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Morinda citrifolia

Morinda citrifolia is a fruit-bearing tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends across Southeast Asia and Australasia, the species is now cultivated throughout the tropics and naturalized. Among some 100 names for the fruit across different regions are the more common English names of great morinda, Indian mulberry, beach mulberry, cheese fruit; the fresh fruit's strong, vomit-like odor has made it a famine food in most regions, but it remains a staple food among some cultures, has been used in traditional medicine. In the consumer market, it has been introduced as a supplement in various formats, such as capsules, skin products, juices. Morinda citrifolia grows in shady forests, as well as on open sandy shores, it reaches maturity in about 18 months yields between 4 and 8 kg of fruit every month throughout the year. It is tolerant of saline soils, drought conditions, secondary soils, it is therefore found in a wide variety of habitats: volcanic terrains, lava-strewn coasts, clearings or limestone outcrops, as well as in coralline atolls.

It can grow up to 9 m tall, has large, dark green and veined leaves. The plant bears fruits all year round; the fruit is a multiple fruit that has a pungent odour when ripening, is hence known as cheese fruit or vomit fruit. It reaches 10 -- 18 centimetres size. At first green, the fruit turns yellow almost white as it ripens, it contains many seeds. Morinda citrifolia is attractive to weaver ants, which make nests from the leaves of the tree; these ants protect the plant from some plant-parasitic insects. The smell of the fruit attracts fruit bats, which aid in dispersing the seeds. A type of fruit fly, Drosophila sechellia, feeds on these fruits. A variety of beverages, cosmetic products, leaf powders have been introduced into the consumer market. Noni is sometimes called a "starvation fruit", implying it was used by indigenous peoples as emergency food during times of famine. Despite its strong smell and bitter taste, the fruit was eaten as a famine food, and, in some Pacific Islands as a staple food, either raw or cooked.

Southeast Asians and Australian Aborigines consume the fruit raw with cook it with curry. The seeds are edible. In Thai cuisine, the leaves are used as a green vegetable and are the main ingredient of kaeng bai-yo, cooked with coconut milk; the fruit is added as a salad ingredient to some versions of somtam. Green fruit and root or rhizomes might have been used in Polynesian cultures as a general tonic, in addition to its traditional place in Polynesian culture as a famine food. Although Morinda is considered to have biological properties in traditional medicine, there is no confirmed evidence of clinical efficacy for any intended use. In 2018, a Hawaiian manufacturer of noni food and skincare products was issued an FDA warning letter for marketing unapproved drugs and making false health claims in violation of the US Food and Cosmetic Act. Among Austronesian peoples, noni was traditionally used for the production of dyes, it was carried into the Pacific Islands as canoe plants by Austronesian voyagers.

Morinda bark produces a brownish-purplish dye. In Hawaii, yellowish dye is extracted from its roots to dye cloth. Morinda citrifolia fruit powder contains carbohydrates and dietary fibre in moderate amounts; these macronutrients evidently reside in the fruit pulp, as M. citrifolia juice has sparse nutrient content. The main micronutrients of M. citrifolia pulp powder include vitamin C, niacin and potassium. Vitamin A, calcium and sodium are present in moderate amounts; when M. citrifolia juice alone is analyzed and compared to pulp powder, only vitamin C is retained in an amount, 64% of the content of a raw navel orange. Sodium levels in M. citrifolia juice are high compared to an orange, potassium content is moderate. Morinda citrifolia fruit contains a number of phytochemicals, including lignans, oligo- and polysaccharides, iridoids, fatty acids, catechin, beta-sitosterol and alkaloids. Although these substances have been studied for bioactivity, research is insufficient to conclude anything about their effects on human health.

Noni juice

Haina River

The Haina River is a river of the Dominican Republic. It is located on the oriental limit of hydrographic district of Azua, Baní, San Cristóbal. In 1496, according to Floyd, "Miguel Diaz and Francisco de Garay, working their way down the Haina river, discovered rich deposits of gold in the river sands twenty-five miles from the coast." Bartolome Colon built a fort along this river, "well situated within the gold region", which he named San Cristobal. Haina River has a length of 86 km, it starts in Loma El Zumbador of Lomas de Maimón in the Central Mountainrange, Northwest of Villa Altagracia. The river empties in the Caribbean Sea, east of the municipality Bajos de Haina, 14 km west of the Ozama River. List of rivers of the Dominican Republic The Columbia Gazetteer of North America. 2000. GEOnet Names Server CIA map

William Hartnoll

William Hartnoll was an Australian politician. Born in Longford, Tasmania, he was educated at Launceston Grammar School before becoming a shopkeeper and landowner. In 1884 he was elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly as the member for South Launceston, transferring to Launceston in 1897, he was Minister for Lands and Works from 1892 to 1894. In 1901, Hartnoll contested the first federal election as a Free Trade candidate for the five-member Division of Tasmania, but was unsuccessful. However, in 1902, he was elected to the Australian House of Representatives in a by-election for Tasmania resulting from the death of sitting Free Trade MP Frederick Piesse. Hartnoll was successful, although there was a legal challenge to his election because he had nominated for candidacy via telegram and not by submitting a signed nomination form. In 1903, following the division of Tasmania into individual electorates, he contested the seat of Bass, but was defeated by the Protectionist candidate David Storrer.

