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Mnemosyne

Mnemosyne is the goddess of memory in Greek mythology. "Mnemosyne" is derived from the same source as the word mnemonic, that being the Greek word mnēmē, which means "remembrance, memory". Mnemosyne is the mother of the nine Muses. A Titanide, or Titaness, Mnemosyne was the daughter of the Titans Gaia. Mnemosyne was the mother of the nine Muses, fathered by her nephew, Zeus: Calliope Clio Euterpe Erato Melpomene Polyhymnia Terpsichore Thalia Urania In Hesiod's Theogony and poets receive their powers of authoritative speech from their possession of Mnemosyne and their special relationship with the Muses. Zeus, in a form of a mortal shepherd, Mnemosyne slept together for nine consecutive nights, thus conceiving the nine Muses. Mnemosyne presided over a pool in Hades, counterpart to the river Lethe, according to a series of 4th-century BC Greek funerary inscriptions in dactylic hexameter. Dead souls drank from Lethe. In Orphism, the initiated were taught to instead drink from the Mnemosyne, the river of memory, which would stop the transmigration of the soul.

Although she was categorized as one of the Titans in the Theogony, Mnemosyne did not quite fit that distinction. Titans were hardly worshiped in Ancient Greece, were thought of as so archaic as to belong to the ancient past, they resembled historical figures more than anything else. Mnemosyne, on the other hand, traditionally appeared in the first few lines of many oral epic poems —she appears in both the Iliad and the Odyssey, among others—as the speaker called upon her aid in remembering and performing the poem they were about to recite. Mnemosyne is thought to have been given the distinction of "Titan" because memory was so important and basic to the oral culture of the Greeks that they deemed her one of the essential building blocks of civilization in their creation myth. Once written literature overtook the oral recitation of epics, Plato made reference in his Euthydemus to the older tradition of invoking Mnemosyne; the character Socrates prepares to recount a story and says "ὥστ᾽ ἔγωγε, καθάπερ οἱ ποιηταί, δέομαι ἀρχόμενος τῆς διηγήσεως Μούσας τε καὶ Μνημοσύνην ἐπικαλεῖσθαι."

Which translates to "Consequently, like the poets, I must needs begin my narrative with an invocation of the Muses and Memory". Aristophanes harked back to the tradition in his play Lysistrata when a drunken Spartan ambassador invokes her name while prancing around pretending to be a bard from times of yore. While not one of the most popular divinities, Mnemosyne was the subject of some minor worship in Ancient Greece. Statues of her are mentioned in the sanctuaries of other gods, she was depicted alongside her daughters the Muses, she was worshipped in Lebadeia in Boeotia, at Mount Helicon in Boeotia, in the cult of Asclepius. There was a statue of Mnemosyne in the shrine of Dionysos at Athens, alongside the statues of the Muses and Apollo, as well as a statue with her daughters the Muses in the Temple of Athena Alea. Pausanias described the worship of Mnemosyne in Lebadeia in Boeotia, where she played an important part in the oracular sanctuary of Trophonios: He is taken by the priests, not at once to the oracle, but to fountains of water near to each other.

Here he must drink water called the water of Lethe, that he may forget all that he has been thinking of hitherto, afterwards he drinks of another water, the water of Mnemosyne, which causes him to remember what he sees after his descent... After his ascent from Trophonios the inquirer is again taken in hand by the priests, who set him upon a chair called the chair of Mnemosyne, which stands not far from the shrine, they ask of him, when seated there, all he has seen or learned. After gaining this information they entrust him to his relatives; these lift him, paralysed with terror and unconscious both of himself and of his surroundings, carry him to the building where he lodged before with Tykhe and the Daimon Agathon. Afterwards, however, he will recover all his faculties, the power to laugh will return to him. Mnemosyne was sometime regarded as being not the mother of the Muses but as one of them, as such she was worshiped in the sanctuary of the Muses at Mount Helicon in Boeotia: The first to sacrifice on Helikon to the Mousai and to call the mountain sacred to the Mousai were, they say and Otos, who founded Askra...

