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Mordecai Richler

Mordecai Richler was a Canadian writer. His best known works are The Apprenticeship of Barney's Version, his 1970 novel St. Urbain's Horseman and 1989 novel Solomon Gursky Was Here were shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize, he is well known for the Jacob Two-Two children's fantasy series. In addition to his fiction, Richler wrote numerous essays about the Jewish community in Canada, about Canadian and Quebec nationalism. Richler's Oh Canada! Oh Quebec!, a collection of essays about nationalism and anti-Semitism, generated considerable controversy. The son of Lily and Moses Isaac Richler, a scrap yard dealer, Richler was born on January 27, 1931, raised on St. Urbain Street in the Mile End area of Montreal, Quebec, he learned English and Yiddish, graduated from Baron Byng High School. Richler did not complete his degree there. Years Richler's mother published an autobiography, The Errand Runner: Memoirs of a Rabbi's Daughter, which discusses Mordecai's birth and upbringing, the sometimes difficult relationship between them.

Richler moved to Paris at age nineteen, intent on following in the footsteps of a previous generation of literary exiles, the so-called Lost Generation of the 1920s, many of whom were from the United States. Richler returned to Montreal in 1952, working at the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation moved to London in 1954, he published seven of his ten novels, as well as considerable journalism. Worrying "about being so long away from the roots of my discontent", Richler returned to Montreal in 1972, he wrote about the Anglophone community of Montreal and about his former neighbourhood, portraying it in multiple novels. In England, in 1954, Richler married Catherine Boudreau, a non-Jewish French-Canadian divorcee nine years his senior. On the eve of their wedding, he met and was smitten by Florence Mann, another non-Jewish young woman married to Richler's close friend, screenwriter Stanley Mann; some years Richler and Mann both divorced their prior spouses and married each other, Richler adopted her son Daniel.

The couple had four other children together: Jacob, Noah and Emma. These events inspired his novel Barney's Version. Richler died of cancer on July 3, 2001 at the age of 70, he was a second cousin of novelist Nancy Richler. Throughout his career, Mordecai wrote journalistic commentary, contributed to The Atlantic Monthly, The New Yorker, The American Spectator, other magazines. In his years, Richler was a newspaper columnist for The National Post and Montreal's The Gazette. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he wrote a monthly book review for Gentlemen's Quarterly, he was critical of Quebec but Canadian Federalism as well. Another favourite Richler target was the government-subsidized Canadian literary movement of the 1970s and 1980s. Journalism constituted an important part of his career, bringing him income between novels and films. Richler published his fourth novel, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, in 1959; the book featured a frequent Richler theme: Jewish life in the 1930s and 40s in the neighbourhood of Montreal east of Mount Royal Park on and about St. Urbain Street and Saint Laurent Boulevard.

Richler wrote of the neighbourhood and its people, chronicling the hardships and disabilities they faced as a Jewish minority. To a middle-class stranger, it is true, one street would have seemed as squalid as the next. On each corner a cigar store, a grocery, a fruit man. Outside staircases everywhere. Winding ones, wooden ones and risky ones. Here a prized lot of grass splendidly barbered, there a spitefully weedy patch. An endless repetition of precious peeling balconies and waste lots making the occasional gap here and there. Following the publication of Duddy Kravitz, according to The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature, Richler became "one of the foremost writers of his generation". Many critics distinguished Richler the author from Richler the polemicist. Richler said his goal was to be an honest witness to his time and place, to write at least one book that would be read after his death, his work was championed among others. Admirers praised Richler for daring to tell uncomfortable truths.

Critics cited his repeated themes, including incorporating elements of his journalism into novels. Richler's ambivalent attitude toward Montreal's Jewish community was captured in Mordecai and Me, a book by Joel Yanofsky; the Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz has been performed on film and in several live theater productions in Canada and the United States. Richler's most frequent conflicts were with members of the Quebec nationalist movement. In articles published between the late 1970s and the mid-1990s, Richler criticized Quebec's restrictive language laws and the rise of sovereigntism. Critics took particular exception to Richler's allegations of a long history of anti-Semitism in Quebec. Soon after the first election of the Parti Québécois in 1976, Richler published "Oh Canada! Lament for a divided country" in the Atlantic Monthly to considerable controversy. In it, he claimed the PQ had borrowed the Hitler Youth song "Tomorrow belongs to me..." F

1972 All-SEC football team

The 1972 All-SEC football team consists of American football players selected to the All-Southeastern Conference chosen by various selectors for the 1972 college football season. Alabama won the conference. Wayne Wheeler, Alabama Gerald Keigley, LSU Bill Buckley, Miss. St. Walter Overton, Vanderbilt Butch Veazey, Ole Miss Brad Boyd, LSU Mac Lorendo, Auburn Don Leathers, Ole Miss Buddy Brown, Alabama Paul Parker, Florida L. T. Southall, Vanderbilt John Hannah, Alabama Bill Emendorfer, Tennessee Tyler Lafauci, LSU Art Bressler, Ole Miss Jay Casey, Auburn Jimmy Krapf, Alabama Chris Hammond, Georgia Terry Davis, Alabama Bert Jones, LSU Nat Moore, Florida Terry Hanley, Auburn Haskel Stanback, Tennessee Steve Bisceglia, Alabama Danny Sanspree, Auburn John Mitchell, Alabama Ricky Browne, Florida John Croyle, Alabama John Wood, LSU John Wagster, Tennessee Benny Sivley, Auburn Skip Kubelius, Alabama Jamie Rotella, Tennessee Warren Capone, LSU Fred Abbott, Florida Chuck Strickland, Alabama Ken Bernich, Auburn John D. Calhoun, Miss.

