Mount Ruapehu is an active stratovolcano at the southern end of the Taupo Volcanic Zone in New Zealand. It is 23 kilometres northeast of Ohakune and 23 km southwest of the southern shore of Lake Taupo, within Tongariro National Park; the North Island's major ski resorts and only glaciers are on its slopes. Ruapehu, the largest active volcano in New Zealand, is the highest point on the North Island and has three major peaks: Tahurangi, Te Heuheu and Paretetaitonga; the deep, active crater is between the peaks and fills with water between major eruptions, being known as Crater Lake. Ruapehu is composed of andesite and began erupting at least 250,000 years ago. In recorded history, major eruptions have been about 50 years apart, in 1895, 1945 and 1995–1996. Minor eruptions are frequent, with at least 60 since 1945; some of the minor eruptions in the 1970s generated small ash falls and lahars that damaged skifields. Between major eruptions, warm acidic Crater Lake forms, fed by melting snow. Major eruptions may expel the lake water.
Where a major eruption has deposited a tephra dam across the lake's outlet, the dam may collapse after the lake has refilled and risen above the level of its normal outlet, the outrush of water causing a large lahar. In 2000, the Eastern Ruapehu Lahar Alarm and Warning System system was installed on the mountain to detect such a collapse and alert the relevant authorities; the 1945 eruption dammed the outlet with tephra. The crater refilled with water, until on 24 December 1953 the tephra dam collapsed causing a lahar in the Whangaehu River; the lahar caused the Tangiwai disaster, with the loss of 151 lives, when the Tangiwai railway bridge across the Whangaehu River collapsed while the lahar was in full flood, just before an express train crossed it. It was known that the river had undermined one of the bridge piers and the lahar finished the job, causing the bridge to collapse. Although warned of the collapsed bridge, the train driver was unable to stop the train in time and six of the carriages fell into the river.
Spectacular eruptions occurred during 1995 and 1996. Ruapehu had been showing signs of increased activity since late November 1994, with elevated Crater Lake temperatures and a series of eruptions that increased in intensity over about nine months. Several lahars were observed, both in the Whangaehu River and other areas of the mountain, between 18 September and 25 September 1995, indicating Crater Lake was being emptied by the eruptions; the Department of Conservation issued hazard warnings and advised people to keep off the mountain, thus ending the ski season. The eruption cloud disrupted air travel closing airports and the central North Island airspace. Black sand-like ash fell on surrounding stock had to be moved; the ash entered streams and was washed into the pen stocks and turbines of the Rangipo power station causing rapid corrosion on the turbine blades which had to be rebuilt. Episodic eruptions continued until the end of November 1995. Within hours of a major eruption during the night being reported on 25 September 1995, news media were trying to get live video of the eruption and amateur photographers had published eruption images on the World Wide Web.
A web camera, dubbed the world's first "Volcano Cam", was set up. Since Ruapehu has been monitored by at least one and sometimes several volcano cams. Another, eruption phase began on the morning of 17 June 1996. Despite a series of small eruptions that spread thin layers of ash across both Whakapapa and Turoa ski areas, the ski fields opened for the 1996 season. Turoa closed on 29 September -- earlier than usual. After the 1996 eruption it was recognised that a catastrophic lahar could again occur when Crater Lake bursts the volcanic ash dam blocking the lake outlet; this is the same mechanism. The lake filled with snowmelt and had reached the level of the hard rock rim by January 2005; the lahar occurred on 18 March 2007. Ruapehu erupted at 10.30pm on 4 October 2006. The small eruption created a volcanic earthquake at a magnitude of 2.8, sending a water plume 200 m into the air and 6 metres tall waves crashing into the wall of the crater. On 18 March 2007, the tephra dam, holding back Crater Lake burst, sending a lahar down the mountain.
An estimated 1.4 million cubic metres of mud and water travelled down the Whangaehu river. The Department of Conservation had received warning signals from ERLAWS at around 10:30 that morning and closed all major roads in the area, preventing thousands of motorists from travelling, shut down the main rail system for the North Island; the river banks held and no spillovers occurred. There was no injuries. One family was trapped for around 24 hours after the lahar swept away the access route to their home. At about 8:20 p.m. on 25 September 2007, a hydrothermal eruption occurred without warning. One man, a 22-year-old primary school teacher, had a leg crushed by a rock during the eruption and a rescue operation was mounted to rescue him from the Dome Shelter near the crater; the rock crashed into the Dome Shelter, landed on the man and was too heavy for his companion to lift off. Two lahars that travelled down the mountain activated warning signals from the lahar warning system and prompted the evacuation of some ski lodges on the mountain and the closure of roads in the area.
