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Multnomah County, Oregon

Multnomah County is one of 36 counties in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 735,334, its county seat, Portland, is the state's largest city. Multnomah County is part of the Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA Metropolitan Statistical Area, though smallest in area, it is the state's most populous county. Multnomah County was created on December 22, 1854, formed out of two other Oregon counties – the eastern part of Washington County and the northern part of Clackamas County, its creation was a result of a petition earlier that year by businessmen in Portland complaining of the inconvenient location of the Washington County seat in Hillsboro and of the share of Portland tax revenues leaving the city to support Washington County farmers. County commissioners met for the first time on January 17, 1855; the county is named after the Chinookan word for the "lower river", Matlnomaq, máɬnumax̣ being interpretive English spellings of the same word.

In Chinook Jargon, Ne-matlnomaq, means the "place of matlnomaq" or the Ne-matlnomag, "the lower river", from the Oregon City Falls toward the Columbia river. Alternatively, Chinookan máɬnumax̣ ‘those toward water’; the explorer William Clark wrote in his Journal: "I entered this river...called Multnomah...from a nation who reside on Wappato Island, a little below the enterence". Although Clark refers to the Willamette River as Multnomah, he may not have understood the meaning. Put, Multnomahis the shortened form of nematlnomaq/nímaɬnumax̣". In 1924, the county's three commissioners were indicted and recalled by voters "in response to'gross irregularities' in the award of contracts for construction of the Burnside and Ross Island bridges". Vanport, built north of Portland in 1943 to house workers for Kaiser Shipyards, was destroyed by a flood five years later. In 1968, the Oregon Legislative Assembly referred a bill, Ballot Measure 5, to voters that would amend the state constitution to allow for consolidated city-county governments when the population is over 300,000.

The 1968 voters' pamphlet noted that Multnomah County would be the only county in Oregon affected by the measure and voters approved the referendum in the 1968 general election. Since the approval of Measure 5 in 1968, an initiative to merge the county with Portland has been considered and placed on the county ballot several times; the merger would have formed a consolidated city-county government like that of San Francisco, California. None of these proposals has been approved. In the 2000 presidential election, Multnomah played a decisive role in determining the winner of the state's electoral votes. Al Gore carried the county by more than 104,000 votes, enough to offset the nearly 100,000-vote advantage that George W. Bush had earned among Oregon's 35 other counties; the Democratic tilt was repeated in 2004, when John Kerry won by 181,000 votes, in 2008 when Barack Obama won by 204,000 votes. In February 2001, the Multnomah County Board of Commissioners unanimously accepted the recommendation of the Library Advisory Board and authorized the library to enter into a lawsuit to stop the Children's Internet Protection Act.

The US Supreme Court decided in 2003 that the law was constitutional in US v. ALA. However, the library chose to turn down $104,000 per year of federal funding under CIPA to be able to continue to offer unfiltered Internet access. Faced with decreasing government revenues due to a recession in the local economy, voters approved a three-year local income tax on May 20, 2003 to prevent further cuts in schools, police protection, social services. Multnomah County was one of the few local governments in Oregon to approve such a tax increase. On March 2, 2004, Multnomah County Chair Diane Linn announced the county would begin granting licenses for same-sex marriages, pursuant to a legal opinion issued by its attorney deeming such marriages lawful under Oregon law, her announcement was supported by three other commissioners, but criticized by Lonnie Roberts, who represents the eastern part of Multnomah county and was left out of the decision. Within a few days, several groups joined to file a lawsuit to halt the county's action.

