his. Not athletic, he did not distinguish himself academically, he did participate in his father's successful 1962 Michigan gubernatorial campaign, worked as an intern in the Governor's office. Romney took up residence at Cranbrook when his newly elected father began spending most of his time at the state capitol. At Cranbrook, Romney helped manage the ice hockey team, he joined the pep squad.
During his senior year, he joined the cross country running team. He belonged to eleven school organizations and school clubs overall, including the Blue Key Club, a booster group that he had started. During his final
Rosalie Henriette Bediez, known as Mlle Villaume, Mlle Villiomi in her early days, as Rosine Laborde, was a French singer and singing teacher. Laborde was born in Paris, she studied with Adolphe Mocker. She was admitted to the Conservatoire de Paris on 23 December 1833, she received lessons from Panseron, obtained the 2nd prize in solfège in 1836 and the first prize the following year. In June 1839, Miss Villaume had to leave the conservatory. On 24 September 1840 a three-year contract was signed. Miss Villaume made her debut on December 10, 1840 at the Opéra-Comique as Isabelle in Hérold's Le Pré aux Clercs; the following year, under the name Villiomi, she sang at the Comédie-Italienne. She first appeared on January 1841, in the role of Queen Amaltea in Rossini's Mosè in Egitto. Two years she performed at the Ghent Theatre, her debut took place in French. In May 1843, she made her first appearance in Brussels, in Lucia. On August 22 of the same year, she married the tenor Jean-Auguste Dur-Laborde.
Engaged at the Paris Opera, she began on 8 April 1849 in the role of Marguerite de Valois in Meyerbeer's Les Huguenots performing in Louis-Sébastien Lebrun's Lucie and Le Rossignol and creating the role of Nephthah in Auber's L'enfant prodigue. She sang in Robert le Diable, La muette de Portici, William Tell, Mosè in Egitto, le Comte Ory, while at the same time achieving success in concerts, she created a role in Théodore Labarre's Pantagruel in 1855, the only performance of, a failure. After seven years at the Opera, Laborde embarked on a career abroad in Norma, Martha, La Sonnambula, The Barber of Séville, she sang at La Scala of Milan, Rio de Janeiro, New York, Philadelphia, Stettin and Moscow. Around 1865, she made her farewell to the stage and returned to Paris, began a new career in teaching, her students included Lucy Arbell, Emma Calvé, Marie Delna, Jeanne Gerville-Réache, Jane Mérey, Meyrianne Héglon. Laborde died in Chézy-sur-Marne, she is buried in the Passy Cemetery. The bust of the singer on her tomb was sculpted by Paul Landowski.
The Story of the Victories of the Moscow State known as The Tale of the Victories of the Moscow State, is a Russian literary work of the 17th century, a historical tale of the events of the Time of Troubles about the campaigns of the Smolensk noble militia and the struggle of the Smolensk nobles with Poles and supporters of False Dmitry. The Tale of the Victories of the Moscow State was written in the literary language of the 17th century, which differs both from colloquial speech and the official language of the same time and reproduces the norms of the Old Russian language; the full title, "A Reliable Story About the Victories of the Moscow State, About How Many Misfortunes for the Multiplication of our Sins We Took from the Internecine War, from the Infidel Poles and from Lithuanians, from Russian Rebels, How the All-Merciful Lord God Saved Us from so Many Troubles with His Philanthropy and the Prayers of His Most Holy Mother and, for the Sake of All Saints, Brought Us Back with his Philanthropy to Its Original State".
The only manuscript of "The Tale of Victories...", is located in the Manuscript Division of the Russian National Library as part of the 18th century manuscript from the collection of Pogodin under number 1501. This manuscript contains two independent works: The Legend of Boris Godunov and False Dmitriy I and the story of the Victories of the Moscow State itself; some names of historical figures and geographical names were distorted by the census taker and are being restored from other sources. In 1979, the text "The Tale of Victories..." was discovered and subsequently published by the historian Gennady Enin. Was published in 1982 as a separate publication in the series "Literary Monuments" with a circulation of 40,000 copies; the publication contains the original and translation into modern Russian, as well as a research article, comments and geographical indications. Translation and comments made by Gennady Enin; the story begins with the Uprising of Bolotnikov in 1606 and ends with the solemn arrival in Moscow of an Orthodox shrine from Persia – the robes of Christ in 1626.
In addition, the text contains references in 1514 and 1598. The Tale describes in detail the campaign of the Smolensk noble militia to help besieged Moscow by Bolotnikov's troops in the fall of 1606, the campaign of the tsar's army against Kaluga and Tula in 1607, the war of Tsar Vasily Shuisky with False Dmitry II in 1608, the campaign of Prince Mikhail Skopin Shuisky against supporters of the impostor of 1609–1610. During this campaign, a certain Afanasy Loginovich Varishkin was able to deliver a convoy with food from the Alexander Sloboda to besieged Moscow and met with Tsar Vasily Shuisky; the Tale further describes the defense of Smolensk in 1609–1611, the capture of Tsar Vasily Shuisky and the events of the Interregnum, the liberation campaign of Minin and Pozharsky to Moscow in 1612, the election of Tsar Mikhail Romanov in 1613, unsuccessful campaigns near Smolensk in 1613–1617, the siege of Moscow by the Poles in 1618, the exchange of prisoners and the return to the homeland of Filaret Romanov in 1619, the arrival of Christ's Robe in 1626.
A distinctive feature of the story is the high appreciation of Tsar Vasily Shuisky as a righteous sovereign, as well as the exaltation of the role of the Smolensk nobility in the events of the Time of Troubles. A possible author of The Tale of the Victories of the Moscow State is one of its characters, Afanasy Loginovich Varaksin, who, by his non-christening name and patronymic, is Derevnya Varaksin, Son of Lonsky. In the genealogy of the Varaksins, it is said that Afanasy Loginovich, on behalf of Skopin-Shuisky, delivered a convoy with food to Moscow besieged by the Tushins; the Tale details this episode and the meeting of Athanasius Loginovich with Tsar Vasily. Athanasius, nicknamed the Derevnya, was a Smolensk nobleman, in 1605/06 had a local salary of 400 quarters of land. In May 1608 he was was captured and taken to the Commonwealth. By 1609, he returned from captivity and took part in the campaign of Skopin-Shuisky against False Dmitry. After the liberation of the Alexandrovskaya Sloboda, Athanasius was sent to starving Moscow with grain reserves.
In the capital, Tsar Vasily Shuisky himself granted him service, the meeting with which became Athanasius the pinnacle of his career. The activity of Athanasius during the years of the interregnum is unknown like other Smolensk nobles, he participated in the militia of Minin and Pozharsky from 1611–12 and in the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In July 1618, he was secondly taken prisoner during the battle of Borovsk. In 1619 he participated in the exchange of prisoners in Vyazma. In 1621/22, he had a local salary of a monetary salary of 34 rubles, he died from his wounds until 1630. He left three sons: Ivan and Vasily. If Athanasius Varaksin can be recognized as the author of "The Tale of Victories" the years 1626–29 should be considered the time of the creation of the monument; the Tale glorifies the courage of the Smolensk, but one of the most important events of the Time of Troubles – the defense of Smolensk in 1609–1611 – is described rather since the Smolensk noble army during the siege of the city by the Poles was on a campaign led by Prince Skopin-Shuisky, the defenders of Smolensk became ordinary citizens.
The Story of the Victories of the Moscow State. Publication of Gennady Enin. Original Text and Translation With Comments Desyatnya of 7114 about Smolensk // Vladimir Maltsev; the Struggle for Smolensk (