St. Art Reynolds, Tennessee Bobby McKinney, Alabama Conrad Graham, Tennessee Dave Beck, Auburn Ken Stone, Vanderbilt Frank Dowsing, Miss. St. Darryl Bishop, Kentucky Jim Revels, Florida Ken Phares, Miss. St. Mike Williams, LSU Ricky Townsend, Tennessee Gardner Jett, Auburn Greg Gantt, Alabama Rusty Jackson, LSU AP = Associated PressUPI = United Press InternationalBold = Consensus first-team selection by both AP and UPI 1972 College Football All-America Team


Chemurgy is a branch of applied chemistry, concerned with preparing industrial products from agricultural raw materials. The word "chemurgy" was coined by chemist William J. Hale and first publicized in his 1934 book The Farm Chemurgic, the concept was mildly well-developed by the early years of the 20th century. For example, a number of products, including brushes and motion picture film, were made from cellulose. Beginning in the 1920s, some prominent Americans began to advocate a more widespread link between farmers and industry. Among them were William J. Hale and agricultural journalist Wheeler McMillen. Automaker Henry Ford began to test farm crops for their industrial potential around 1930, soon settled on hemp and the soybean as promising; the Ford Motor Company used soybeans in such parts as gearshift knobs and horn buttons, hemp for the body of the car. The automobile was designed to run on hemp diesel. Ford Motor Company accessed these innovations via the discovery and ingenuity of George Washington Carver, Tuskegee Scientist and Father of Chemurgy.

In 1935, the Farm Chemurgic Council was formed to encourage greater use of renewable raw materials in industry. In its early years, the Council received substantial publicity, it was perceived by the Roosevelt Administration as a political threat, since Council leaders questioned U. S. Department of Agriculture policies. First placing much of its emphasis on demonstrating the benefits of Agrol, the Council drew strong opposition from the petroleum industry; the Agrol pilot plant, which experienced management and financial difficulties, shut down in 1938. Wheeler McMillen, who had become president of the Council the previous year, decided to distance the chemurgy movement from ethanol, mend fences with the petroleum industry, place the Council on a more cautious course; the Council’s cause received an unexpected boost when Theodore G. Bilbo, a U. S. senator from Mississippi, sought a means to promote new uses for his region’s surplus cotton. To make his goal more politically attractive, he supported a broader research program.

In the end, four regional U. S. Department of Agriculture laboratories, dedicated to finding new uses for farm crops, were authorized under the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938; the labs were established in Pennsylvania. Over time, their research agendas expanded, they became less focused on chemurgy, their involvement in that field was symbolic of the chemurgy movement’s transformation from a cause associated with Roosevelt Administration critics to one with clear support from that administration. Chemurgy demonstrated its worth during World War II in alleviating the rubber shortage caused when Japan cut off most of America's supply. Corn was used as raw material in much of the synthetic rubber produced during the war. Various other plants, including guayule and kok-saghyz, were investigated as rubber sources. In the American Midwest, school children were encouraged to gather milkweed floss considered a nuisance but now valued for a new role as a filler in military life jackets. A priest in Iowa made news by urging congregants to grow hemp, whose previous reputation as a drug hazard yielded to military requirements for rope and cordage.

Prospects for chemurgy appeared promising into the 1950s. An article in the December 3, 1951 issue of Newsweek, for example, said "“the flood of chemurgy seems to be swelling.”" But as uses of agricultural raw materials advanced, so did uses for petrochemicals, non-renewable materials won out in a number of markets. For example, petrochemical detergents were used in place of agriculturally derived soaps, petrochemical plastic wrapping material replaced cellophane; the Chemurgic Council went through a period of decline and closed its doors in 1977. In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in chemurgy, although the word itself has fallen out of usage. In 1990, Wheeler McMillen 97 years old, addressed a national conference of latter-day chemurgic enthusiasts in Washington, DC; the conference served to launch the New Uses Council, which seeks to further the cause promoted by the Chemurgic Council. George Washington Carver was one of the most famous scientists of this field. In the Environmental Biography of George Washington Carver titled "My Work is that of Conservation" author Mark D. Hersey writes, "Thus, although he accepted the honorary mantle of "the first and greatest chemurgist," he was hardly in its mainstream.