But after that and the three commissioners developed a public feud, with the latter becoming known as the "mean girls". The county government has faced significant budget issues, including not being able to open the Wapato Corrections Facility since it was built in 2003. According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 466 square miles, of which 431 square miles is land and 34 square miles is water, it is the smallest county in Oregon by area. It is located along the south side of the Columbia River; the county includes a number of extinct volcanoes in the Boring Lava Field. The Oregon side of the Columbia River Gorge forms the eastern portion of the county's northern border. I-5 I-84 I-205 I-405 US 26 US 30 US 30 Byp. US 99 OR 10 OR 43 OR 120 OR 213 Columbia County - northwest Clark County, Washington - north Skamania County, Washington - northeast Hood River County - east Clackamas County - south Washington County - west Mount Hood National Forest As of the 2000 census, there are 660,486 people in the county, organized into 272,098

Our Lady of Candelaria Cathedral, Valle de la Pascua

The Our Lady of Candelaria Cathedral or Cathedral of Valle de la Pascua, is a religious building belonging to the Catholic Church and is located in the central and historic center between Atarraya and Guasco streets in front of the Bolívar Square of the city of Valle de la Pascua, in the Leonardo Infante municipality in the state of Guárico in the central plains of the South American country of Venezuela. It is a temple that follows the Roman or Latin rite and functions as the headquarters of the Diocese of Valle de la Pascua is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Calabozo, it is under the pastoral responsibility of the Bishop Ramón José Aponte Fernández. The current baroque building replaced a building with previous French influence. Roman Catholicism in Venezuela Our Lady of Candelaria

Nils E. Øy

Nils E. Øy is a Norwegian newspaper editor. He was born in Ørsta, he started his journalistic career in Fredriksstad Blad in 1964, was promoted to feature editor in 1971. From 1977 to 1983 he was the assisting director of the Institute for Journalism in Fredrikstad, from 1979 to 1981 he edited the union magazine Journalisten, he took a break to serve as editor-in-chief of both Samhold from 1984 to 1987 and Gudbrandsdølen and Lillehammer Tilskuer from 1984 to 1988. In 1988 he returned to Institute for Journalism, where he was the director from 1989 to 1996, he has worked as a docent in media studies at Volda University College from 1992. He was the secretary-general of the Association of Norwegian Editors from 1996 to 2013, he has been a local historical writer. In 2014 he was given the Fritt Ord Honorary Award

Doris Fish

Doris Fish was the stage name for Sydney-born and Sydney and San Francisco-based drag queen, artist and writer Philip Mills. As Doris Fish, Mills starred in the cult movie classic Vegas in Space. Mills began performing as Doris Fish in Sydney in 1972 as one of the three core performers of the political drag group Sylvia and the Synthetics, along with Miss Abood and Jacqueline Hyde. In 1975 Mills visited San Francisco for the first time on holidays, before moving there permanently the following year. Doris returned to Sydney, Australia in the late 1970s, comparing shows for Cabaret Conspiracy, performing in the Sydney Gay Theatre Group's production of Noel Greig's As time goes by, or performing at venues such as Garibaldi's along with the Doreen's. During 1978–1979 Mills as Doris was the American West-Coast Correspondent for Campaign, a national gay and lesbian newspaper in Australia. With the development of the Sydney Gay Mardi Gras Workshop by Peter Tully in 1983, Mills would return annually to volunteer in the Workshop building community floats and creating costumes for Doris' individual and group floats.

Doris continued to host events, including the first Mardi Gras Awards at Kinselas in 1987. In 1976 at an audition for the rock group The Tubes, he met fellow drag queen Tippi, they became roommates. In 1977 San Francisco gay leaders urged no drag on Gay Freedom Day. Doris and many other drags turned out in force. In 1977, Doris was cast in the James Moss directed feature-length film Magazine movie, a magazine format film about San Francisco, playing herself, "a fake woman from Australia who has won the heart of San Francisco". At a come-as-your-favorite-Fellini-character party in 1979. Mills met Miss X who wasn't yet serious about doing drag, but by the end of the year Doris Fish and Miss X were performing as Sluts-A-Go-Go. Throughout the 1980s Doris Fish was one of the more prominent drag queens in San Francisco. On stage, Doris Fish performed for over 10 years in San Francisco with Miss X and Tippi as Sluts A-Go-Go. Sluts A-Go-Go performed in venues like Club 181 with shows such as Marc Huestis' Naked Brunch, Nightclub of the Living Dead, along with other performers such as Sandelle Hebert and Tommy Pace.

