Mosul is a major city in northern Iraq. Located 400 km north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank; the metropolitan area has grown to encompass substantial areas on both the "Left Bank" and the "Right Bank", as the two banks are described by the locals compared to the flow direction of Tigris. At the start of the 21st century and its surroundings had an ethnically and religiously diverse population. In religious terms, mainstream Sunni Islam was the largest religion, but with a significant number of followers of the Salafi movement and Christianity, as well as Shia Islam, Yazidism, Shabakism and Mandaeism. Mosul's population grew around the turn of the millennium and by 2004, the city's population was estimated to be 1,846,500. In 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant seized control of the city; the Iraqi government recaptured it in the Battle of Mosul three years during which the city sustained heavy damage.
Important products of the area include Mosul marble and oil. The city of Mosul is home to the University of Mosul and its renowned Medical College, which together was one of the largest educational and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East. Mosul, together with the nearby Nineveh plains, is one of the historic centers for the Assyrian people and their churches; the name of the city is first mentioned by Xenophon in his expeditionary logs in Achaemenid Assyria of 401 BC, during the reign of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. There, he notes a small Assyrian town of "Mépsila" on the Tigris somewhere about where modern Mosul is today, it may be safer to identify Xenophon's Mépsila with the site of Iski Mosul, or "Old Mosul", about 30 km north of modern Mosul, where six centuries after Xenophon's report, the Sasanian Empire's center of Budh-Ardhashir was built. Be that as it may, the name Mepsila is doubtless the root for the modern name. In its current Arabic form and spelling, the term Mosul, or rather "Mawsil", stands for the "linking point" – or loosely, the "Junction City," in Arabic.
Mosul should not be confused with the ancient Assyrian capital of Nineveh, located across the Tigris from the Old City of Mosul, on the eastern bank, at the famed archaeological mound of Kuyunjik. This area is known today as the town of Nebi Yunus and is now populated by Kurds, it is the only Kurdish neighborhood in Mosul. The site contains the tomb of the Biblical Jonah, as he lived and died in the capital of ancient Assyria. Today, this entire area has been absorbed into the Mosul metropolitan area; the indigenous Assyrians still refer to the entire city of Mosul as Nineveh. The ancient Nineveh was succeeded by Mepsila after the fall of Assyria between 612–599 BC at the hands of a coalition of Babylonians, Persians, Scythians and Sagartians; the Assyrians abandoned the city, building new smaller settlements such as Mepsila nearby. Mosul is named al-Faiha, al-Khaḍrah, al-Hadbah, it is sometimes described as "The Pearl of the North" and "the city of a million soldiers". The area in which Mosul lies was an integral part of Assyria from as early as the 25th century BC.
After the Akkadian Empire, which united all of the peoples of Mesopotamia under one rule, Mosul again became a continuous part of Assyria proper from circa 2050 BC through to the fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire between 612–599 BC. Mosul remained within the geopolitical province of Assyria for a further thirteen centuries until the early Muslim conquests of the mid-7th century. After the Muslim conquests, the region saw a gradual influx of Muslim Arab and Turkic peoples, although the indigenous Assyrians continue to use the name Athura for the ecclesiastical province. Nineveh was one of the oldest and greatest cities in antiquity, was settled as early as 6000 BC; the city is mentioned in the Old Assyrian Empire, during the reign of Shamshi-Adad I it is listed as a centre of worship of the goddess Ishtar, it remained as such during the Middle Assyrian Empire. During the Neo-Assyrian Empire Nineveh grew in size and importance from the reigns of Tukulti-Ninurta II and Ashurnasirpal II onward. Thereafter successive Assyrian emperor-monarchs such as Shalmaneser III, Adad-nirari III, Tiglath-Pileser III, Shalmaneser V and Sargon II continued to expand the city.
In 700 BC, King Sennacherib made Nineveh the new capital of Assyria. Immense building work was undertaken, Nineveh eclipsed Babylon, Kalhu and Aššur in both size and importance, making it the largest city in the world. A number of scholars believe the true location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon were in fact at Nineveh; the mound of Kuyunjik i
The 1973–74 Michigan Wolverines men's basketball team represented the University of Michigan in intercollegiate college basketball during the 1973–74 season. The team played its home games in the Crisler Arena in Ann Arbor and was a member of the Big Ten Conference. Under the direction of head coach Johnny Orr, the team tied with the Indiana Hoosiers for the Big Ten championship; the team earned the first of four consecutive NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament invitations. Campy Russell and C. J. Kupec served with Russell earning team MVP honors. Russell, the Consensus second team All-American, earned the Big Ten scoring championship with a 24.0 average in conference games. He won the Chicago Tribune Silver Basketball as Big Ten Most Valuable Player. Orr was named Big Ten Coach of the Year. Although the team began the season unranked, it was in the Associated Press Top Twenty Poll for twelve of the eighteen weeks during the season, rising as high as number six, where it finished the season.
The team ended. The team set a school record for single-game assists on February 23, 1974, against Purdue with 32; the record would stand until March 7, 1987. The team set the school single-game assists record of 32 on February 1974, against Purdue; the record stood until March 7, 1987. In the 25-team 1974 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament, Michigan reached the elite eight in the Mideast region by earning a bye and defeating the Notre Dame Fighting Irish 77–68; the team fell to the Marquette Golden Eagles 72–70. Five players from this team were selected in the NBA Draft. 1974 in Michigan
The Film School of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki is a higher educational film school in Greece. It offers a five years 1st and 2nd circle program leading to a degree in film with specialization in one of the schools 8 directions. There are 8 areas in Film where students can specialize: 1. Screenwriting 2. Directing 3. Film Production 4. Cinematography 5. Editing 6. Sound 7. Art Direction 8. Film History and Theory The Film Department has two Master programs. 1. Creative Writing and Screenwriting. 2. Film and Television Studies; the Film department was founded by the 3255/2004 ΦΕΚ 138/Α/22.7.2004 law of the Greek State and began its operation during the academic year 2004-2005. It is one of the four departments of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki Faculty of Fine Arts. Michael Cacoyannis Pantelis Voulgaris Costa-Gavras List of universities in Greece European Higher Education Area List of film schools Film Schools website