SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Mount Whitney

Mount Whitney is the tallest mountain in the contiguous United States and the Sierra Nevada, with an elevation of 14,505 feet. It is located in East–Central California, on the boundary between California's Inyo and Tulare counties, 84.6 miles west-northwest of the lowest point in North America at Badwater Basin in Death Valley National Park at 282 ft below sea level. The west slope of the mountain is in Sequoia National Park and the summit is the southern terminus of the John Muir Trail which runs 211.9 mi from Happy Isles in Yosemite Valley. The east slope is in the Inyo National Forest in Inyo County; the summit of Mount Whitney is on the Great Basin Divide. It lies near many of the highest peaks of the Sierra Nevada; the peak rises above the Owens Valley, sitting 10,778 feet or just over two miles above the town of Lone Pine 15 miles to the east, in the Owens Valley. It rises more on the west side, lying only about 3,000 feet above the John Muir Trail at Guitar Lake; the mountain is dome-shaped, with its famously jagged ridges extending to the sides.

Mount Whitney has an alpine climate and ecology. Few plants grow near the summit: one example is the sky pilot, a cushion plant that grows low to the ground; the only animals are transient, such as the butterfly Parnassius phoebus and the gray-crowned rosy finch. The mountain is the highest point on the Great Basin Divide. Waterways on the west side of the peak flow into Whitney Creek; the Kern River terminates at Bakersfield in the Tulare Basin, the southern part of the San Joaquin Valley. During wet years, water overflows from the Tulare Basin into the San Joaquin River which flows to the Pacific Ocean. From the east, water from Mount Whitney flows to Lone Pine Creek, which joins the Owens River, which in turn terminates at Owens Lake, an endorheic lake of the Great Basin; the estimated elevation of the summit of Mount Whitney has changed over the years. The technology of elevation measurement has become more refined and, more the vertical coordinate system has changed; the peak was said to be at 14,494 ft and this is the elevation stamped on the USGS brass benchmark disk on the summit.

An older plaque on the summit reads "elevation 14,496.811 feet" but this was estimated using the older vertical datum from 1929. Since the shape of the Earth has been estimated more accurately. Using a new vertical datum established in 1988 the benchmark is now estimated to be at 14,505 ft; the eastern slope of Whitney is far steeper than its western slope because the entire Sierra Nevada is the result of a fault block, analogous to a cellar door: the door is hinged on the west and is rising on the east. The rise is caused by a fault system that runs along the eastern base of the Sierra, below Mount Whitney. Thus, the granite that forms Mount Whitney is the same as the granite that forms the Alabama Hills, thousands of feet lower down; the raising of Whitney is due to the same geological forces that cause the Basin and Range Province: the crust of much of the intermontane west is being stretched. The granite that forms Mount Whitney is part of the Sierra Nevada Batholith. In Cretaceous time, masses of molten rock that originated from subduction rose underneath what is now Whitney and solidified underground to form large expanses of granite.

In the last 2 to 10 million years, the Sierra was pushed up which enabled glacial and river erosion to strip the upper layers of rock to reveal the resistant granite that makes up Mount Whitney today. The climate table includes interpolated data for the area around the summit of Mount Whitney. Winter snowpack will be much greater than the liquid precipitation figures shown here. Based on the range from the highest average high of 25.7 °F to the lowest average low of 4.2 °F for winter temperatures in the table, every 1 inch of liquid precipitation equates to 15–40 inches of snow, with lower temperatures producing the greater snow depths. In July 1864, the members of the California Geological Survey named the peak after Josiah Whitney, the State Geologist of California and benefactor of the survey. During the same expedition, geologist Clarence King attempted to climb Whitney from its west side, but stopped just short. In 1871, King returned to climb what he believed to be Whitney, but having taken a different approach, he summited nearby Mount Langley.

Upon learning of his mistake in 1873, King completed his own first ascent of Whitney, but did so a month too late to claim the first recorded ascent. Just a month earlier, on August 18, 1873, Charles Begole, A. H. Johnson, John Lucas, all of nearby Lone Pine, had become the first to reach the highest summit in the contiguous United States; as they climbed the mountain during a fishing trip to nearby Kern Canyon, they called the mountain Fisherman's Peak. In 1881 Samuel Pierpont Langley, founder of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory remained for some time on the summit, making daily observations on the solar heat. Accompanying Langley in 1881 was another party consisting of Judge William B. Wallace of Visalia, W. A. Wright and Reverend Frederick Wales. Wallace wrote in his memoirs that "The Pi Ute Indians called Mt. Whitney "Too-man-i-goo-yah," which means "the old man." They believe that the Great Spirit who presides over the destiny of their people once had his home in that mountain."

