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Mundaring, Western Australia

Mundaring is a suburb located 34 km east of Perth on the Great Eastern Highway. The suburb is located within the Shire of Mundaring; the Aboriginal name of the area "Mindah-lung", said to mean "a high place on a high place", was anglicised to become "Mundaring". The Mundaring area is considered to be part of the Perth Hills area; the Mundaring region is well served by weekly and monthly newspapers: Chidlow Chatter Darlington Review – locality specific The Echo – weekly – Midland based Hills Gazette – weekly Mundaring magazine – monthlyEarlier newspapers in the area included: The Darling Swan Express – although Midland based, had considerable space to "Hills" storiesIt is extracted in entries in the J S Battye Library catalogue with items about the Hills. The only railway line current in the Mundaring Shire – is the third route of the Eastern Railway which passes through Bellevue and Swan View; the railway routes mentioned below – first route and second route are no longer operational – and constitute sections of the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail.

The Eastern Railway passed through Mundaring on its first route through to Chidlow. Mundaring railway station, the branch railway leading from it – the Mundaring Weir Branch Railway were significant locations for the construction of the Mundaring Weir. Following the construction of the second route of the Eastern Railway, the Mundaring line served as an alternative to the second route at the time of accidents and derailments, until its closing to traffic in 1954; the line through Mundaring was known as the Mundaring Loop to railway administration in its years of operation, while in earlier years it was known as Smiths Mill Branch. The line served a small population but played an integral part in the development and history of Mundaring; the Mundaring Hotel opened opposite the Mundaring Railway Station in 1899 and served patrons on the route. Mundaring was the location of a Bureau of Mineral Resources Geophysical Observatory from 1959 to April 2000; the annual reports from the Observatory constituted the seismic record of the state of Western Australia for that period of time as well as reports and summaries of activity.

The town lies within the Mundaring-Kalamunda Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance as a non-breeding season roost site and foraging base for the long-billed black cockatoos. Elliot, Ian. Mundaring – A History of the Shire. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 978-0-9592776-0-9. Spillman, Ken. Life was meant to be here: community and local government in the Shire of Mundaring. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 978-0-9592776-3-0. Watson, Lindsay; the railway history of Midland Junction: commemorating the centenary of Midland Junction, 1895-1995. Swan View, WA: L & S Drafting in association with the Shire of Swan and the Western Australian Light Railway Preservation Association. ISBN 978-0-646-24461-7. Shire of Mundaring Website Mundaring Tourism Association Website Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website Lost Mundaring and Surroundings Local History Museum Website Golden Pipeline Website


ZDFdokukanal was a TV station between 1 April 2000 and 31 October 2009 and part of the digital TV package offered by ZDF. The program was broadcast nationwide via the TV cable networks and the satellite Astra 19.2°E. In the regions where DVB-T was available, ZDFdokukanal could be received via antenna between 9 pm and 6 am, alternating with KiKa, it was included in the IPTV offer of some DSL providers. The station provided background information on nature, science and society. Since May 2009, the station has been transformed into a youth and family station in which the proportion of the documentaries has been reduced and the number of entertainment programming has been increased. On 19 August 2009, ZDF announced that the station would cease broadcasting as of 31 October 2009. ZDFdokukanal was replaced by ZDFneo. Since the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, ARD and ZDF have been using their digital TV programs EinsExtra, EinsFestival, ZDFdokukanal and ZDFinfokanal to report additionally from the Olympic Games.

This opportunity was used at the 2008 European Football Championship to be able to broadcast matches simultaneously. Official website

Salem, North Carolina

Salem is a census-designated place in Burke County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 2,218 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Hickory–Lenoir–Morganton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Gilboa Methodist Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. Salem is located in central Burke County at 35°42′14″N 81°41′56″W, it is bordered to the north by the city of the county seat. U. S. Route 64 is the main road through the community, leading north into Morganton and southwest 29 miles to Rutherfordton. Interstate 40 passes along the northern edge of the CDP, with access from Exit 103. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.3 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,923 people, 918 households, 678 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 692.3 people per square mile. There were 962 housing units at an average density of 227.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 78.86% White, 15.91% African American, 0.48% Native American, 1.81% Asian, 0.44% Pacific Islander, 1.27% from other races, 1.23% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.19% of the population. There were 918 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.1% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.82. In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 21.8% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 153.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 147.5 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $32,050, the median income for a family was $45,430. Males had a median income of $28,672 versus $21,913 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $14,506. About 9.5% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over.

Salem Elementary School Robert Logan Patton High School Liberty Middle School


The Wintu are Native Americans who live in what is now Northern California. They are part of a loose association of peoples known collectively as the Wintun. Others are the Patwin; the Wintu language is part of the Penutian language family. The Wintu lived on the western side of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley, from the Sacramento River to the Coast Range; the range of the Wintu included the southern portions of the Upper Sacramento River, the southern portion of the McCloud River, the upper Trinity River. They lived in the vicinity of present-day Chico, on the west side of the river extending to the Coast Ranges; the first recorded encounter between Wintu and Euro-Americans dates from the 1826 expedition of Jedediah Smith, followed by an 1827 expedition led by Peter Skene Ogden. Between 1830 and 1833, many Wintu died from malaria: an epidemic that killed an estimated 75% of the indigenous population in the upper and central Sacramento Valley. In following years the weakened Wintu fell victim to competition for resources by incoming European-American settlers.