The sons of Aloeus held that the Mousai were three in number, gave them the names Melete and Aoide. But they say that afterwards Pieros, a Makedonian... came to Thespiae and established nine Mousai, changing their names to the present ones... Mimnermos... says in the preface that the elder Mousai are the daughters of Ouranos, that there are other and younger Mousai, children of Zeus. Mnemosyne was one of the deities worshiped in the cult of Asclepius that formed in Ancient Greece around the 5th century BC. Asclepius, a Greek hero and god of medicine, was said to have been able to cure maladies, the cult incorporated a multitude of other Greek heroes and gods in its process of healing; the exact order of the offerings and prayers varied by location, the supplicant made an offering to Mnemosyne. After making an offering to Asclepius himself, in some locations, one last prayer was sai

Land Law (Ireland) Act 1881

The Land Law Act 1881 was the second Irish land act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1881. The Liberal government of William Ewart Gladstone had passed the Landlord and Tenant Act 1870 in an attempt to solve the problem of tenant-landlord relations in Ireland. However, the Act was seen to have failed in its purpose; the Home Rule Party had been formed in 1873 and was turning Liberal seats into Home Rule seats. Gladstone visited Ireland in autumn 1877, spending a month in County Wicklow and Dublin. Gladstone wrote in his diary that he ensured he visited "farms, cottages & people", including conversing with Irishmen and "turning my small opportunities to account as well as I could"; when he had to spend a day in Dublin amongst the English establishment there, he lamented: "...not enough of Ireland". The Liberals were elected in 1880; the Cabinet discussed the Coercion Act and an extension of the Bright Land Purchase clauses of the 1870 Act and decided that it was unnecessary to renew the Coercion Act that would expire on 1 June and that amending the Land Act was too complex for that year, the 1880 parliamentary session being a short one.

Gladstone wrote to the Duke of Argyll on 14 June, regarding the eviction of tenants: "We never considered the question of ejectments connected with the present distress in Ireland.... I was under the impression that ejectments were diminishing, but I now find from figures first seen on Saturday that they seem rather to increase... the duty of enquiring, where I had not known there was urgent cause to inquire". A Royal Commission under Lord Bessborough was set up in June to enquire into the workings of the 1870 Act and it sat between September and January 1881, it held 65 sessions, heard evidence from 80 landlords, 70 agents, 500 tenants as well from a diverse range of other people. The Commission looked into all aspects of Irish agriculture and the effects of the agricultural depression caused by the export of huge quantities of cheap food from the prairie farms of North America; the Report of the Commission decided for the three Fs: fixity of tenure, fair rents and free sale. At the end of the year Gladstone wrote that "the state of Ireland in particular" was the chief concern of the year and came to see Ireland as "a judgment for our heavy sins as a nation".

He was alarmed at the recommendations of the Commission and was angry at what he considered as the "unmanliness" and "astounding helplessness" of the Irish landlords in their failure to resist the Land League during the Land War. To balance out a renewal of coercion, Gladstone believed that a new Land Act was needed, the Cabinet decided in favour. Gladstone wrote to the Chief Secretary for Ireland, William Edward Forster, on 10 January 1881 to enquire from him an assessment of Irish demands in order to discover "a definitive settlement" of the land question. On 31 March, the Duke of Argyll resigned from the government in protest against the Bill. Gladstone introduced the Bill in the House of Commons on 7 April. In his speech, Gladstone proclaimed that "the old law of the country, corresponding, I believe, with the general law of Europe, recognizes the tenant right, therefore recognizes, if you choose to call it, joint proprietorship", he added that "there is no country in the world which, when her social relations come to permit it, will derive more benefit than Ireland from perfect freedom of contract in land.

Unhappily she is not in a state to permit of it. The economic situation of Ireland demanded larger farms, but the Bill consolidated the division of Irish land into smallholdings. Gladstone said, "I decline to enter into the economical part of the subject"; the Land Court clauses were "the salient point and the cardinal principle of the Bill". The court would inject order into the confused state of Irish social relations, creating stability and reconciliation where coercion could not reach, he added that it was a "right and needful measure" but was a "form of centralization, referring to public authority what ought to be transacted by a private individual" and urged the Irish not to "stereotype and stamp with the seal of perpetuity". The Irish nationalist politician John Dillon remarked on 13 April: "I much fear that this Act was drawn by a man, set to study the whole history of our organisation and was told to draw an Act that would kill the Land League"; the Act embodied the demand for the three Fs.

