Mozambique the Republic of Mozambique, is a country located in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, Eswatini and South Africa to the southwest. The sovereign state is separated from the Comoros and Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east; the capital and largest city of Mozambique is Maputo. Between the first and fifth centuries AD, Bantu-speaking peoples migrated to present-day Mozambique from farther north and west. Northern Mozambique lies within the monsoon trade winds of the Indian Ocean. Between the 7th and 11th centuries, a series of Swahili port towns developed here, which contributed to the development of a distinct Swahili culture and language. In the late medieval period, these towns were frequented by traders from Somalia, Egypt, Arabia and India; the voyage of Vasco da Gama in 1498 marked the arrival of the Portuguese, who began a gradual process of colonisation and settlement in 1505.
After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections, has since remained a stable presidential republic, although it still faces a low-intensity insurgency. Mozambique is endowed with extensive natural resources; the country's economy is based on agriculture, but industry is growing food and beverages, chemical manufacturing and aluminium and petroleum production. The tourism sector is expanding. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment, while Belgium, Brazil and Spain are among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country is still one of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, ranking low in GDP per capita, human development, measures of inequality and average life expectancy.
The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, spoken as a second language by about half the population. Common native languages include Makhuwa and Swahili; the country's population of around 29 million is composed of overwhelmingly Bantu people. The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Southern African Development Community, is an observer at La Francophonie; the country was named Moçambique by the Portuguese after the Island of Mozambique, derived from Mussa Bin Bique or Musa Al Big or Mossa Al Bique or Mussa Ben Mbiki or Mussa Ibn Malik, an Arab trader who first visited the island and lived there. The island-town was the capital of the Portuguese colony until 1898, when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques.
Bantu-speaking people's migration into Mozambique dates as far back as the 4th century BC. It's believed between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, waves of migration from the west and north went through the Zambezi River valley and gradually into the plateau and coastal areas of Southern Africa, they established agricultural societies based on herding cattle. They brought with them the technology for smithing iron. From the late first millennium AD, vast Indian Ocean trade networks extended as far south into Mozambique as evidenced by the ancient port town of Chibuene. Beginning in the 9th century, a growing involvement in Indian Ocean trade led to the development of numerous port towns along the entire East African coast, including modern day Mozambique. Autonomous, these towns broadly participated in the incipient Swahili culture. Islam was adopted by urban elites, facilitating trade. In Mozambique, Sofala and Mozambique Island were regional powers by the 15th century; the towns traded with merchants from both the broader Indian Ocean world.
Important were the gold and ivory caravan routes. Inland states like the Kingdom of Zimbabwe and Kingdom of Mutapa provided the coveted gold and ivory, which were exchanged up the coast to larger port cities like Kilwa and Mombasa. After the Portuguese invaded Mozambique in about 1500, Portuguese trading posts and forts displaced the Arabic commercial and military hegemony, becoming regular ports of call on the new European sea route to the east; the voyage of Vasco da Gama around the Cape of Good Hope in 1498 marked the Portuguese entry into trade and society of the region. The Portuguese gained control of the Island of Mozambique and the port city of Sofala in the early 16th century, by the 1530s, small groups of Portuguese traders and prospectors seeking gold penetrated the interior regions, where they set up garrisons and trading posts at Sena and Tete on the River Zambezi and tried to gain exclusive control over the gold trade. In the central part of the Mozambique territory, the Portuguese attempted to legitimise and consolidate their trade and settlement positions through the creation of prazos tied to their settlement and administration.
While prazos were developed to be held by Port
Tales from the Aniverse is a science fiction comic book created by Randy Zimmerman and Susan Van Camp, first published in 1985 by Arrow Comics, featuring anthropomorphic animals as the main characters. Tales From The Aniverse was a collection of stories featuring a group of characters in a futuristic animal universe and had such characters as J. B. Space, Miss Chevious and Drakestar, P'Jonn, others. Arrow Comics published Tales from the Aniverse for six issues. Zimmerman restarted the series on Wee Bee Comics in 1987, but it was canceled after its second issue. Massive Comics published three new issues under the original name. In 1996, Arrow Comics was revitalized a third time and one of the Aniverse's characters, Miss Chevious, was given a mini-series written and drawn by Steph Graves; this lasted two issues. Zimmerman revived the Miss Chevious character in Flint Comix & Entertainment in 2009. Arrow Comics official website
Midnight Sun is the fifth EP and the sixth overall by South Korean boy band Beast. It was released on July 2012, with "Beautiful Night" as the promotional track. "Midnight" was released one week before the EP's release, on July 15, 2012. On May 16, 2012, Beast's South Korean comeback was hinted at in tweets to the B2UTYs by Cube Entertainment CEO Hong Seong-sung. According to Hong, "All you B2UTYs, we are planning on making the greatest comeback known". On July 3, Beast was seen in a week-long music-video shoot in New York City, it was the group's first music video filmed outside South Korea. Beast announced their comeback in South Korea on July 11 on Google+, saying that their new EP would be released on July 22; that day, a photo of the EP's release date was posted on the band's Korean website. The following day, Cube Entertainment announced that "Midnight" would be released on July 15. On July 13, photos were posted on Cube Entertainment's Facebook page; the following day, a preview of the music video for "Beautiful Night" was released.
On July 15, "Midnight" and its video were released digitally on South Korea music sites. Two days Cube Entertainment introduced "Beautiful Night" and posted two photos of Doo-joon, Jun-hyung and Dong-woon. On July 18, two more photos of Hyun-seung, Yo-seob and Gi-kwang were posted; the following day, composers were announced. On July 20, a preview of the music video for "Beautiful Night" was released on Beast's YouTube channel. Two days the EP and the "Beautiful Night" video were released. Most of the EP's six songs were written by Yong Jun-hyung. "Midnight" was written by Yong Jun-hyung, Choi Kyu-sung and Shinsadong Tiger, "Not Me" was written by Rado and Jun-hyung. "When I Miss You" was written by Jun-hyung and Choi Kyu-sung, "The Day You Rest" and "Dream Girl" were written by Jun-hyung and Kim Tae-joo. A Japanese version of "Midnight" was scheduled for release as the group's third Japanese single. A limited edition of the EP was released on August 8, 2012 with the CD, an 84-page photo booklet, a wallet card, 12 photo cards, a 3D card, a golden card with serial code and a mobile-phone cleaner.
A Japanese edition was released on September 26 in two editions, with "I Knew It" included on the track list. Beast performed "Beautiful Night" on July 2012 on KBS's Music Bank; the song was promoted on Music Core, Inkigayo and M! Countdown. "Not Me" was used for the comeback-week performances. On Inkigayo, the group used their performance of "Beautiful Night" in the guerilla concert at Gwanghwamun Square. "Midnight" theme music video on YouTube "Beautiful Night" music video teaser on YouTube "Beautiful Night" music video on YouTube "Beautiful Night" music video making-of on YouTube