Their sheep and cattle herds destroyed the Wintu food supply and gold miners' processing activities caused pollution of rivers. The Wintu were forced to work as laborers in gold mining operations. In 1846 John C. Frémont and Kit Carson killed Yana. Settlers tried to relocate the people west of Clear Creek. In a "friendship feast" in 1850, whites served poisoned food to local Indians, from which 100 Nomsuu and 45 Wenemem Wintu died. More deaths and destruction of Wintu land followed in 1851 and 1852, in incidents such as the Bridge Gulch Massacre; the Wintu language is one of the Wintuan languages. The religious stories and legends of the Trinity River Wintu were told by Grant Towendolly to Marcelle Masson, who published them in A Bag of Bones. In the spring of 2015, Angel Gomez III, the son of Valerie Masson Gomez and grandson of Marcelle Masson made a trip to Shasta County in search of the rock formation pictured on the cover of "A Bag of Bones." He located this formation and was witnessed by fellow traveler Trina Duke.

Photographs of the couple standing on the rock with the book in hand were taken and posted online, but the connection to these is broken. The rock formation stands to the east of Interstate 5 along a tributary of a river and a small falls and pool provide locals a private swimming location. Mr. Gomez and Ms. Duke shared a dip with bats feeding at dusk; the date of discovery was Friday, June 15, 2015. Information is needed on the location of the river located along a local two-lane road. For book image go to Scholars have disagreed about the historic population of the tribes before European-American contact. Alfred L. Kroeber estimated the combined 1770 population of the Wintu and Patwin as 12,000. Sherburne F. Cook put the population of the Wintu proper as 2,950, but he nearly doubled his estimate to 5,300. Frank R. LaPena estimated a total of 14,250 in his work of the 1970s. Kroeber estimated the population of the Wintu and Patwin in 1910 as about 1,000.

Today the population has recovered somewhat and there are about 2,500 Wintun, many of whom live on the Round Valley Reservation, on the Colusa, Grindstone Creek and Rumsey rancherias. Winnemem Wintu Wintun Wintu language Nomlaki Patwin Wintuan languages Wintu-Nomlaki traditional narratives Christopher Chase-Dunn, Christopher K. and Kelly M. Mann. 1998. The Wintu and Their Neighbors: A Very Small World-system in Northern California. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. ISBN 0-8165-1800-9. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Conflict between the California Indian and White Civilization. University of California Press, Berkeley. Cook, Sherburne F. 1976. The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. University of California Press, Berkeley. Demetracopoulou, Dorothy. 1935. "Wintu Songs". Anthropos 30:483-494. Du Bois, Cora A. 1935. "Wintu Ethnography", University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 36:1-148. Du Bois, Cora A. and Dorothy Demetracopoulou. 1931. "Wintu Myths", University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 28:279-403.

Hogue, Helen S. and Margaret Guilford-Kardell. 1977. Wintu Trails. Revised edition. Shasta Historical Society, California. Hoveman, Alice R. 2002. Journey to Justice: The Wintu People and the Salmon. Turtle Bay Exploration Park, California. ISBN 1-931827-00-1. Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D. C. LaPena, Frank R. 1978. "Wintu", in California, edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 324–340. Handbook of North American Indians, William C. Sturtevant, general editor, vol. 8. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C. LaPena, Frank R. 1987. The world is a Gift. Limestone Press, San Francisco. LaPena, Frank R. 2004. Dream Songs and Ceremony: Reflections on Traditional California Indian Dance. Great Valley Books, California. ISBN 1-890771-79-1. McLeod, Christopher. 2001. In the Light of Reverence. Videocassette. Bullfrog Films, Pennsylvania. ISBN 1-56029-890-1. McKibbin and Alice Shepherd. 1997. In My Own Words: Stories and Memories of Grace McKibbin, Wintu.

Heyday Books, California. ISBN 0-930588-85-1. Towendolly, Grant. 1966. A Bag of Bones: The Wintu Myths of a Trinity River Indian. Edited by Marcelle Masson. Naturegraph, California. ISBN 0-911010-26-2. "Wintu", College of the Siskiyous "Native Tribes, Language Families

John Paul Jones (athlete)

John Paul Jones was an American track athlete who set several world records in the mile, including the first mile record to be ratified by the International Association of Athletics Federations in 1913. Jones entered Cornell University in 1909, he showed little initial promise in track, not making the team until his last year and not impressing until his last race. An popular and handsome man, Jones worked long hours on his studies, played basketball and tennis in the summer and ran as a pastime; as a senior, he was selected for membership in the Dagger society. But he worked and trained hard as a runner and had the most successful coach of the era, Jack Moakley. A cross country runner, he won the freshman intercollegiate championships and in the fall of his second year won the IC4A cross country championship. On May 27, 1911, Jones ran in the IC4A championships at the Soldiers Field Soccer Stadium in Allston, Massachusetts in front of 12,000 spectators. Entered in the mile, Boyle of Penn State led at the quarter in 59​2⁄5 followed by his teammate Wilton Paull.