He died in 1932. Parliamentary library profile

The Tourniquet

The Tourniquet is the third studio album by Norwegian musician Magnet, first released in Norway on 30 May 2005 where it debuted on the Norwegian Albums Chart at #2. The album was released in the United Kingdom on 22 August 2005, 31 August 2005 in Japan, 14 February 2006 in the United States; the album is named after a drink called "the Tourniquet," which Even Johansen sampled "in a Singapore airport bar, en route back from Los Angeles" after recording there. The Tourniquet was Magnet's only album released by major label Atlantic Records. There were two singles released from the album: "Hold On" in August 2005, "Fall at Your Feet" in December 2005; the song "Believe" was canceled. The Japanese CD edition of the album includes the bonus tracks "The Mute", "This Bird Can Never Fly" and "Good Mourning", while the American CD release contains the song "This Bird Can Never Fly" as a bonus track. All tracks are written by Even Johansen

My Farewell to Elvis

My Farewell to Elvis is the 27th studio album by American country singer Merle Haggard, released in 1977 and his second release for MCA Records. It reached Number 6 on the Country album chart; the single "From Graceland to the Promised Land" reached number 4 on the Billboard Country Singles chart. The album is a tribute to the music of the late Elvis Presley, who died on August 16, 1977, he is backed by Roy Nichols, Ronnie Reno, Mark Yeary of The Strangers. Haggard, who had recorded tribute albums to Jimmie Rodgers and Bob Wills, had started recording an LP of Elvis songs when Presley died at home at Graceland in Memphis in August 1977. Haggard wrote "From Graceland to the Promised Land" and the album was out by October. Haggard had always made his admiration for "the King" known in interviews and, in his 1981 autobiography Sing Me Back Home, recalls meeting Presley at the International Hotel in Las Vegas through guitarist James Burton, who had played on albums by both singers. "I came away disappointed and, for a while, my Elvis image was tarnished," Haggard wrote."There was no big deal about the evening in general.

I talked to Elvis only a little while. He seemed not too aware of his surroundings but nothing out of the ordinary happened, he introduced me to Priscilla, who didn't seem to know who I was.'He's a country singer,' Elvis told her in a voice I thought sounded a little irritated... I guess. That's wrong. We're all human. None of us can walk on water Elvis.""The album features Presley's old backing vocal group The Jordanaires and drummer Buddy Harman. James Burton did not take part in the project. Haggard chose to record only hits, including Presley's first record "That's All Right" and his Christmas classic "Blue Christmas." The album was a success. Al Campbell of AllMusic praises the album, insisting, "My Farewell to Elvis may not be on par with Same Train, A Different Time or Tribute to the Best Damn Fiddle Player in the World, but it's a decent, if overlooked, session in the Haggard discography." In his 2013 book The Running Kind, on the other hand, Haggard biographer David Cantwell dismisses the album as " a missed opportunity" and "a disappointing effort to say the least, not because it was bad, but just because its arrangements were so generic in a faux-Fifties sort of way..."

"From Graceland to the Promised Land" – 2:28 "In the Ghetto" – 2:55 "Don't Be Cruel" – 1:59 "Jailhouse Rock" – 2:50 "Love Me Tender" – 2:42 "That's All Right" – 2:29 "Heartbreak Hotel" – 2:18 "Blue Christmas" – 2:23 "Blue Suede Shoes" – 2:01 "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" – 2:48 "Merle's Farewell to Elvis" –:17 Merle Haggard– vocals, guitar Roy Nichols - guitar Ronnie Reno – guitar Dave Kirby - guitar Red Lane - guitar Mark Yeary - piano Johnny Gimble - fiddle Buddy Emmons - steel guitar, dobro Bunky Keels - piano Bob Moore - bass Buddy Harman - drums Sheldon Kurland Strings - strings The Jordanaires - backing vocals

The Show Must Go On (Grimm)

