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Mosaic

A mosaic is an artistic picture or design made out of any materials assembled together. Mosaic are used as decoration. Architects use mosaic murals for shower wall and entry floor art. Mosaic Craft items are used as home decor. Cities decorate public places such as parks with mosaic murals and sculptures. Traditional mosaics are made of small, flat square, pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae, Some floor mosaics are made of small rounded pieces of stone and called pebble mosaics. Mosaic skinning is done with opaque stained glass. Modern mosaic art is made from any material in any size ranging from carved stone, bottle caps, found objects to fruit and pieces of toast. Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. Pebble mosaics were made in Tiryns in Mycenean Greece. Early Christian basilicas from the 4th century onwards were decorated with ceiling mosaics. Mosaic art flourished in the Byzantine Empire from the 6th to the 15th centuries. Mosaic fell out of fashion in the Renaissance, though artists like Raphael continued to practise the old technique.

Roman and Byzantine influence led Jewish artists to decorate 5th and 6th century synagogues in the Middle East with floor mosaics. Mosaic was used on religious buildings and palaces in early Islamic art, including Islam's first great religious building, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. Mosaic went out of fashion in the Islamic world after the 8th century. Modern mosaics are made by Crafters around the world. Many materials other than traditional stone, ceramic tesserae and stained glass may be employed, including shells, charms, gears and pieces of costume jewelry; the earliest known examples of mosaics made of different materials were found at a temple building in Abra and are dated to the second half of 3rd millennium BC. They consist of pieces of colored stones and ivory. Excavations at Susa and Chogha Zanbil show evidence of the first glazed tiles, dating from around 1500 BC. However, mosaic patterns were not used until the times of Roman influence. Bronze age pebble mosaics have been found at Tiryns.

Mythological subjects, or scenes of hunting or other pursuits of the wealthy, were popular as the centrepieces of a larger geometric design, with emphasized borders. Pliny the Elder mentions the artist Sosus of Pergamon by name, describing his mosaics of the food left on a floor after a feast and of a group of doves drinking from a bowl. Both of these themes were copied. Greek figural mosaics could have been copied or adapted paintings, a far more prestigious artform, the style was enthusiastically adopted by the Romans so that large floor mosaics enriched the floors of Hellenistic villas and Roman dwellings from Britain to Dura-Europos. Most recorded names of Roman mosaic workers are Greek, suggesting they dominated high quality work across the empire. Splendid mosaic floors are found in Roman villas across North Africa, in places such as Carthage, can still be seen in the extensive collection in Bardo Museum in Tunis, Tunisia. There were two main techniques in Greco-Roman mosaic: opus vermiculatum used tiny tesserae cubes of 4 millimeters or less, was produced in workshops in small panels which were transported to the site glued to some temporary support.

The tiny tesserae allowed fine detail, an approach to the illusionism of painting. Small panels called emblemata were inserted into walls or as the highlights of larger floor-mosaics in coarser work; the normal technique was opus tessellatum, using larger tesserae, laid on site. There was a distinct native Italian style using black on a white background, no doubt cheaper than coloured work. In Rome and his architects used mosaics to cover some surfaces of walls and ceilings in the Domus Aurea, built 64 AD, wall mosaics are found at Pompeii and neighbouring sites; however it seems that it was not until the Christian era that figural wall mosaics became a major form of artistic expression. The Roman church of Santa Costanza, which served as a mausoleum for one or more of the Imperial family, has both religious mosaic and decorative secular ceiling mosaics on a round vault, which represent the style of contemporary palace decoration; the mosaics of the Villa Romana del Casale near Piazza Armerina in Sicily are the largest collection of late Roman mosaics in situ in the world, are protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The large villa rustica, owned by Emperor Maximian, was built in the early 4th century. The mosaics were covered and protected for 700 years by a landslide that occurred in the 12th Century; the most important pieces are the Circus Scene, the 64m long Great Hunting Scene, the Little Hunt, the Labours of Hercules and the famous Bikini Girls, showing women undertaking a range of sporting activities in garments that resemble 20th Century bikinis. The peristyle, the imperial apartments and the thermae were decorated with ornamental and

Odd Harsheim

Odd Harsheim was a Norwegian goldsmith, military officer, multi-sportsperson and sports official. As a sportsman he was best known for his profess in sailing. In the 5.5 Metre event at the 1956 Summer Olympics he was a crew for Peder Lunde in the boat Viking. They finished fifth. In the 5.5 Metre event at the 1960 Summer Olympics he was a crew for Finn Ferner in the boat Struten. They finished seventh. Harsheim represented the Royal Norwegian Yacht Club, he competed on a national level in orienteering, Nordic combined and ski jumping. He won the Ladies' Cup at the Holmenkollen Ski Festival in 1946. For many years past his active age he was active in the Association for the Promotion of Skiing, he chaired the organizational committee for the Holmenkollen Ski Festival from 1959 to 1961, having led the ski jumping contest since 1956. He was a council member of the Association for the Promotion of Skiing until 1986, he was admitted to the exclusive social club for skiers, SK Ull, in 1983. He served as the club's chairman from 1992 until his death in 1994.