On the contrary, Carver misconstrued the movement's aims, imagining they fell more in line with his own than in fact they did. Because Carver had devoted his energies to improving the lives of impoverished black farmers, he saw chemurgy as a field in which science addressed "a great human problem." His 1936 injunction to "chemicalize the farm" sprang from his abhorrence of waste rather than a desire for profit, let alone an affinity for chemical pesticides and fertilizers. He wanted "waste products of the farm" to be used for making "insulating boards, dyes, industrial alcohol, plastics of various kinds, rugs and cloth from fiber plants, oils and waxes, etc." Kenaf for jute castor oil for petroleum-based oil Decorticator Semisynthesis

Akechi Hidemitsu

Akechi Hidemitsu was a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period. A senior retainer of Oda Nobunaga's vassal Akechi Mitsuhide, he served Mitsuhide until the latter's death in 1582 at the hands of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. While Hidemitsu's date of birth is not known for certain, some say he was born either sometime between 1535 and 1537, or as late as 1557. Hidemitsu was the son of Miyake Takasada, he first succeeded to his father. Following his marriage to Akechi Mitsuhide's daughter, Hidemitsu was trusted by his master, served in the vanguard of the Akechi armies frequently, he led the attack on Battle of Honnō-ji which killed Oda Nobunaga, became a legend for his rapid crossing of Lake Biwa to get from Otsu to Sakamoto on horseback after the loss of Battle of Yamazaki and the death of Mitsuhide. His men set fire to Sakamoto Castle and killed their families and themselves to follow their master to the grave. While much of the Akechi clan was destroyed at Sakamoto Castle, Hidemitsu's sons Miyake Shigetoshi and Tōyama Tarōgorō survived.

Shigetoshi served Terasawa Katataka at the Shimabara Uprising and was killed by the rebel forces under Amakusa Shirō, while Tarōgorō is remembered as the ancestor of the famous nineteenth-century political activist Sakamoto Ryōma. Hidemitsu appears in the Onimusha series with the name Samanosuke. After the events of Onimusha 3: Demon Siege, he takes on the name Tenkai Nankobo in Onimusha: Dawn of Dreams. "Sama-no-suke" was Hidemitsu's courtesy title at the Imperial Court. Information on Hidemitsu in a database of Akechi retainers Concise biographical information

Kakuda Space Center

Kakuda Space Center is a facility of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, located in the city of Kakuda in Miyagi Prefecture in northern Japan, specializing in the development and testing of rocket engines and space propulsion systems. The LE-5, the LE-7 rocket enginese were developed at the Kakuda Space Center; the predecessor to the Kakuda Space Center was established in 1965 as the "Kakuda Branch Laboratory" of the National Aerospace Laboratory of Japan under the aegis of the Science and Technology Agency. In 1978, the National Space Development Agency constructed the "Kakuda Rocket Development Center" on the same campus, its purpose was to engage in basic research and development to raise the level of Japanese rocket propulsion technology. From the late 1980s, the Center began research into space plane propulsion scramjet technology and advanced materials research for reusable space engines. In October 2003, the three separate Japanese space agencies, the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, the National Aerospace Laboratory, NASDA, merged to form the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.

In 2005, the Kakuda Space Center was renamed the "Kakuda Space Propulsion Technology Research Center". Liquid hydrogen rocket engine test facility High pressure liquid oxygen turbo pump test facility Rocket engine high altitude performance test facility Ram jet engine test facility High temperature shock tunnel Cryogenic test facility High altitude combustion test facility Supply system comprehensive test facility home page

Mitlenatch Island Nature Provincial Park

Mitlenatch Island Nature Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, located on Mitlenatch Island a small islet in the northern Strait of Georgia within the Strathcona Regional District. In 1959, the Province of British Columbia purchased Mitlenatch from a local family and in 1961 it was designated as a Provincial Nature Park. Mitlenatch is a First Nations word with a number of meanings. In Coast Salish it has been translated to mean ‘calm waters all around’; the most descriptive meaning comes from the Sliammon language where ‘metl’ meant calm and ‘nach’ meant posterior. Calm behind is an apt description of the island during stormy weather. In the Kwak'wala language of the Kwakwaka'wakw, ‘mah-kwee-lay-lah’ meant "it looks close, but seems to move away as you approach it". Mitlenatch Island Nature Provincial Park is home to the largest seabird colony in the Strait of Georgia. Glaucous-winged gulls, pelagic cormorants, pigeon guillemots, rhinoceros auklets and black oystercatchers return to Mitlenatch each spring to breed.

All sedentary marine life, including abalones and sea cucumbers are protected within this zone. Some of the largest garter snakes in BC reside here; these snakes are encountered along trails and in beach and tide pool areas, where they feed on small fish such as sculpins and blennies. This park is a favourite haul out for harbour seals and California sea lions; the sea lions are present from late autumn to mid-May. River otters, killer whales and harbour porpoises are sighted offshore; the following recreational activities are available: canoeing and kayaking around the island and nature watching. Due to the sensitive bird habitat, most of the island is closed to the public. A short trail from Camp Bay to Northwest Bay is the only area accessible to visitors. Located 45 kilometres northeast of Courtenay, British Columbia in the Strait of Georgia. 155 hectares in size. List of British Columbia Provincial Parks List of Canadian provincial parks Mitlenatch Island Nature Provincial Park "Mitlenatch Island Nature Park".

BC Geographical Names