In 1986, Doris and Tippi did a weekly cable news show about the gay community, although some viewers complained that Doris was a negative stereotype. As a visual artist, Mills painted hyper-realistic canvases depicting of drag queens, although he once said "If I could, I would paint my eyeballs."Mills' major legacy is the cult camp classic film Vegas in Space, which he co-wrote and starred in with Phillip Ford. Mills died from complications from AIDS in San Francisco in 1991; the life of Philip Mills as Doris featured in the one-act play Simply Stunning: The Doris Fish Story, performed at the Theater Rhinoceros Studio in September 2002. The script was adapted by Phillip R. Ford from biographical remarks Fish made in stage shows and in the column Fish wrote for the gay newspaper The Sentinel in the late 1980s. Ford directed the play, which starred Arturo GalsterIn 2002, artworks by Doris were included in the Dead Gay Artists, Tin Sheds, University of Sydney, New South Wales, 1–20 February curated by Robert Lake.

The exhibition included the works of fellow artists Doug Erskine, Eddy Hackenberg, Jasper Havoc, Brad Levido, David McDiarmid, Peter Tully. Doris Fish on IMDb Doris Fish Facebook page Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives holds material relating to Doris Fish amongst various personal papers, including those relating to Eddy Hackenberg and Stephen Allkins, as well additional ephemera and articles by Doris Fish. http://zagria.blogspot.com/2008/08/doris-fish-1952-1991-australia-usa.html

Ponte Sisto

Ponte Sisto is a bridge in Rome's historic centre, spanning the river Tiber. It connects Via dei Pettinari in the Rione of Regola to Piazza Trilussa in Trastevere; the construction of the current bridge occurred between 1473 and 1479, was commissioned by Pope Sixtus IV, after whom it is named, from the architect Baccio Pontelli, who reused the foundations of a prior Roman bridge, the Pons Aurelius, destroyed during the early Middle Ages. Traffic on the bridge is restricted to pedestrians; the predecessor bridge to Ponte Sisto, the Pons Aurelius, was first mentioned by authors in the 4th and 5th centuries and was known in the Middle Ages as "Pons Antoninus", "Pons Antonini in Arenula", "Pons Ianicularis id est pons ruptus vulgariter nominatus et Tremelus et Antoninus". The Pons Antoninus was destroyed in 772, at the time the Lombard king Desiderius took Rome, rebuilt in its current form by Pope Sixtus IV, whose name it carries to this day; the bridge is architecturally characteristic because of the circular "oculus" or eye lightening the masonry of its central spandrel: this was erected to diminish the river's pressure on the bridge in case of flood.

On the left bridge head are placed the copies of two marble slabs bearing an elegant Latin inscription composed by Renaissance humanist Bartolomeo Platina in honour of Sixtus IV in occasion of the construction of the bridge. They recite: XYSTVS IIII PONT MAX AD VTILITATEM P RO PEREGRINAEQVE MVLTI TVDINIS AD JVBILAEVM VENTVRAE PONTEM HVNC QVEM MERITO RVPTVM VOCABANT A FVN DAMENTIS MAGNA CVRA ET IMPENSA RESTI TVIT XYSTVMQVE SVO DE NOMINE APPELLARI VOLVIT and MCCCCLXXV QVI TRANSIS XYST QVARTI BENEFICIO DEVM ROGA VT PONTEFICEM OPTIMVM MAXI MVM DIV NOBIS SALVET AC SOSPITET BENE VALE QVISQVIS ES VBI HAEC PRECATVS FVERISOn the corner of via dei Pettinari and via Giulia once stood a fountain, which relayed water from the great fountain called the Acqua Paola, derived from a Roman aqueduct brought back to working order by Pope Paul V: the water was brought from Lake Bracciano to Trastevere and from there over the Ponte Sisto to the Campo Marzio; the bridge still carries the water of the Acqua Paola across the river in eight large pipes.