The spelling Too-man-i-goo-yah is a transliteration from the indigenous Paiute Mono language. Ot

CP Granada 74

Club Polideportivo Granada 74 is a Spanish football club based in Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. Founded in 1974, it last played in Tercera División, holding home games at Ciudad Deportiva Granada 92, with a capacity of 16,200 spectators. Granada 74 was founded in 1974 in the neighborhood of La Chana. After 21 years, it first competed in the fourth division, in a spell that would last one full decade. At the end of the 2006–07 season, CP Granada returned from the regional leagues in Andalusia. However, after the relocation of second level club Ciudad de Murcia to Granada, with that team being renamed Granada 74 CF, it was announced that CP Granada 74 would become the new club's reserve team; the relocated Granada team ceased to operate in 2009, leaving the original team to become the senior side once again. 12 seasons in Tercera División Official website

DJ Vadim

Vadim Peare, known professionally as DJ Vadim, is a prolific DJ and producer born in Saint Petersburg and raised in London, England from the age of three. He is a promoter, record collector, radio presenter, occasional painter and writer, whose music combines hip hop, soul and electronica, he ran Jazz Fudge. His music combines hip hop, soul and electronica, he has been described as "one of the few artists creating genuinely new work in the Hip-Hop field" and an artist who "cannot be ignored". In 1994, Vadim founded his own independent record label, Jazz Fudge, but signed to Ninja Tune the following year, before his current label BBE, in 2007. Aside from DJ-ing and producing, he has worked as in A&R and promotion, as well as a radio presenter on the BBC's Around the World in Eight Relays programme. Throughout his career, he has worked with a variety of musicians and groups, including DJ Krush, Stevie Wonder, The Roots, Public Enemy, Dilated Peoples, Kraftwerk and the family stone, Fat Freddys Drop, Super Furry Animals, Paul Weller.

He is known for having worked with a number of unsigned artists who went on to find commercial success. In addition to his regular album releases, he has recorded under the names "Andre Gurov" and "Little Aida" and has appeared as a member of the various artists project The Isolationist, he is the DJ and producer for Spanish hip hop group 7 Notas 7 Colores, and, in 2001, was nominated alongside them at the Latin Grammy Awards. His album, U. S. S. R. Life from the Other Side, featured Scratch Perverts, Blade. To promote the record, Vadim put together a live group - The Russian Percussion - consisting of Mr Thing, Killa Kela, Blu Rum 13, John Ellis; the tour consisted of 200 live shows taking in twenty four countries throughout Europe and North America. He is the founder member of the hip-hop group One Self, their album, Childer of Possibility, was released on Ninja Tune Records in 2005. U Can't Lurn Imaginashun was his return on BBE records in May 2009 that featured the single "Soldier" by Big Red.

To promote the record, Vadim put a live group together consisting of Sabira Jade, Ste Keyz, Pugs Atomz. They would become a group called The Electric and put out an album called Life is Moving on Vadim's on imprint Organically Grown Sounds in 2010, his album, Don’t Be Scared was praised for the "inventiveness of the beats" by Q reviewer Paul McGee who rated it 4/5 and tagged "The One to Buy!"He has made many remixes from The Cure, Erykah Badu, Alice Russell, Paul Weller, CL Smooth. On average he has played in over 63 countries. DJ Vadim composes both music for singers and poets and soulful instrumental hip-hop beats. In both cases, certain stylistic trends emerge. Organic, soulful touches using studio musicians, with undertones of roots reggae and ragga and driving, hip-hop drum orchestration. Original sounding compositions, arrangements that fuse many genres from hip-hop and electronica to soul and reggae. Heavy use of ethnic sounds, including Asian, South American and African."Anyone recalling Sly & Robbie's mid-80s exercises in electro-dub fusion might see DJ Vadim’s latest as an update of that aesthetic," Paul McGee wrote in Q, reviewing Don’t Be Scared LP.

Studio albums U. S. S. R. Repertoire U. S. S. R. Reconstruction U. S. S. R. Life from the Other Side U. S. S. R. Instrumental to Life U. S. S. R; the Art of Listening U. S. S. R; the Art of Instrumentals The Soundcatcher U Can't Lurn Imaginashun Don't Be Scared Dubcatcher Grow Slow Dubcatcher 2 Dubcatcher Vol. 3 Compilation albums DJ Vadim Presents: Sculpture and Broken Sound Architects of the Great The Forgotten Women/Stereo Pictures Lettuce Propelled Rockets Live in Brooklyn EPs Abstract Hallucinating Gases Headz Ain't Ready Bang 2K Singles Nonlateral Hypothesis Aural Prostitution Heterogeneous / Nocturnal Thought Tracks Conquest of the Irrational Friction It's Obvious Your Revolution / The Higher Standard Leaches / Up to Jah Combustible / Ghetto Rebels / Dimelo es el Verbo It's On Edie Brickell / Cum Shots Till Suns in Your Eyes / Headline News Explode Like the Wind / Boom Sumting Got to Rock / Black Is the Night Talk to Me / Like the Wind Hidden Treasure / Saturday / Soldier This DJ The Terrorist Hope Black Is the Night Fussin n' Fighting EPs Confessions EPs Revelations of Wrath A New Rap Language Albums Taping the Conversation Albums The Isolationist Singles Hydrogen Slush EPs August Showers Albums Children of Possibility Children of Instrumentals EPs Organically Grown Singles Be Your Own The Blue Bird / Fear t