Land courts were empowered to fix a judicial rent upon application by a landlord or a tenant and the amount decided upon was fixed for 15 years. A rent voluntarily agreed upon by landlord and tenant and registered in the court was to be fixed for 15 years. On land purchase, the amount to be advanced by the state was increased from two thirds to three quarters of the purchase money, to be repaid over 35 years; the Act instituted a system of dual ownership of the land, reducing the landlord to not much more than a receiver of rents. As a consequence, landlords were afterwards more open to land purchase; the financial assistance was too small to attract tenants as they could not afford it, only a few hundred holdings were bought under the Act. For tenants in Ulster, the Act was seen as fulfilling all of their demands and they used the Act to adjust rents. Although after a few years' experience of the Act land agitation resurfaced to a limited extent, the possibility of the Protestant tenants of Ulster uniting with the Catholic tenants in the rest of Ireland disappeared.

J. C. Beckett, The Making of Modern Ireland 1603-1923. H. C. G. Matthew, Gladstone. 1875–1898

Set Me Free (Jermaine Stewart album)

Set Me Free is the fifth and final album by singer Jermaine Stewart. The album was withdrawn from release by Reprise Records; some copies still exist on cassette format as well the album has been remastered and shared within the fan community. "Intro" - 0:46 "Set Me Free" - 4:17 "Conclusion" - 0:20 "Happiness" - 3:52 "Dippin'" - 0:17 "Special" - 4:54 "Never in a Million Years" - 3:53 "Shell Shock" - 4:58 "Don't Sit Down" - 5:39 "Friends Like You" - 5:33 "Good Times" - 6:46 "I Just Want You" - 5:28 "Ask No Questions" - 5:01 "I'm in XTC" - 3:56 "Set Me Free" - 4:21 "Money Brings a Smile" - 4:52Outtakes: "Basement Boy" - 4:17 "Lifestyle" - 5:08

Gravidity and parity

In biology and human medicine and parity are the number of times someone is or has been pregnant and carried the pregnancies to a viable gestational age. These terms are coupled, sometimes with additional terms, to indicate more details of the person's obstetric history; when using these terms: Gravida indicates the number of times someone is or has been pregnant, regardless of the pregnancy outcome. A current pregnancy, if any, is included in this count. Multiple pregnancy is counted as 1. Parity, or "para" indicates the number of pregnancies reaching viable gestational age; the number of fetuses does not determine the parity. Twin pregnancy carried to viable gestational age is counted as 1. Abortus is the number of pregnancies that were lost for any reason, including induced abortions or miscarriages; the abortus term is sometimes dropped. Stillbirths are not included. In human medicine, "gravidity" refers to the number of times someone has been pregnant, regardless of whether the pregnancies were interrupted or resulted in a live birth.

The term "gravida" can be used to refer to a pregnant person. A "nulligravida" is a person. A "primigravida" is a person, pregnant for the first time or has been pregnant one time. A "multigravida" or "secundigravida" is a person, pregnant more than one time. Terms such as "gravida 0", referring to a nulligravida, "gravida 1" for a primigravida, so on, can be used; the term "elderly primigravida" has been used to refer to someone in their first pregnancy, at least 35 years old. Advanced maternal age can be a risk factor for some birth defects. In biology, the term "gravid" is used to describe the condition of an animal when carrying eggs internally. For example, Astatotilapia burtoni females can transform between reproductive states, one of, gravid, the other non-gravid. In entomology it describes a mated female insect. Parity is the number of pregnancies >20 weeks. Someone who has never carried a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks is nulliparous, is called a nullipara or para 0. A person who has given birth once before is primiparous, is referred to as a primipara or primip.

Grand multipara describes the condition of having given birth five or more times. Like gravidity, parity may be counted. A person who has given birth one or more times can be referred to as para 1, para 2, para 3 and so on. Viable gestational age varies from region to region. In agriculture, parity is a factor in productivity in domestic animals kept for milk production. Animals that have given birth once are described as "primiparous"; those that have given birth twice may be described as "secondiparous", in which case "pluriparous" is applied to those that have given birth three times or more. A nulliparous person has never given birth, it includes people who have experienced spontaneous miscarriages and induced abortions before the mid-point of pregnancy, but not people who have experienced pregnancy loss after 20 weeks. Prolonged nulliparity is a risk factor for breast cancer. For instance, a meta-analysis of 8 population-based studies in the Nordic countries found that never giving birth was associated with a 30% increase in risk of breast cancer compared with women who have given birth, for every 2 births, the risk was reduced by about 16%.