On 20 August 1662, a brawl erupting between some Corsican soldiers controlling the bridge and Frenchmen belonging to the retinue of the French ambassador triggered the Corsican Guard Affair and had as effect the disbanding of the Corsican Guard, a corp of mercenaries originating from the island having police duties in Rome. After the Unification of Italy in 1870, the buildings surrounding the mostra dell'acqua paola were destroyed for the erection of the Lungotevere along the river side, the fountain itself was relocated to Piazza Trilussa on the other side of the bridge, where it delivers water to this day. In 1877, two large cast-iron pedestrian gangways resting on marble consoles were added to the sides of the bridge. After considerable controversies, Rome`s mayor Francesco Rutelli let them be demolished in 2000, restoring Ponte Sisto`s pristine silhouette, since traffic on the bridge has been restricted to pedestrians; the Ponte Sisto connects the lively and popular Campo de' Fiori area and via Giulia with Piazza Trilussa in Trastevere across the river, where many young Romans and tourists gather for an aperitivo on a Friday night.

Welcome to Rome: Ponte Sisto

Miss Universo Chile

Miss Universo Chile is a national beauty pageant that selects Chile's representative to the Miss Universe pageant. Chile is one of the few countries that has participated in Miss Universe since 1952, has sent 53 representatives in the pageant's 65-year history and placed 13 times in the Semi-Finals, with one Miss Universe crown: Cecilia Bolocco, in 1987. Integral beauty and poise are taken into consideration to select Chile's titleholder from a group of delegates who represent the city they come from, it is said that the winner is the most beautiful woman of Chile, which gives her the right to represent her country for one year and participate in the Miss Universe international competition. Luciano Marocchino had the Chilean franchise for Miss Universe since 2004, but did not send a delegate on 2007-2010 period. In 2011, Chile returned to the competition with Vanessa Ceruti, Miss Universo Chile 2011. Marocchino's organization received many negative critics, due to the less preparation given to the winners.

In 2016, Chilevisión has the Miss Universo Chile franchise. In 2019 Keno Manzur took over the Miss Universe franchise in Chile as CEO. Josmer Errat is being as a National Director; the current titleholder is Catalina Cáceres, she will represent her country in Miss Universe 2016 on January 30, 2017. The winner of Miss Chile represents her country at the Miss Universe. On occasion, when the winner does not qualify a runner-up is sent. Chile has a total of 1 finalist and 1 winner in this annual worldwide contest; the last classification of Chile was Gabriela Barros, in 2004. The first Miss Chile competition was organized by Eva magazine. Miss Chile Universe 1961, Gloria Silva, had to be the unexpected translator of Miss France during the transmission of the Miss Universe 1961, because the French delegate couldn't understand a question. Gloria was a Semifinalist that year. Sonia Bravo, the first runner-up of Miss Chile Universe 1968, is the mother of Miss World Venezuela 2000, Vanessa Cárdenas, she won the title of Miss Objetivo International 1968 in Brazil.

Miss Chile 1970, Soledad Errázuriz, competed in the 1969 Miss World Chile pageant, where she came second. The white gown worn by Cecilia Bolocco for her coronation as Miss Universe 1987, was designed by the Chilean couturier Rubén Campos. In the evening gown competition, Bolocco obtained 9.765 points, overcoming other delegates and assuring her victory. In 1997, Hetu'u Rapu, the representative of Easter Island, won the Miss Chile competition. However, it turned out, she was replaced by the 1st runner-up Claudia Delpín. Claudia had to wear the same wardrobe prepared for Hetu'u, including the national costume. In spite of it, she managed to place 13th after the preliminary competition. 2002 was the last year in which the national contest was televised, with Nicole Rencoret's coronation, broadcast by Canal 13. From 2004 to date, the national contests haven't been broadcast because the organizations haven't come to agreements with TV channels. Renata Ruiz, Miss Universo Chile 2005, won Elite Model Look Chile and placed first runner-up in Elite Model Look International 2001.

Former Miss Universe Dayana Mendoza participated in this competition. María Jesús Matthei, Miss Universo Chile 2013 was the 1st Runner-up of the Reina Hispanoamericana 2011 pageant, held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia on October 27, 2011. Source: Miss World Chile 6 /* Style & Beauty from Chile */ www.facebook.com/chileanstyle Official Miss Universo Chile website