"The Show Must Go On" is the 16th episode of season 3 of the supernatural drama television series Grimm and the 60th episode overall, which premiered on March 21, 2014, on the cable network NBC. The episode was written by Marc Gaffen and Kyle McVey, was directed by Paul A. Kaufman. Opening quote: "Under such conditions, whatever is evil in men's natures comes to the front." At a carnival, a ringmaster named Hedig is presenting to the public four Wesen that act as freaks, taking the excuse of magic. One of the Wesen, a Blutbad, leaves the carnival when two girls show up as they want to meet him, they invite him for drinks and although he is hesitant, they take him. The girls take him to their house and after discussion, he woges into a Blutbad and attacks them. While attending a dinner with Monroe and Rosalee with Juliette, Nick is asked by Monroe to be his best man in their wedding while Juliette is asked to be Rosalee's maid of honor and they both agree; however that night, Nick tells Juliette that he is concerned about attending the wedding as many Wesen will be attending and they will recognize him as a Grimm.

Wu is in service after leaving the psychiatric hospital and Nick and Hank investigate the murder of the two girls, finding their tickets to the carnival. They go to the carnival and Nick and Hank discover the Wesen performers, wondering if the Wesen Council could intervene. Back in Europe and Meisner continue fleeing from the Verrat and find Sebastien in a car, badly hurt. A Verrat agent arrives. Sebastian is given Adalind and Meisner flee from the scene in a car. Viktor and the Verrat arrive and Sebastien manages to kill most of them but Viktor, he refuses to say where they went and Viktor shoots him, killing him. While Nick and Hank talk with Hedig, Max loses control of himself and attacks one of the performers, Genvieve. Nick and Hank talk with Rosalee, they explain that the Council doesn't intervene because the public believes the performers are using magic and illusion although some are against it for exploitation. However, this could cause the "Umkippen", an act in which a Wesen has forced himself to woge many times that it can lose control.

Monroe and Rosalee decide to go to the carnival for an intervention, which they believe could help in the Wesen. However, Rosalee is selected as the replacement for Genvieve for her Wesen part. Meisner tells Adalind that he had a Resistance agent take her back to Portland but he will remain in Vienna. While preparing herself, Rosalee discovers that Max is the most affected with the Umkippen, deducing he is the killer. Before the show, Max confronts Hedig, who woges into a Löwen and reveals himself to be the killer of the people who saw him woged. Having discovered new evidence and Hank interrupt the show to arrest Hedig. Max breaks out of his cage and begins an attack while Hedig escapes to a mirror maze to find the Wesen; the performers are tired of his treatment and a Dämonfeuer kills him. The episode ends as Monroe and Rosalee are preparing for bed when Rosalee appears wearing her costume, causing Monroe to howl; the episode was viewed by 5.71 million people, earning a 1.5/5 in the 18-49 rating demographics on the Nielson ratings scale, ranking second on its timeslot and second for the night in the 18-49 demographics, behind Shark Tank.

This was a 2% increase in viewership from the previous episode, watched by 5.63 million viewers with a 1.6/5. This means that 1.5 percent of all households with televisions watched the episode, while 5 percent of all households watching television at that time watched it. With DVR factoring in, the episode was watched by 8.36 million viewers with a 2.6 ratings share in the 18-49 demographics. "The Show Must Go On" received mixed-to-positive reviews. The A. V. Club's Kevin McFarland gave the episode a "C+" grade and wrote, "Grimm cycles through episodes like'The Show Must Go On' every so that sidestep police investigations in favor of allowing a few of the New Scoobies to deal with the case at hand as they see fit outside of the formal legal system, and when that leaves room for Monrosalee to take charge, it's an issue of Wesen rights that serves as a mild allegory for disenfranchised or mistreated persons. The correlation between bestial beings and those that need to be rescued may not be the most sensitive parallel, but it allows Grimm to leave Nick and Hank somewhat in the background, transition away from the repetitive structure of Nick/Hank/Wu at a crime scene followed by a trip to the Magic Airstream, a final Wesen confrontation.

Instead and Rosalee take center stage."Nick McHatton from TV Fanatic, gave a 3.8 star rating out of 5, stating: "The carnival lends itself well to Grimm's world because it answers one of the questions of Wesen woguing for money in a safe space. I think we've all wondered what would happen if Wesen set up their own little shop of horrors to have some fun and make some cash."MaryAnn Sleasman from TV.com, wrote, "Sam Witwer and a Wesen carnival and Monrosalee wedding planning and twisted, cheeky use of Warren Zevon's'Werewolves of London' — this episode of Grimm made me so happy, you guys. It didn't really move the plot far: Adalind is still running around in the woods, the circus storyline was wrapped up all neat and pretty, as much as I want to doodle little hearts around Sam Witwer's face every time it appears on el television, I'm concerned about how Max the Blutbad was jus