He studied in the United States, worked as a goldsmith in the family company Lars Harsheim. He became involved in the military, starting during the Second World War, he joined Milorg in the Norwegian resistance to the German occupation, was imprisoned in Grini concentration camp from 15 May to 1 July 1942. He was decorated with the Defence Medal 1940–1945. After the war he became a conscript officer in the Norwegian Home Guard, in 1963 he became the first leader of the Skier Company in the home guard district HV-02, remained so until 1978, he was a board member of the Norwegian Conscript Officers' Federation

Agros Nova

Agros Nova is a company in Poland specializing in juices, processed fruit and vegetable products. Brands include Łowicz, Fortuna Karotka, Krakus and Kotlin. Agros Nova Sp. Z o.o. was founded in 2000 and is based in Warsaw after being spun off from Agros Holding S. A. a Joint Stock Company founded in 1990. Between 2000 and 2001 the company narrowed its product range from 600 to 200 items while marketing and distribution expenditures were increased. Agros Fortuna and its brands became the largest producer of jams and tomato preserves and the second largest producer of juices and nectars. In March 2002 a new company, Agros Fortuna Sp. Z o.o. was spun off from the Agros Holding Group including the Łowicz factory and two other processing plants in Białystok and Tarczyn. Agros Nova was sold to Maspex-GMW in 2014; the processing plant in Łowicz opened in 1965. In 1987 the Łódź Wine Factory was spun off from the company and a few years the Wood Packaging Plant in Andrzejów was passed over to the Fruit and Vegetable Industry Automation Company in Bielawa.Łowicz launched the first carrot juices in the Polish market under the brand name Karotka.

In 1995 a picnic was held to celebrate the company's 30th anniversary. Fortuna is one of Agros Nova's brands; the drink beverage company was founded in 1987 with the carrot flavoured Karotka drink in a carton. The company's slogan is Full of Life. In the year 2003 the company was bought by the Agros Nova firm - the firm expanded the company's different products bringing more customers to its products; the company slogan and television advertisement in 1999 was Karotka - Full of Life. In the year 2000 the company begun its Vegetable Mixes and started with the tomato juice flavour, awarded the Sign of Health X in Poland. In the year 2003, the company joined the Agros Nova firm... In the same year the company introduced the Tabasco flavour and Italian Herbs flavour which went on sale in August 2004 and improved their Mirando drinks with the glass botted 250 ml version. In the same year the company started its online service Fortuna; the Fortuna company the same year had introduced their milk drinks called Frutimil.

In the year 2005, the company introduced their duo range of new flavours - by this they mixed apple and mint together and called it the Apple Mint Duo Drink, other products in the range are listed in the list below. In 2008 the company is in eighth place in The Best Non Alcoholic Drinks according to Rzeczpospolita Newspaper. In 2009, the company re introduced its Karotka juice drink with no added sugar and made five new flavours. In 2011, the company part of the Agros Nova sponsored the Polish Taniec Z Gwiazdami Dancing on Ice on TVN television channel. In 2012, the company sponsored the Polish Mam Talent Poland's Got Talent on TVN channel - and advertised the company between the show advertisement. Products include: Fruit Drinks Flavours are: pineapple, white grapefruit, red grapefruit, apple light, multivitamin, orange with bits, green grapefruit Sweetie. Nectar Drinks Flavours are: banana, blackcurrant, red grapefruit, apple and orange. Drinks Flavours are: red grapes. Vegetable Juices 100 % Flavours are: tabasco sauce tomatoes and multi vegetable.

The Tarczyn brand was established in 1967 and makes jams, tinned fruit and tomato concentrates. The brand makes meat and vegetable dishes. In 1990 it was bought by Agros Holding. In 1967, brand Tarczyn debuted on the market with the launch of Mazovia Plants Fruit and Vegetable Industry in Tarczyn. For more than 30 years the company has sold vegetables, among others. Canned and frozen vegetables, tomato concentrate and meat dishes, jams. In 1990, brand Tarczyn becomes property of Agros Holding. In 1998, is the introduction of juices and drinks under the brand Tarczyn. In 2000, all the bottles by Tarczyn appeared with the modern metal cap called "twist-off". Tarczyn registers to the Patent Office. Brand Tarczyn becomes property of Agros Fortuna Sp. Z o.o.. In 2003, Tarczyn is bought by Agros Nova Sp. Z o.o. The same year there is a television advertisement of the brand. In 2005, Tarczyn implements the new promotional campaign, met with a huge response from the consumers' interest. By this the fans started the Cap Collecting of the Tarczyn brand juice.

In 2011, Tarczyn launched three new flavours with a smooth puree texture: strawberry with apple, mango - passion fruit, peach - guava. Agros Nova website Kotlin on Polish Wikipedia