The eruption was accompanied by a 7-minute-long earthquake. On 2 May 2008, a level-1 warning was issued after GNS scientists who were monitoring the lake f
Dear Dumb Diary is a series of children's novels by Jim Benton. Each book is written in the first person view of a middle school girl named Jamie Kelly; the series is published by Scholastic in Random House in Korean. Film rights to the series have been optioned by the Gotham Group. Critical reception for the series has been mixed to positive, with Publishers Weekly writing that the lead character "makes the occasional funny observation, more her stabs at humor miss their mark or are so protracted that the comic moment fizzles". A reviewer for the Indian Express compared My Pants are Haunted! to the Diary of a Wimpy Kid series, saying that fans of Wimpy Kid would like the series. 1. Let's Pretend This Never Happened 2. My Pants Are Haunted! 3. Am I the Princess or the Frog? 4. Never Do Anything, Ever 5. Can Adults Become Human? 6. The Problem With Here Is That It's Where I'm From 7. Never Underestimate Your Dumbness 8. It's Not My Fault I Know Everything 9. That's What Friends Aren't For 10; the Worst Things In Life Are Also Free 11.
Okay, So Maybe I Do Have Superpowers 12. Me! 1. School. Hasn't This Gone Long Enough? 2. The Super-Nice Are Super-Annoying 3. Nobody's Perfect. I'm As Close As It Gets 4. What I Don't Know Might Hurt Me 5. You Can Bet on That 6. Live Each Day to the Dumbest 1. Dumbness is a Dish Best Served Cold A film version had been filmed in Salt Lake City, starring Emily Alyn Lind as Jamie and Mary-Charles Jones as Jamie’s best friend Isabella; the movie premiered on Hallmark Channel on September 6, 2013 and, for a short time, was available on streaming services like Netflix. Adrian Mole Diary List of fictional diaries Official Dear Dumb Diary site from Scholastic
Saint Magnus of Anagni known as Magnus of Trani or Magnus of Fabrateria Vetus, is venerated as the patron saint of Anagni. According to tradition, he was born at Trani in the son of a man named Apollonius, he became a shepherd at an early age to support the family. He and his father were baptized by Bishop Redemptus of Trani; when Redemptus died, Magnus was proclaimed bishop of Trani by local clerics. As bishop Magnus worked to spread Christianity in Fondi and Anagni. In Anagni, he baptized a young woman named Secundina, who would die as a Christian martyr. Magnus fled to Rome to escape the persecutions of Christians that were led by a man named Tarquinius. After a while, Magnus headed home. Soldiers discovered him in a cave near Fondi, he was decapitated near Fabrateria Vetus, in Latium. In the ninth century, his relics were translated from Fondi to Veroli by a man named Plato. According to tradition, a Muslim overlord named; when the horses placed in the stable began to die, Musa became frightened and sold the relics to citizens from Anagni.
These relics were translated to the cathedral of Anagni in the presence of Bishop Zacharias. Magnus was afterwards declared patron saint of Anagni, was venerated in the town of Colle San Magno, in Frosinone. Magnus should not be confused with Saint Magnus of Cuneo, martyr of the Theban Legion, venerated on the same day; the Roman Martyrology lists only Saint Magnus of Anagni. He is mentioned in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum in which his death place is listed as Fabrateria vetus. Magnus enjoyed wide veneration in the lower Latium region, his name appears in the Sacramentarium of the eighth century. San Magno di Anagni
Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria was a Princess of Bavaria by birth and Princess of Hohenzollern through her marriage to William, Prince of Hohenzollern. Adelgunde was the second eldest child of Ludwig III of Bavaria and his wife Maria Theresia of Austria-Este. Adelgunde married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern, eldest son of Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern and Infanta Antónia of Portugal, on 20 January 1915 in Munich, Germany. Adelgunde and William had no children. 17 October 1870 – 20 January 1915: Her Royal Highness Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria 20 January 1915 – 22 October 1927: Her Royal Highness The Princess of Hohenzollern 22 October 1927 – 4 January 1958: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Princess of Hohenzollern
In sports, dribbling is maneuvering a ball by one player while moving in a given direction, avoiding defenders' attempts to intercept the ball. A successful dribble will bring the ball past defenders and create opportunities to score. In association football, a dribble is one of the most difficult ball skills to master and one of the most useful attacking moves. In typical game play, players attempt to propel the ball toward their opponents' goal through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling. In order to go past an opponent, dribbling can involve a wide variety of manipulative tricks and feints. Dribbling is invaluable in the third part of a pitch or at the wings, where most attacks take place. Dribbling creates space in tight situations where the dribbler is marked, the dribbler can either score or create scoring chances after a successful dribble. However, dribbling, if poorly mastered and used, may result in the loss of possession either when the ball is intercepted or tackled by a defender.