Jones hung back in fifth place. Hanavan of Michigan State led at the half-mile mark with a 2:08​1⁄5, with Paull in second and Jones in third. Paull grabbed the lead at 1,000 yards. Jones lengthened his stride and passed Paull and Hanavan, winning by 10 yards, his time: 4:15​2⁄5, a new amateur world record surpassing Thomas Conneff's 4:15​3⁄5 set 16 years earlier. However the time was inferior to the professional record of 4:12​3⁄4 set by Walter George in 1886. Jones was not done for the day, he additionally won the 880 yards to give Cornell the IC4A championship. He spent the summer playing baseball and tennis, won the IC4A cross country championship again in the fall tied for first in the mile with a 4:20​3⁄5 at the 1912 IC4A, he won the 880 in a collegiate record time of 1:53​4⁄5. He had no desire to compete in the Olympics, but was talked into it and made the ship shortly before it departed for Stockholm; the 1912 Olympic 1500 metre competition featured the greatest field of mile/1500 m runners assembled to that point.

Besides Jones, the 1908 Olympic champion Mel Sheppard was entered, as was the speedy Arnold Jackson of Britain, the promising miler Norman Taber from Providence, Rhode Island. Additionally, American Abel Kiviat, who held the world record in the 1500 m, was in the field. Jones was not as prepared as he could have been as he could not train on the ship across the Atlantic, so Kiviat, who had set his 1500 m record of 3:55​4⁄5 only on 26 May of that year missing Jones' mile record in the process, was favored. In the end, Jackson prevailed in the final, held July 10, with Kiviat and Taber so close an official camera needed to be consulted to determine who won silver. Jones finished fourth, he participated in the 800 metres event but he was eliminated in the first round. At the same Olympics he competed in the baseball event, held as demonstration sport. Jones, out of the medals, won his third IC4A cross country championship that fall ran an indoor mile in 4:19​4⁄5 early in 1913 in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

On 31 May, Jones ran again in the IC4A championships in Cambridge, was up against Olympic 1,500 m silver medalist Taber in the mile. Taber led at the first three quarters, in 61.6, 2:09.3 and 3:16.1. But Jones launched into his drive as Taber couldn't respond, he crossed the finish line in 4:14​2⁄5, a new world amateur record, the first mile record to be recognized by the new governing body of track and field, the IAAF, known as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. Jones subsequently lost his next race, the 880 yd, this proved to be his final race, he retired from the sport. Cordner Nelson and Roberto Quercetani: The Milers. Tafnews Press, 1985, ISBN 0-911521-15-1, pp. 20–26

Lee Garmes

Lee Garmes, A. S. C. was an American cinematographer. During his career, he worked with directors Howard Hawks, Max Ophüls, Josef von Sternberg, Alfred Hitchcock, King Vidor, Nicholas Ray and Henry Hathaway, whom he had met as a young man when the two first came to Hollywood in the silent era, he co-directed two films with legendary screenwriter Ben Hecht: Angels Over Broadway and Actor's and Sin. Born in Peoria, Garmes came to Hollywood in 1916, his first job was as an assistant in the paint department at Thomas H. Ince Studios, but he soon became a camera assistant before graduating to full-time cameraman, his earliest films were comedy shorts, his career did not take off until the introduction of sound films. Garmes was married to film actress Ruth Hall from 1933 until his death in 1978, he is interred in the Grand View Memorial Park Cemetery in California. Garmes was one of the early proponents of video technology, which he advocated as early as 1972; that year, he had been hired by Technicolor to photograph the short film Why, intended to test whether video was a viable technology for shooting feature films.

According to American Cinematographer magazine, "Although unaccredited, Lee Garmes photographed a considerable portion of Gone with the Wind. Many consider the famous railroad yard sequence among his finest cinematic efforts."Garmes was one of many Hollywood veterans from the silent era interviewed by Kevin Brownlow for the television series Hollywood. Wins Academy Awards: Best Cinematography, for Shanghai Express. Twice received the Eastman Kodak Award. Nominations Academy Awards: Best Cinematography, for Morocco. Academy Awards: Best Cinematography, for Since You Went Away. Shared with: Stanley Cortez. Academy Awards: Best Cinematography, for The Big Fisherman. Sources: Lee Garmes on IMDb Lee Garmes at AllMovie Lee Garmes at the TCM Movie Database Lee Garmes at the Internet Encyclopedia of Cinematographers Lee Garmes at Film Reference Lee Garmes Cinema Institute