Women having their first birth after the age of 35 years had a 40% increased risk compared to those with a first birth before the age of 20 years. A number of systems are incorporated into someone's obstetric history to record the number of past pregnancies and pregnancies carried to viable age; these include: The gravida/para/abortus system, or sometimes just gravida/para, is one such shorthand. For example, the obstetric history of a woman who has had two pregnancies would be noted as G2P2; the obstetric history of a woman who has had four pregnancies, one of, a miscarriage before 20 weeks, would be noted in the GPA system as G4P3A1 and in the GP system as G4P3. The obstetric history of a woman who has had one pregnancy of twins with successful outcomes would be noted as G1P1+1. TPAL is one of the methods to provide a quick overview of a person's obstetric history. In TPAL, the T refers to term births, the P refers to premature births, the A refers to abortions, the L refers to living children.

When reported, the "abortions" number refers to the total number of spontaneous or induced abortions and miscarriages, including ectopic pregnancies, prior to 20 weeks. If a fetus is aborted after 20 weeks, spontaneously or electively it is counted as a premature birth and P will increase but L will not; the TPAL is described by numbers separated by hyphens. Multiple births count as one birth. For example, a pregnant person who carried one pregnancy to term with a surviving infant; this could be written as 1-1-1-3. The term GTPAL is used when the TPAL is prefixed with gravidity, GTPALM when GTPAL is followed by number of multiple pregnancies. For example and parity of a person who has given birth

Table Rock (North Carolina)

Table Rock is a mountain in the east rim of Linville Gorge, part of Pisgah National Forest. It features a distinctive rock formation, is a prominent peak in the area; the peak makes for a quick hike from a nearby parking area, is very popular for rock climbing. It is described as having a "national reputation of being the best place to climb in the Southeastern U. S.", the "hub of climbing activity in Linville Gorge". Table Rock is known for its flora. Botanists André Michaux and John Fraser found various plants in the area in the nineteenth century. Fraser discovered Fraser's Sedge near the mountain. Table Rock has been described as "the most visible symbol in the region". Former North Carolina senator Sam Ervin said that he retired to the nearby town of Morganton to "watch the glorious sunsets over Table Rock". In addition, Jules Verne's novel Master of the World describes Table Rock, called Great Eyrie in the book, as "rising high above the valley to sometimes belch strange sounds and fire over the little village of Morganton".

A wildfire swept through the area in November 2013. At least one hundred firefighters were involved

1991–92 Los Angeles Clippers season

The 1991–92 NBA season was the Clippers' 22nd season in the National Basketball Association, their 8th season in Los Angeles. During the offseason, the Clippers acquired Doc Rivers from the Atlanta Hawks, James Edwards from the Detroit Pistons; the Clippers, led by Ron Harper won five of their first seven games. They would lose six straight afterwards, but post an 8-game winning streak in December which led them to a 14–10 start. However, they would struggle over the next few weeks sliding back below.500 with a 21–24 record as head coach Mike Schuler was fired. After splitting two games under interim Mack Calvin, the team hired Larry Brown, who resigned as coach of the San Antonio Spurs a few weeks earlier. Under Brown, the Clippers won 23 of their final 35 games to finish fifth in the Pacific Division with a 45–37 record. Making their first playoff appearance since the 1975–76 season when they were known as the Buffalo Braves, ending a fifteen-year playoff drought; this season marked the first time that the Clippers finished with a better record than their crosstown rival, the Los Angeles Lakers, who finished two games behind them with a 43–39 record.

In the first round of the playoffs, the Clippers lost in five games to the Utah Jazz. Following the season, Rivers was traded along with Charles D. Smith, second-year guard Bo Kimble to the New York Knicks, Edwards signed as an unrestricted free agent with the Los Angeles Lakers, Olden Polynice was dealt to the Detroit Pistons. Forward Tony Brown becomes the 5th former Laker to play with the crosstown rival Clippers, he would serve as an assistant coach for the team under coaches Mike Dunleavy, Sr. and Kim Hughes from 2008 to 2010 This is guard David Rivers's second tour of duty with the franchise. He played for the team in 1989–1990. Y – clinched division title x – clinched playoff spotz – clinched division title y – clinched division title x – clinched playoff spot Utah Jazz vs. Los Angeles Clippers: Jazz win series 3-2 Game 1 @ Delta Center, Salt Lake City: Utah 115, LA Clippers 97 Game 2 @ Delta Center, Salt Lake City: Utah 103, LA Clippers 92 Game 3 @ Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena, Los Angeles: LA Clippers 98, Utah 88 Game 4 @ Anaheim Convention Center, Anaheim: LA Clippers 115, Utah 107 Game 5 @ Delta Center, Salt Lake City: Utah 98, LA Clippers 89Last Playoff Meeting: Not available The Clippers were involved in the following transactions during the 1991–92 season