Some players prefer getting past players with speed and physicality, such as the winger Gareth Bale, some players go straight at opponents and look to go past them directly with a nutmeg, such as Luis Suárez, whereas others may use feints, control and acceleration to evade tackles, such as Lionel Messi. A skilful dribbler is hard to dispossess. At the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Belgium playmaker Eden Hazard, renowned for being difficult to dispossess, set a World Cup record for successful dribbles completed in any World Cup game since 1966, with a 100% success rate in ten dribbles against Brazil. Early references to dribbling come from accounts of medieval football games in England. For example, Geoffrey Chaucer offered an allusion to such ball skills in fourteenth century England. In the Canterbury Tales he uses the following line: "rolleth under foot as doth a ball". At the end of the 15th century comes a Latin account of a football game, played at Cawston, England, it is included in a manuscript collection of the miracles of King Henry VI of England.
Although the precise date is uncertain it comes from between 1481 and 1500. This is the first account of an "kicking game" and the first description of dribbling: "he game at which they had met for common recreation is called by some the foot-ball game, it is one in which young men, in country sport, propel a huge ball not by throwing it into the air but by striking it and skilfully rolling it along the ground, that not with their hands but with their feet... kicking in opposite directions". It is known that dribbling skills were a key part of many nineteenth-century football games at English public schools with the earliest reference to ball passing coming in 1863 rules of The Football Association. In basketball, dribbling is bouncing the ball on the floor continuously with one hand at a time, it is the only legal way that a player may maintain possession of the ball while running. James Naismith's original rules said nothing about dribbling stating that passing the ball was the legal way of advancing it.
Players soon developed the strategy of "passing to themselves", which Naismith himself both endorsed and admired for its ingenuity, which evolved into the dribble as it is known today. The first known team to dribble was Yale University in 1897; the dribble allows for much faster advancement and thus more opportunities for scoring. It provides an opportunity for a crafty player on the opposing team to "steal" the ball in mid-bounce. Once a player stops dribbling the ball and holds it, the player must either pass it to another player or take a shot. A "double dribble" may be called if the player tries to dribble with both hands at the same time. Dribbling should be done with finger pads and the fingers should be relaxed and spread, The wrist should be pushing the basketball, the forearm should be moving up and down. Skilled ball handlers bounce the ball low to the ground, reducing the risk of a defender reaching in to steal the ball. Adept dribblers can dribble behind their backs, between their legs and change the speed of the dribble, making the player difficult to defend, opening up options to pass, shoot or drive with the ball.
The National Association of Basketball Coaches was founded in 1927 to oppose a move to eliminate dribbling from the sport. In water polo, dribbling is the technique of moving the ball while swimming forward; the ball is propelled ahead of the player with the wake created by alternating armstrokes, accompanied by occasional nudges using the nose or forehead. Since ball contact is minimal, this creates advantage for the ball carrier advancing the ball. Using short, rapid arm strokes with high elbows, the dribbling player is able to shield the ball from tackling attempts by the opposing team those chasing from behind or approaching adjacently; this aggressive defensive technique ensures any tackling attempts, s
Federico "Fede" San Emeterio Díaz is a Spanish footballer who plays for Real Valladolid as a central midfielder. Born in Sierra de Ibio, Cantabria, Fede joined Racing de Santander's youth academy in 2007, aged 10. On 14 January 2014, before having appeared with the reserves, he made his senior debut, coming on as a late substitute in a 2–0 away win against UD Almería for the season's Copa del Rey. Fede first appeared in Segunda División B on 10 May, again from the bench in a 1–1 away draw to Coruxo FC. On 24 August he played his first match as a professional, replacing Javi Soria in the 64th minute of a 0–1 away loss against Girona FC for the Segunda División championship. Fede contributed with 35 appearances during the campaign, he scored his first senior goal on 4 October 2015, in a 2–0 win at Sporting de Gijón B. On 16 August 2016, both Fede and his brother moved to another reserve team, signing a three-year contract with Sevilla Atlético in the second level. On 16 August 2018, Fede joined Real Valladolid on a three-year deal, being loaned to Granada CF in the second division.