Morganatic marriage

Morganatic marriage, sometimes called a left-handed marriage, is a marriage between people of unequal social rank, which in the context of royalty prevents the passage of the husband's titles and privileges to the wife and any children born of the marriage. This is a marriage between a man of high birth and a woman of lesser status. Neither the bride nor any children of the marriage have a claim on the bridegroom's succession rights, precedence, or entailed property; the children are considered legitimate for all other purposes and the prohibition against bigamy applies. In some countries, a woman could marry a man of lower rank morganatically. After World War I, the heads of both ruling and reigning dynasties continued the practice of rejecting dynastic titles and/or rights for descendants of "morganatic" unions, but allowed them, sometimes retroactively de-morganatizing the wives and children; this was accommodated by Perthes' Almanach de Gotha by inserting the offspring of such marriages in a third section of the almanac under entries denoted by a symbol that "signifies some princely houses which, possessing no specific princely patent, have passed from the first part, A, or from the second part into the third part in virtue of special agreements."

The Fürstliche Häuser series of the Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels has followed this lead enrolling some issue of unapproved marriages in its third section, "III B", with a similar explanation: "Families in this section, although verified, received no specific decree, but have been included by special agreement in the 1st and 2nd sections". Variations of morganatic marriage were practised by non-European dynasties, such as the Royal Family of Thailand, the polygamous Mongols as to their non-principal wives, other families of Africa and Asia. Morganatic in use in English by 1727, is derived from the medieval Latin morganaticus from the Late Latin phrase matrimonium ad morganaticam and refers to the gift given by the groom to the bride on the morning after the wedding, the morning gift, i.e. dower. The Latin term, applied to a Germanic custom, was adopted from the Old High German term *morgangeba, corresponding to Early English morgengifu; the literal meaning is explained in a 16th-century passage quoted by Du Cange as, "a marriage by which the wife and the children that may be born are entitled to no share in the husband's possessions beyond the'morning-gift'".

The morning gift has been a customary property arrangement for marriage found first in early medieval German cultures and among ancient Germanic tribes, the church drove its adoption into other countries in order to improve the wife's security by this additional benefit. The bride received property from the bridegroom's clan, it was intended to ensure her livelihood in widowhood, it was to be kept separate as the wife's discrete possession. However, when a marriage contract is made wherein the bride and the children of the marriage will not receive anything else from the bridegroom or from his inheritance or clan, that sort of marriage was dubbed as "marriage with only the dower and no other inheritance", i.e. matrimonium morganaticum. Royal men who married morganatically: Genghis Khan followed the contemporary tradition by taking several morganatic wives in addition to his principal wife, whose property passed to their youngest son following tradition. King Erik XIV of Sweden married the servant Karin Månsdotter morganatically in 1567, secondly, but this time not morganatically, in 1568.

Ludwig Wilhelm, Duke in Bavaria and Henriette Mendel. She was created Baroness von Wallersee, their daughter, Marie Louise, Countess Larisch von Moennich, was a confidante of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, ruler of the Tirol, first married Philippine Welser, a bourgeoise of a wealthy family, in 1557. Victor Emmanuel II of Italy in 1869 married morganatically his principal mistress Rosa Teresa Vercellana Guerrieri. Popularly known in Piedmontese as "Bela Rosin", she was born a commoner but made Countess di Mirafiori e Fontanafredda in 1858. Late in his life, the widowed ex-king Fernando II of Portugal married the opera singer Elise Hensler, created Countess von Edla. A list of morganatic branches of the Russian Imperial Family The 1900 marriage of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose subsequent assassination triggered World War I, to Countess Sophie Chotek was morganatic at the insistence of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I. Royal women who married morganatically: Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma married morganatically twice after the death of her husband, the emperor Napoleon I, in 1821.

Her second husband was Count Adam Albert von Neipperg. After his death, she married Count Charles-René de Bombelles, her chamberlain, in 1834. Queen Maria Christina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, regent of Spain after her husband's death while their daughter, the future Isabella II was a minor, she married one of her guards in a secret marriage. Princess Stéphanie of B

Sammy Tirop

Samuel Tirop is a former Kenyan middle-distance runner who ran in the 800 metres. Tirop's first major medal came at the 1986 Goodwill Games, where he was his country's sole medallist with his bronze in the 800 m, his career coincided with a period of Kenyan dominance in men's middle-distance running: Kenyans won all the major titles from 1987 to 1992 through runners such as Billy Konchellah and Paul Ereng. As a result, he missed out on major competitions due to the high calibre of opposition at the national level, he won at the East and Central African Championships in 1989 and in December he managed second at the 1989 Kenyan Trials for the Commonwealth Games, running a personal best of 1:44.3 minutes which ranked him eleventh in the world that year. Unknown outside of his home nation, he went on to upset both Nixon Kiprotich and Sebastian Coe to win the 800 m at the 1990 Commonwealth Games in Auckland; when asked how he had achieved such a feat at the age of 31 with little international experience, he responded that he was fourth or fifth at the Kenyan Championships behind World and Olympic champions for opposition.

When the trials for the 1992 Barcelona Olympics came, Tirop again missed out on selection. Renowned Kenyan running coach Brother Colm O'Connell remarked: "You had Ereng. That's what running in Kenya is like."

Pierre Vogel

Pierre Vogel known as Abu Hamza is a German Islamist preacher and a former professional boxer. Vogel was born in Frechen, he turned professional at the age of 22, fighting as a cruiserweight for the Sauerland club and was undefeated in seven bouts. Vogel converted to Islam in 2001 and shortly thereafter began courses in Islamic studies in Germany, studied in Medina, he is considered to be one of the most influential Islamists in Germany. Vogel is the father of three children, he has been described in one German report as a "radical Muslim", while Matthias Matussek and commentator for Spiegel Online, described him as representative of the "dark Nazi variant" of Islam in Germany. When he appeared at a Muslim meeting in Dillingen, Saarland, 25 April 2010, he said that polygamy is legitimate due to the fact that there are more women than men in Germany. In January 2016, Vogel shared a video giving out the personal details of a woman who claimed to have been raped by men of Middle Eastern appearance in Cologne, claiming that she had falsified her story in order to slander Islam.

The video's creator deleted it after a legal challenge from the victim. Media related to Pierre Vogel at Wikimedia Commons Official website Pierre Vogel Professional boxing record for Pierre Vogel from BoxRec Eine Reportage über dem Ex-Profi Boxer Pierre Vogel, der zum Islam konvertiert ist, aus dem 2. Kroatischen Staatsfernsehen HRT 2